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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2] UML: add support for KASAN under x86_64
On Tue, Feb 11, 2020 at 12:21 AM Johannes Berg
<johannes@sipsolutions.net> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> Looks very nice! Some questions/comments below:
>
> > Depends on Constructor support in UML and is based off of
> > "[RFC PATCH] um: implement CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS for modules"
> > (https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1234551/)
>
> I guess I should resend this as a proper patch then. Did you test
> modules? I can try (later) too.
>
I have not tested modules - you might want to test modules before
sending it at a proper patch. I just know that it works for the
purposes of this KASAN project.

> > The location of the KASAN shadow memory, starting at
> > KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET, can be configured using the
> > KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET option. UML uses roughly 18TB of address
> > space, and KASAN requires 1/8th of this.
>
> That also means if I have say 512MB memory allocated for UML, KASAN will
> use an *additional* 64, unlike on a "real" system, where KASAN will take
> about 1/8th of the available physical memory, right?
>
Currently, the amount of shadow memory allocated is a constant based
on the amount of user space address space in x86_64 since this is the
host architecture I have focused on.

> > + help
> > + This is the offset at which the ~2.25TB of shadow memory is
> > + initialized
>
> Maybe that should say "mapped" instead of "initialized", since there are
> relatively few machines on which it could actually all all be used?
>
Valid point!

> > +// used in kasan_mem_to_shadow to divide by 8
> > +#define KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT 3
>
> nit: use /* */ style comments
>
Will do

> > +#define KASAN_SHADOW_START (KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET)
> > +#define KASAN_SHADOW_END (KASAN_SHADOW_START + KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE)
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> > +void kasan_init(void);
> > +#else
> > +static inline void kasan_init(void) { }
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */
> > +
> > +void kasan_map_memory(void *start, unsigned long len);
> > +void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size);
> > +
> > +#endif /* __ASM_UM_KASAN_H */
> > diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/Makefile b/arch/um/kernel/Makefile
> > index 5aa882011e04..875e1827588b 100644
> > --- a/arch/um/kernel/Makefile
> > +++ b/arch/um/kernel/Makefile
> > @@ -8,6 +8,28 @@
> > # kernel.
> > KCOV_INSTRUMENT := n
> >
> > +# The way UMl deals with the stack causes seemingly false positive KASAN
> > +# reports such as:
> > +# BUG: KASAN: stack-out-of-bounds in show_stack+0x15e/0x1fb
> > +# Read of size 8 at addr 000000006184bbb0 by task swapper/1
> > +# ==================================================================
> > +# BUG: KASAN: stack-out-of-bounds in dump_trace+0x141/0x1c5
> > +# Read of size 8 at addr 0000000071057eb8 by task swapper/1
> > +# ==================================================================
> > +# BUG: KASAN: stack-out-of-bounds in get_wchan+0xd7/0x138
> > +# Read of size 8 at addr 0000000070e8fc80 by task systemd/1
> > +#
> > +# With these files removed from instrumentation, those reports are
> > +# eliminated, but KASAN still repeatedly reports a bug on syscall_stub_data:
> > +# ==================================================================
> > +# BUG: KASAN: stack-out-of-bounds in syscall_stub_data+0x299/0x2bf
> > +# Read of size 128 at addr 0000000071457c50 by task swapper/1
>
> So that's actually something to fix still? Just trying to understand,
> I'll test it later.
>
Yes, I have not found a fix for these issues yet and even with these
few files excluded from instrumentation, the syscall_stub_data error
occurs(unless CONFIG_STACK is disabled, but CONFIG_STACK is enabled by
default when using gcc to compile). It is unclear whether this is a
bug that KASAN has found in UML or it is a mismatch of KASAN error
detection on UML.

> > -extern int printf(const char *msg, ...);
> > -static void early_print(void)
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> > +void kasan_init(void)
> > {
> > - printf("I'm super early, before constructors\n");
> > + kasan_map_memory((void *)KASAN_SHADOW_START, KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE);
>
> Heh, you *actually* based it on my patch, in git terms, not just in code
> terms. I think you should just pick up the few lines that you need from
> that patch and squash them into this one, I just posted that to
> demonstrate more clearly what I meant :-)
>
I did base this on your patch. I figured it was more likely to get
merged before this patch anyway. To clarify, do you want me to include
your constructors patch with this one as a patchset?

> > +/**
> > + * kasan_map_memory() - maps memory from @start with a size of @len.
>
> I think the () shouldn't be there?
>
Okay!

> > +void kasan_map_memory(void *start, size_t len)
> > +{
> > + if (mmap(start,
> > + len,
> > + PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
> > + MAP_FIXED|MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_NORESERVE,
> > + -1,
> > + 0) == MAP_FAILED)
> > + os_info("Couldn't allocate shadow memory %s", strerror(errno));
>
> If that fails, can we even continue?
>
Probably not, but with this executing before main(), what is the best
way to have an error occur? Or maybe there's a way we can just
continue without KASAN enabled and print to the console that KASAN
failed to initialize?

> johannes
>

--
Patricia Alfonso

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