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Subject[PATCH v6 2/6] media: v4l2-core: Add helpers to build the H264 P/B0/B1 reflists
Date
From: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@collabora.com>

Building those list is a standard procedure described in section
'8.2.4 Decoding process for reference picture lists construction' of
the H264 specification.

We already have 2 drivers needing the same logic (hantro and rkvdec) and
I suspect we will soon have more.

Let's provide generic helpers to create those lists.

Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@collabora.com>
Signed-off-by: Ezequiel Garcia <ezequiel@collabora.com>
---
drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig | 4 +
drivers/media/v4l2-core/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-h264.c | 258 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/media/v4l2-h264.h | 85 +++++++++
4 files changed, 348 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-h264.c
create mode 100644 include/media/v4l2-h264.h

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
index 39e3fb30ba0b..8a4ccfbca8cf 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
@@ -45,6 +45,10 @@ config VIDEO_PCI_SKELETON
config VIDEO_TUNER
tristate

+# Used by drivers that need v4l2-h264.ko
+config V4L2_H264
+ tristate
+
# Used by drivers that need v4l2-mem2mem.ko
config V4L2_MEM2MEM_DEV
tristate
diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Makefile b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Makefile
index 786bd1ec4d1b..c5c53e0941ad 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Makefile
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L2) += v4l2-dv-timings.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_TUNER) += tuner.o

obj-$(CONFIG_V4L2_MEM2MEM_DEV) += v4l2-mem2mem.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_V4L2_H264) += v4l2-h264.o

