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SubjectRe: [PATCH] genksyms: Ignore module scoped _Static_assert()
On Tue, Dec 1, 2020 at 9:04 AM Marco Elver <elver@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Dec 01, 2020 at 04:14PM +0000, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> > Why not use the kernels own BUILD_BUG_ON instead of this idiom?
>
> BUILD_BUG_ON() was conceived before there was builtin compiler-support
> in the form of _Static_assert() (static_assert()), which has several
> advantages (compile-time performance, optional message) but most
> importantly, that it can be used at module/global scope (which
> BUILD_BUG_ON() cannot).
>
> From include/linux/build_bug:
>
> /**
> * static_assert - check integer constant expression at build time
> *
> [...]
> *
> * Contrary to BUILD_BUG_ON(), static_assert() can be used at global
> * scope, but requires the expression to be an integer constant
> * expression (i.e., it is not enough that __builtin_constant_p() is
> * true for expr).
> [...]
>
> .. and there are plenty of global/module scoped users of it already.

And to proactively address the inevitable: why do we have both? We
looked into wholesale replacing BUILD_BUG_ON's implementation with
_Static_assert, but found that they differ slightly in the handling of
integer constant expressions; BUILD_BUG_ON was reliant on some
compiler optimizations in expressions making use of
__builtin_constant_p that cannot be evaluated when the compiler
performs the _Static_assert check. So the current implementation is
more flexible for expressions that use __builtin_constant_p than
_Static_assert is. If we needed a rule of thumb, I'd recommend "use
_Static_assert unless you're passing an expression that relies on
__builtin_constant_p evaluation, at which point BUILD_BUG_ON must be
used."
--
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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