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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 00/16] Overhaul multi-page lookups for THP
On Mon, Nov 16, 2020 at 02:34:34AM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> On Thu, 12 Nov 2020, Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) wrote:
>
> > This THP prep patchset changes several page cache iteration APIs to only
> > return head pages.
> >
> > - It's only possible to tag head pages in the page cache, so only
> > return head pages, not all their subpages.
> > - Factor a lot of common code out of the various batch lookup routines
> > - Add mapping_seek_hole_data()
> > - Unify find_get_entries() and pagevec_lookup_entries()
> > - Make find_get_entries only return head pages, like find_get_entry().
> >
> > These are only loosely connected, but they seem to make sense together
> > as a series.
> >
> > v4:
> > - Add FGP_ENTRY, remove find_get_entry and find_lock_entry
> > - Rename xas_find_get_entry to find_get_entry
> > - Add "Optimise get_shadow_from_swap_cache"
> > - Move "iomap: Use mapping_seek_hole_data" to this patch series
> > - Rebase against next-20201112
>
> I hope next-20201112 had nothing vital for this series, I applied
> it to v5.10-rc3, and have been busy testing huge tmpfs on that.

Thank you. It's plain I'm not able to hit these cases ... I do run
xfstests against shmem, but that's obviously not good enough. Can
you suggest something I should be running to improve my coverage?

> Fix to [PATCH v4 06/16] mm/filemap: Add helper for finding pages.
> I hit that VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains) when swapping, it is not
> safe without page lock, during the interval when shmem is moving a
> page between page cache and swap cache. It could be tightened by
> passing in a new FGP to distinguish whether searching page or swap
> cache, but I think never tight enough in the swap case - because there
> is no rule for persisting page->private as there is for page->index.
> The best I could do is:

I'll just move this out to the caller who actually locks the page:

+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -1839,7 +1839,6 @@ static inline struct page *find_get_entry(struct xa_state *xas, pgoff_t max,
put_page(page);
goto reset;
}
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, xas->xa_index), page);

return page;
reset:
@@ -1923,6 +1922,8 @@ unsigned find_lock_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
goto put;
if (page->mapping != mapping || PageWriteback(page))
goto unlock;
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, xas->xa_index),
+ page);
}
indices[pvec->nr] = xas.xa_index;
if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page))
> Fix to [PATCH v4 07/16] mm/filemap: Add mapping_seek_hole_data.
> Crashed on a swap entry 0x2ff09, fairly obvious...

Whoops. Thanks.

> Fix to [PATCH v4 15/16] mm/truncate,shmem: Handle truncates that split THPs.
> One machine ran fine, swapping and building in ext4 on loop0 on huge tmpfs;
> one machine got occasional pages of zeros in its .os; one machine couldn't
> get started because of ext4_find_dest_de errors on the newly mkfs'ed fs.
> The partial_end case was decided by PAGE_SIZE, when there might be a THP
> there. The below patch has run well (for not very long), but I could
> easily have got it slightly wrong, off-by-one or whatever; and I have
> not looked into the similar code in mm/truncate.c, maybe that will need
> a similar fix or maybe not.
>
> --- 5103w/mm/shmem.c 2020-11-12 15:46:21.075254036 -0800
> +++ 5103wh/mm/shmem.c 2020-11-16 01:09:35.431677308 -0800
> @@ -874,7 +874,7 @@ static void shmem_undo_range(struct inod
> long nr_swaps_freed = 0;
> pgoff_t index;
> int i;
> - bool partial_end;
> + bool same_page;
>
> if (lend == -1)
> end = -1; /* unsigned, so actually very big */
> @@ -907,16 +907,12 @@ static void shmem_undo_range(struct inod
> index++;
> }
>
> - partial_end = ((lend + 1) % PAGE_SIZE) > 0;
> + same_page = (lstart >> PAGE_SHIFT) == end;
> page = NULL;
> shmem_getpage(inode, lstart >> PAGE_SHIFT, &page, SGP_READ);
> if (page) {
> - bool same_page;
> -
> page = thp_head(page);
> same_page = lend < page_offset(page) + thp_size(page);
> - if (same_page)
> - partial_end = false;

I don't object to this patch at all, at least partly because it's shorter
and simpler! I don't understand what it's solving, though. The case
where there's a THP which covers partial_end is supposed to be handled
by the three lines above.

> Fix to [PATCH v4 15/16] mm/truncate,shmem: Handle truncates that split THPs.
> xfstests generic/012 on huge tmpfs hit this every time (when checking
> xfs_io commands available: later decides "not run" because no "fiemap").
> I grabbed this line unthinkingly from one of your later series, it fixes
> the crash; but once I actually thought about it when trying to track down
> weirder behaviours, realize that the kmap_atomic() and flush_dcache_page()
> in zero_user_segments() are not prepared for a THP - so highmem and
> flush_dcache_page architectures will be disappointed. If I searched
> through your other series, I might find the complete fix; or perhaps
> it's already there in linux-next, I haven't looked.

zero_user_segments() is fixed by "mm: Support THPs in zero_user_segments".
I think most recently posted here:
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20201026183136.10404-2-willy@infradead.org/

My fault for not realising this patch depended on that patch. I did
test these patches stand-alone, but it didn't trigger this problem.

flush_dcache_page() needs to be called once for each sub-page. We
really need a flush_dcache_thp() so that architectures can optimise this.
Although maybe now that's going to be called flush_dcache_folio().

> I also had noise from the WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index)
> in invalidate_inode_pages2_range(): but that's my problem, since
> for testing I add a dummy shmem_direct_IO() (return 0): for that
> I've now added a shmem_mapping() check at the head of pages2_range().

Ah, I have a later fix for invalidate_inode_pages2_range():
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20201026183136.10404-6-willy@infradead.org/

I didn't post it earlier because there aren't any filesystems currently
which use THPs and directIO ;-)

> That's all for now: I'll fire off more overnight testing.

Thanks!

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