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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/3] KVM: arm64: Fix possible memory leak in kvm stage2
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On 2020/12/1 22:16, Will Deacon wrote:

> On Tue, Dec 01, 2020 at 03:21:23PM +0800, wangyanan (Y) wrote:
>> On 2020/11/30 21:21, Will Deacon wrote:
>>> On Mon, Nov 30, 2020 at 08:18:45PM +0800, Yanan Wang wrote:
>>>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
>>>> index 0271b4a3b9fe..696b6aa83faf 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
>>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
>>>> @@ -186,6 +186,7 @@ static bool kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(kvm_pte_t *ptep, u64 pa, kvm_pte_t attr,
>>>> return old == pte;
>>>> smp_store_release(ptep, pte);
>>>> + get_page(virt_to_page(ptep));
>>> This is also used for the hypervisor stage-1 page-table, so I'd prefer to
>>> leave this function as-is.
>> I agree at this point.
>>>> return true;
>>>> }
>>>> @@ -476,6 +477,7 @@ static bool stage2_map_walker_try_leaf(u64 addr, u64 end, u32 level,
>>>> /* There's an existing valid leaf entry, so perform break-before-make */
>>>> kvm_set_invalid_pte(ptep);
>>>> kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa, data->mmu, addr, level);
>>>> + put_page(virt_to_page(ptep));
>>>> kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(ptep, phys, data->attr, level);
>>>> out:
>>>> data->phys += granule;
>>> Isn't this hunk alone sufficient to solve the problem?
>>>
>>> Will
>>> .
>> Not sufficient enough. When the old ptep is valid and old pte equlas new
>> pte, in this case, "True" is also returned by kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte()
>>
>> and get_page() will still be called.
> I had a go at fixing this without introducing refcounting to the hyp stage-1
> case, and ended up with the diff below. What do you think?

Hi Will,

Functionally this diff looks fine to me. A small comment inline, please
see below.

I had made an alternative fix (after sending v1) and it looks much more
concise.

If you're ok with it, I can send it as v2 (together with patch#2 and #3)
after some tests.


Thanks,

Yanan


diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
index 0271b4a3b9fe..b232bdd142a6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
@@ -470,6 +470,9 @@ static bool stage2_map_walker_try_leaf(u64 addr, u64
end, u32 level,
        if (!kvm_block_mapping_supported(addr, end, phys, level))
                return false;

+       if (kvm_pte_valid(*ptep))
+               put_page(virt_to_page(ptep));
+
        if (kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(ptep, phys, data->attr, level))
                goto out;

> --->8
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> index 0271b4a3b9fe..78e2c0dc47ae 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> @@ -170,23 +170,16 @@ static void kvm_set_table_pte(kvm_pte_t *ptep, kvm_pte_t *childp)
> smp_store_release(ptep, pte);
> }
>
> -static bool kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(kvm_pte_t *ptep, u64 pa, kvm_pte_t attr,
> - u32 level)
> +static kvm_pte_t kvm_init_valid_leaf_pte(u64 pa, kvm_pte_t attr, u32 level)
> {
> - kvm_pte_t old = *ptep, pte = kvm_phys_to_pte(pa);
> + kvm_pte_t pte = kvm_phys_to_pte(pa);
> u64 type = (level == KVM_PGTABLE_MAX_LEVELS - 1) ? KVM_PTE_TYPE_PAGE :
> KVM_PTE_TYPE_BLOCK;
>
> pte |= attr & (KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO | KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_HI);
> pte |= FIELD_PREP(KVM_PTE_TYPE, type);
> pte |= KVM_PTE_VALID;
> -
> - /* Tolerate KVM recreating the exact same mapping. */
> - if (kvm_pte_valid(old))
> - return old == pte;
> -
> - smp_store_release(ptep, pte);
> - return true;
> + return pte;
> }
>
> static int kvm_pgtable_visitor_cb(struct kvm_pgtable_walk_data *data, u64 addr,
> @@ -341,12 +334,17 @@ static int hyp_map_set_prot_attr(enum kvm_pgtable_prot prot,
> static bool hyp_map_walker_try_leaf(u64 addr, u64 end, u32 level,
> kvm_pte_t *ptep, struct hyp_map_data *data)
> {
> + kvm_pte_t new, old = *ptep;
> u64 granule = kvm_granule_size(level), phys = data->phys;
>
> if (!kvm_block_mapping_supported(addr, end, phys, level))
> return false;
>
> - WARN_ON(!kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(ptep, phys, data->attr, level));
> + /* Tolerate KVM recreating the exact same mapping. */
> + new = kvm_init_valid_leaf_pte(phys, data->attr, level);
> + if (old != new && !WARN_ON(kvm_pte_valid(old)))
> + smp_store_release(ptep, new);
> +
> data->phys += granule;
> return true;
> }
> @@ -465,19 +463,24 @@ static bool stage2_map_walker_try_leaf(u64 addr, u64 end, u32 level,
> kvm_pte_t *ptep,
> struct stage2_map_data *data)
> {
> + kvm_pte_t new, old = *ptep;
> u64 granule = kvm_granule_size(level), phys = data->phys;
>
> if (!kvm_block_mapping_supported(addr, end, phys, level))
> return false;
>
> - if (kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(ptep, phys, data->attr, level))
> - goto out;
> + new = kvm_init_valid_leaf_pte(phys, data->attr, level);
> + if (kvm_pte_valid(old)) {
> + /*
> + * There's an existing valid leaf entry, so perform
> + * break-before-make.
> + */
> + kvm_set_invalid_pte(ptep);
> + kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa, data->mmu, addr, level);
> + put_page(virt_to_page(ptep));

When old PTE is valid and equals to the new one, we will also perform
break-before-make and the new PTE installation. But they're actually not
necessary in this case.

> + }
>
> - /* There's an existing valid leaf entry, so perform break-before-make */
> - kvm_set_invalid_pte(ptep);
> - kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa, data->mmu, addr, level);
> - kvm_set_valid_leaf_pte(ptep, phys, data->attr, level);
> -out:
> + smp_store_release(ptep, new);
> data->phys += granule;
> return true;
> }
> .

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