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Subject[PATCH v4 3/7] mfd: Add base driver for Netronix embedded controller
Date
The Netronix embedded controller is a microcontroller found in some
e-book readers designed by the original design manufacturer Netronix,
Inc. It contains RTC, battery monitoring, system power management, and
PWM functionality.

This driver implements register access and version detection.

Third-party hardware documentation is available at:

https://github.com/neuschaefer/linux/wiki/Netronix-MSP430-embedded-controller

The EC supports interrupts, but the driver doesn't make use of them so
far.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Neuschäfer <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
---

v4:
- include asm/unaligned.h after linux/*
- Use put_unaligned_be16 instead of open-coded big-endian packing
- Clarify that 0x90=0xff00 causes an error in downstream kernel too
- Add commas after non-sentinel positions
- ntxec.h: declare structs device and regmap
- Replace WARN_ON usage and add comments to explain errors
- Replace dev_alert with dev_warn when the result isn't handled
- Change subdevice registration error message to dev_err
- Declare ntxec_reg8 as returning __be16
- Restructure version detection code
- Spell out ODM

v3:
- https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200924192455.2484005-4-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net/
- Add (EC) to CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC prompt
- Relicense as GPLv2 or later
- Add email address to copyright line
- remove empty lines in ntxec_poweroff and ntxec_restart functions
- Split long lines
- Remove 'Install ... handler' comments
- Make naming of struct i2c_client parameter consistent
- Remove struct ntxec_info
- Rework 'depends on' lines in Kconfig, hard-depend on I2C, select REGMAP_I2C and
MFD_CORE
- Register subdevices via mfd_cells
- Move 8-bit register conversion to ntxec.h

v2:
- https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200905133230.1014581-4-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net/
- Add a description of the device to the patch text
- Unify spelling as 'Netronix embedded controller'.
'Netronix' is the proper name of the manufacturer, but 'embedded controller'
is just a label that I have assigned to the device.
- Switch to regmap, avoid regmap use in poweroff and reboot handlers.
Inspired by cf84dc0bb40f4 ("mfd: rn5t618: Make restart handler atomic safe")
- Use a list of known-working firmware versions instead of checking for a
known-incompatible version
- Prefix registers with NTXEC_REG_
- Define register values as constants
- Various style cleanups as suggested by Lee Jones
- Don't align = signs in struct initializers [Uwe Kleine-König]
- Don't use dev_dbg for an error message
- Explain sleep in poweroff handler
- Remove (struct ntxec).client
- Switch to .probe_new in i2c driver
- Add .remove callback
- Make CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC a tristate option
---
drivers/mfd/Kconfig | 11 ++
drivers/mfd/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/mfd/ntxec.c | 216 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h | 34 ++++++
4 files changed, 262 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
index 8b99a13669bfc..d96751f884dc6 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
@@ -990,6 +990,17 @@ config MFD_VIPERBOARD
You need to select the mfd cell drivers separately.
The drivers do not support all features the board exposes.

