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Subject[PATCH v8 2/6] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure
Date
Add counting of segment lengths of segmented callback list.

This will be useful for a number of things such as knowing how big the
ready-to-execute segment have gotten. The immediate benefit is ability
to trace how the callbacks in the segmented callback list change.

Also this patch remove hacks related to using donecbs's ->len field as a
temporary variable to save the segmented callback list's length. This cannot be
done anymore and is not needed.

Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
---
include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h | 1 +
kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------
kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h | 2 -
3 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
index b36afe7b22c9..6c01f09a6456 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ struct rcu_segcblist {
#else
long len;
#endif
+ long seglen[RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS];
u8 enabled;
u8 offloaded;
};
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index bb246d8c6ef1..357c19bbcb00 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -7,10 +7,11 @@
* Authors: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
*/

-#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>

#include "rcu_segcblist.h"

@@ -88,6 +89,46 @@ static void rcu_segcblist_set_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
#endif
}

+/* Get the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static long rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+ return READ_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg]);
+}
+
+/* Set the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+ WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], v);
+}
+
+/* Return number of callbacks in a segment of the segmented callback list. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+ WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], rsclp->seglen[seg] + v);
+}
+
+/* Move from's segment length to to's segment. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int from, int to)
+{
+ long len;
+
+ if (from == to)
+ return;
+
+ len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, from);
+ if (!len)
+ return;
+
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, to, len);
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, from, 0);
+}
+
+/* Increment segment's length. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, seg, 1);
+}
+
/*
* Increase the numeric length of an rcu_segcblist structure by the
* specified amount, which can be negative. This can cause the ->len
@@ -119,26 +160,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_inc_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, 1);
}

-/*
- * Exchange the numeric length of the specified rcu_segcblist structure
- * with the specified value. This can cause the ->len field to disagree
- * with the actual number of callbacks on the structure. This exchange is
- * fully ordered with respect to the callers accesses both before and after.
- */
-static long rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
- return atomic_long_xchg(&rsclp->len, v);
-#else
- long ret = rsclp->len;
-
- smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
- WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->len, v);
- smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
- return ret;
-#endif
-}
-
/*
* Initialize an rcu_segcblist structure.
*/
@@ -149,8 +170,10 @@ void rcu_segcblist_init(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
BUILD_BUG_ON(RCU_NEXT_TAIL + 1 != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->tails) != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
rsclp->head = NULL;
- for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
rsclp->tails[i] = &rsclp->head;
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+ }
rcu_segcblist_set_len(rsclp, 0);
rsclp->enabled = 1;
}
@@ -246,6 +269,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
{
rcu_segcblist_inc_len(rsclp);
smp_mb(); /* Ensure counts are updated before callback is enqueued. */
+ rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
rhp->next = NULL;
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rhp);
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], &rhp->next);
@@ -274,27 +298,13 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
for (i = RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i > RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
if (rsclp->tails[i] != rsclp->tails[i - 1])
break;
+ rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, i);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[i], rhp);
for (; i <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i++)
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rhp->next);
return true;
}

-/*
- * Extract only the counts from the specified rcu_segcblist structure,
- * and place them in the specified rcu_cblist structure. This function
- * supports both callback orphaning and invocation, hence the separation
- * of counts and callbacks. (Callbacks ready for invocation must be
- * orphaned and adopted separately from pending callbacks, but counts
- * apply to all callbacks. Locking must be used to make sure that
- * both orphaned-callbacks lists are consistent.)
- */
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
-{
- rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(rsclp, 0);
-}
-
/*
* Extract only those callbacks ready to be invoked from the specified
* rcu_segcblist structure and place them in the specified rcu_cblist
@@ -307,6 +317,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(rsclp))
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+ rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
@@ -314,6 +325,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
for (i = RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS - 1; i >= RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
if (rsclp->tails[i] == rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL])
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rsclp->head);
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, 0);
}

/*
@@ -330,11 +342,16 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(rsclp))
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+ rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL) +
+ rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) +
+ rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
*rclp->tail = *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL];
rclp->tail = rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
- for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+ for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+ }
}

/*
@@ -345,7 +362,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
{
rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, rclp->len);
- rclp->len = 0;
}

/*
@@ -359,6 +375,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rclp->head)
return; /* No callbacks to move. */
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, rclp->len);
*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, rclp->head);
for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
@@ -379,6 +396,8 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
{
if (!rclp->head)
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL, rclp->len);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->head);
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->tail);
}
@@ -403,6 +422,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (ULONG_CMP_LT(seq, rsclp->gp_seq[i]))
break;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], rsclp->tails[i]);
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
}

/* If no callbacks moved, nothing more need be done. */
@@ -423,6 +443,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (rsclp->tails[j] == rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
break; /* No more callbacks. */
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[j], rsclp->tails[i]);
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, j);
rsclp->gp_seq[j] = rsclp->gp_seq[i];
}
}
@@ -444,7 +465,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
*/
bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
{
- int i;
+ int i, j;

WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_is_enabled(rsclp));
if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL))
@@ -487,6 +508,10 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, i) || ++i >= RCU_NEXT_TAIL)
return false;

+ /* Accounting: everything below i is about to get merged into i. */
+ for (j = i + 1; j <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; j++)
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, j, i);
+
/*
* Merge all later callbacks, including newly arrived callbacks,
* into the segment located by the for-loop above. Assign "seq"
@@ -514,13 +539,24 @@ void rcu_segcblist_merge(struct rcu_segcblist *dst_rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist donecbs;
struct rcu_cblist pendcbs;

+ lockdep_assert_cpus_held();
+
rcu_cblist_init(&donecbs);
rcu_cblist_init(&pendcbs);
- rcu_segcblist_extract_count(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
+
rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(src_rsclp, &pendcbs);
+
+ /*
+ * No need smp_mb() before setting length to 0, because CPU hotplug
+ * lock excludes rcu_barrier.
+ */
+ rcu_segcblist_set_len(src_rsclp, 0);
+
rcu_segcblist_insert_count(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
+ rcu_segcblist_insert_count(dst_rsclp, &pendcbs);
rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(dst_rsclp, &pendcbs);
+
rcu_segcblist_init(src_rsclp);
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
index 1d2d61406463..cd35c9faaf51 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -89,8 +89,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_head *rhp);
bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_head *rhp);
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
--
2.29.0.rc1.297.gfa9743e501-goog
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