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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 12/17] s390/vfio-ap: allow hot plug/unplug of AP resources using mdev device
On Tue, 1 Dec 2020 17:12:56 -0500
Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@linux.ibm.com> wrote:

> On 12/1/20 12:56 PM, Halil Pasic wrote:
> > On Tue, 1 Dec 2020 00:32:27 +0100
> > Halil Pasic <pasic@linux.ibm.com> wrote:
> >
> >>>
> >>> On 11/28/20 8:52 PM, Halil Pasic wrote:
> >> [..]
> >>>>> * Unassign adapter from mdev's matrix:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> The domain will be hot unplugged from the KVM guest if it is
> >>>>> assigned to the guest's matrix.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> * Assign a control domain:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> The control domain will be hot plugged into the KVM guest if it is not
> >>>>> assigned to the guest's APCB. The AP architecture ensures a guest will
> >>>>> only get access to the control domain if it is in the host's AP
> >>>>> configuration, so there is no risk in hot plugging it; however, it will
> >>>>> become automatically available to the guest when it is added to the host
> >>>>> configuration.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> * Unassign a control domain:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> The control domain will be hot unplugged from the KVM guest if it is
> >>>>> assigned to the guest's APCB.
> >>>> This is where things start getting tricky. E.g. do we need to revise
> >>>> filtering after an unassign? (For example an assign_adapter X didn't
> >>>> change the shadow, because queue XY was missing, but now we unplug domain
> >>>> Y. Should the adapter X pop up? I guess it should.)
> >>> I suppose that makes sense at the expense of making the code
> >>> more complex. It is essentially what we had in the prior version
> >>> which used the same filtering code for assignment as well as
> >>> host AP configuration changes.
> >>>
> >> Will have to think about it some more. Making the user unplug and
> >> replug an adapter because at some point it got filtered, but there
> >> is no need to filter it does not feel right. On the other hand, I'm
> >> afraid I'm complaining in circles.
> > I did some thinking. The following statements are about the state of
> > affairs, when all 17 patches are applied. I'm commenting here, because
> > I believe this is the patch that introduces the most controversial code.
> >
> > First about low level problems with the current code/design. The other is
> > empty handling in vfio_ap_assign_apid_to_apcb() (and
> > vfio_ap_assign_apqi_to_apcb()) is troublesome. The final product
> > allows for over-commitment, i.e. assignment of e.g. domains that
> > are not in the crypto host config. Let's assume the host LPAR
> > has usage domains 1 and 2, and adapters 1, 2, and 3. The apmask
> > and aqmask are both 0 (all in on vfio), all bound. We start with an empty
> > mdev that is tied to a running guest:
> > assign_adapter 1
> > assign_adapter 2
> > assign_adapter 3
> > assign_adapter 4
> > all of these will work. The resulting shadow_apcb is completely empty. No
> > commit_apcb.
> > assign_domain 1
> > assign_domain 2
> > assign_domain 3
> > all of these will work. But again the shadow_apcb is completely empty at
> > the end: we did get to the loop that is checking the boundness of the
> > queues, but please note that we are checking against matrix.apm, and
> > adapter 4 is not in the config of the host.
> >
> > I've hacked up a fixup patch for these problems that simplifies the
> > code considerably, but there are design level issues, that run deeper,
> > so I'm not sure the fixups are the way to go.
> >
> > Now lets talk about design level stuff. Currently the assignment
> > operations are designed in to accommodate the FCFS principle. This
> > is a blessing and a curse at the same time.
> >
> > Consider the following scenarios. We have an empty (nothing assigned
> > mdev) and the following queues are bound to the vfio_ap driver:
> > 0.0
> > 0.1
> > 1.0
> > If the we do
> > asssign_adapter 0
> > assign_domain 0
> > assign_domain 1
> > assign_adapter 1
> > We end up with the guest_matrix
> > 0.0
> > 0.1
> > and the matrix
> > 0.0
> > 0.1
> > 1.0
> > 1.0
> >
> > That is a different result compared to
> > asssign_adapter 0
> > assign_domain 0
> > assign_adapter 1
> > assign_domain 1
> > or the situation where we have 0.0, 0.1, 1.0 and 1.1 bound to vfio_ap
> > and then 1.1 gets unbound.
>
> In v11 of the patch series, the filtering code always filters
> the matrix assigned to the mdev and is invoked whenever
> an adapter or domain is assigned, a queue is probed and
> when the AP bus scan complete notification is received and
> adapters and/or domains have been added to the host AP
> configuration. So I made a slight modification to that
> filtering function to filter only by APID and ran the above
> scenarios. In each case, the resulting guest matrix was
> identicle. I also tested the bind/unbind and achieved the
> same results.
>
> >
> > For the same system state (bound, config, ap_perm, matrix) you get a
> > different outcomes (guest_matrix), because the outcomes depend on
> > history.
> >
> > Another thing is recovery. I believe the main idea behind shadow_apcb
> > is that we should auto recover once the resources are available again.
> > The current design choices make recovery more difficult to think about
> > because we may end up having either the apid or the apqi filtered on
> > a 'hole' (an queue missing for reasons different than, belonging to
> > default, or not being in the host config).
>
> The filtering code from the v11 series with the tweak I
> mentioned above accomplishes this. I tested this by
> doing manual binds/unbinds of a queue using the
> scenarios you layed out.
>
> >
> > I still think for these cases filtering out the apid is the lesser
> > evil. Yes a hotplug of a domain making hot unplugging an adapter is
> > ugly, but at least I can describe that. So I propose the following.
> > Let me hack up a fixup that morphs things in this direction. Maybe
> > I will run into unexpected problems, but if I don't then we will
> > have an alternative design you can run your testcases against. How about
> > that?
>
> I appreciate the offer, but I believe with the change to the v11
> filtering code I described above we have a solution. One of
> your objections to the filtering code was looping over all
> assigned adapters/domains each time an adapter or
> domain is assigned. It should also be easy to examine only
> the APQNs involving the new APID or APQI being assigned.
> Again, I appreciate your offer, but I don't think it is necessary
> to take you away from your priorities to involve yourself in
> mine.

Seems you have it sorted out. Unfortunately I can't really follow without
code, but I have to trust you. Can you please spin a v13 with these
improvements implemented?

Maybe I didn't comment on every patch, but I did go through all of them.
I believe we have enough material for another iteration, and further
review makes no sense at this point. I intend to come back to this
once v13 is out.

Thanks,
Halil

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