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SubjectRe: [PATCH] f2fs: fix the panic in do_checkpoint()
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Hi Sahitya,

On 2020/2/14 11:54, Sahitya Tummala wrote:
> Hi Chao,
>
> On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 10:26:18AM +0800, Chao Yu wrote:
>> Hi Sahitya,
>>
>> On 2020/2/12 18:34, Sahitya Tummala wrote:
>>> There could be a scenario where f2fs_sync_meta_pages() will not
>>> ensure that all F2FS_DIRTY_META pages are submitted for IO. Thus,
>>> resulting in the below panic in do_checkpoint() -
>>>
>>> f2fs_bug_on(sbi, get_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META) &&
>>> !f2fs_cp_error(sbi));
>>>
>>> This can happen in a low-memory condition, where shrinker could
>>> also be doing the writepage operation (stack shown below)
>>> at the same time when checkpoint is running on another core.
>>>
>>> schedule
>>> down_write
>>> f2fs_submit_page_write -> by this time, this page in page cache is tagged
>>> as PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK and PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY
>>> is cleared, due to which f2fs_sync_meta_pages()
>>> cannot sync this page in do_checkpoint() path.
>>> f2fs_do_write_meta_page
>>> __f2fs_write_meta_page
>>> f2fs_write_meta_page
>>> shrink_page_list
>>> shrink_inactive_list
>>> shrink_node_memcg
>>> shrink_node
>>> kswapd
>>
>> IMO, there may be one more simple fix here:
>>
>> - f2fs_do_write_meta_page(sbi, page, io_type);
>> dec_page_count(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META);
>>
>> + f2fs_do_write_meta_page(sbi, page, io_type);
>>
>> If we can remove F2FS_DIRTY_META reference count before we clear
>> PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY, we can avoid this race condition.
>>
>> - dec_page_count(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META);
>> - f2fs_do_write_meta_page
>> - set_page_writeback
>> - __test_set_page_writeback
>> - xas_clear_mark(&xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
>>
>> Thoughts?
>
> I believe it will be a problem because let's say the shrinker path is
> still in the below stack -
>
> f2fs_submit_page_write();
> ->down_write(&io->io_rwsem);
>
> Then, the current f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback() will not wait for
> that page as it is not yet tagged as F2FS_WB_CP_DATA. Hence, the checkpoint
> may proceed without waiting for this meta page to be written to disk.

Oh, you're right.

It looks the race can happen for data/node pages? like in fsync() procedure.

>
>>
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Sahitya Tummala <stummala@codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>> fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c | 16 ++++++++--------
>>> fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 2 +-
>>> fs/f2fs/super.c | 2 +-
>>> 3 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c b/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
>>> index ffdaba0..2b651a3 100644
>>> --- a/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
>>> +++ b/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
>>> @@ -1250,14 +1250,14 @@ static void unblock_operations(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>>> f2fs_unlock_all(sbi);
>>> }
>>>
>>> -void f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>>> +void f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
>>> {
>>> DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
>>>
>>> for (;;) {
>>> prepare_to_wait(&sbi->cp_wait, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
>>>
>>> - if (!get_pages(sbi, F2FS_WB_CP_DATA))
>>> + if (!get_pages(sbi, type))
>>> break;
>>>
>>> if (unlikely(f2fs_cp_error(sbi)))
>>> @@ -1384,8 +1384,8 @@ static int do_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc)
>>>
>>> /* Flush all the NAT/SIT pages */
>>> f2fs_sync_meta_pages(sbi, META, LONG_MAX, FS_CP_META_IO);
>>> - f2fs_bug_on(sbi, get_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META) &&
>>> - !f2fs_cp_error(sbi));
>>> + /* Wait for all dirty meta pages to be submitted for IO */
>>> + f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META);
>>
>> I'm afraid calling f2fs_wait_on_all_pages() after we call
>> f2fs_sync_meta_pages() is low efficient, as we only want to write out
>> dirty meta pages instead of wait for writebacking them to device cache.
>>
>
> I have modified the existing function f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback() to
> a generic one f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(), where it will wait according to the
> requested type. In this case, it will only wait for dirty F2FS_DIRTY_META pages
> but not for the writeback to device cache.

Oh, I see, as last dirty reference count decreaser won't wake up waiter, we need
to wait for timeout, right? Can we decrease timeout count, maybe HZ/50 as we did
for congestion.

io_schedule_timeout(5*HZ);

Thanks,

>
> Thanks,
>
>> Thanks,
>>
>>>
>>> /*
>>> * modify checkpoint
>>> @@ -1493,11 +1493,11 @@ static int do_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc)
>>>
>>> /* Here, we have one bio having CP pack except cp pack 2 page */
>>> f2fs_sync_meta_pages(sbi, META, LONG_MAX, FS_CP_META_IO);
>>> - f2fs_bug_on(sbi, get_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META) &&
>>> - !f2fs_cp_error(sbi));
>>> + /* Wait for all dirty meta pages to be submitted for IO */
>>> + f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(sbi, F2FS_DIRTY_META);
>>>
>>> /* wait for previous submitted meta pages writeback */
>>> - f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback(sbi);
>>> + f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(sbi, F2FS_WB_CP_DATA);
>>>
>>> /* flush all device cache */
>>> err = f2fs_flush_device_cache(sbi);
>>> @@ -1506,7 +1506,7 @@ static int do_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc)
>>>
>>> /* barrier and flush checkpoint cp pack 2 page if it can */
>>> commit_checkpoint(sbi, ckpt, start_blk);
>>> - f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback(sbi);
>>> + f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(sbi, F2FS_WB_CP_DATA);
>>>
>>> /*
>>> * invalidate intermediate page cache borrowed from meta inode
>>> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> index 5a888a0..b0e0535 100644
>>> --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> @@ -3196,7 +3196,7 @@ bool f2fs_is_dirty_device(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t ino,
>>> void f2fs_update_dirty_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page);
>>> void f2fs_remove_dirty_inode(struct inode *inode);
>>> int f2fs_sync_dirty_inodes(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, enum inode_type type);
>>> -void f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
>>> +void f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type);
>>> int f2fs_write_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc);
>>> void f2fs_init_ino_entry_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
>>> int __init f2fs_create_checkpoint_caches(void);
>>> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
>>> index 5111e1f..084633b 100644
>>> --- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
>>> +++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
>>> @@ -1105,7 +1105,7 @@ static void f2fs_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
>>> /* our cp_error case, we can wait for any writeback page */
>>> f2fs_flush_merged_writes(sbi);
>>>
>>> - f2fs_wait_on_all_pages_writeback(sbi);
>>> + f2fs_wait_on_all_pages(sbi, F2FS_WB_CP_DATA);
>>>
>>> f2fs_bug_on(sbi, sbi->fsync_node_num);
>>>
>>>
>

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