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Subject[PATCH v2] mm/hugetlb: fix a addressing exception caused by huge_pte_offset()
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From: Longpeng <longpeng2@huawei.com>

Our machine encountered a panic(addressing exception) after run
for a long time and the calltrace is:
RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff9dff0587>] [<ffffffff9dff0587>] hugetlb_fault+0x307/0xbe0
RSP: 0018:ffff9567fc27f808 EFLAGS: 00010286
RAX: e800c03ff1258d48 RBX: ffffd3bb003b69c0 RCX: e800c03ff1258d48
RDX: 17ff3fc00eda72b7 RSI: 00003ffffffff000 RDI: e800c03ff1258d48
RBP: ffff9567fc27f8c8 R08: e800c03ff1258d48 R09: 0000000000000080
R10: ffffaba0704c22a8 R11: 0000000000000001 R12: ffff95c87b4b60d8
R13: 00005fff00000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff9567face8074
FS: 00007fe2d9ffb700(0000) GS:ffff956900e40000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: ffffd3bb003b69c0 CR3: 000000be67374000 CR4: 00000000003627e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff9df9b71b>] ? unlock_page+0x2b/0x30
[<ffffffff9dff04a2>] ? hugetlb_fault+0x222/0xbe0
[<ffffffff9dff1405>] follow_hugetlb_page+0x175/0x540
[<ffffffff9e15b825>] ? cpumask_next_and+0x35/0x50
[<ffffffff9dfc7230>] __get_user_pages+0x2a0/0x7e0
[<ffffffff9dfc648d>] __get_user_pages_unlocked+0x15d/0x210
[<ffffffffc068cfc5>] __gfn_to_pfn_memslot+0x3c5/0x460 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc06b28be>] try_async_pf+0x6e/0x2a0 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc06b4b41>] tdp_page_fault+0x151/0x2d0 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc075731c>] ? vmx_vcpu_run+0x2ec/0xc80 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc0757328>] ? vmx_vcpu_run+0x2f8/0xc80 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc06abc11>] kvm_mmu_page_fault+0x31/0x140 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc074d1ae>] handle_ept_violation+0x9e/0x170 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc075579c>] vmx_handle_exit+0x2bc/0xc70 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc074f1a0>] ? __vmx_complete_interrupts.part.73+0x80/0xd0 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc07574c0>] ? vmx_vcpu_run+0x490/0xc80 [kvm_intel]
[<ffffffffc069f3be>] vcpu_enter_guest+0x7be/0x13a0 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc06cf53e>] ? kvm_check_async_pf_completion+0x8e/0xb0 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc06a6f90>] kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run+0x330/0x490 [kvm]
[<ffffffffc068d919>] kvm_vcpu_ioctl+0x309/0x6d0 [kvm]
[<ffffffff9deaa8c2>] ? dequeue_signal+0x32/0x180
[<ffffffff9deae34d>] ? do_sigtimedwait+0xcd/0x230
[<ffffffff9e03aed0>] do_vfs_ioctl+0x3f0/0x540
[<ffffffff9e03b0c1>] SyS_ioctl+0xa1/0xc0
[<ffffffff9e53879b>] system_call_fastpath+0x22/0x27

( The kernel we used is older, but we think the latest kernel also has this
bug after dig into this problem. )

For 1G hugepages, huge_pte_offset() wants to return NULL or pudp, but it
may return a wrong 'pmdp' if there is a race. Please look at the following
code snippet:
...
pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
if (sz != PUD_SIZE && pud_none(*pud))
return NULL;
/* hugepage or swap? */
if (pud_huge(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud))
return (pte_t *)pud;

pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
if (sz != PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd))
return NULL;
/* hugepage or swap? */
if (pmd_huge(*pmd) || !pmd_present(*pmd))
return (pte_t *)pmd;
...

The following sequence would trigger this bug:
1. CPU0: sz = PUD_SIZE and *pud = 0 , continue
1. CPU0: "pud_huge(*pud)" is false
2. CPU1: calling hugetlb_no_page and set *pud to xxxx8e7(PRESENT)
3. CPU0: "!pud_present(*pud)" is false, continue
4. CPU0: pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr) and maybe return a wrong pmdp
However, we want CPU0 to return NULL or pudp.

We can avoid this race by read the pud only once. What's more, we also use
READ_ONCE to access the entries for safe(e.g. avoid the compilier mischief)

Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Longpeng <longpeng2@huawei.com>
---
v1 -> v2:
- avoid renaming [Matthew, Mike]

---
mm/hugetlb.c | 18 ++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index dd8737a..90daf37 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -4910,28 +4910,30 @@ pte_t *huge_pte_offset(struct mm_struct *mm,
{
pgd_t *pgd;
p4d_t *p4d;
- pud_t *pud;
- pmd_t *pmd;
+ pud_t *pud, pud_entry;
+ pmd_t *pmd, pmd_entry;

pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
- if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+ if (!pgd_present(READ_ONCE(*pgd)))
return NULL;
p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
- if (!p4d_present(*p4d))
+ if (!p4d_present(READ_ONCE(*p4d)))
return NULL;

pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
- if (sz != PUD_SIZE && pud_none(*pud))
+ pud_entry = READ_ONCE(*pud);
+ if (sz != PUD_SIZE && pud_none(pud_entry))
return NULL;
/* hugepage or swap? */
- if (pud_huge(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud))
+ if (pud_huge(pud_entry) || !pud_present(pud_entry))
return (pte_t *)pud;

pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
- if (sz != PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd))
+ pmd_entry = READ_ONCE(*pmd);
+ if (sz != PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(pmd_entry))
return NULL;
/* hugepage or swap? */
- if (pmd_huge(*pmd) || !pmd_present(*pmd))
+ if (pmd_huge(pmd_entry) || !pmd_present(pmd_entry))
return (pte_t *)pmd;

return NULL;
--
1.8.3.1

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