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Subject[PATCH v13 10/10] secretmem: test: add basic selftest for memfd_secret(2)
Date
From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>

The test verifies that file descriptor created with memfd_secret does
not allow read/write operations, that secret memory mappings respect
RLIMIT_MEMLOCK and that remote accesses with process_vm_read() and
ptrace() to the secret memory fail.

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
---
tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile | 3 +-
tools/testing/selftests/vm/memfd_secret.c | 298 ++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests | 17 ++
4 files changed, 318 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/memfd_secret.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
index 9a35c3f6a557..c8deddc81e7a 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
@@ -21,4 +21,5 @@ va_128TBswitch
map_fixed_noreplace
write_to_hugetlbfs
hmm-tests
+memfd_secret
local_config.*
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
index 62fb15f286ee..9ab98946fbf2 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ TEST_GEN_FILES += khugepaged
TEST_GEN_FILES += map_fixed_noreplace
TEST_GEN_FILES += map_hugetlb
TEST_GEN_FILES += map_populate
+TEST_GEN_FILES += memfd_secret
TEST_GEN_FILES += mlock-random-test
TEST_GEN_FILES += mlock2-tests
TEST_GEN_FILES += mremap_dontunmap
@@ -129,7 +130,7 @@ warn_32bit_failure:
endif
endif

-$(OUTPUT)/mlock-random-test: LDLIBS += -lcap
+$(OUTPUT)/mlock-random-test $(OUTPUT)/memfd_secret: LDLIBS += -lcap

