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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.4 388/459] tty: n_hdlc: Use flexible-array member and struct_size() helper
Date
From: "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@embeddedor.com>

[ Upstream commit 85f4c95172d606dd66f7ee1fa50c45a245535ffd ]

Old code in the kernel uses 1-byte and 0-byte arrays to indicate the
presence of a "variable length array":

struct something {
int length;
u8 data[1];
};

struct something *instance;

instance = kmalloc(sizeof(*instance) + size, GFP_KERNEL);
instance->length = size;
memcpy(instance->data, source, size);

There is also 0-byte arrays. Both cases pose confusion for things like
sizeof(), CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE, etc.[1] Instead, the preferred mechanism
to declare variable-length types such as the one above is a flexible array
member[2] which need to be the last member of a structure and empty-sized:

struct something {
int stuff;
u8 data[];
};

Also, by making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertenly introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Lastly, make use of the struct_size() helper to safely calculate the
allocation size for instances of struct n_hdlc_buf and avoid any potential
type mistakes[4][5].

[1] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[2] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")
[4] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/60e14fb7-8596-e21c-f4be-546ce39e7bdb@embeddedor.com/
[5] commit 553d66cb1e86 ("iommu/vt-d: Use struct_size() helper")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200121172138.GA3162@embeddedor
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
drivers/tty/n_hdlc.c | 11 +++++------
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/n_hdlc.c b/drivers/tty/n_hdlc.c
index 98361acd3053f..27b506bf03ced 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/n_hdlc.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/n_hdlc.c
@@ -115,11 +115,9 @@
struct n_hdlc_buf {
struct list_head list_item;
int count;
- char buf[1];
+ char buf[];
};

-#define N_HDLC_BUF_SIZE (sizeof(struct n_hdlc_buf) + maxframe)
-
struct n_hdlc_buf_list {
struct list_head list;
int count;
@@ -524,7 +522,8 @@ static void n_hdlc_tty_receive(struct tty_struct *tty, const __u8 *data,
/* no buffers in free list, attempt to allocate another rx buffer */
/* unless the maximum count has been reached */
if (n_hdlc->rx_buf_list.count < MAX_RX_BUF_COUNT)
- buf = kmalloc(N_HDLC_BUF_SIZE, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ buf = kmalloc(struct_size(buf, buf, maxframe),
+ GFP_ATOMIC);
}

if (!buf) {
@@ -853,7 +852,7 @@ static struct n_hdlc *n_hdlc_alloc(void)

/* allocate free rx buffer list */
for(i=0;i<DEFAULT_RX_BUF_COUNT;i++) {
- buf = kmalloc(N_HDLC_BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ buf = kmalloc(struct_size(buf, buf, maxframe), GFP_KERNEL);
if (buf)
n_hdlc_buf_put(&n_hdlc->rx_free_buf_list,buf);
else if (debuglevel >= DEBUG_LEVEL_INFO)
@@ -862,7 +861,7 @@ static struct n_hdlc *n_hdlc_alloc(void)

/* allocate free tx buffer list */
for(i=0;i<DEFAULT_TX_BUF_COUNT;i++) {
- buf = kmalloc(N_HDLC_BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ buf = kmalloc(struct_size(buf, buf, maxframe), GFP_KERNEL);
if (buf)
n_hdlc_buf_put(&n_hdlc->tx_free_buf_list,buf);
else if (debuglevel >= DEBUG_LEVEL_INFO)
--
2.20.1
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