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Subject[PATCH v5 1/2] mm: Add MREMAP_DONTUNMAP to mremap().
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When remapping an anonymous, private mapping, if MREMAP_DONTUNMAP is
set, the source mapping will not be removed. The remap operation
will be performed as it would have been normally by moving over the
page tables to the new mapping. The old vma will have any locked
flags cleared, have no pagetables, and any userfaultfds that were
watching that range will continue watching it.

For a mapping that is shared or not anonymous, MREMAP_DONTUNMAP will cause
the mremap() call to fail. Because MREMAP_DONTUNMAP always results in moving
a VMA you MUST use the MREMAP_MAYMOVE flag. The final result is two
equally sized VMAs where the destination contains the PTEs of the source.

We hope to use this in Chrome OS where with userfaultfd we could write
an anonymous mapping to disk without having to STOP the process or worry
about VMA permission changes.

This feature also has a use case in Android, Lokesh Gidra has said
that "As part of using userfaultfd for GC, We'll have to move the physical
pages of the java heap to a separate location. For this purpose mremap
will be used. Without the MREMAP_DONTUNMAP flag, when I mremap the java
heap, its virtual mapping will be removed as well. Therefore, we'll
require performing mmap immediately after. This is not only time consuming
but also opens a time window where a native thread may call mmap and
reserve the java heap's address range for its own usage. This flag
solves the problem."

v4 -> v5:
- Correct commit message to more accurately reflect the behavior.
- Clear VM_LOCKED and VM_LOCKEDONFAULT on the old vma.
   
Signed-off-by: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com>

---
include/uapi/linux/mman.h | 5 +-
mm/mremap.c | 106 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
2 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
index fc1a64c3447b..923cc162609c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
@@ -5,8 +5,9 @@
#include <asm/mman.h>
#include <asm-generic/hugetlb_encode.h>

-#define MREMAP_MAYMOVE 1
-#define MREMAP_FIXED 2
+#define MREMAP_MAYMOVE 1
+#define MREMAP_FIXED 2
+#define MREMAP_DONTUNMAP 4

#define OVERCOMMIT_GUESS 0
#define OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS 1
diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
index 1fc8a29fbe3f..a2a792fdbc64 100644
--- a/mm/mremap.c
+++ b/mm/mremap.c
@@ -318,8 +318,8 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_len,
unsigned long new_len, unsigned long new_addr,
- bool *locked, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
- struct list_head *uf_unmap)
+ bool *locked, unsigned long flags,
+ struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf, struct list_head *uf_unmap)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct vm_area_struct *new_vma;
@@ -408,11 +408,49 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
untrack_pfn_moved(vma);

+ if (unlikely(!err && (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP))) {
+ if (vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
+ /* Always put back VM_ACCOUNT since we won't unmap */
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
+
+ vm_acct_memory(vma_pages(new_vma));
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * locked_vm accounting: if the mapping remained the same size
+ * it will have just moved and we don't need to touch locked_vm
+ * because we skip the do_unmap. If the mapping shrunk before
+ * being moved then the do_unmap on that portion will have
+ * adjusted vm_locked. Only if the mapping grows do we need to
+ * do something special; the reason is locked_vm only accounts
+ * for old_len, but we're now adding new_len - old_len locked
+ * bytes to the new mapping.
+ */
+ if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
+ /* We always clear VM_LOCKED[ONFAULT] on the old vma */
+ vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
+
+ if (new_len > old_len) {
+ mm->locked_vm +=
+ (new_len - old_len) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ *locked = true;
+ }
+ }
+
+ goto out;
+ }
+
if (do_munmap(mm, old_addr, old_len, uf_unmap) < 0) {
/* OOM: unable to split vma, just get accounts right */
vm_unacct_memory(excess >> PAGE_SHIFT);
excess = 0;
}
+
+ if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
+ mm->locked_vm += new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ *locked = true;
+ }
+out:
mm->hiwater_vm = hiwater_vm;

