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Subject[PATCH v5 16/16] scripts: kernel-doc: validate kernel-doc markup with the actual names
Date
Kernel-doc currently expects that the kernel-doc markup to come
just before the function/enum/struct/union/typedef prototype.

Yet, if it find things like:

/**
* refcount_add - add a value to a refcount
* @i: the value to add to the refcount
* @r: the refcount
*/
static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp);
static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r);

Kernel-doc will do the wrong thing:

foobar.h:6: warning: Function parameter or member 'oldp' not described in '__refcount_add'
.. c:function:: void __refcount_add (int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp)

add a value to a refcount

**Parameters**

``int i``
the value to add to the refcount

``refcount_t *r``
the refcount

``int *oldp``
*undescribed*

Basically, it will document "__refcount_add" with the kernel-doc
markup for refcount_add.

If both functions have the same arguments, this won't even
produce any warning!

Add a logic to check if the kernel-doc identifier matches the actual
name of the C function or data structure that will be documented.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org>
---
scripts/kernel-doc | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 46 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/kernel-doc b/scripts/kernel-doc
index 9b6ddeb097e9..919acae23fad 100755
--- a/scripts/kernel-doc
+++ b/scripts/kernel-doc
@@ -353,64 +353,67 @@ my $lineprefix="";

# Parser states
use constant {
STATE_NORMAL => 0, # normal code
STATE_NAME => 1, # looking for function name
STATE_BODY_MAYBE => 2, # body - or maybe more description
STATE_BODY => 3, # the body of the comment
STATE_BODY_WITH_BLANK_LINE => 4, # the body, which has a blank line
STATE_PROTO => 5, # scanning prototype
STATE_DOCBLOCK => 6, # documentation block
STATE_INLINE => 7, # gathering doc outside main block
};
my $state;
my $in_doc_sect;
my $leading_space;

# Inline documentation state
use constant {
STATE_INLINE_NA => 0, # not applicable ($state != STATE_INLINE)
STATE_INLINE_NAME => 1, # looking for member name (@foo:)
STATE_INLINE_TEXT => 2, # looking for member documentation
STATE_INLINE_END => 3, # done
STATE_INLINE_ERROR => 4, # error - Comment without header was found.
# Spit a warning as it's not
# proper kernel-doc and ignore the rest.
};
my $inline_doc_state;

#declaration types: can be
# 'function', 'struct', 'union', 'enum', 'typedef'
my $decl_type;

+# Name of the kernel-doc identifier for non-DOC markups
+my $identifier;
+
my $doc_start = '^/\*\*\s*$'; # Allow whitespace at end of comment start.
my $doc_end = '\*/';
my $doc_com = '\s*\*\s*';
my $doc_com_body = '\s*\* ?';
my $doc_decl = $doc_com . '(\w+)';
# @params and a strictly limited set of supported section names
my $doc_sect = $doc_com .
'\s*(\@[.\w]+|\@\.\.\.|description|context|returns?|notes?|examples?)\s*:(.*)';
my $doc_content = $doc_com_body . '(.*)';
my $doc_block = $doc_com . 'DOC:\s*(.*)?';
my $doc_inline_start = '^\s*/\*\*\s*$';
my $doc_inline_sect = '\s*\*\s*(@\s*[\w][\w\.]*\s*):(.*)';
my $doc_inline_end = '^\s*\*/\s*$';
my $doc_inline_oneline = '^\s*/\*\*\s*(@[\w\s]+):\s*(.*)\s*\*/\s*$';
my $export_symbol = '^\s*EXPORT_SYMBOL(_GPL)?\s*\(\s*(\w+)\s*\)\s*;';

my %parameterdescs;
my %parameterdesc_start_lines;
my @parameterlist;
my %sections;
my @sectionlist;
my %section_start_lines;
my $sectcheck;
my $struct_actual;

my $contents = "";
my $new_start_line = 0;

