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Subject[PATCH v7 4/6] block: Add support for REQ_ALLOCATE flag
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This adds support for REQ_ALLOCATE extension of REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES
operation, which encourages a block device driver to just allocate
blocks (or mark them allocated) instead of actual blocks zeroing.
REQ_ALLOCATE is aimed to be used for network filesystems providing
a block device interface. Also, block devices, which map a file
on other filesystem (like loop), may use this for less fragmentation
and batching fallocate() requests. Hypervisors like QEMU may
introduce optimizations of clusters allocations based on this.

BLKDEV_ZERO_ALLOCATE is a new corresponding flag for
blkdev_issue_zeroout().

Stacking devices start from zero max_allocate_sectors limit for now,
and the support is going to be implemented separate for each device
in the future.

Signed-off-by: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>
Reviewed-by: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com>
---
block/blk-lib.c | 17 ++++++++++-------
block/blk-settings.c | 4 ++++
fs/block_dev.c | 4 ++++
include/linux/blk_types.h | 6 ++++++
include/linux/blkdev.h | 13 ++++++++++---
5 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-lib.c b/block/blk-lib.c
index 3e38c93cfc53..9cd6f86523ba 100644
--- a/block/blk-lib.c
+++ b/block/blk-lib.c
@@ -214,7 +214,7 @@ static int __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(struct block_device *bdev,
struct bio **biop, unsigned flags)
{
struct bio *bio = *biop;
- unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors;
+ unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors, req_flags = 0;
struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);

if (!q)
@@ -224,18 +224,21 @@ static int __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(struct block_device *bdev,
return -EPERM;

/* Ensure that max_write_zeroes_sectors doesn't overflow bi_size */
- max_write_zeroes_sectors = bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, 0);
+ max_write_zeroes_sectors = bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, flags);

if (max_write_zeroes_sectors == 0)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;

+ if (flags & BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP)
+ req_flags |= REQ_NOUNMAP;
+ if (flags & BLKDEV_ZERO_ALLOCATE)
+ req_flags |= REQ_ALLOCATE|REQ_NOUNMAP;
+
while (nr_sects) {
bio = blk_next_bio(bio, 0, gfp_mask);
bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = sector;
bio_set_dev(bio, bdev);
- bio->bi_opf = REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES;
- if (flags & BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP)
- bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOUNMAP;
+ bio->bi_opf = REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES | req_flags;

if (nr_sects > max_write_zeroes_sectors) {
bio->bi_iter.bi_size = max_write_zeroes_sectors << 9;
@@ -362,7 +365,7 @@ int blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
sector_t bs_mask;
struct bio *bio;
struct blk_plug plug;
- bool try_write_zeroes = !!bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, 0);
+ bool try_write_zeroes = !!bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, flags);

bs_mask = (bdev_logical_block_size(bdev) >> 9) - 1;
if ((sector | nr_sects) & bs_mask)
@@ -391,7 +394,7 @@ int blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
try_write_zeroes = false;
goto retry;
}
- if (!bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, 0)) {
+ if (!bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev, flags)) {
/*
* Zeroing offload support was indicated, but the
* device reported ILLEGAL REQUEST (for some devices
diff --git a/block/blk-settings.c b/block/blk-settings.c
index c8eda2e7b91e..8d5df9d37239 100644
--- a/block/blk-settings.c
+++ b/block/blk-settings.c
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ void blk_set_default_limits(struct queue_limits *lim)
lim->chunk_sectors = 0;
lim->max_write_same_sectors = 0;
lim->max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0;
+ lim->max_allocate_sectors = 0;
lim->max_discard_sectors = 0;
lim->max_hw_discard_sectors = 0;
lim->discard_granularity = 0;
@@ -83,6 +84,7 @@ void blk_set_stacking_limits(struct queue_limits *lim)
lim->max_dev_sectors = UINT_MAX;
lim->max_write_same_sectors = UINT_MAX;
lim->max_write_zeroes_sectors = UINT_MAX;
+ lim->max_allocate_sectors = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_set_stacking_limits);

@@ -506,6 +508,8 @@ int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b,
b->max_write_same_sectors);
t->max_write_zeroes_sectors = min(t->max_write_zeroes_sectors,
b->max_write_zeroes_sectors);
+ t->max_allocate_sectors = min(t->max_allocate_sectors,
+ b->max_allocate_sectors);
t->bounce_pfn = min_not_zero(t->bounce_pfn, b->bounce_pfn);

t->seg_boundary_mask = min_not_zero(t->seg_boundary_mask,
diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
index 69bf2fb6f7cd..1ffef894b3bd 100644
--- a/fs/block_dev.c
+++ b/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -2122,6 +2122,10 @@ static long blkdev_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t start,
error = blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
GFP_KERNEL, BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK);
break;
+ case FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE:
+ error = blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
+ GFP_KERNEL, BLKDEV_ZERO_ALLOCATE | BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK);
+ break;
case FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_NO_HIDE_STALE:
error = blkdev_issue_discard(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
GFP_KERNEL, 0);
diff --git a/include/linux/blk_types.h b/include/linux/blk_types.h
index 70254ae11769..6f34f5d6edf1 100644
--- a/include/linux/blk_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk_types.h
@@ -335,6 +335,11 @@ enum req_flag_bits {

/* command specific flags for REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: */
__REQ_NOUNMAP, /* do not free blocks when zeroing */
+ /*
+ * Ensure the LBA range is backed by physical storage
+ * without writing zeroes to the blocks.
+ */
+ __REQ_ALLOCATE,

__REQ_HIPRI,

@@ -362,6 +367,7 @@ enum req_flag_bits {
#define REQ_CGROUP_PUNT (1ULL << __REQ_CGROUP_PUNT)

#define REQ_NOUNMAP (1ULL << __REQ_NOUNMAP)
+#define REQ_ALLOCATE (1ULL << __REQ_ALLOCATE)
#define REQ_HIPRI (1ULL << __REQ_HIPRI)

#define REQ_DRV (1ULL << __REQ_DRV)
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 55a714161684..40707f980a2e 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -336,6 +336,7 @@ struct queue_limits {
unsigned int max_hw_discard_sectors;
unsigned int max_write_same_sectors;
unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors;
+ unsigned int max_allocate_sectors;
unsigned int discard_granularity;
unsigned int discard_alignment;

@@ -990,6 +991,8 @@ static inline struct bio_vec req_bvec(struct request *rq)
static inline unsigned int blk_queue_get_max_write_zeroes_sectors(
struct request_queue *q, unsigned int op_flags)
{
+ if (op_flags & REQ_ALLOCATE)
+ return q->limits.max_allocate_sectors;
return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors;
}

@@ -1226,6 +1229,7 @@ extern int __blkdev_issue_discard(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,

#define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP (1 << 0) /* do not free blocks */
#define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK (1 << 1) /* don't write explicit zeroes */
+#define BLKDEV_ZERO_ALLOCATE (1 << 2) /* allocate range of blocks */

extern int __blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct bio **biop,
@@ -1430,10 +1434,13 @@ static inline unsigned int bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(struct block_device *bdev,
{
struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);

- if (q)
- return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors;
+ if (!q)
+ return 0;

- return 0;
+ if (flags & BLKDEV_ZERO_ALLOCATE)
+ return q->limits.max_allocate_sectors;
+ else
+ return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors;
}

static inline enum blk_zoned_model bdev_zoned_model(struct block_device *bdev)

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