obj-$(CONFIG_V4L2_FLASH_LED_CLASS) += v4l2-flash-led-class.o

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-h264.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-h264.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4f68c27ec7fd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-h264.c
@@ -0,0 +1,258 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * V4L2 H264 helpers.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Collabora, Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@collabora.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sort.h>
+
+#include <media/v4l2-h264.h>
+
+/**
+ * v4l2_h264_init_reflist_builder() - Initialize a P/B0/B1 reference list
+ * builder
+ *
+ * @b: the builder context to initialize
+ * @dec_params: decode parameters control
+ * @slice_params: first slice parameters control
+ * @sps: SPS control
+ * @dpb: DPB to use when creating the reference list
+ */
+void
+v4l2_h264_init_reflist_builder(struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *b,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_decode_params *dec_params,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_slice_params *slice_params,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_sps *sps,
+ const struct v4l2_h264_dpb_entry *dpb)
+{
+ int cur_frame_num, max_frame_num;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ max_frame_num = 1 << (sps->log2_max_frame_num_minus4 + 4);
+ cur_frame_num = slice_params->frame_num;
+
+ memset(b, 0, sizeof(*b));
+ if (!(slice_params->flags & V4L2_H264_SLICE_FLAG_FIELD_PIC))
+ b->cur_pic_order_count = min(dec_params->bottom_field_order_cnt,
+ dec_params->top_field_order_cnt);
+ else if (slice_params->flags & V4L2_H264_SLICE_FLAG_BOTTOM_FIELD)
+ b->cur_pic_order_count = dec_params->bottom_field_order_cnt;
+ else
+ b->cur_pic_order_count = dec_params->top_field_order_cnt;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
+ u32 pic_order_count;
+
+ if (!(dpb[i].flags & V4L2_H264_DPB_ENTRY_FLAG_ACTIVE))
+ continue;
+
+ b->refs[i].pic_num = dpb[i].pic_num;
+ if (dpb[i].flags & V4L2_H264_DPB_ENTRY_FLAG_LONG_TERM)
+ b->refs[i].longterm = true;
+
+ /*
+ * Handle frame_num wraparound as described in section
+ * '8.2.4.1 Decoding process for picture numbers' of the spec.
+ * TODO: This logic will have to be adjusted when we start
+ * supporting interlaced content.
+ */
+ if (dpb[i].frame_num > cur_frame_num)
+ b->refs[i].frame_num = (int)dpb[i].frame_num -
+ max_frame_num;
+ else
+ b->refs[i].frame_num = dpb[i].frame_num;
+
+ if (!(dpb[i].flags & V4L2_H264_DPB_ENTRY_FLAG_FIELD))
+ pic_order_count = min(dpb[i].top_field_order_cnt,
+ dpb[i].bottom_field_order_cnt);
+ else if (dpb[i].flags & V4L2_H264_DPB_ENTRY_FLAG_BOTTOM_FIELD)
+ pic_order_count = dpb[i].bottom_field_order_cnt;
+ else
+ pic_order_count = dpb[i].top_field_order_cnt;
+
+ b->refs[i].pic_order_count = pic_order_count;
+ b->unordered_reflist[b->num_valid] = i;
+ b->num_valid++;
+ }
+
+ for (i = b->num_valid; i < ARRAY_SIZE(b->unordered_reflist); i++)
+ b->unordered_reflist[i] = i;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(v4l2_h264_init_reflist_builder);
+
+static int v4l2_h264_p_ref_list_cmp(const void *ptra, const void *ptrb,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder = data;
+ u8 idxa, idxb;
+
+ idxa = *((u8 *)ptra);
+ idxb = *((u8 *)ptrb);
+
+ if (builder->refs[idxa].longterm != builder->refs[idxb].longterm) {
+ /* Short term pics first. */
+ if (!builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return -1;
+ else
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Short term pics in descending pic num order, long term ones in
+ * ascending order.
+ */
+ if (!builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return builder->refs[idxb].frame_num <
+ builder->refs[idxa].frame_num ?
+ -1 : 1;
+
+ return builder->refs[idxa].pic_num < builder->refs[idxb].pic_num ?
+ -1 : 1;
+}
+
+static int v4l2_h264_b0_ref_list_cmp(const void *ptra, const void *ptrb,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder = data;
+ s32 poca, pocb;
+ u8 idxa, idxb;
+
+ idxa = *((u8 *)ptra);
+ idxb = *((u8 *)ptrb);
+
+ if (builder->refs[idxa].longterm != builder->refs[idxb].longterm) {
+ /* Short term pics first. */
+ if (!builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return -1;
+ else
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Long term pics in ascending pic num order. */
+ if (builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return builder->refs[idxa].pic_num <
+ builder->refs[idxb].pic_num ?
+ -1 : 1;
+
+ poca = builder->refs[idxa].pic_order_count;
+ pocb = builder->refs[idxb].pic_order_count;
+
+ /*
+ * Short term pics with POC < cur POC first in POC descending order
+ * followed by short term pics with POC > cur POC in POC ascending
+ * order.
+ */
+ if ((poca < builder->cur_pic_order_count) !=
+ (pocb < builder->cur_pic_order_count))
+ return poca < pocb ? -1 : 1;
+ else if (poca < builder->cur_pic_order_count)
+ return pocb < poca ? -1 : 1;
+
+ return poca < pocb ? -1 : 1;
+}
+
+static int v4l2_h264_b1_ref_list_cmp(const void *ptra, const void *ptrb,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder = data;
+ s32 poca, pocb;
+ u8 idxa, idxb;
+
+ idxa = *((u8 *)ptra);
+ idxb = *((u8 *)ptrb);
+
+ if (builder->refs[idxa].longterm != builder->refs[idxb].longterm) {
+ /* Short term pics first. */
+ if (!builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return -1;
+ else
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Long term pics in ascending pic num order. */
+ if (builder->refs[idxa].longterm)
+ return builder->refs[idxa].pic_num <
+ builder->refs[idxb].pic_num ?
+ -1 : 1;
+
+ poca = builder->refs[idxa].pic_order_count;
+ pocb = builder->refs[idxb].pic_order_count;
+
+ /*
+ * Short term pics with POC > cur POC first in POC ascending order
+ * followed by short term pics with POC < cur POC in POC descending
+ * order.
+ */
+ if ((poca < builder->cur_pic_order_count) !=
+ (pocb < builder->cur_pic_order_count))
+ return pocb < poca ? -1 : 1;
+ else if (poca < builder->cur_pic_order_count)