# the canonical section names. see also $doc_sect above.
my $section_default = "Description"; # default section
my $section_intro = "Introduction";
my $section = $section_default;
@@ -1174,64 +1177,69 @@ sub output_declaration {
##
# generic output function - calls the right one based on current output mode.
sub output_blockhead {
no strict 'refs';
my $func = "output_blockhead_" . $output_mode;
&$func(@_);
$section_counter++;
}

##
# takes a declaration (struct, union, enum, typedef) and
# invokes the right handler. NOT called for functions.
sub dump_declaration($$) {
no strict 'refs';
my ($prototype, $file) = @_;
my $func = "dump_" . $decl_type;
&$func(@_);
}

sub dump_union($$) {
dump_struct(@_);
}

sub dump_struct($$) {
my $x = shift;
my $file = shift;

if ($x =~ /(struct|union)\s+(\w+)\s*\{(.*)\}(\s*(__packed|__aligned|____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|____cacheline_aligned|__attribute__\s*\(\([a-z0-9,_\s\(\)]*\)\)))*/) {
my $decl_type = $1;
$declaration_name = $2;
my $members = $3;

+ if ($identifier ne $declaration_name) {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: expecting prototype for $decl_type $identifier. Prototype was for $decl_type $declaration_name instead\n";
+ return;
+ }
+
# ignore members marked private:
$members =~ s/\/\*\s*private:.*?\/\*\s*public:.*?\*\///gosi;
$members =~ s/\/\*\s*private:.*//gosi;
# strip comments:
$members =~ s/\/\*.*?\*\///gos;
# strip attributes
$members =~ s/\s*__attribute__\s*\(\([a-z0-9,_\*\s\(\)]*\)\)/ /gi;
$members =~ s/\s*__aligned\s*\([^;]*\)/ /gos;
$members =~ s/\s*__packed\s*/ /gos;
$members =~ s/\s*CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR/ /gos;
$members =~ s/\s*____cacheline_aligned_in_smp/ /gos;
$members =~ s/\s*____cacheline_aligned/ /gos;

# replace DECLARE_BITMAP
$members =~ s/__ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK\s*\(([^\)]+)\)/DECLARE_BITMAP($1, __ETHTOOL_LINK_MODE_MASK_NBITS)/gos;
$members =~ s/DECLARE_BITMAP\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/unsigned long $1\[BITS_TO_LONGS($2)\]/gos;
# replace DECLARE_HASHTABLE
$members =~ s/DECLARE_HASHTABLE\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/unsigned long $1\[1 << (($2) - 1)\]/gos;
# replace DECLARE_KFIFO
$members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/$2 \*$1/gos;
# replace DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR
$members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/$2 \*$1/gos;

my $declaration = $members;

# Split nested struct/union elements as newer ones
while ($members =~ m/(struct|union)([^\{\};]+)\{([^\{\}]*)\}([^\{\}\;]*)\;/) {
my $newmember;
my $maintype = $1;
my $ids = $4;
my $content = $3;
foreach my $id(split /,/, $ids) {
@@ -1362,150 +1370,165 @@ sub show_warnings($$) {
return 0;
}
}
if ($output_selection == OUTPUT_INCLUDE) {
if (defined($function_table{$name})) {
return 1;
} else {
return 0;
}
}
die("Please add the new output type at show_warnings()");
}

sub dump_enum($$) {
my $x = shift;
my $file = shift;
my $members;


$x =~ s@/\*.*?\*/@@gos; # strip comments.
# strip #define macros inside enums
$x =~ s@#\s*((define|ifdef)\s+|endif)[^;]*;@@gos;

if ($x =~ /typedef\s+enum\s*\{(.*)\}\s*(\w*)\s*;/) {
$declaration_name = $2;
$members = $1;
} elsif ($x =~ /enum\s+(\w*)\s*\{(.*)\}/) {
$declaration_name = $1;
$members = $2;
}

if ($members) {
+ if ($identifier ne $declaration_name) {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: expecting prototype for enum $identifier. Prototype was for enum $declaration_name instead\n";
+ return;
+ }
+
my %_members;

