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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 10/14] iommu/ioasid: Introduce notification APIs
On Mon, Sep 28, 2020 at 02:38:37PM -0700, Jacob Pan wrote:
> Relations among IOASID users largely follow a publisher-subscriber
> pattern. E.g. to support guest SVA on Intel Scalable I/O Virtualization
> (SIOV) enabled platforms, VFIO, IOMMU, device drivers, KVM are all users
> of IOASIDs. When a state change occurs, VFIO publishes the change event
> that needs to be processed by other users/subscribers.
>
> This patch introduced two types of notifications: global and per
> ioasid_set. The latter is intended for users who only needs to handle
> events related to the IOASID of a given set.
> For more information, refer to the kernel documentation at
> Documentation/ioasid.rst.
>
> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Wu Hao <hao.wu@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/ioasid.c | 141 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/ioasid.h | 57 +++++++++++++++++++-
> 2 files changed, 197 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> index 378fef8f23d9..894b17c06ead 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> @@ -10,12 +10,35 @@
> #include <linux/spinlock.h>
> #include <linux/xarray.h>
>
> +/*
> + * An IOASID can have multiple consumers where each consumer may have
> + * hardware contexts associated with the IOASID.
> + * When a status change occurs, like on IOASID deallocation, notifier chains
> + * are used to keep the consumers in sync.
> + * This is a publisher-subscriber pattern where publisher can change the
> + * state of each IOASID, e.g. alloc/free, bind IOASID to a device and mm.
> + * On the other hand, subscribers get notified for the state change and
> + * keep local states in sync.
> + */
> +static ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(ioasid_notifier);
> +/* List to hold pending notification block registrations */
> +static LIST_HEAD(ioasid_nb_pending_list);

nit: it might be tidier to deal with the pending list in the next patch,
since it's only relevant for mm set notifier

> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ioasid_nb_lock);
> +
> /* Default to PCIe standard 20 bit PASID */
> #define PCI_PASID_MAX 0x100000
> static ioasid_t ioasid_capacity = PCI_PASID_MAX;
> static ioasid_t ioasid_capacity_avail = PCI_PASID_MAX;
> static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_sets);
>
> +struct ioasid_set_nb {
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct notifier_block *nb;
> + void *token;
> + struct ioasid_set *set;
> + bool active;
> +};
> +
> enum ioasid_state {
> IOASID_STATE_INACTIVE,
> IOASID_STATE_ACTIVE,
> @@ -365,6 +388,42 @@ void ioasid_detach_data(ioasid_t ioasid)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_detach_data);
>
> +/**
> + * ioasid_notify - Send notification on a given IOASID for status change.
> + *
> + * @data: The IOASID data to which the notification will send
> + * @cmd: Notification event sent by IOASID external users, can be
> + * IOASID_BIND or IOASID_UNBIND.
> + *
> + * @flags: Special instructions, e.g. notify within a set or global by
> + * IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET or IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL flags
> + * Caller must hold ioasid_allocator_lock and reference to the IOASID
> + */
> +static int ioasid_notify(struct ioasid_data *data,
> + enum ioasid_notify_val cmd, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + struct ioasid_nb_args args = { 0 };
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + /* IOASID_FREE/ALLOC are internal events emitted by IOASID core only */
> + if (cmd <= IOASID_NOTIFY_FREE)
> + return -EINVAL;

This function is now called with ALLOC and FREE

> +
> + if (flags & ~(IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL | IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + args.id = data->id;
> + args.set = data->set;
> + args.pdata = data->private;
> + args.spid = data->spid;
> + if (flags & IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL)
> + ret = atomic_notifier_call_chain(&ioasid_notifier, cmd, &args);
> + if (flags & IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET)
> + ret = atomic_notifier_call_chain(&data->set->nh, cmd, &args);

If both flags are set, we'll miss errors within the global notification.
Is that a problem?

> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static ioasid_t ioasid_find_by_spid_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t spid)
> {
> ioasid_t ioasid = INVALID_IOASID;
> @@ -417,6 +476,7 @@ int ioasid_attach_spid(ioasid_t ioasid, ioasid_t spid)
> goto done_unlock;
> }
> data->spid = spid;
> + ioasid_notify(data, IOASID_NOTIFY_BIND, IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET);
>
> done_unlock:
> spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> @@ -436,6 +496,7 @@ void ioasid_detach_spid(ioasid_t ioasid)
> goto done_unlock;
> }
> data->spid = INVALID_IOASID;
> + ioasid_notify(data, IOASID_NOTIFY_UNBIND, IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET);
>
> done_unlock:
> spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> @@ -469,6 +530,28 @@ static inline bool ioasid_set_is_valid(struct ioasid_set *set)
> return xa_load(&ioasid_sets, set->id) == set;
> }
>
> +static void ioasid_add_pending_nb(struct ioasid_set *set)
> +{
> + struct ioasid_set_nb *curr;
> +
> + if (set->type != IOASID_SET_TYPE_MM)
> + return;
> +
> + /*
> + * Check if there are any pending nb requests for the given token, if so
> + * add them to the notifier chain.
> + */
> + spin_lock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry(curr, &ioasid_nb_pending_list, list) {
> + if (curr->token == set->token && !curr->active) {
> + atomic_notifier_chain_register(&set->nh, curr->nb);
> + curr->set = set;
> + curr->active = true;
> + }
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> +}
> +
> /**
> * ioasid_set_alloc - Allocate a new IOASID set for a given token
> *
> @@ -556,6 +639,13 @@ struct ioasid_set *ioasid_set_alloc(void *token, ioasid_t quota, int type)
> set->quota = quota;
> set->id = id;
> refcount_set(&set->ref, 1);
> + ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(&set->nh);
> +
> + /*
> + * Check if there are any pending nb requests for the given token, if so
> + * add them to the notifier chain.
> + */
> + ioasid_add_pending_nb(set);
>
> /*
> * Per set XA is used to store private IDs within the set, get ready
> @@ -641,6 +731,7 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
> goto exit_free;
> }
> set->nr_ioasids++;
> + ioasid_notify(data, IOASID_NOTIFY_ALLOC, IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET);
> goto done_unlock;
> exit_free:
> kfree(data);
> @@ -687,6 +778,8 @@ static void ioasid_free_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid)
> return;
>
> data->state = IOASID_STATE_FREE_PENDING;
> + ioasid_notify(data, IOASID_NOTIFY_FREE,
> + IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL | IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL);
> if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&data->users))
> return;
>
> @@ -726,6 +819,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_get);
>
> static void ioasid_set_put_locked(struct ioasid_set *set)
> {
> + struct ioasid_set_nb *curr;
> struct ioasid_data *entry;
> unsigned long index;
>
> @@ -757,6 +851,16 @@ static void ioasid_set_put_locked(struct ioasid_set *set)
> /* Return the quota back to system pool */
> ioasid_capacity_avail += set->quota;
>
> + /* Restore pending status of the set NBs */
> + list_for_each_entry(curr, &ioasid_nb_pending_list, list) {
> + if (curr->token == set->token) {
> + if (curr->active)
> + curr->active = false;
> + else
> + pr_warn("Set token exists but not active!\n");
> + }
> + }
> +
> /*
> * Token got released right away after the ioasid_set is freed.
> * If a new set is created immediately with the newly released token,
> @@ -778,7 +882,9 @@ static void ioasid_set_put_locked(struct ioasid_set *set)
> void ioasid_set_put(struct ioasid_set *set)
> {
> spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> + spin_lock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> ioasid_set_put_locked(set);
> + spin_unlock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_put);
> @@ -980,6 +1086,41 @@ void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_find);
>
> +int ioasid_register_notifier(struct ioasid_set *set, struct notifier_block *nb)

A comment might be useful, explaining that @set is optional and that the
caller should set a priority within ioasid_notifier_prios in @nb.

> +{
> + if (set)
> + return atomic_notifier_chain_register(&set->nh, nb);
> + else
> + return atomic_notifier_chain_register(&ioasid_notifier, nb);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_register_notifier);
> +

Here as well, a comment saying that a reference to the set must be held,
though maybe that's obvious.

