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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] mm: compaction: avoid fast_isolate_around() to set pageblock_skip on reserved pages
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On 11/21/20 8:45 PM, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> A corollary issue was fixed in
> e577c8b64d58fe307ea4d5149d31615df2d90861. A second issue remained in
> v5.7:
>
> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/8C537EB7-85EE-4DCF-943E-3CC0ED0DF56D@lca.pw
>
> ==
> page:ffffea0000aa0000 refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:000000002243743b index:0x0
> flags: 0x1fffe000001000(reserved)
> ==
>
> 73a6e474cb376921a311786652782155eac2fdf0 was applied to supposedly the
> second issue, but I still reproduced it twice with v5.9 on two
> different systems:
>
> ==
> page:0000000062b3e92f refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x39800
> flags: 0x1000(reserved)
> ==
> page:000000002a7114f8 refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x7a200
> flags: 0x1fff000000001000(reserved)
> ==
>
> I actually never reproduced it until v5.9, but it's still the same bug
> as it was reported first for v5.7.
>
> See the page is "reserved" in all 3 cases. In the last two crashes
> with the pfn:
>
> pfn 0x39800 -> 0x39800000 min_pfn hit non-RAM:
>
> 39639000-39814fff : Unknown E820 type
>
> pfn 0x7a200 -> 0x7a200000 min_pfn hit non-RAM:
>
> 7a17b000-7a216fff : Unknown E820 type

It would be nice to also provide a /proc/zoneinfo and how exactly the
"zone_spans_pfn" was violated. I assume we end up below zone's
start_pfn, but is it true?

> This actually seems a false positive bugcheck, the page structures are
> valid and the zones are correct, just it's non-RAM but setting
> pageblockskip should do no harm. However it's possible to solve the
> crash without lifting the bugcheck, by enforcing the invariant that
> the free_pfn cursor doesn't point to reserved pages (which would be
> otherwise implicitly achieved through the PageBuddy check, except in
> the new fast_isolate_around() path).
>
> Fixes: 5a811889de10 ("mm, compaction: use free lists to quickly locate a migration target")
> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> ---
> mm/compaction.c | 5 ++++-
> 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> index 13cb7a961b31..d17e69549d34 100644
> --- a/mm/compaction.c
> +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> @@ -1433,7 +1433,10 @@ fast_isolate_freepages(struct compact_control *cc)
> page = pageblock_pfn_to_page(min_pfn,
> pageblock_end_pfn(min_pfn),
> cc->zone);
> - cc->free_pfn = min_pfn;
> + if (likely(!PageReserved(page)))

PageReserved check seems rather awkward solution to me. Wouldn't it be
more obvious if we made sure we don't end up below zone's start_pfn (if
my assumption is correct) in the first place?

When I check the code:

unsigned long distance;
distance = (cc->free_pfn - cc->migrate_pfn);
low_pfn = pageblock_start_pfn(cc->free_pfn - (distance >> 2));
min_pfn = pageblock_start_pfn(cc->free_pfn - (distance >> 1));

I think what can happen is that cc->free_pfn <= cc->migrate_pfn after
the very last isolate_migratepages(). Then compact_finished() detects
that in compact_zone(), but only after migrate_pages() and thus
fast_isolate_freepages() is called.

That would mean distance can be negative, or rather a large unsigned
number and low_pfn and min_pfn end up away from the zone?

Or maybe the above doesn't happen, but cc->free_pfn gets so close to
start of the zone, that the calculations above make min_pfn go below
start_pfn?

In any case I would rather make sure we stay within the expected zone
boundaries, than play tricks with PageReserved. Mel?

> + cc->free_pfn = min_pfn;
> + else
> + page = NULL;
> }
> }
> }
>

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