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SubjectRe: [PATCH] media: usbvision: Fix a use after free in v4l2_release()
Hi Hans,

On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 11:06:36AM +0100, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> On 1/24/20 3:13 PM, Dan Carpenter wrote:
> > Syzbot triggered a use after free in v5.5-rc6:
> >
> > BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in v4l2_release+0x2f1/0x390 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-dev.c:459
> >
> > Allocated by task 94:
> > usbvision_alloc drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1315 [inline]
> > usbvision_probe.cold+0x5c5/0x1f21 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1469
> >
> > Freed by task 1913:
> > kfree+0xd5/0x300 mm/slub.c:3957
> > usbvision_release+0x181/0x1c0 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1364
> > usbvision_radio_close.cold+0x2b/0x74 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1130
> > v4l2_release+0x2e7/0x390 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-dev.c:455
> >
> > The problem is that the v4l2_release() calls usbvision_release() which
> > frees "usbvision" but v4l2_release() still wants to use
> > "usbvision->vdev". One solution is to make this devm_ allocated memory
> > so the memory isn't freed until later.
>
> devm_ allocated memory is freed after disconnect, so I doubt this will help, or at
> best it will just move the problem elsewhere.

Yes, devm_*alloc is evil :-( It has spread to many drivers and is used
incorrectly in most cases.

> The right approach would be to use the release() callback from struct v4l2_device:
> that's called when the very last open filehandle is closed.

Hillf Danton has sent a patch to do so in the "Re: KASAN: use-after-free
Read in v4l2_release (3)" thread. Have you seen it ?

> But I'm not sure if it is worth the effort. The usbvision driver is a mess and
> personally I think it should be deprecated.

I agree.

> > Reported-by: syzbot+75287f75e2fedd69d680@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> > Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
> > ---
> > I copied this idea from a different driver, but I haven't tested it.
> > I wanted to try the #syz fix command to see if it works.
> >
> > drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c | 4 +---
> > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c b/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > index 93d36aab824f..07b4763062c4 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > +++ b/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > @@ -1312,7 +1312,7 @@ static struct usb_usbvision *usbvision_alloc(struct usb_device *dev,
> > {
> > struct usb_usbvision *usbvision;
> >
> > - usbvision = kzalloc(sizeof(*usbvision), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + usbvision = devm_kzalloc(&dev->dev, sizeof(*usbvision), GFP_KERNEL);
> > if (!usbvision)
> > return NULL;
> >
> > @@ -1336,7 +1336,6 @@ static struct usb_usbvision *usbvision_alloc(struct usb_device *dev,
> > v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&usbvision->hdl);
> > v4l2_device_unregister(&usbvision->v4l2_dev);
> > err_free:
> > - kfree(usbvision);
> > return NULL;
> > }
> >
> > @@ -1361,7 +1360,6 @@ static void usbvision_release(struct usb_usbvision *usbvision)
> >
> > v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&usbvision->hdl);
> > v4l2_device_unregister(&usbvision->v4l2_dev);
> > - kfree(usbvision);
> >
> > PDEBUG(DBG_PROBE, "success");
> > }

--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart

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