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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH bpf-next 3/8] tcp: Migrate TCP_ESTABLISHED/TCP_SYN_RECV sockets in accept queues.
On Sat, Nov 21, 2020 at 07:13:22PM +0900, Kuniyuki Iwashima wrote:
> From: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
> Date: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 17:53:46 -0800
> > On Fri, Nov 20, 2020 at 07:09:22AM +0900, Kuniyuki Iwashima wrote:
> > > From: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
> > > Date: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 15:50:17 -0800
> > > > On Tue, Nov 17, 2020 at 06:40:18PM +0900, Kuniyuki Iwashima wrote:
> > > > > This patch lets reuseport_detach_sock() return a pointer of struct sock,
> > > > > which is used only by inet_unhash(). If it is not NULL,
> > > > > inet_csk_reqsk_queue_migrate() migrates TCP_ESTABLISHED/TCP_SYN_RECV
> > > > > sockets from the closing listener to the selected one.
> > > > >
> > > > > Listening sockets hold incoming connections as a linked list of struct
> > > > > request_sock in the accept queue, and each request has reference to a full
> > > > > socket and its listener. In inet_csk_reqsk_queue_migrate(), we unlink the
> > > > > requests from the closing listener's queue and relink them to the head of
> > > > > the new listener's queue. We do not process each request, so the migration
> > > > > completes in O(1) time complexity. However, in the case of TCP_SYN_RECV
> > > > > sockets, we will take special care in the next commit.
> > > > >
> > > > > By default, we select the last element of socks[] as the new listener.
> > > > > This behaviour is based on how the kernel moves sockets in socks[].
> > > > >
> > > > > For example, we call listen() for four sockets (A, B, C, D), and close the
> > > > > first two by turns. The sockets move in socks[] like below. (See also [1])
> > > > >
> > > > > socks[0] : A <-. socks[0] : D socks[0] : D
> > > > > socks[1] : B | => socks[1] : B <-. => socks[1] : C
> > > > > socks[2] : C | socks[2] : C --'
> > > > > socks[3] : D --'
> > > > >
> > > > > Then, if C and D have newer settings than A and B, and each socket has a
> > > > > request (a, b, c, d) in their accept queue, we can redistribute old
> > > > > requests evenly to new listeners.
> > > > I don't think it should emphasize/claim there is a specific way that
> > > > the kernel-pick here can redistribute the requests evenly. It depends on
> > > > how the application close/listen. The userspace can not expect the
> > > > ordering of socks[] will behave in a certain way.
> > >
> > > I've expected replacing listeners by generations as a general use case.
> > > But exactly. Users should not expect the undocumented kernel internal.
> > >
> > >
> > > > The primary redistribution policy has to depend on BPF which is the
> > > > policy defined by the user based on its application logic (e.g. how
> > > > its binary restart work). The application (and bpf) knows which one
> > > > is a dying process and can avoid distributing to it.
> > > >
> > > > The kernel-pick could be an optional fallback but not a must. If the bpf
> > > > prog is attached, I would even go further to call bpf to redistribute
> > > > regardless of the sysctl, so I think the sysctl is not necessary.
> > >
> > > I also think it is just an optional fallback, but to pick out a different
> > > listener everytime, choosing the moved socket was reasonable. So the even
> > > redistribution for a specific use case is a side effect of such socket
> > > selection.
> > >
> > > But, users should decide to use either way:
> > > (1) let the kernel select a new listener randomly
> > > (2) select a particular listener by eBPF
> > >
> > > I will update the commit message like:
> > > The kernel selects a new listener randomly, but as the side effect, it can
> > > redistribute packets evenly for a specific case where an application
> > > replaces listeners by generations.
> > Since there is no feedback on sysctl, so may be something missed
> > in the lines.
>
> I'm sorry, I have missed this point while thinking about each reply...
>
>
> > I don't think this migration logic should depend on a sysctl.
> > At least not when a bpf prog is attached that is capable of doing
> > migration, it is too fragile to ask user to remember to turn on
> > the sysctl before attaching the bpf prog.
> >
> > Your use case is to primarily based on bpf prog to pick or only based
> > on kernel to do a random pick?
Again, what is your primarily use case?

