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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] proc: faster open/read/close with "permanent" files
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On Sun, 2020-02-23 at 14:30 +0300, Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> On Sat, Feb 22, 2020 at 12:39:39PM -0800, Joe Perches wrote:
> > On Sat, 2020-02-22 at 23:15 +0300, Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> > > Now that "struct proc_ops" exist we can start putting there stuff which
> > > could not fly with VFS "struct file_operations"...
> > >
> > > Most of fs/proc/inode.c file is dedicated to make open/read/.../close reliable
> > > in the event of disappearing /proc entries which usually happens if module is
> > > getting removed. Files like /proc/cpuinfo which never disappear simply do not
> > > need such protection.
> > >
> > > Save 2 atomic ops, 1 allocation, 1 free per open/read/close sequence for such
> > > "permanent" files.
> > >
> > > Enable "permanent" flag for
> > >
> > > /proc/cpuinfo
> > > /proc/kmsg
> > > /proc/modules
> > > /proc/slabinfo
> > > /proc/stat
> > > /proc/sysvipc/*
> > > /proc/swaps
> > >
> > > More will come once I figure out foolproof way to prevent out module
> > > authors from marking their stuff "permanent" for performance reasons
> > > when it is not.
> > >
> > > This should help with scalability: benchmark is "read /proc/cpuinfo R times
> > > by N threads scattered over the system".
> >
> > Is this an actual expected use-case?
>
> Yes.
>
> > Is there some additional unnecessary memory consumption
> > in the unscaled systems?
>
> No, it's the opposite. Less memory usage for everyone and noticeable
> performance improvement for contented case.
>
> > > static ssize_t proc_reg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> > > {
> > > struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file));
> > > ssize_t rv = -EIO;
> > > - if (use_pde(pde)) {
> > > - typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_read) read;
> > >
> > > - read = pde->proc_ops->proc_read;
> > > - if (read)
> > > - rv = read(file, buf, count, ppos);
> > > + if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) {
> > > + return pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, ppos);
> > > + } else if (use_pde(pde)) {
> > > + rv = pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, ppos);
> > > unuse_pde(pde);
> >
> > Perhaps all the function call duplication could be minimized
> > by using code without direct returns like:
> >
> > rv = pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, pos);
> > if (!pde_is_permanent(pde))
> > unuse_pde(pde);
> >
> > return rv;
>
> Function call non-duplication is false goal.

Depends, copy/paste errors are common and object code
size generally increases.

> Surprisingly it makes code bigger:

Not so far as I can tell. Are you sure?

> $ ./scripts/bloat-o-meter ../vmlinux-000 ../obj/vmlinux
> add/remove: 0/0 grow/shrink: 1/0 up/down: 10/0 (10)
> Function old new delta
> proc_reg_read 108 118 +10
>
> and worse too: "rv" is carried on stack through "unuse_pde" call.

With gcc 9.2.1 x86-64 defconfig:

Changing just proc_reg_read to:

static ssize_t proc_reg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file));
ssize_t rv;

rv = pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, ppos);
if (use_pde(pde))
unuse_pde(pde);

return rv;
}

gives:

$ size fs/proc/inode.o*
text data bss dec hex filename
5448 28 0 5476 1564 fs/proc/inode.o.suggested
5526 28 0 5554 15b2 fs/proc/inode.o.alexey

$ objdump -d fs/proc/inode.o.suggested (grep for proc_reg_read)
0000000000000410 <proc_reg_read>:
410: 41 54 push %r12
412: 55 push %rbp
413: 48 8b 47 20 mov 0x20(%rdi),%rax
417: 48 8b 68 d0 mov -0x30(%rax),%rbp
41b: 48 8b 45 30 mov 0x30(%rbp),%rax
41f: 48 8b 40 10 mov 0x10(%rax),%rax
423: 48 85 c0 test %rax,%rax
426: 74 28 je 450 <proc_reg_read+0x40>
428: e8 00 00 00 00 callq 42d <proc_reg_read+0x1d>
42d: 49 89 c4 mov %rax,%r12
430: 8b 45 00 mov 0x0(%rbp),%eax
433: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax
435: 78 12 js 449 <proc_reg_read+0x39>
437: 8d 50 01 lea 0x1(%rax),%edx
43a: f0 0f b1 55 00 lock cmpxchg %edx,0x0(%rbp)
43f: 75 f2 jne 433 <proc_reg_read+0x23>
441: 48 89 ef mov %rbp,%rdi
444: e8 e7 fc ff ff callq 130 <unuse_pde>
449: 4c 89 e0 mov %r12,%rax
44c: 5d pop %rbp
44d: 41 5c pop %r12
44f: c3 retq
450: 49 c7 c4 fb ff ff ff mov $0xfffffffffffffffb,%r12
457: eb d7 jmp 430 <proc_reg_read+0x20>
459: 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 nopl 0x0(%rax)

vs

$ objdump -d fs/proc/inode.o.alexey (grep for proc_reg_read)

00000000000006e0 <proc_reg_read>:
6e0: 41 54 push %r12
6e2: 55 push %rbp
6e3: 48 8b 47 20 mov 0x20(%rdi),%rax
6e7: 48 8b 68 d0 mov -0x30(%rax),%rbp
6eb: f6 85 aa 00 00 00 01 testb $0x1,0xaa(%rbp)
6f2: 74 15 je 709 <proc_reg_read+0x29>
6f4: 48 8b 45 30 mov 0x30(%rbp),%rax
6f8: 48 8b 40 10 mov 0x10(%rax),%rax
6fc: 48 85 c0 test %rax,%rax
6ff: 74 3f je 740 <proc_reg_read+0x60>
701: 5d pop %rbp
702: 41 5c pop %r12
704: e9 00 00 00 00 jmpq 709 <proc_reg_read+0x29>
709: 8b 45 00 mov 0x0(%rbp),%eax
70c: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax
70e: 78 30 js 740 <proc_reg_read+0x60>
710: 44 8d 40 01 lea 0x1(%rax),%r8d
714: f0 44 0f b1 45 00 lock cmpxchg %r8d,0x0(%rbp)
71a: 75 f0 jne 70c <proc_reg_read+0x2c>
71c: 48 8b 45 30 mov 0x30(%rbp),%rax
720: 48 8b 40 10 mov 0x10(%rax),%rax
724: 48 85 c0 test %rax,%rax
727: 74 20 je 749 <proc_reg_read+0x69>
729: e8 00 00 00 00 callq 72e <proc_reg_read+0x4e>
72e: 49 89 c4 mov %rax,%r12
731: 48 89 ef mov %rbp,%rdi
734: e8 f7 f9 ff ff callq 130 <unuse_pde>
739: 4c 89 e0 mov %r12,%rax
73c: 5d pop %rbp
73d: 41 5c pop %r12
73f: c3 retq
740: 49 c7 c4 fb ff ff ff mov $0xfffffffffffffffb,%r12
747: eb f0 jmp 739 <proc_reg_read+0x59>
749: 49 c7 c4 fb ff ff ff mov $0xfffffffffffffffb,%r12
750: eb df jmp 731 <proc_reg_read+0x51>
752: 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 data16 nopw %cs:0x0(%rax,%rax,1)
759: 00 00 00 00
75d: 0f 1f 00 nopl (%rax)


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