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Subject[PATCH v3 10/27] powerpc: Add driver for OpenCAPI Persistent Memory
Date
From: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>

This driver exposes LPC memory on OpenCAPI pmem cards
as an NVDIMM, allowing the existing nvram infrastructure
to be used.

Namespace metadata is stored on the media itself, so
scm_reserve_metadata() maps 1 section's worth of PMEM storage
at the start to hold this. The rest of the PMEM range is registered
with libnvdimm as an nvdimm. scm_ndctl_config_read/write/size() provide
callbacks to libnvdimm to access the metadata.

Signed-off-by: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>
---
arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig | 3 +
arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile | 1 +
arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig | 15 +
arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile | 7 +
arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c | 473 ++++++++++++++++++
.../platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h | 28 ++
6 files changed, 527 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
index 938803eab0ad..fc8976af0e52 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
@@ -50,3 +50,6 @@ config PPC_VAS
config SCOM_DEBUGFS
bool "Expose SCOM controllers via debugfs"
depends on DEBUG_FS
+
+source "arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig"
+
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
index c0f8120045c3..0bbd72988b6f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
@@ -21,3 +21,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_VAS) += vas.o vas-window.o vas-debug.o
obj-$(CONFIG_OCXL_BASE) += ocxl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCOM_DEBUGFS) += opal-xscom.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_SECURE_BOOT) += opal-secvar.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_LIBNVDIMM) += pmem/
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c5d927520920
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+if LIBNVDIMM
+
+config OCXL_PMEM
+ tristate "OpenCAPI Persistent Memory"
+ depends on LIBNVDIMM && PPC_POWERNV && PCI && EEH && ZONE_DEVICE && OCXL
+ help
+ Exposes devices that implement the OpenCAPI Storage Class Memory
+ specification as persistent memory regions. You may also want
+ DEV_DAX, DEV_DAX_PMEM & FS_DAX if you plan on using DAX devices
+ stacked on top of this driver.
+
+ Select N if unsure.
+
+endif
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1c55c4193175
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+ccflags-$(CONFIG_PPC_WERROR) += -Werror
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_OCXL_PMEM) += ocxlpmem.o
+
+ocxlpmem-y := ocxl.o
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3c4eeb5dcc0f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
@@ -0,0 +1,473 @@
+// SPDX-License-Id
+// Copyright 2019 IBM Corp.
+
+/*
+ * A driver for OpenCAPI devices that implement the Storage Class
+ * Memory specification.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <misc/ocxl.h>
+#include <linux/ndctl.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
+#include "ocxl_internal.h"
+
+
+static const struct pci_device_id ocxlpmem_pci_tbl[] = {
+ { PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_IBM, 0x0625), },
+ { }
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, ocxlpmem_pci_tbl);
+
+#define NUM_MINORS 256 // Total to reserve
+
+static dev_t ocxlpmem_dev;
+static struct class *ocxlpmem_class;
+static struct mutex minors_idr_lock;
+static struct idr minors_idr;
+
+/**
+ * ndctl_config_write() - Handle a ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA command from ndctl
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * @command: the incoming data to write
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int ndctl_config_write(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
+ struct nd_cmd_set_config_hdr *command)
+{
+ if (command->in_offset + command->in_length > LABEL_AREA_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ memcpy_flushcache(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr + command->in_offset, command->in_buf,
+ command->in_length);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * ndctl_config_read() - Handle a ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA command from ndctl
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * @command: the read request
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int ndctl_config_read(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
+ struct nd_cmd_get_config_data_hdr *command)
+{
+ if (command->in_offset + command->in_length > LABEL_AREA_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ memcpy_mcsafe(command->out_buf, ocxlpmem->metadata_addr + command->in_offset,
+ command->in_length);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * ndctl_config_size() - Handle a ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE command from ndctl
+ * @command: the read request
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int ndctl_config_size(struct nd_cmd_get_config_size *command)
+{
+ command->status = 0;
+ command->config_size = LABEL_AREA_SIZE;
+ command->max_xfer = PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
+ struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
+ unsigned int cmd, void *buf, unsigned int buf_len, int *cmd_rc)
+{
+ struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = container_of(nd_desc, struct ocxlpmem, bus_desc);
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE:
+ *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_size(buf);
+ return 0;
+
+ case ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA:
+ *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_read(ocxlpmem, buf);
+ return 0;
+
+ case ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA:
+ *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_write(ocxlpmem, buf);
+ return 0;
+
+ default:
+ return -ENOTTY;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * reserve_metadata() - Reserve space for nvdimm metadata
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * @lpc_mem: The resource representing the LPC memory of the OpenCAPI device
+ */
