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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.4 344/459] sched/topology: Assert non-NUMA topology masks don't (partially) overlap
Date
From: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>

[ Upstream commit ccf74128d66ce937876184ad55db2e0276af08d3 ]

topology.c::get_group() relies on the assumption that non-NUMA domains do
not partially overlap. Zeng Tao pointed out in [1] that such topology
descriptions, while completely bogus, can end up being exposed to the
scheduler.

In his example (8 CPUs, 2-node system), we end up with:
MC span for CPU3 == 3-7
MC span for CPU4 == 4-7

The first pass through get_group(3, sdd@MC) will result in the following
sched_group list:

3 -> 4 -> 5 -> 6 -> 7
^ /
`----------------'

And a later pass through get_group(4, sdd@MC) will "corrupt" that to:

3 -> 4 -> 5 -> 6 -> 7
^ /
`-----------'

which will completely break things like 'while (sg != sd->groups)' when
using CPU3's base sched_domain.

There already are some architecture-specific checks in place such as
x86/kernel/smpboot.c::topology.sane(), but this is something we can detect
in the core scheduler, so it seems worthwhile to do so.

Warn and abort the construction of the sched domains if such a broken
topology description is detected. Note that this is somewhat
expensive (O(t.c²), 't' non-NUMA topology levels and 'c' CPUs) and could be
gated under SCHED_DEBUG if deemed necessary.

Testing
=======

Dietmar managed to reproduce this using the following qemu incantation:

$ qemu-system-aarch64 -kernel ./Image -hda ./qemu-image-aarch64.img \
-append 'root=/dev/vda console=ttyAMA0 loglevel=8 sched_debug' -smp \
cores=8 --nographic -m 512 -cpu cortex-a53 -machine virt -numa \
node,cpus=0-2,nodeid=0 -numa node,cpus=3-7,nodeid=1

alongside the following drivers/base/arch_topology.c hack (AIUI wouldn't be
needed if '-smp cores=X, sockets=Y' would work with qemu):

8<---
@@ -465,6 +465,9 @@ void update_siblings_masks(unsigned int cpuid)
if (cpuid_topo->package_id != cpu_topo->package_id)
continue;

+ if ((cpu < 4 && cpuid > 3) || (cpu > 3 && cpuid < 4))
+ continue;
+
cpumask_set_cpu(cpuid, &cpu_topo->core_sibling);
cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &cpuid_topo->core_sibling);

8<---
[1]: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1577088979-8545-1-git-send-email-prime.zeng@hisilicon.com

Reported-by: Zeng Tao <prime.zeng@hisilicon.com>
Signed-off-by: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200115160915.22575-1-valentin.schneider@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
kernel/sched/topology.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 39 insertions(+)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index 49b835f1305f8..1fa1e13a59446 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -1882,6 +1882,42 @@ static struct sched_domain *build_sched_domain(struct sched_domain_topology_leve
return sd;
}

+/*
+ * Ensure topology masks are sane, i.e. there are no conflicts (overlaps) for
+ * any two given CPUs at this (non-NUMA) topology level.
+ */
+static bool topology_span_sane(struct sched_domain_topology_level *tl,
+ const struct cpumask *cpu_map, int cpu)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ /* NUMA levels are allowed to overlap */
+ if (tl->flags & SDTL_OVERLAP)
+ return true;
+
+ /*
+ * Non-NUMA levels cannot partially overlap - they must be either
+ * completely equal or completely disjoint. Otherwise we can end up
+ * breaking the sched_group lists - i.e. a later get_group() pass
+ * breaks the linking done for an earlier span.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(i, cpu_map) {
+ if (i == cpu)
+ continue;
+ /*
+ * We should 'and' all those masks with 'cpu_map' to exactly
+ * match the topology we're about to build, but that can only
+ * remove CPUs, which only lessens our ability to detect
+ * overlaps
+ */
+ if (!cpumask_equal(tl->mask(cpu), tl->mask(i)) &&
+ cpumask_intersects(tl->mask(cpu), tl->mask(i)))
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
/*
* Find the sched_domain_topology_level where all CPU capacities are visible
* for all CPUs.
@@ -1978,6 +2014,9 @@ build_sched_domains(const struct cpumask *cpu_map, struct sched_domain_attr *att
has_asym = true;
}

+ if (WARN_ON(!topology_span_sane(tl, cpu_map, i)))
+ goto error;
+
sd = build_sched_domain(tl, cpu_map, attr, sd, dflags, i);

if (tl == sched_domain_topology)
--
2.20.1
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