>
> I think we have to care about both cases.
>
> I think we can always enable the migration feature if eBPF prog is not
> attached. On the other hand, if BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_REUSEPORT prog is attached
> to select a listener by some rules, along updating the kernel,
> redistributing requests without user intention can break the application.
> So, there is something needed to confirm user intension at least if eBPF
> prog is attached.
Right, something being able to tell if the bpf prog can do migration
can confirm the user intention here. However, this will not be a
sysctl.

A new bpf_attach_type "BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE" can be added.
"prog->expected_attach_type == BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE"
can be used to decide if migration can be done by the bpf prog.
Although the prog->expected_attach_type has not been checked for
BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_REUSEPORT, there was an earlier discussion
that the risk of breaking is very small and is acceptable.

Instead of depending on !reuse_md->data to decide if it
is doing migration or not, a clearer signal should be given
to the bpf prog. A "u8 migration" can be added to "struct sk_reuseport_kern"
(and to "struct sk_reuseport_md" accordingly). It can tell
the bpf prog that it is doing migration. It should also tell if it is
migrating a list of established sk(s) or an individual req_sk.
Accessing "reuse_md->migration" should only be allowed for
BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE during is_valid_access().

During migration, if skb is not available, an empty skb can be used.
Migration is a slow path and does not happen very often, so it will
be fine even it has to create a temp skb (or may be a static const skb
can be used, not sure but this is implementation details).

>
> But honestly, I believe such eBPF users can follow this change and
> implement migration eBPF prog if we introduce such a breaking change.
>
>
> > Also, IIUC, this sysctl setting sticks at "*reuse", there is no way to
> > change it until all the listening sockets are closed which is exactly
> > the service disruption problem this series is trying to solve here.
>
> Oh, exactly...
> If we apply this series by live patching, we cannot enable the feature
> without service disruption.
>
> To enable the migration feature dynamically, how about this logic?
> In this logic, we do not save the sysctl value and check it at each time.
>
> 1. no eBPF prog attached -> ON
> 2. eBPF prog attached and sysctl is 0 -> OFF
No. When bpf prog is attached and it clearly signals (expected_attach_type
here) it can do migration, it should not depend on anything else. It is very
confusing to use. When a prog is successfully loaded, verified
and attached, it is expected to run.

This sysctl essentially only disables the bpf prog with
type == BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_REUSEPORT running at a particular point.
This is going down a path that having another sysctl in the future
to disable another bpf prog type. If there would be a need to disable
bpf prog on a type-by-type bases, it would need a more
generic solution on the bpf side and do it in a consistent way
for all prog types. It needs a separate and longer discussion.

All behaviors of the BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE bpf prog
should not depend on this sysctl at all .

/* Pseudo code to show the idea only.
* Actual implementation should try to fit
* better into the current code and should look
* quite different from here.
*/

if ((prog && prog->expected_attach_type == BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE)) {
/* call bpf to migrate */
action = BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, &reuse_kern);

if (action == SK_PASS) {
if (!reuse_kern.selected_sk)
/* fallback to kernel random pick */
else
/* migrate to reuse_kern.selected_sk */
} else {
/* action == SK_DROP. don't do migration at all and
* don't fallback to kernel random pick.
*/
}
}

Going back to the sysctl, with BPF_SK_REUSEPORT_SELECT_OR_MIGRATE,
do you still have a need on adding sysctl_tcp_migrate_req?
Regardless, if there is still a need,
the document for sysctl_tcp_migrate_req should be something like:
"the kernel will do a random pick when there is no bpf prog
attached to the reuseport group...."

[ ps, my reply will be slow in this week. ]

> 3. eBPF prog attached and sysctl is 1 -> ON
>
> So, replacing
>
> if (reuse->migrate_req)
>
> to
>
> if (!reuse->prog || net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_migrate_req)

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