Thanks,
Jean

> +void ioasid_unregister_notifier(struct ioasid_set *set,
> + struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> + struct ioasid_set_nb *curr;
> +
> + spin_lock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> + /*
> + * Pending list is registered with a token without an ioasid_set,
> + * therefore should not be unregistered directly.
> + */
> + list_for_each_entry(curr, &ioasid_nb_pending_list, list) {
> + if (curr->nb == nb) {
> + pr_warn("Cannot unregister NB from pending list\n");
> + spin_unlock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> + return;
> + }
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&ioasid_nb_lock);
> +
> + if (set)
> + atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&set->nh, nb);
> + else
> + atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&ioasid_notifier, nb);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_unregister_notifier);
> +
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>");
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>");
> MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IO Address Space ID (IOASID) allocator");
> diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> index 2dfe85e6cb7e..1b551c99d568 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ enum ioasid_set_type {
>
> /**
> * struct ioasid_set - Meta data about ioasid_set
> + * @nh: List of notifiers private to that set
> * @xa: XArray to store ioasid_set private IDs, can be used for
> * guest-host IOASID mapping, or just a private IOASID namespace.
> * @token: Unique to identify an IOASID set
> @@ -33,6 +34,7 @@ enum ioasid_set_type {
> * @ref: Reference count of the users
> */
> struct ioasid_set {
> + struct atomic_notifier_head nh;
> struct xarray xa;
> void *token;
> int type;
> @@ -58,6 +60,47 @@ struct ioasid_allocator_ops {
> void *pdata;
> };
>
> +/* Notification data when IOASID status changed */
> +enum ioasid_notify_val {
> + IOASID_NOTIFY_ALLOC = 1,
> + IOASID_NOTIFY_FREE,
> + IOASID_NOTIFY_BIND,
> + IOASID_NOTIFY_UNBIND,
> +};
> +
> +#define IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_ALL BIT(0)
> +#define IOASID_NOTIFY_FLAG_SET BIT(1)
> +/**
> + * enum ioasid_notifier_prios - IOASID event notification order
> + *
> + * When status of an IOASID changes, users might need to take actions to
> + * reflect the new state. For example, when an IOASID is freed due to
> + * exception, the hardware context in virtual CPU, DMA device, and IOMMU
> + * shall be cleared and drained. Order is required to prevent life cycle
> + * problems.
> + */
> +enum ioasid_notifier_prios {
> + IOASID_PRIO_LAST,
> + IOASID_PRIO_DEVICE,
> + IOASID_PRIO_IOMMU,
> + IOASID_PRIO_CPU,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct ioasid_nb_args - Argument provided by IOASID core when notifier
> + * is called.
> + * @id: The IOASID being notified
> + * @spid: The set private ID associated with the IOASID
> + * @set: The IOASID set of @id
> + * @pdata: The private data attached to the IOASID
> + */
> +struct ioasid_nb_args {
> + ioasid_t id;
> + ioasid_t spid;
> + struct ioasid_set *set;
> + void *pdata;
> +};
> +
> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IOASID)
> void ioasid_install_capacity(ioasid_t total);
> ioasid_t ioasid_get_capacity(void);
> @@ -82,7 +125,10 @@ void ioasid_detach_data(ioasid_t ioasid);
> int ioasid_attach_spid(ioasid_t ioasid, ioasid_t spid);
> void ioasid_detach_spid(ioasid_t ioasid);
> ioasid_t ioasid_find_by_spid(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t spid);
> -
> +int ioasid_register_notifier(struct ioasid_set *set,
> + struct notifier_block *nb);
> +void ioasid_unregister_notifier(struct ioasid_set *set,
> + struct notifier_block *nb);
> void ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid(struct ioasid_set *sdata,
> void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data),
> void *data);
> @@ -145,6 +191,15 @@ static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid, bool (*
> return NULL;
> }
>
> +static inline int ioasid_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> + return -ENOTSUPP;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void ioasid_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> +}
> +
> static inline int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator)
> {
> return -ENOTSUPP;
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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