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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 bpf-next 12/13] bpf: Add tests for new BPF atomic operations
On Mon, Nov 30, 2020 at 07:55:02PM -0800, Yonghong Song wrote:
> On 11/27/20 9:57 AM, Brendan Jackman wrote:
[...]
> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
> > index 3d5940cd110d..5eadfd09037d 100644
> > --- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
> > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
> > @@ -228,6 +228,12 @@ IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN = $(shell $(CC) -dM -E - </dev/null | \
> > grep 'define __BYTE_ORDER__ __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__')
> > MENDIAN=$(if $(IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN),-mlittle-endian,-mbig-endian)
> > +# Determine if Clang supports BPF arch v4, and therefore atomics.
> > +CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4=$(if $(findstring v4,$(shell $(CLANG) --target=bpf -mcpu=? 2>&1)),true,)
> > +ifeq ($(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),true)
> > + CFLAGS += -DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS
> > +endif
> > +
> > CLANG_SYS_INCLUDES = $(call get_sys_includes,$(CLANG))
> > BPF_CFLAGS = -g -D__TARGET_ARCH_$(SRCARCH) $(MENDIAN) \
> > -I$(INCLUDE_DIR) -I$(CURDIR) -I$(APIDIR) \
> > @@ -250,7 +256,9 @@ define CLANG_BPF_BUILD_RULE
> > $(call msg,CLNG-LLC,$(TRUNNER_BINARY),$2)
> > $(Q)($(CLANG) $3 -O2 -target bpf -emit-llvm \
> > -c $1 -o - || echo "BPF obj compilation failed") | \
> > - $(LLC) -mattr=dwarfris -march=bpf -mcpu=v3 $4 -filetype=obj -o $2
> > + $(LLC) -mattr=dwarfris -march=bpf \
> > + -mcpu=$(if $(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),v4,v3) \
> > + $4 -filetype=obj -o $2
> > endef
> > # Similar to CLANG_BPF_BUILD_RULE, but with disabled alu32
> > define CLANG_NOALU32_BPF_BUILD_RULE
> > @@ -391,7 +399,7 @@ TRUNNER_EXTRA_SOURCES := test_progs.c cgroup_helpers.c trace_helpers.c \
> > TRUNNER_EXTRA_FILES := $(OUTPUT)/urandom_read \
> > $(wildcard progs/btf_dump_test_case_*.c)
> > TRUNNER_BPF_BUILD_RULE := CLANG_BPF_BUILD_RULE
> > -TRUNNER_BPF_CFLAGS := $(BPF_CFLAGS) $(CLANG_CFLAGS)
> > +TRUNNER_BPF_CFLAGS := $(BPF_CFLAGS) $(CLANG_CFLAGS) $(if $(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),-DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS,)
>
> If the compiler indeed supports cpu v4 (i.e., atomic insns),
> -DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS will be added to TRUNNER_BPF_FLAGS and
> eventually -DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS is also available for
> no-alu32 test and this will cause compilation error.
>
> I did the following hack to workaround the issue, i.e., only adds
> the definition to default (alu32) test run.
>
> index 5eadfd09037d..3d1320fd93eb 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
> @@ -230,9 +230,6 @@ MENDIAN=$(if
> $(IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN),-mlittle-endian,-mbig-endian)
>
> # Determine if Clang supports BPF arch v4, and therefore atomics.
> CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4=$(if $(findstring v4,$(shell $(CLANG) --target=bpf
> -mcpu=? 2>&1)),true,)
> -ifeq ($(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),true)
> - CFLAGS += -DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS
> -endif
>
> CLANG_SYS_INCLUDES = $(call get_sys_includes,$(CLANG))
> BPF_CFLAGS = -g -D__TARGET_ARCH_$(SRCARCH) $(MENDIAN) \
> @@ -255,6 +252,7 @@ $(OUTPUT)/flow_dissector_load.o: flow_dissector_load.h
> define CLANG_BPF_BUILD_RULE
> $(call msg,CLNG-LLC,$(TRUNNER_BINARY),$2)
> $(Q)($(CLANG) $3 -O2 -target bpf -emit-llvm \
> + $(if $(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),-DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS,) \
> -c $1 -o - || echo "BPF obj compilation failed") | \
> $(LLC) -mattr=dwarfris -march=bpf \
> -mcpu=$(if $(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),v4,v3) \
> @@ -399,7 +397,7 @@ TRUNNER_EXTRA_SOURCES := test_progs.c cgroup_helpers.c
> trace_helpers.c \
> TRUNNER_EXTRA_FILES := $(OUTPUT)/urandom_read \
> $(wildcard progs/btf_dump_test_case_*.c)
> TRUNNER_BPF_BUILD_RULE := CLANG_BPF_BUILD_RULE
> -TRUNNER_BPF_CFLAGS := $(BPF_CFLAGS) $(CLANG_CFLAGS) $(if
> $(CLANG_SUPPORTS_V4),-DENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS,)
> +TRUNNER_BPF_CFLAGS := $(BPF_CFLAGS) $(CLANG_CFLAGS)
> TRUNNER_BPF_LDFLAGS := -mattr=+alu32
> $(eval $(call DEFINE_TEST_RUNNER,test_progs))

Ah, good point. I think your "hack" actually improves the overall result
anyway since it avoids the akward global mutation of CFLAGS. Thanks!

I wonder if we should actually have Clang define a built-in macro to say
that the atomics are supported?

> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/atomics_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/atomics_test.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..8ecc0392fdf9
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/atomics_test.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,329 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +#include <test_progs.h>
> > +
> > +#ifdef ENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS
> > +
> > +#include "atomics_test.skel.h"
> > +
> > +static void test_add(void)
> [...]
> > +
> > +#endif /* ENABLE_ATOMICS_TESTS */
> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/atomics_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/atomics_test.c
[...]
> > +__u64 xor64_value = (0x110ull << 32);
> > +__u64 xor64_result = 0;
> > +__u32 xor32_value = 0x110;
> > +__u32 xor32_result = 0;
> > +SEC("fentry/bpf_fentry_test1")
> > +int BPF_PROG(xor, int a)
> > +{
> > + xor64_result = __sync_fetch_and_xor(&xor64_value, 0x011ull << 32);
> > + xor32_result = __sync_fetch_and_xor(&xor32_value, 0x011);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
>
> All above __sync_fetch_and_{add, sub, and, or, xor} produces a return
> value used later. To test atomic_<op> instructions, it will be good if
> you can add some tests which ignores the return value.

Good idea - adding an extra case to each prog. This won't assert that
LLVM is generating "optimal" code (without BPF_FETCH) but we can at
least get some confidence we aren't generating total garbage.

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