$members =~ s/\s+$//;

foreach my $arg (split ',', $members) {
$arg =~ s/^\s*(\w+).*/$1/;
push @parameterlist, $arg;
if (!$parameterdescs{$arg}) {
$parameterdescs{$arg} = $undescribed;
if (show_warnings("enum", $declaration_name)) {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: Enum value '$arg' not described in enum '$declaration_name'\n";
}
}
$_members{$arg} = 1;
}

while (my ($k, $v) = each %parameterdescs) {
if (!exists($_members{$k})) {
if (show_warnings("enum", $declaration_name)) {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: Excess enum value '$k' description in '$declaration_name'\n";
}
}
}

output_declaration($declaration_name,
'enum',
{'enum' => $declaration_name,
'module' => $modulename,
'parameterlist' => \@parameterlist,
'parameterdescs' => \%parameterdescs,
'sectionlist' => \@sectionlist,
'sections' => \%sections,
'purpose' => $declaration_purpose
});
} else {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: error: Cannot parse enum!\n";
++$errors;
}
}

my $typedef_type = qr { ((?:\s+[\w\*]+){1,8})\s* }x;
my $typedef_ident = qr { \*?\s*(\w\S+)\s* }x;
my $typedef_args = qr { \s*\((.*)\); }x;

my $typedef1 = qr { typedef$typedef_type\($typedef_ident\)$typedef_args }x;
my $typedef2 = qr { typedef$typedef_type$typedef_ident$typedef_args }x;

sub dump_typedef($$) {
my $x = shift;
my $file = shift;

$x =~ s@/\*.*?\*/@@gos; # strip comments.

# Parse function typedef prototypes
if ($x =~ $typedef1 || $x =~ $typedef2) {
$return_type = $1;
$declaration_name = $2;
my $args = $3;
$return_type =~ s/^\s+//;

+ if ($identifier ne $declaration_name) {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: expecting prototype for typedef $identifier. Prototype was for typedef $declaration_name instead\n";
+ return;
+ }
+
create_parameterlist($args, ',', $file, $declaration_name);

output_declaration($declaration_name,
'function',
{'function' => $declaration_name,
'typedef' => 1,
'module' => $modulename,
'functiontype' => $return_type,
'parameterlist' => \@parameterlist,
'parameterdescs' => \%parameterdescs,
'parametertypes' => \%parametertypes,
'sectionlist' => \@sectionlist,
'sections' => \%sections,
'purpose' => $declaration_purpose
});
return;
}

while (($x =~ /\(*.\)\s*;$/) || ($x =~ /\[*.\]\s*;$/)) {
$x =~ s/\(*.\)\s*;$/;/;
$x =~ s/\[*.\]\s*;$/;/;
}

if ($x =~ /typedef.*\s+(\w+)\s*;/) {
$declaration_name = $1;

+ if ($identifier ne $declaration_name) {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: expecting prototype for typedef $identifier. Prototype was for typedef $declaration_name instead\n";
+ return;
+ }
+
output_declaration($declaration_name,
'typedef',
{'typedef' => $declaration_name,
'module' => $modulename,
'sectionlist' => \@sectionlist,
'sections' => \%sections,
'purpose' => $declaration_purpose
});
}
else {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: error: Cannot parse typedef!\n";
++$errors;
}
}

sub save_struct_actual($) {
my $actual = shift;

# strip all spaces from the actual param so that it looks like one string item
$actual =~ s/\s*//g;
$struct_actual = $struct_actual . $actual . " ";
}

sub create_parameterlist($$$$) {
my $args = shift;
my $splitter = shift;
my $file = shift;
my $declaration_name = shift;
my $type;
my $param;

