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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] watchdog: Add new arm_smc_wdt watchdog driver
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On 2/13/20 10:26 PM, Evan Benn wrote:
> From: Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>
>
> This patch adds a stub watchdog driver that can be used on ARM systems

From kernel perspective, this is not a "stub" driver. A stub driver is one
that doesn't do anything.

> with a Secure Monitor firmware to forward watchdog operations to
> firmware via a Secure Monitor Call. This may be useful for platforms
> using TrustZone that want the Secure Monitor firmware to have the final
> control over the watchdog.
>

As written, one would assume this to work on all systems implementing
ARM secure firmware, which is not the case. Please select a different
name, and provide information about the systems where this is actually
supported.

If it happens to be standardized, we will need a reference to the standard
supported. This needs to distinguish from IMX_SC_WDT, which also supports
a secure monitor based watchdog (but doesn't claim to be generic).

> Signed-off-by: Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>
> Signed-off-by: Evan Benn <evanbenn@chromium.org>

I won't comment on items already covered by Enric. Please address those as well.

> ---
>
> MAINTAINERS | 1 +
> arch/arm64/configs/defconfig | 1 +
> drivers/watchdog/Kconfig | 12 +++
> drivers/watchdog/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c | 191 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 206 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 5c45536e1177..71df3c110fdb 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -1426,6 +1426,7 @@ M: Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>
> R: Evan Benn <evanbenn@chromium.org>
> S: Maintained
> F: devicetree/bindings/watchdog/arm,smc-wdt.yaml
> +F: drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c
>
> ARM SMMU DRIVERS
> M: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig b/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
> index b2f667307f82..8527db9e92a6 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
> @@ -451,6 +451,7 @@ CONFIG_QCOM_TSENS=y
> CONFIG_UNIPHIER_THERMAL=y
> CONFIG_WATCHDOG=y
> CONFIG_ARM_SP805_WATCHDOG=y
> +CONFIG_ARM_SMC_WATCHDOG=y
> CONFIG_S3C2410_WATCHDOG=y
> CONFIG_DW_WATCHDOG=y
> CONFIG_SUNXI_WATCHDOG=m
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> index cec868f8db3f..0f7f93342051 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> @@ -857,6 +857,18 @@ config DIGICOLOR_WATCHDOG
> To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> module will be called digicolor_wdt.
>
> +config ARM_SMC_WATCHDOG
> + tristate "ARM Secure Monitor Call based watchdog support"
> + depends on ARM || ARM64

This also depends on HAVE_ARM_SMCCC.

> + select WATCHDOG_CORE
> + help
> + Say Y here to include support for a watchdog timer
> + implemented by the EL3 Secure Monitor on ARM platforms.
> + Requires firmware support.
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> + module will be called arm_smc_wdt.
> +
> +
Extra empty line.

> config LPC18XX_WATCHDOG
> tristate "LPC18xx/43xx Watchdog"
> depends on ARCH_LPC18XX || COMPILE_TEST
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> index 2ee352bf3372..a1e6d83a7659 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> @@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_WATCHDOG) += stm32_iwdg.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UNIPHIER_WATCHDOG) += uniphier_wdt.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_RTD119X_WATCHDOG) += rtd119x_wdt.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SPRD_WATCHDOG) += sprd_wdt.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_SMC_WATCHDOG) += arm_smc_wdt.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PM8916_WATCHDOG) += pm8916_wdt.o
>
> # X86 (i386 + ia64 + x86_64) Architecture
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c b/drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..58e7294136ef
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/arm_smc_wdt.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,191 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * ARM Secure Monitor Call watchdog driver
> + *
> + * Copyright 2018 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * Based on mtk_wdt.c
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/watchdog.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/psci.h>
> +
> +#define DRV_NAME "arm_smc_wdt"
> +#define DRV_VERSION "1.0"
> +
> +#define SMCWD_FUNC_ID 0x82003d06
> +
> +enum smcwd_call {
> + SMCWD_INFO = 0,
> + SMCWD_SET_TIMEOUT = 1,
> + SMCWD_ENABLE = 2,
> + SMCWD_PET = 3,
> +};
> +
> +static bool nowayout = WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT;
> +static unsigned int timeout;
> +
> +static int smcwd_call(enum smcwd_call call, unsigned long arg,
> + struct arm_smccc_res *res)
> +{
> + struct arm_smccc_res local_res;
> +
> + if (!res)
> + res = &local_res;
> +
> + arm_smccc_smc(SMCWD_FUNC_ID, call, arg, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, res);
> +
> + if ((int)res->a0 == PSCI_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED)
> + return -ENOTSUPP;

-ENODEV would be better here.

