lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Feb]   [13]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH] treewide: Replace zero-length arrays with flexible-array member
On Thu, 13 Feb 2020 at 12:09, Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> wrote:
>
> Hi Gustavo,
>
> On Tue, Feb 11, 2020 at 10:49 PM Gustavo A. R. Silva
> <gustavo@embeddedor.com> wrote:
> > The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
> > extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
> > variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
> > introduced in C99:
> >
> > struct foo {
> > int stuff;
> > struct boo array[];
> > };
> >
> > By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
> > in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
> > will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
> > unadvertenly introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.
> >
> > All these instances of code were found with the help of the following
> > Coccinelle script:
> >
> > @@
> > identifier S, member, array;
> > type T1, T2;
> > @@
> >
> > struct S {
> > ...
> > T1 member;
> > T2 array[
> > - 0
> > ];
> > };
>
> I've stumbled across one more in include/uapi/linux/usb/ch9.h:
>
> struct usb_key_descriptor {
> __u8 bLength;
> __u8 bDescriptorType;
>
> __u8 tTKID[3];
> __u8 bReserved;
> __u8 bKeyData[0];
> } __attribute__((packed));
>
> And it seems people are (ab)using one-sized arrays for flexible arrays, too:
>
> struct usb_string_descriptor {
> __u8 bLength;
> __u8 bDescriptorType;
>
> __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */
> } __attribute__ ((packed));
>
> As this is UAPI, we have to be careful for regressions, though.
>

These were probably taken straight from the specification. The [1]
trick is used a lot in the UEFI specification as well, for instance.

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-02-13 12:13    [W:0.074 / U:0.420 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site