# temporarily replace commas inside function pointer definition
@@ -1767,64 +1790,69 @@ sub dump_function($$) {
# Function-like macros are not allowed to have spaces between
# declaration_name and opening parenthesis (notice the \s+).
$return_type = $1;
$declaration_name = $2;
$noret = 1;
} elsif ($prototype =~ m/^()([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^()([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
$prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+\s*\w+\s*\*+\s*)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/) {
$return_type = $1;
$declaration_name = $2;
my $args = $3;

create_parameterlist($args, ',', $file, $declaration_name);
} else {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: cannot understand function prototype: '$prototype'\n";
return;
}

+ if ($identifier ne $declaration_name) {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: expecting prototype for $identifier(). Prototype was for $declaration_name() instead\n";
+ return;
+ }
+
my $prms = join " ", @parameterlist;
check_sections($file, $declaration_name, "function", $sectcheck, $prms);

# This check emits a lot of warnings at the moment, because many
# functions don't have a 'Return' doc section. So until the number
# of warnings goes sufficiently down, the check is only performed in
# verbose mode.
# TODO: always perform the check.
if ($verbose && !$noret) {
check_return_section($file, $declaration_name, $return_type);
}

# The function parser can be called with a typedef parameter.
# Handle it.
if ($return_type =~ /typedef/) {
output_declaration($declaration_name,
'function',
{'function' => $declaration_name,
'typedef' => 1,
'module' => $modulename,
'functiontype' => $return_type,
'parameterlist' => \@parameterlist,
'parameterdescs' => \%parameterdescs,
'parametertypes' => \%parametertypes,
'sectionlist' => \@sectionlist,
'sections' => \%sections,
'purpose' => $declaration_purpose
});
} else {
output_declaration($declaration_name,
'function',
{'function' => $declaration_name,
@@ -1849,64 +1877,65 @@ sub reset_state {
@sectionlist = ();
$sectcheck = "";
$struct_actual = "";
$prototype = "";

$state = STATE_NORMAL;
$inline_doc_state = STATE_INLINE_NA;
}

sub tracepoint_munge($) {
my $file = shift;
my $tracepointname = 0;
my $tracepointargs = 0;

if ($prototype =~ m/TRACE_EVENT\((.*?),/) {
$tracepointname = $1;
}
if ($prototype =~ m/DEFINE_SINGLE_EVENT\((.*?),/) {
$tracepointname = $1;
}
if ($prototype =~ m/DEFINE_EVENT\((.*?),(.*?),/) {
$tracepointname = $2;
}
$tracepointname =~ s/^\s+//; #strip leading whitespace
if ($prototype =~ m/TP_PROTO\((.*?)\)/) {
$tracepointargs = $1;
}
if (($tracepointname eq 0) || ($tracepointargs eq 0)) {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: Unrecognized tracepoint format: \n".
"$prototype\n";
} else {
$prototype = "static inline void trace_$tracepointname($tracepointargs)";
+ $identifier = "trace_$identifier";
}
}

sub syscall_munge() {
my $void = 0;

$prototype =~ s@[\r\n]+@ @gos; # strip newlines/CR's
## if ($prototype =~ m/SYSCALL_DEFINE0\s*\(\s*(a-zA-Z0-9_)*\s*\)/) {
if ($prototype =~ m/SYSCALL_DEFINE0/) {
$void = 1;
## $prototype = "long sys_$1(void)";
}

$prototype =~ s/SYSCALL_DEFINE.*\(/long sys_/; # fix return type & func name
if ($prototype =~ m/long (sys_.*?),/) {
$prototype =~ s/,/\(/;
} elsif ($void) {
$prototype =~ s/\)/\(void\)/;
}