+static int reserve_metadata(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
+ struct resource *lpc_mem)
+{
+ ocxlpmem->metadata_addr = devm_memremap(&ocxlpmem->dev, lpc_mem->start,
+ LABEL_AREA_SIZE, MEMREMAP_WB);
+ if (IS_ERR(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr))
+ return PTR_ERR(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * register_lpc_mem() - Discover persistent memory on a device and register it with the NVDIMM subsystem
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * Return: 0 on success
+ */
+static int register_lpc_mem(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
+{
+ struct nd_region_desc region_desc;
+ struct nd_mapping_desc nd_mapping_desc;
+ struct resource *lpc_mem;
+ const struct ocxl_afu_config *config;
+ const struct ocxl_fn_config *fn_config;
+ int rc;
+ unsigned long nvdimm_cmd_mask = 0;
+ unsigned long nvdimm_flags = 0;
+ int target_node;
+ char serial[16+1];
+
+ // Set up the reserved metadata area
+ rc = ocxl_afu_map_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+
+ lpc_mem = ocxl_afu_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
+ if (lpc_mem == NULL || lpc_mem->start == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ config = ocxl_afu_config(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
+ fn_config = ocxl_function_config(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
+
+ rc = reserve_metadata(ocxlpmem, lpc_mem);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ ocxlpmem->bus_desc.provider_name = "ocxl-pmem";
+ ocxlpmem->bus_desc.ndctl = ndctl;
+ ocxlpmem->bus_desc.module = THIS_MODULE;
+
+ ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus = nvdimm_bus_register(&ocxlpmem->dev,
+ &ocxlpmem->bus_desc);
+ if (!ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ocxlpmem->pmem_res.start = (u64)lpc_mem->start + LABEL_AREA_SIZE;
+ ocxlpmem->pmem_res.end = (u64)lpc_mem->start + config->lpc_mem_size - 1;
+ ocxlpmem->pmem_res.name = "OpenCAPI persistent memory";
+
+ set_bit(ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
+ set_bit(ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
+ set_bit(ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
+
+ set_bit(NDD_ALIASING, &nvdimm_flags);
+
+ snprintf(serial, sizeof(serial), "%llx", fn_config->serial);
+ nd_mapping_desc.nvdimm = nvdimm_create(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus, ocxlpmem,
+ NULL, nvdimm_flags, nvdimm_cmd_mask,
+ 0, NULL);
+ if (!nd_mapping_desc.nvdimm)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (nvdimm_bus_check_dimm_count(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus, 1))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ nd_mapping_desc.start = ocxlpmem->pmem_res.start;
+ nd_mapping_desc.size = resource_size(&ocxlpmem->pmem_res);
+ nd_mapping_desc.position = 0;
+
+ ocxlpmem->nd_set.cookie1 = fn_config->serial + 1; // allow for empty serial
+ ocxlpmem->nd_set.cookie2 = fn_config->serial + 1;
+
+ target_node = of_node_to_nid(ocxlpmem->pdev->dev.of_node);
+
+ memset(&region_desc, 0, sizeof(region_desc));
+ region_desc.res = &ocxlpmem->pmem_res;
+ region_desc.numa_node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
+ region_desc.target_node = target_node;
+ region_desc.num_mappings = 1;
+ region_desc.mapping = &nd_mapping_desc;
+ region_desc.nd_set = &ocxlpmem->nd_set;
+
+ set_bit(ND_REGION_PAGEMAP, &region_desc.flags);
+ /*
+ * NB: libnvdimm copies the data from ndr_desc into it's own
+ * structures so passing a stack pointer is fine.
+ */
+ ocxlpmem->nd_region = nvdimm_pmem_region_create(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus,
+ &region_desc);
+ if (!ocxlpmem->nd_region)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ dev_info(&ocxlpmem->dev,
+ "Onlining %lluMB of persistent memory\n",
+ nd_mapping_desc.size / SZ_1M);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * allocate_minor() - Allocate a minor number to use for an OpenCAPI pmem device
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * Return: the allocated minor number
+ */
+static int allocate_minor(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
+{
+ int minor;
+
+ mutex_lock(&minors_idr_lock);
+ minor = idr_alloc(&minors_idr, ocxlpmem, 0, NUM_MINORS, GFP_KERNEL);
+ mutex_unlock(&minors_idr_lock);
+ return minor;
+}
+
+static void free_minor(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&minors_idr_lock);
+ idr_remove(&minors_idr, MINOR(ocxlpmem->dev.devt));
+ mutex_unlock(&minors_idr_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * free_ocxlpmem() - Free all members of an ocxlpmem struct
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device struct to clear
+ */
+static void free_ocxlpmem(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ if (ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus)
+ nvdimm_bus_unregister(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus);
+
+ free_minor(ocxlpmem);
+
+ if (ocxlpmem->metadata_addr)
+ devm_memunmap(&ocxlpmem->dev, ocxlpmem->metadata_addr);
+
+ if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_context) {
+ rc = ocxl_context_detach(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context);
+ if (rc == -EBUSY)
+ dev_warn(&ocxlpmem->dev, "Timeout detaching ocxl context\n");
+ else
+ ocxl_context_free(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context);
+
+ }
+
+ if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu)
+ ocxl_afu_put(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
+
+ if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn)
+ ocxl_function_close(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
+
+ kfree(ocxlpmem);
+}
+
+/**
+ * free_ocxlpmem_dev() - Free an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
+ * @dev: The device struct
+ */
+static void free_ocxlpmem_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = container_of(dev, struct ocxlpmem, dev);
+
+ free_ocxlpmem(ocxlpmem);
+}
+
+/**
+ * ocxlpmem_register() - Register an OpenCAPI pmem device with the kernel
+ * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int ocxlpmem_register(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
+{
+ int rc;
+ int minor = allocate_minor(ocxlpmem);
+
+ if (minor < 0)
+ return minor;
+
+ ocxlpmem->dev.release = free_ocxlpmem_dev;
