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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 5/5] perf cs-etm: Synchronize instruction sample with the thread stack
Hi Leo,

On Thu, 13 Feb 2020 at 09:08, Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> Hi Mike,
>
> On Thu, Feb 06, 2020 at 03:01:52PM +0000, Mike Leach wrote:
> > Hi Leo,
> >
> > On Mon, 3 Feb 2020 at 02:08, Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > The synthesized flow use 'tidq->packet' for instruction samples; on the
> > > other hand, 'tidp->prev_packet' is used to generate the thread stack and
> > > the branch samples, this results in the instruction samples using one
> > > packet ahead than thread stack and branch samples ('tidp->prev_packet'
> > > vs 'tidq->packet').
> > >
> > > This leads to an instruction's callchain error as shows in below
> > > example:
> > >
> > > main 1579 100 instructions:
> > > ffff000010214854 perf_event_update_userpage+0x4c ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff000010214850 perf_event_update_userpage+0x48 ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff000010219360 perf_swevent_add+0x88 ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff0000102135f4 event_sched_in.isra.57+0xbc ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff0000102137a0 group_sched_in+0x60 ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff000010213b84 flexible_sched_in+0xfc ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff00001020c0b4 visit_groups_merge+0x12c ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > >
> > > In the callchain log, for the two continuous lines the up line contains
> > > one child function info and the followed line contains the caller
> > > function info, and so forth. So the first two lines are:
> > >
> > > perf_event_update_userpage+0x4c => the sampled instruction
> > > perf_event_update_userpage+0x48 => the parent function's calling
> > >
> > > The child function and parent function both are the same function
> > > perf_event_update_userpage(), but this isn't a recursive function, thus
> > > the sequence for perf_event_update_userpage() calling itself shouldn't
> > > never happen. This callchain error is caused by the instruction sample
> > > using an ahead packet than the thread stack, the thread stack is deferred
> > > to process the new packet and misses to pop stack if it is just a return
> > > packet.
> > >
> > > To fix this issue, we can simply change to use 'tidq->prev_packet' to
> > > generate the instruction samples, this allows the thread stack to push
> > > and pop synchronously with instruction sample. Finally, the callchain
> > > can be displayed correctly as below:
> > >
> > > main 1579 100 instructions:
> > > ffff000010214854 perf_event_update_userpage+0x4c ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff000010219360 perf_swevent_add+0x88 ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff0000102135f4 event_sched_in.isra.57+0xbc ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff0000102137a0 group_sched_in+0x60 ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff000010213b84 flexible_sched_in+0xfc ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > > ffff00001020c0b4 visit_groups_merge+0x12c ([kernel.kallsyms])
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org>
> > > ---
> > > tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c | 8 +++++---
> > > 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c b/tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c
> > > index 8f805657658d..410e40ce19f2 100644
> > > --- a/tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c
> > > +++ b/tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c
> > > @@ -1414,7 +1414,7 @@ static int cs_etm__sample(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq,
> > > struct cs_etm_packet *tmp;
> > > int ret;
> > > u8 trace_chan_id = tidq->trace_chan_id;
> > > - u64 instrs_executed = tidq->packet->instr_count;
> > > + u64 instrs_executed = tidq->prev_packet->instr_count;
> > >
> > > tidq->period_instructions += instrs_executed;
> > >
> > > @@ -1505,7 +1505,8 @@ static int cs_etm__sample(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq,
> > > * instruction)
> > > */
> > > addr = cs_etm__instr_addr(etmq, trace_chan_id,
> > > - tidq->packet, offset - 1);
> > > + tidq->prev_packet,
> > > + offset - 1);
> > > ret = cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample(
> > > etmq, tidq, addr,
> > > etm->instructions_sample_period);
> > > @@ -1525,7 +1526,8 @@ static int cs_etm__sample(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq,
> > > * instruction)
> > > */
> > > addr = cs_etm__instr_addr(etmq, trace_chan_id,
> > > - tidq->packet, offset - 1);
> > > + tidq->prev_packet,
> > > + offset - 1);
> > > ret = cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample(
> > > etmq, tidq, addr,
> > > etm->instructions_sample_period);
> > > --
> > > 2.17.1
> > >
> > I am really not convinced that this is a correct solution.
> >
> > Consider a set of trace range packet inputs:
> > current: 0x3000-0x3050
> > prev: 0x2000-0x2100
> > prev-1: 0x1020-0x1080
> >
> > Before your modification.....
> > cs_etm__sample() processes the current packet....
> >
> > On entry, the branch stack will contain:0x1080=>0x2000;
> >
> > We add to this from the current packet to get: 0x1080=>0x2000; 0x2100=>0x3000;
> >
> > This is then copied by cs_etm__copy_last_branch_rb()
> >
> > We find the instruction sample address in the range 0x3000 to 0x3050,
> > e.g. 0x3010.
> > cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample() will then generate a sample with values
> >
> > sample.ip = 0x3010
> > sample.branch_stack = 0x1080=>0x2000; 0x2100=>0x3000;
> >
> > to be passed to the perf session / injected as required.
> > This sample has the correct branch context for the sampled address -
> > i.e. how the code arrived @0x3010
> >
> > After the modification.....
> > The branch stack will be the same, but the sample address will be from
> > the range 0x2000-0x2010, e.g. 0x2008 to give a sample in
> > cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample() of
> > sample.ip = 0x2008
> > sample.branch_stack = 0x1080=>0x2000; 0x2100=>0x3000;
> >
> > This really does not make much sense - the branch stack no longer
> > relates to the sample.ip.
> >
> > Further - cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample() calls cs_etm__copy_insn()
> > using the _current_ packet and sample.ip. This is a clear mismatch.
> >
> > I don't know what is causing the apparent error in the callchain, but
> > given that the previous features added in this set, work without this
> > alteration, I feel there must be another solution.
>
> Good catch! Thanks a lot for very detailed analysis.
>
> I root caused this issue is relevant with the sequence between two
> functions thread_stack__event() and thread_stack__sample().
>
> In this series, thread_stack__sample() is prior to thread_stack__event(),
> thus the thread stack event cannot be handled before thread stack
> generation.
>
> If move the function thread_stack__event() up and place it before
> instruction sample synthesizing; thread_stack__event() can be invoked
> prior to thread_stack__sample(), then I can see the thread stack can
> be popped properly and the issue can be fixed. Simply to say, patch
> 0002 should change the code as below:
>
> /*
> * Record a branch when the last instruction in
> * PREV_PACKET is a branch.
> */
> if (etm->synth_opts.last_branch &&
> tidq->prev_packet->sample_type == CS_ETM_RANGE &&
> tidq->prev_packet->last_instr_taken_branch)
> cs_etm__update_last_branch_rb(etmq, tidq);
>
> /*
> * The stack event must be processed prior to synthesizing
> * instruction sample; this can ensure the instruction samples
> * to generate correct thread stack.
> */
> if (tidq->prev_packet->last_instr_taken_branch)
> cs_etm__add_stack_event(etmq, tidq);
>
> if (etm->sample_instructions &&
> tidq->period_instructions >= etm->instructions_sample_period) {
>
> cs_etm__synth_instruction_sample();
> `-> thread_stack__sample();
>
> }
>
> Does this make sense for you?
>
This looks good.

Regards

Mike



> Thanks,
> Leo Yan



--
Mike Leach
Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
Manchester Design Centre. UK

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