$(OUTPUT)/gup_test: ../../../../mm/gup_test.h

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/memfd_secret.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/memfd_secret.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..79578dfd13e6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/memfd_secret.c
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2020
+ *
+ * Author: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <sys/uio.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/ptrace.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <sys/capability.h>
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+#include "../kselftest.h"
+
+#define fail(fmt, ...) ksft_test_result_fail(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pass(fmt, ...) ksft_test_result_pass(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define skip(fmt, ...) ksft_test_result_skip(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#ifdef __NR_memfd_secret
+
+#include <linux/secretmem.h>
+
+#define PATTERN 0x55
+
+static const int prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
+static const int mode = MAP_SHARED;
+
+static unsigned long page_size;
+static unsigned long mlock_limit_cur;
+static unsigned long mlock_limit_max;
+
+static int memfd_secret(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_memfd_secret, flags);
+}
+
+static void test_file_apis(int fd)
+{
+ char buf[64];
+
+ if ((read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) >= 0) ||
+ (write(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) >= 0) ||
+ (pread(fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0) >= 0) ||
+ (pwrite(fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0) >= 0))
+ fail("unexpected file IO\n");
+ else
+ pass("file IO is blocked as expected\n");
+}
+
+static void test_mlock_limit(int fd)
+{
+ size_t len;
+ char *mem;
+
+ len = mlock_limit_cur;
+ mem = mmap(NULL, len, prot, mode, fd, 0);
+ if (mem == MAP_FAILED) {
+ fail("unable to mmap secret memory\n");
+ return;
+ }
+ munmap(mem, len);
+
+ len = mlock_limit_max * 2;
+ mem = mmap(NULL, len, prot, mode, fd, 0);
+ if (mem != MAP_FAILED) {
+ fail("unexpected mlock limit violation\n");
+ munmap(mem, len);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ pass("mlock limit is respected\n");
+}
+
+static void try_process_vm_read(int fd, int pipefd[2])
+{
+ struct iovec liov, riov;
+ char buf[64];
+ char *mem;
+
+ if (read(pipefd[0], &mem, sizeof(mem)) < 0) {
+ fail("pipe write: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+ }
+
+ liov.iov_len = riov.iov_len = sizeof(buf);
+ liov.iov_base = buf;
+ riov.iov_base = mem;
+
+ if (process_vm_readv(getppid(), &liov, 1, &riov, 1, 0) < 0) {
+ if (errno == ENOSYS)
+ exit(KSFT_SKIP);
+ exit(KSFT_PASS);
+ }
+
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+}
+
+static void try_ptrace(int fd, int pipefd[2])
+{
+ pid_t ppid = getppid();
+ int status;
+ char *mem;
+ long ret;
+
+ if (read(pipefd[0], &mem, sizeof(mem)) < 0) {
+ perror("pipe write");
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+ }
+
+ ret = ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, ppid, 0, 0);
+ if (ret) {
+ perror("ptrace_attach");
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+ }
+
+ ret = waitpid(ppid, &status, WUNTRACED);
+ if ((ret != ppid) || !(WIFSTOPPED(status))) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "weird waitppid result %ld stat %x\n",
+ ret, status);
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+ }
+
+ if (ptrace(PTRACE_PEEKDATA, ppid, mem, 0))
+ exit(KSFT_PASS);
+
+ exit(KSFT_FAIL);
+}
+
+static void check_child_status(pid_t pid, const char *name)
+{
+ int status;
+
+ waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
+
+ if (WIFEXITED(status) && WEXITSTATUS(status) == KSFT_SKIP) {
+ skip("%s is not supported\n", name);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if ((WIFEXITED(status) && WEXITSTATUS(status) == KSFT_PASS) ||
+ WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
+ pass("%s is blocked as expected\n", name);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ fail("%s: unexpected memory access\n", name);
+}
+
+static void test_remote_access(int fd, const char *name,
+ void (*func)(int fd, int pipefd[2]))
+{
+ int pipefd[2];
+ pid_t pid;
+ char *mem;
+
+ if (pipe(pipefd)) {
+ fail("pipe failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return;
+ }
+
+ pid = fork();
+ if (pid < 0) {
+ fail("fork failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (pid == 0) {
+ func(fd, pipefd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ mem = mmap(NULL, page_size, prot, mode, fd, 0);
+ if (mem == MAP_FAILED) {
+ fail("Unable to mmap secret memory\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ ftruncate(fd, page_size);
+ memset(mem, PATTERN, page_size);
+
+ if (write(pipefd[1], &mem, sizeof(mem)) < 0) {
+ fail("pipe write: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return;
+ }
+
+ check_child_status(pid, name);
+}
+
+static void test_process_vm_read(int fd)
+{
+ test_remote_access(fd, "process_vm_read", try_process_vm_read);
+}
+
+static void test_ptrace(int fd)
+{
+ test_remote_access(fd, "ptrace", try_ptrace);
+}
+
+static int set_cap_limits(rlim_t max)
+{
+ struct rlimit new;
+ cap_t cap = cap_init();
+
+ new.rlim_cur = max;
+ new.rlim_max = max;
+ if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, &new)) {
+ perror("setrlimit() returns error");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* drop capabilities including CAP_IPC_LOCK */
+ if (cap_set_proc(cap)) {
+ perror("cap_set_proc() returns error");
+ return -2;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void prepare(void)
+{
+ struct rlimit rlim;
+
+ page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (!page_size)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("Failed to get page size %s\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, &rlim))
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("Unable to detect mlock limit: %s\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ mlock_limit_cur = rlim.rlim_cur;
+ mlock_limit_max = rlim.rlim_max;
+
+ printf("page_size: %ld, mlock.soft: %ld, mlock.hard: %ld\n",
+ page_size, mlock_limit_cur, mlock_limit_max);
+
+ if (page_size > mlock_limit_cur)
+ mlock_limit_cur = page_size;
+ if (page_size > mlock_limit_max)
+ mlock_limit_max = page_size;
+
+ if (set_cap_limits(mlock_limit_max))
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("Unable to set mlock limit: %s\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+}
+
+#define NUM_TESTS 4
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int fd;
+
+ prepare();
+
+ ksft_print_header();
+ ksft_set_plan(NUM_TESTS);
+
+ fd = memfd_secret(0);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ if (errno == ENOSYS)
+ ksft_exit_skip("memfd_secret is not supported\n");
+ else
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("memfd_secret failed: %s\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ test_mlock_limit(fd);
+ test_file_apis(fd);
+ test_process_vm_read(fd);
+ test_ptrace(fd);
+
+ close(fd);
+
+ ksft_exit(!ksft_get_fail_cnt());
+}
+
+#else /* __NR_memfd_secret */
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ printf("skip: skipping memfd_secret test (missing __NR_memfd_secret)\n");
+ return KSFT_SKIP;
+}
+
+#endif /* __NR_memfd_secret */
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests
index e953f3cd9664..95a67382f132 100755
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests
@@ -346,4 +346,21 @@ else
exitcode=1
fi

+echo "running memfd_secret test"
+echo "------------------------------------"
+./memfd_secret
+ret_val=$?
+
+if [ $ret_val -eq 0 ]; then
+ echo "[PASS]"
+elif [ $ret_val -eq $ksft_skip ]; then
+ echo "[SKIP]"
+ exitcode=$ksft_skip
+else
+ echo "[FAIL]"
+ exitcode=1
+fi
+
+exit $exitcode
+
exit $exitcode
--
2.28.0
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