+ rc = dev_set_name(&ocxlpmem->dev, "ocxlpmem%d", minor);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+
+ ocxlpmem->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(ocxlpmem_dev), minor);
+ ocxlpmem->dev.class = ocxlpmem_class;
+ ocxlpmem->dev.parent = &ocxlpmem->pdev->dev;
+
+ return device_register(&ocxlpmem->dev);
+}
+
+/**
+ * ocxlpmem_remove() - Free an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
+ * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
+ */
+static void ocxlpmem_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) == 0) {
+ struct ocxlpmem_function0 *func0 = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ if (func0) {
+ ocxl_function_close(func0->ocxl_fn);
+ func0->ocxl_fn = NULL;
+ }
+ } else {
+ struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ if (ocxlpmem)
+ device_unregister(&ocxlpmem->dev);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * probe_function0() - Set up function 0 for an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
+ * This is important as it enables templates higher than 0 across all other functions,
+ * which in turn enables higher bandwidth accesses
+ * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int probe_function0(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct ocxlpmem_function0 *func0 = NULL;
+ struct ocxl_fn *fn;
+
+ func0 = kzalloc(sizeof(*func0), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!func0)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ func0->pdev = pdev;
+ fn = ocxl_function_open(pdev);
+ if (IS_ERR(fn)) {
+ kfree(func0);
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to open OCXL function\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(fn);
+ }
+ func0->ocxl_fn = fn;
+
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, func0);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * probe() - Init an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
+ * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
+ * @ent: The entry from ocxlpmem_pci_tbl
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
+ */
+static int probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *ent)
+{
+ struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem;
+ int rc;
+
+ if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) == 0)
+ return probe_function0(pdev);
+ else if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) != 1)
+ return 0;
+
+ ocxlpmem = kzalloc(sizeof(*ocxlpmem), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ocxlpmem) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not allocate OpenCAPI persistent memory metadata\n");
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ ocxlpmem->pdev = pdev;
+
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, ocxlpmem);
+
+ ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn = ocxl_function_open(pdev);
+ if (IS_ERR(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn)) {
+ kfree(ocxlpmem);
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to open OCXL function\n");
+ rc = PTR_ERR(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu = ocxl_function_fetch_afu(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn, 0);
+ if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu == NULL) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not get OCXL AFU from function\n");
+ rc = -ENXIO;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ ocxl_afu_get(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
+
+ // Resources allocated below here are cleaned up in the release handler
+
+ rc = ocxlpmem_register(ocxlpmem);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not register OpenCAPI persistent memory device with the kernel\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ rc = ocxl_context_alloc(&ocxlpmem->ocxl_context, ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu, NULL);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not allocate OCXL context\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ rc = ocxl_context_attach(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context, 0, NULL);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not attach ocxl context\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ rc = register_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not register OpenCAPI persistent memory with libnvdimm\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ /*
+ * Further cleanup is done in the release handler via free_ocxlpmem()
+ * This allows us to keep the character device live to handle IOCTLs to
+ * investigate issues if the card has an error
+ */
+
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "Error detected, will not register OpenCAPI persistent memory\n");
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static struct pci_driver pci_driver = {
+ .name = "ocxl-pmem",
+ .id_table = ocxlpmem_pci_tbl,
+ .probe = probe,
+ .remove = ocxlpmem_remove,
+ .shutdown = ocxlpmem_remove,
+};
+
+static int __init ocxlpmem_init(void)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ rc = pci_register_driver(&pci_driver);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void ocxlpmem_exit(void)
+{
+ pci_unregister_driver(&pci_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(ocxlpmem_init);
+module_exit(ocxlpmem_exit);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("OpenCAPI Persistent Memory");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0faf3740e9b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+// Copyright 2019 IBM Corp.
+
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <misc/ocxl.h>
+#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+
+#define LABEL_AREA_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
+
+struct ocxlpmem_function0 {
+ struct pci_dev *pdev;
+ struct ocxl_fn *ocxl_fn;
+};
+
+struct ocxlpmem {
+ struct device dev;
+ struct pci_dev *pdev;
+ struct ocxl_fn *ocxl_fn;
+ struct nd_interleave_set nd_set;
+ struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor bus_desc;
+ struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus;
+ struct ocxl_afu *ocxl_afu;
+ struct ocxl_context *ocxl_context;
+ void *metadata_addr;
+ struct resource pmem_res;
+ struct nd_region *nd_region;
+};
--
2.24.1
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