> + if ((int)res->a0 == PSCI_RET_INVALID_PARAMS)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if ((int)res->a0 < 0)
> + return -EIO;

Yes, those typecasts are indeed unnecessary.

> + return res->a0;
> +}
> +
> +static int smcwd_ping(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + return smcwd_call(SMCWD_PET, 0, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static int smcwd_set_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
> + unsigned int timeout)
> +{
> + int res;
> +
> + res = smcwd_call(SMCWD_SET_TIMEOUT, timeout, NULL);
> + if (!res)
> + wdd->timeout = timeout;
> + return res;
> +}
> +
> +static int smcwd_stop(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + return smcwd_call(SMCWD_ENABLE, 0, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static int smcwd_start(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + return smcwd_call(SMCWD_ENABLE, 1, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct watchdog_info smcwd_info = {
> + .identity = DRV_NAME,
> + .options = WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT |
> + WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING |
> + WDIOF_MAGICCLOSE,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct watchdog_ops smcwd_ops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,

Not necessary, and will result in a static analyzer warning.

> + .start = smcwd_start,
> + .stop = smcwd_stop,
> + .ping = smcwd_ping,
> + .set_timeout = smcwd_set_timeout,
> +};
> +
> +static int smcwd_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct watchdog_device *wdd;
> + int err;
> + struct arm_smccc_res res;
> +
> + err = smcwd_call(SMCWD_INFO, 0, &res);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> +
> + wdd = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*wdd), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!wdd)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, wdd);
> +
> + wdd->info = &smcwd_info;
> + wdd->ops = &smcwd_ops;
> + wdd->timeout = res.a2;
> + wdd->max_timeout = res.a2;
> + wdd->min_timeout = res.a1;
> + wdd->parent = &pdev->dev;
> +
> + watchdog_set_nowayout(wdd, nowayout);
> + watchdog_init_timeout(wdd, timeout, &pdev->dev);
> + err = smcwd_set_timeout(wdd, wdd->timeout);
> + if (err)
> + return err;
> +
> + err = watchdog_register_device(wdd);

devm_watchdog_register_device() should work here.

> + if (err)
> + return err;
> +
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Watchdog enabled (timeout=%d sec, nowayout=%d)\n",

The watchdog is not enabled here, it is only registered.

> + wdd->timeout, nowayout);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void smcwd_shutdown(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct watchdog_device *wdd = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + if (watchdog_active(wdd))
> + smcwd_stop(wdd);
> +}
> +
Please use watchdog_stop_on_reboot().

> +static int smcwd_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct watchdog_device *wdd = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + watchdog_unregister_device(wdd);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id smcwd_dt_ids[] = {
> + { .compatible = "arm,smc-wdt" },
> + { /* sentinel */ }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, smcwd_dt_ids);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver smcwd_driver = {
> + .probe = smcwd_probe,
> + .remove = smcwd_remove,
> + .shutdown = smcwd_shutdown,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = DRV_NAME,
> + .of_match_table = smcwd_dt_ids,
> + },
> +};
> +
> +module_platform_driver(smcwd_driver);
> +
> +module_param(timeout, uint, 0);
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(timeout, "Watchdog heartbeat in seconds");
> +
> +module_param(nowayout, bool, 0);
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(nowayout, "Watchdog cannot be stopped once started (default="
> + __MODULE_STRING(WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT) ")");
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ARM Secure Monitor Call Watchdog Driver");
> +MODULE_VERSION(DRV_VERSION);
>

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