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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/4] mm/memremap_pages: Introduce memremap_compat_align()
Date
Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> writes:

> The "sub-section memory hotplug" facility allows memremap_pages() users
> like libnvdimm to compensate for hardware platforms like x86 that have a
> section size larger than their hardware memory mapping granularity. The
> compensation that sub-section support affords is being tolerant of
> physical memory resources shifting by units smaller (64MiB on x86) than
> the memory-hotplug section size (128 MiB). Where the platform
> physical-memory mapping granularity is limited by the number and
> capability of address-decode-registers in the memory controller.
>
> While the sub-section support allows memremap_pages() to operate on
> sub-section (2MiB) granularity, the Power architecture may still
> require 16MiB alignment on "!radix_enabled()" platforms.
>
> In order for libnvdimm to be able to detect and manage this per-arch
> limitation, introduce memremap_compat_align() as a common minimum
> alignment across all driver-facing memory-mapping interfaces, and let
> Power override it to 16MiB in the "!radix_enabled()" case.
>
> The assumption / requirement for 16MiB to be a viable
> memremap_compat_align() value is that Power does not have platforms
> where its equivalent of address-decode-registers never hardware remaps a
> persistent memory resource on smaller than 16MiB boundaries. Note that I
> tried my best to not add a new Kconfig symbol, but header include
> entanglements defeated the #ifndef memremap_compat_align design pattern
> and the need to export it defeats the __weak design pattern for arch
> overrides.
>
> Based on an initial patch by Aneesh.

I have just a couple of questions.

First, can you please add a comment above the generic implementation of
memremap_compat_align describing its purpose, and why a platform might
want to override it?

Second, I will take it at face value that the power architecture
requires a 16MB alignment, but it's not clear to me why mmu_linear_psize
was chosen to represent that. What's the relationship, there, and can
we please have a comment explaining it?

Thanks!
Jeff

>
> Link: http://lore.kernel.org/r/CAPcyv4gBGNP95APYaBcsocEa50tQj9b5h__83vgngjq3ouGX_Q@mail.gmail.com
> Reported-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> Reported-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c | 12 ++++++++++++
> drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c | 2 +-
> include/linux/memremap.h | 8 ++++++++
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 1 +
> lib/Kconfig | 3 +++
> mm/memremap.c | 13 +++++++++++++
> 7 files changed, 39 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> index 497b7d0b2d7e..e6ffe905e2b9 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> @@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ config PPC
> select ARCH_HAS_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL
> select ARCH_HAS_KCOV
> select ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD if HUGETLB_PAGE
> + select ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
> select ARCH_HAS_MMIOWB if PPC64
> select ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA
> select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
> index fc669643ce6a..38b5ba7d3e2d 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
> @@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
>
> #include <linux/io.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/mmzone.h>
> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> #include <asm/io-workarounds.h>
>
> @@ -97,3 +98,14 @@ void __iomem *do_ioremap(phys_addr_t pa, phys_addr_t offset, unsigned long size,
>
> return NULL;
> }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
> +/* override of the generic version in mm/memremap.c */
> +unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
> +{
> + if (radix_enabled())
> + return SUBSECTION_SIZE;
> + return (1UL << mmu_psize_defs[mmu_linear_psize].shift);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memremap_compat_align);
> +#endif
> diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
> index b94f7a7e94b8..a5c25cb87116 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
> +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
> @@ -750,7 +750,7 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
> start = nsio->res.start;
> size = resource_size(&nsio->res);
> npfns = PHYS_PFN(size - SZ_8K);
> - align = max(nd_pfn->align, (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT));
> + align = max(nd_pfn->align, SUBSECTION_SIZE);
> end_trunc = start + size - ALIGN_DOWN(start + size, align);
> if (nd_pfn->mode == PFN_MODE_PMEM) {
> /*
> diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
> index 6fefb09af7c3..8af1cbd8f293 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memremap.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
> @@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
>
> unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
> void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
> +unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void);
> #else
> static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
> struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> @@ -165,6 +166,12 @@ static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
> unsigned long nr_pfns)
> {
> }
> +
> +/* when memremap_pages() is disabled all archs can remap a single page */
> +static inline unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
> +{
> + return PAGE_SIZE;
> +}
> #endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */
>
> static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> @@ -172,4 +179,5 @@ static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> if (pgmap)
> percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref);
> }
> +
> #endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 462f6873905a..6b77f7239af5 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -1170,6 +1170,7 @@ static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
> #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
>
> #define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
> +#define SUBSECTION_SIZE (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
>
> #define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
> #define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
> index 0cf875fd627c..17dbc7bd3895 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig
> @@ -618,6 +618,9 @@ config ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API
> config MEMREGION
> bool
>
> +config ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
> + bool
> +
> # use memcpy to implement user copies for nommu architectures
> config UACCESS_MEMCPY
> bool
> diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
> index 09b5b7adc773..a6905d28fe91 100644
> --- a/mm/memremap.c
> +++ b/mm/memremap.c
> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
> #include <linux/mm.h>
> #include <linux/pfn_t.h>
> #include <linux/swap.h>
> +#include <linux/mmzone.h>
> #include <linux/swapops.h>
> #include <linux/types.h>
> #include <linux/wait_bit.h>
> @@ -14,6 +15,18 @@
>
> static DEFINE_XARRAY(pgmap_array);
>
> +/*
> + * Minimum compatible alignment of the resource (start, end) across
> + * memremap interfaces (i.e. memremap + memremap_pages)
> + */
> +#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
> +unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
> +{
> + return SUBSECTION_SIZE;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memremap_compat_align);
> +#endif
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
> DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(devmap_managed_key);

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