/* Restore VM_ACCOUNT if one or two pieces of vma left */
@@ -422,16 +460,12 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
vma->vm_next->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
}

- if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
- mm->locked_vm += new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
- *locked = true;
- }
-
return new_addr;
}

static struct vm_area_struct *vma_to_resize(unsigned long addr,
- unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len, unsigned long *p)
+ unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len, unsigned long flags,
+ unsigned long *p)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
@@ -453,6 +487,10 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *vma_to_resize(unsigned long addr,
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}

+ if (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP && (!vma_is_anonymous(vma) ||
+ vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

@@ -497,7 +535,7 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *vma_to_resize(unsigned long addr,

static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long new_len, bool *locked,
- struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
+ unsigned long flags, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
struct list_head *uf_unmap_early,
struct list_head *uf_unmap)
{
@@ -505,7 +543,7 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long ret = -EINVAL;
unsigned long charged = 0;
- unsigned long map_flags;
+ unsigned long map_flags = 0;

if (offset_in_page(new_addr))
goto out;
@@ -534,9 +572,11 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
if ((mm->map_count + 2) >= sysctl_max_map_count - 3)
return -ENOMEM;

- ret = do_munmap(mm, new_addr, new_len, uf_unmap_early);
- if (ret)
- goto out;
+ if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED) {
+ ret = do_munmap(mm, new_addr, new_len, uf_unmap_early);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ }

if (old_len >= new_len) {
ret = do_munmap(mm, addr+new_len, old_len - new_len, uf_unmap);
@@ -545,13 +585,26 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
old_len = new_len;
}

- vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, &charged);
+ vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, flags, &charged);
if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
goto out;
}

- map_flags = MAP_FIXED;
+ /*
+ * MREMAP_DONTUNMAP expands by new_len - (new_len - old_len), we will
+ * check that we can expand by new_len and vma_to_resize will handle
+ * the vma growing which is (new_len - old_len).
+ */
+ if (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP &&
+ !may_expand_vm(mm, vma->vm_flags, new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED)
+ map_flags |= MAP_FIXED;
+
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
map_flags |= MAP_SHARED;

@@ -561,10 +614,16 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
if (offset_in_page(ret))
goto out1;

- ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr, locked, uf,
+ /* We got a new mapping */
+ if (!(flags & MREMAP_FIXED))
+ new_addr = ret;
+
+ ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr, locked, flags, uf,
uf_unmap);
+
if (!(offset_in_page(ret)))
goto out;
+
out1:
vm_unacct_memory(charged);

@@ -609,12 +668,16 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
addr = untagged_addr(addr);
new_addr = untagged_addr(new_addr);

- if (flags & ~(MREMAP_FIXED | MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
+ if (flags & ~(MREMAP_FIXED | MREMAP_MAYMOVE | MREMAP_DONTUNMAP))
return ret;

if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED && !(flags & MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
return ret;

+ /* MREMAP_DONTUNMAP is always a move */
+ if (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP && !(flags & MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
+ return ret;
+
if (offset_in_page(addr))
return ret;

@@ -632,9 +695,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
if (down_write_killable(&current->mm->mmap_sem))
return -EINTR;

- if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED) {
+ if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED || flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP) {
ret = mremap_to(addr, old_len, new_addr, new_len,
- &locked, &uf, &uf_unmap_early, &uf_unmap);
+ &locked, flags, &uf, &uf_unmap_early,
+ &uf_unmap);
goto out;
}

@@ -662,7 +726,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
/*
* Ok, we need to grow..
*/
- vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, &charged);
+ vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, flags, &charged);
if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
goto out;
@@ -712,7 +776,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
}

ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr,
- &locked, &uf, &uf_unmap);
+ &locked, flags, &uf, &uf_unmap);
}
out:
if (offset_in_page(ret)) {
--
2.25.0.265.gbab2e86ba0-goog
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