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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Kbuild: implement support for DWARF5
On 2020-10-21, 'Nick Desaulniers' via Clang Built Linux wrote:
>DWARF5 is the latest standard of the DWARF debug info format.
>
>Feature detection of DWARF5 is onerous, especially given that we've
>removed $(AS), so we must query $(CC) for DWARF5 assembler directive
>support. Further -gdwarf-X where X is an unsupported value doesn't
>produce an error in $(CC). GNU `as` only recently gained support for
>specifying -gdwarf-5.
>
>The DWARF version of a binary can be validated with:

To be more correct: this is just the version number of the .debug_info section.
Other sections can use different version numbers.
(For example, GNU as still does not support version 5 .debug_line)

>$ llvm-dwarfdump vmlinux | head -n 5 | grep version
>or
>$ readelf --debug-dump=info vmlinux 2>/dev/null | grep Version
>
>DWARF5 wins significantly in terms of size when mixed with compression
>(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED).
>
>363M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf5.compressed
>434M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf4.compressed
>439M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf2.compressed
>457M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf5
>536M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf4
>548M vmlinux.clang12.dwarf2
>
>Make CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4 part of a Kconfig choice to preserve
>forward compatibility.
>
>Link: http://www.dwarfstd.org/doc/DWARF5.pdf
>Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
>---
>RFC because this patch is super half baked, but I'm looking for
>feedback.
>
>I would logically split this into a series of patches;
>1. disable -Wa,gdwarf-2 for LLVM_IAS=1, see also
> https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/716
> https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/continuous-integration/blob/master/patches/llvm-all/linux-next/arm64/silence-dwarf2-warnings.patch
> that way we can backport for improved LLVM_IAS support.
>2. move CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4 to choice.
>3. implement the rest on top.
>
>I'm pretty sure GNU `as` only recently gained the ability to specify
>-gdwarf-4 without erroring in binutils 2.35, so that part likely needs
>to be fixed.
>
> Makefile | 19 ++++++++++++++++---
> include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 6 +++++-
> lib/Kconfig.debug | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh | 4 ++++
> 4 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> create mode 100755 scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh
>
>diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
>index e71979882e4f..0862df5b1a24 100644
>--- a/Makefile
>+++ b/Makefile
>@@ -828,10 +828,23 @@ else
> DEBUG_CFLAGS += -g
> endif
>
>-KBUILD_AFLAGS += -Wa,-gdwarf-2
>-
>+DWARF_VERSION=2
> ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
>-DEBUG_CFLAGS += -gdwarf-4
>+DWARF_VERSION=4
>+endif
>+ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5
>+DWARF_VERSION=5
>+endif
>+DEBUG_CFLAGS += -gdwarf-$(DWARF_VERSION)
>+
>+ifneq ($(DWARF_VERSION)$(LLVM_IAS),21)
>+KBUILD_AFLAGS += -Wa,-gdwarf-$(DWARF_VERSION)
>+endif
>+
>+ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
>+ifneq ($(LLVM_IAS),1)
>+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wa,-gdwarf-$(DWARF_VERSION)
>+endif
> endif
>
> ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
>diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>index cd14444bf600..0382808ef9fe 100644
>--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>@@ -828,7 +828,11 @@
> .debug_types 0 : { *(.debug_types) } \
> /* DWARF 5 */ \
> .debug_macro 0 : { *(.debug_macro) } \
>- .debug_addr 0 : { *(.debug_addr) }
>+ .debug_addr 0 : { *(.debug_addr) } \
>+ .debug_line_str 0 : { *(.debug_line_str) } \
>+ .debug_loclists 0 : { *(.debug_loclists) } \
>+ .debug_rnglists 0 : { *(.debug_rnglists) } \
>+ .debug_str_offsets 0 : { *(.debug_str_offsets) }

Consider adding .debug_names for the accelerator table.
It is the DWARF v5 version of .debug_pub{names,types} (which are mentioned
a few lines above).

> /* Stabs debugging sections. */
> #define STABS_DEBUG \
>diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
>index 537cf3c2937d..6b01f0e2dad8 100644
>--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
>+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
>@@ -256,14 +256,35 @@ config DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
> to know about the .dwo files and include them.
> Incompatible with older versions of ccache.
>
>+choice
>+prompt "DWARF version"
>+ depends on DEBUG_INFO
>+ default DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2
>+ help
>+ Which version of DWARF debug info to emit.
>+
>+config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2
>+ bool "Generate dwarf2 debuginfo"
>+ help
>+ Generate dwarf2 debug info.

In documentation, a more official way to refer to the format is: DWARF v2.
(While "DWARF5" and "DWARF v5" are acceptable, the latter is preferred)
Ditto below.

> config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
> bool "Generate dwarf4 debuginfo"
> depends on $(cc-option,-gdwarf-4)
> help
>- Generate dwarf4 debug info. This requires recent versions
>- of gcc and gdb. It makes the debug information larger.
>- But it significantly improves the success of resolving
>- variables in gdb on optimized code.
>+ Generate dwarf4 debug info. This requires gcc 4.5+ and gdb 7.0+.
>+ It makes the debug information larger, but it significantly
>+ improves the success of resolving variables in gdb on optimized code.
>+
>+config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5
>+ bool "Generate dwarf5 debuginfo"
>+ depends on DEBUG_INFO
>+ depends on $(success,$(srctree)/scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh $(CC) $(CLANG_FLAGS))
>+ help
>+ Genereate dwarf5 debug info. Requires binutils 2.35+, gcc 5.1+, and
>+ gdb 8.0+.
>+
>+endchoice # "DWARF version"
>
> config DEBUG_INFO_BTF
> bool "Generate BTF typeinfo"
>diff --git a/scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh b/scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh
>new file mode 100755
>index 000000000000..82c0eea45845
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh
>@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
>+#!/bin/sh
>+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>+set -eu
>+echo ".file 0 \"asdf\"" | $* -Wa,-gdwarf-5 -c -x assembler -o /dev/null -
>--
>2.29.0.rc1.297.gfa9743e501-goog
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