+config MFD_NTXEC
+ tristate "Netronix embedded controller (EC)"
+ depends on OF || COMPILE_TEST
+ depends on I2C
+ select REGMAP_I2C
+ select MFD_CORE
+ help
+ Say yes here if you want to support the embedded controller found in
+ certain e-book readers designed by the original design manufacturer
+ Netronix.
+
config MFD_RETU
tristate "Nokia Retu and Tahvo multi-function device"
select MFD_CORE
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Makefile b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
index 1780019d24748..815c99b84019e 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
@@ -218,6 +218,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_INTEL_MSIC) += intel_msic.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_INTEL_PMC_BXT) += intel_pmc_bxt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_PALMAS) += palmas.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_VIPERBOARD) += viperboard.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC) += ntxec.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RC5T583) += rc5t583.o rc5t583-irq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RK808) += rk808.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RN5T618) += rn5t618.o
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c b/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..c1510711d7363
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
@@ -0,0 +1,216 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * The Netronix embedded controller is a microcontroller found in some
+ * e-book readers designed by the original design manufacturer Netronix, Inc.
+ * It contains RTC, battery monitoring, system power management, and PWM
+ * functionality.
+ *
+ * This driver implements register access, version detection, and system
+ * power-off/reset.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2020 Jonathan Neuschäfer <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/core.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/ntxec.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pm.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/regmap.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/unaligned.h>
+
+#define NTXEC_REG_VERSION 0x00
+#define NTXEC_REG_POWEROFF 0x50
+#define NTXEC_REG_POWERKEEP 0x70
+#define NTXEC_REG_RESET 0x90
+
+#define NTXEC_POWEROFF_VALUE 0x0100
+#define NTXEC_POWERKEEP_VALUE 0x0800
+#define NTXEC_RESET_VALUE 0xff00
+
+static struct i2c_client *poweroff_restart_client;
+
+static void ntxec_poweroff(void)
+{
+ int res;
+ u8 buf[3] = { NTXEC_REG_POWEROFF };
+ struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
+ {
+ .addr = poweroff_restart_client->addr,
+ .flags = 0,
+ .len = sizeof(buf),
+ .buf = buf,
+ },
+ };
+
+ put_unaligned_be16(NTXEC_POWEROFF_VALUE, buf + 1);
+
+ res = i2c_transfer(poweroff_restart_client->adapter, msgs, ARRAY_SIZE(msgs));
+ if (res < 0)
+ dev_warn(&poweroff_restart_client->dev,
+ "Failed to power off (err = %d)\n", res);
+
+ /*
+ * The time from the register write until the host CPU is powered off
+ * has been observed to be about 2.5 to 3 seconds. Sleep long enough to
+ * safely avoid returning from the poweroff handler.
+ */
+ msleep(5000);
+}
+
+static int ntxec_restart(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+ int res;
+ u8 buf[3] = { NTXEC_REG_RESET };
+ /*
+ * NOTE: The lower half of the reset value is not sent, because sending
+ * it causes an I2C error. (The reset handler in the downstream driver
+ * does send the full two-byte value, but doesn't check the result).
+ */
+ struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
+ {
+ .addr = poweroff_restart_client->addr,
+ .flags = 0,
+ .len = sizeof(buf) - 1,
+ .buf = buf,
+ },
+ };
+
+ put_unaligned_be16(NTXEC_RESET_VALUE, buf + 1);
+
+ res = i2c_transfer(poweroff_restart_client->adapter, msgs, ARRAY_SIZE(msgs));
+ if (res < 0)
+ dev_warn(&poweroff_restart_client->dev,
+ "Failed to restart (err = %d)\n", res);
+
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block ntxec_restart_handler = {
+ .notifier_call = ntxec_restart,
+ .priority = 128,
+};
+
+static const struct regmap_config regmap_config = {
+ .name = "ntxec",
+ .reg_bits = 8,
+ .val_bits = 16,
+ .cache_type = REGCACHE_NONE,
+ .val_format_endian = REGMAP_ENDIAN_BIG,
+};
+
+static const struct mfd_cell ntxec_subdevices[] = {
+ { .name = "ntxec-rtc" },
+ { .name = "ntxec-pwm" },
+};
+
+static int ntxec_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct ntxec *ec;
+ unsigned int version;
+ int res;
+
+ ec = devm_kmalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*ec), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ec)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ec->dev = &client->dev;
+
+ ec->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &regmap_config);
+ if (IS_ERR(ec->regmap)) {
+ dev_err(ec->dev, "Failed to set up regmap for device\n");
+ return res;
+ }
+
+ /* Determine the firmware version */
+ res = regmap_read(ec->regmap, NTXEC_REG_VERSION, &version);
+ if (res < 0) {
+ dev_err(ec->dev, "Failed to read firmware version number\n");
+ return res;
+ }
+
+ /* Bail out if we encounter an unknown firmware version */
+ switch (version) {
+ case 0xd726: /* found in Kobo Aura */
+ break;
+ default:
+ dev_err(ec->dev,
+ "Netronix embedded controller version %04x is not supported.\n",
+ version);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ dev_info(ec->dev,
+ "Netronix embedded controller version %04x detected.\n", version);
+
+ if (of_device_is_system_power_controller(ec->dev->of_node)) {
+ /*
+ * Set the 'powerkeep' bit. This is necessary on some boards
+ * in order to keep the system running.
+ */
+ res = regmap_write(ec->regmap, NTXEC_REG_POWERKEEP,
+ NTXEC_POWERKEEP_VALUE);
+ if (res < 0)
+ return res;
+
+ if (poweroff_restart_client)
+ /*
+ * Another instance of the driver already took
+ * poweroff/restart duties.
+ */
+ dev_err(ec->dev, "poweroff_restart_client already assigned\n");
+ else
+ poweroff_restart_client = client;
+
+ if (pm_power_off)
+ /* Another driver already registered a poweroff handler. */
+ dev_err(ec->dev, "pm_power_off already assigned\n");
+ else
+ pm_power_off = ntxec_poweroff;
+
+ res = register_restart_handler(&ntxec_restart_handler);
+ if (res)
+ dev_err(ec->dev,
+ "Failed to register restart handler: %d\n", res);
+ }
+
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, ec);
+
+ res = devm_mfd_add_devices(ec->dev, PLATFORM_DEVID_NONE, ntxec_subdevices,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(ntxec_subdevices), NULL, 0, NULL);
+ if (res)
+ dev_err(ec->dev, "Failed to add subdevices: %d\n", res);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+static int ntxec_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ if (client == poweroff_restart_client) {
+ poweroff_restart_client = NULL;
+ pm_power_off = NULL;
+ unregister_restart_handler(&ntxec_restart_handler);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id of_ntxec_match_table[] = {
+ { .compatible = "netronix,ntxec", },
+ {}
+};
+
+static struct i2c_driver ntxec_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "ntxec",
+ .of_match_table = of_ntxec_match_table,
+ },
+ .probe_new = ntxec_probe,
+ .remove = ntxec_remove,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(ntxec_driver);
diff --git a/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h b/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..b1de91f4fdcad
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright 2020 Jonathan Neuschäfer
+ *
+ * Register access and version information for the Netronix embedded
+ * controller.
+ */
+
+#ifndef NTXEC_H
+#define NTXEC_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct device;
+struct regmap;
+
+struct ntxec {
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct regmap *regmap;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Some registers, such as the battery status register (0x41), are in
+ * big-endian, but others only have eight significant bits, which are in the
+ * first byte transmitted over I2C (the MSB of the big-endian value).
+ * This convenience function converts an 8-bit value to 16-bit for use in the
+ * second kind of register.
+ */
+static inline __be16 ntxec_reg8(u8 value)
+{
+ return value << 8;
+}
+
+#endif
--
2.29.2
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