# now delete all of the odd-number commas in $prototype
# so that arg types & arg names don't have a comma between them
my $count = 0;
my $len = length($prototype);
if ($void) {
$len = 0; # skip the for-loop
}
for (my $ix = 0; $ix < $len; $ix++) {
if (substr($prototype, $ix, 1) eq ',') {
$count++;
if ($count % 2 == 1) {
substr($prototype, $ix, 1) = ' ';
@@ -2012,122 +2041,123 @@ sub process_export_file($) {
++$errors;
return;
}

while (<IN>) {
if (/$export_symbol/) {
next if (defined($nosymbol_table{$2}));
$function_table{$2} = 1;
}
}

close(IN);
}

#
# Parsers for the various processing states.
#
# STATE_NORMAL: looking for the /** to begin everything.
#
sub process_normal() {
if (/$doc_start/o) {
$state = STATE_NAME; # next line is always the function name
$in_doc_sect = 0;
$declaration_start_line = $. + 1;
}
}

#
# STATE_NAME: Looking for the "name - description" line
#
sub process_name($$) {
my $file = shift;
- my $identifier;
my $descr;

if (/$doc_block/o) {
$state = STATE_DOCBLOCK;
$contents = "";
$new_start_line = $.;

if ( $1 eq "" ) {
$section = $section_intro;
} else {
$section = $1;
}
- }
- elsif (/$doc_decl/o) {
+ } elsif (/$doc_decl/o) {
$identifier = $1;
- if (/\s*([\w\s]+?)(\(\))?\s*-/) {
+ if (/\s*([\w\s]+?)(\(\))?\s*([-:].*)?$/) {
$identifier = $1;
}
+ if ($identifier =~ m/^(struct|union|enum|typedef)\b\s*(\S*)/) {
+ $decl_type = $1;
+ $identifier = $2;
+ } else {
+ $decl_type = 'function';
+ $identifier =~ s/^define\s+//;
+ }
+ $identifier =~ s/\s+$//;

$state = STATE_BODY;
# if there's no @param blocks need to set up default section
# here
$contents = "";
$section = $section_default;
$new_start_line = $. + 1;
- if (/-(.*)/) {
+ if (/[-:](.*)/) {
# strip leading/trailing/multiple spaces
$descr= $1;
$descr =~ s/^\s*//;
$descr =~ s/\s*$//;
$descr =~ s/\s+/ /g;
$declaration_purpose = $descr;
$state = STATE_BODY_MAYBE;
} else {
$declaration_purpose = "";
}

if (($declaration_purpose eq "") && $verbose) {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: missing initial short description on line:\n";
print STDERR $_;
++$warnings;
}

- if ($identifier =~ m/^struct\b/) {
- $decl_type = 'struct';
- } elsif ($identifier =~ m/^union\b/) {
- $decl_type = 'union';
- } elsif ($identifier =~ m/^enum\b/) {
- $decl_type = 'enum';
- } elsif ($identifier =~ m/^typedef\b/) {
- $decl_type = 'typedef';
- } else {
- $decl_type = 'function';
+ if ($identifier eq "") {
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: wrong kernel-doc identifier on line:\n";
+ print STDERR $_;
+ ++$warnings;
+ $state = STATE_NORMAL;
}

if ($verbose) {
- print STDERR "${file}:$.: info: Scanning doc for $identifier\n";
+ print STDERR "${file}:$.: info: Scanning doc for $decl_type $identifier\n";
}
} else {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: Cannot understand $_ on line $.",
" - I thought it was a doc line\n";
++$warnings;
$state = STATE_NORMAL;
}
}


#
# STATE_BODY and STATE_BODY_MAYBE: the bulk of a kerneldoc comment.
#
sub process_body($$) {
my $file = shift;

# Until all named variable macro parameters are
# documented using the bare name (`x`) rather than with
# dots (`x...`), strip the dots:
if ($section =~ /\w\.\.\.$/) {
$section =~ s/\.\.\.$//;

if ($verbose) {
print STDERR "${file}:$.: warning: Variable macro arguments should be documented without dots\n";
++$warnings;
}
}

if ($state == STATE_BODY_WITH_BLANK_LINE && /^\s*\*\s?\S/) {
dump_section($file, $section, $contents);
$section = $section_default;
$new_start_line = $.;
--
2.28.0
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