+ return pocb < poca ? -1 : 1;
+
+ return poca < pocb ? -1 : 1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * v4l2_h264_build_p_ref_list() - Build the P reference list
+ *
+ * @builder: reference list builder context
+ * @reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the P reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ *
+ * This functions builds the P reference lists. This procedure is describe in
+ * section '8.2.4 Decoding process for reference picture lists construction'
+ * of the H264 spec. This function can be used by H264 decoder drivers that
+ * need to pass a P reference list to the hardware.
+ */
+void
+v4l2_h264_build_p_ref_list(const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder,
+ u8 *reflist)
+{
+ memcpy(reflist, builder->unordered_reflist,
+ sizeof(builder->unordered_reflist));
+ sort_r(reflist, builder->num_valid, sizeof(*reflist),
+ v4l2_h264_p_ref_list_cmp, NULL, builder);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(v4l2_h264_build_p_ref_list);
+
+/**
+ * v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists() - Build the B0/B1 reference lists
+ *
+ * @builder: reference list builder context
+ * @b0_reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the B0 reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ * @b1_reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the B1 reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ *
+ * This functions builds the B0/B1 reference lists. This procedure is described
+ * in section '8.2.4 Decoding process for reference picture lists construction'
+ * of the H264 spec. This function can be used by H264 decoder drivers that
+ * need to pass B0/B1 reference lists to the hardware.
+ */
+void
+v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists(const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder,
+ u8 *b0_reflist, u8 *b1_reflist)
+{
+ memcpy(b0_reflist, builder->unordered_reflist,
+ sizeof(builder->unordered_reflist));
+ sort_r(b0_reflist, builder->num_valid, sizeof(*b0_reflist),
+ v4l2_h264_b0_ref_list_cmp, NULL, builder);
+
+ memcpy(b1_reflist, builder->unordered_reflist,
+ sizeof(builder->unordered_reflist));
+ sort_r(b1_reflist, builder->num_valid, sizeof(*b1_reflist),
+ v4l2_h264_b1_ref_list_cmp, NULL, builder);
+
+ if (builder->num_valid > 1 &&
+ !memcmp(b1_reflist, b0_reflist, builder->num_valid))
+ swap(b1_reflist[0], b1_reflist[1]);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("V4L2 H264 Helpers");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@collabora.com>");
diff --git a/include/media/v4l2-h264.h b/include/media/v4l2-h264.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..36d25c27cc31
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/media/v4l2-h264.h
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
+/*
+ * Helper functions for H264 codecs.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019 Collabora, Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@collabora.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _MEDIA_V4L2_H264_H
+#define _MEDIA_V4L2_H264_H
+
+#include <media/h264-ctrls.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder - Reference list builder object
+ *
+ * @refs.pic_order_count: reference picture order count
+ * @refs.frame_num: reference frame number
+ * @refs.pic_num: reference picture number
+ * @refs.longterm: set to true for a long term reference
+ * @refs: array of references
+ * @cur_pic_order_count: picture order count of the frame being decoded
+ * @unordered_reflist: unordered list of references. Will be used to generate
+ * ordered P/B0/B1 lists
+ * @num_valid: number of valid references in the refs array
+ *
+ * This object stores the context of the P/B0/B1 reference list builder.
+ * This procedure is described in section '8.2.4 Decoding process for reference
+ * picture lists construction' of the H264 spec.
+ */
+struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder {
+ struct {
+ s32 pic_order_count;
+ int frame_num;
+ u16 pic_num;
+ u16 longterm : 1;
+ } refs[16];
+ s32 cur_pic_order_count;
+ u8 unordered_reflist[16];
+ u8 num_valid;
+};
+
+void
+v4l2_h264_init_reflist_builder(struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *b,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_decode_params *dec_params,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_slice_params *slice_params,
+ const struct v4l2_ctrl_h264_sps *sps,
+ const struct v4l2_h264_dpb_entry *dpb);
+
+/**
+ * v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists() - Build the B0/B1 reference lists
+ *
+ * @builder: reference list builder context
+ * @b0_reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the B0 reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ * @b1_reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the B1 reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ *
+ * This functions builds the B0/B1 reference lists. This procedure is described
+ * in section '8.2.4 Decoding process for reference picture lists construction'
+ * of the H264 spec. This function can be used by H264 decoder drivers that
+ * need to pass B0/B1 reference lists to the hardware.
+ */
+void
+v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists(const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder,
+ u8 *b0_reflist, u8 *b1_reflist);
+
+/**
+ * v4l2_h264_build_b_ref_lists() - Build the P reference list
+ *
+ * @builder: reference list builder context
+ * @p_reflist: 16-bytes array used to store the P reference list. Each entry
+ * is an index in the DPB
+ *
+ * This functions builds the P reference lists. This procedure is describe in
+ * section '8.2.4 Decoding process for reference picture lists construction'
+ * of the H264 spec. This function can be used by H264 decoder drivers that
+ * need to pass a P reference list to the hardware.
+ */
+void
+v4l2_h264_build_p_ref_list(const struct v4l2_h264_reflist_builder *builder,
+ u8 *reflist);
+
+#endif /* _MEDIA_V4L2_H264_H */
--
2.25.0
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