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Subject[RFC,net-next, 4/4] selftests: add selftest for the SRv6 End.DT4 behavior
Date
this selftest is designed for evaluating the new SRv6 End.DT4 behavior
used, in this example, for implementing IPv4 L3 VPN use cases.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Mayer <andrea.mayer@uniroma2.it>
---
.../selftests/net/srv6_end_dt4_l3vpn_test.sh | 490 ++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 490 insertions(+)
create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/net/srv6_end_dt4_l3vpn_test.sh

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/net/srv6_end_dt4_l3vpn_test.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/net/srv6_end_dt4_l3vpn_test.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..c04437667399
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/net/srv6_end_dt4_l3vpn_test.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,490 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# author: Andrea Mayer <andrea.mayer@uniroma2.it>
+
+# This test is designed for evaluating the new SRv6 End.DT4 behavior used for
+# implementing IPv4 L3 VPN use cases.
+#
+# Hereafter a network diagram is shown, where two different tenants (named 100
+# and 200) offer IPv4 L3 VPN services allowing hosts to communicate with each
+# other across an IPv6 network.
+#
+# Only hosts belonging to the same tenant (and to the same VPN) can communicate
+# with each other. Instead, the communication among hosts of different tenants
+# is forbidden.
+# In other words, hosts hs-t100-1 and hs-t100-2 are connected through the IPv4
+# L3 VPN of tenant 100 while hs-t200-3 and hs-t200-4 are connected using the
+# IPv4 L3 VPN of tenant 200. Cross connection between tenant 100 and tenant 200
+# is forbidden and thus, for example, hs-t100-1 cannot reach hs-t200-3 and vice
+# versa.
+#
+# Routers rt-1 and rt-2 implement the IPv4 L3 VPN services leveraging the SRv6
+# architecture. The key components for such L3 VPNs are: a) SRv6 Encap
+# behavior, b) SRv6 End.DT4 behavior and c) VRF.
+#
+# To explain how those L3 VPNs work, let us briefly consider an example where
+# the host hs-t100-1 pings the host hs-t100-2.
+#
+# First of all, L2 reachability of the host hs-t100-2 is taken into account by
+# the router rt-1 which acts as an arp proxy.
+#
+# When the host hs-t100-1 sends an IPv4 packet destined to hs-t100-2, the
+# router rt-1 receives the packet on the internal veth-t100 interface. Such
+# interface is enslaved to the VRF vrf-100 whose associated table contains the
+# SRv6 Encap route for encapsulating the IPv4 packet in a IPv6 plus the Segment
+# Routing Header (SRH) packet. Then, it is sent through the (IPv6) core network
+# up to the router rt-2 that receives it on veth0 interface.
+#
+# The router rt-2 makes use of the routing table 'localsid' for processing
+# IPv6+SRH packets. In this IPv4 L3 VPN scenario, the SRv6 End.DT4 behavior is
+# used for decapsulating the inner (IPv4) packets and for forwarding them to
+# the hosts.
+# The forwarding operation is carried out by using the routing table which has
+# been set during the configuration of a specific SRv6 End.DT4 behavior
+# instance.
+# In this example, an IPv4 packet destined to hs-t100-2 is forwarded to
+# the host using the routing table 100.
+#
+# The ping response follows the same processing but this time the role of rt-1
+# and rt-2 are swapped.
+#
+# Of course, the IPv4 L3 VPN for tenant 200 works exactly as the IPv4 L3 VPN
+# for tenant 100. In this case, only hosts hs-t200-3 and hs-t200-4 are able to
+# connect with each other.
+#
+#
+# +-------------------+ +-------------------+
+# | | | |
+# | hs-t100-1 netns | | hs-t100-2 netns |
+# | | | |
+# | +-------------+ | | +-------------+ |
+# | | veth0 | | | | veth0 | |
+# | | 10.0.0.1/24 | | | | 10.0.0.2/24 | |
+# | +-------------+ | | +-------------+ |
+# | . | | . |
+# +-------------------+ +-------------------+
+# . .
+# . .
+# . .
+# +-----------------------------------+ +-----------------------------------+
+# | . | | . |
+# | +---------------+ | | +---------------- |
+# | | veth-t100 | | | | veth-t100 | |
+# | | 10.0.0.254/24 | +----------+ | | +----------+ | 10.0.0.254/24 | |
+# | +-------+-------+ | localsid | | | | localsid | +-------+-------- |
+# | | | table | | | | table | | |
+# | +----+----+ +----------+ | | +----------+ +----+----+ |
+# | | vrf-100 | | | | vrf-100 | |
+# | +---------+ +------------+ | | +------------+ +---------+ |
+# | | veth0 | | | | veth0 | |
+# | | fd00::1/64 |.|...|.| fd00::2/64 | |
+# | +---------+ +------------+ | | +------------+ +---------+ |
+# | | vrf-200 | | | | vrf-200 | |
+# | +----+----+ | | +----+----+ |
+# | | | | | |
+# | +---------------+ | | +---------------- |
+# | | veth-t200 | | | | veth-t200 | |
+# | | 10.0.0.254/24 | | | | 10.0.0.254/24 | |
+# | +---------------+ rt-1 netns | | rt-2 netns +---------------- |
+# | . | | . |
+# +-----------------------------------+ +-----------------------------------+
+# . .
+# . .
+# . .
+# . .
+# +-------------------+ +-------------------+
+# | . | | . |
+# | +-------------+ | | +-------------+ |
+# | | veth0 | | | | veth0 | |
+# | | 10.0.0.3/24 | | | | 10.0.0.4/24 | |
+# | +-------------+ | | +-------------+ |
+# | | | |
+# | hs-t200-3 netns | | hs-t200-4 netns |
+# | | | |
+# +-------------------+ +-------------------+
+#
+#
+# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+# | Network configuration |
+# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+#
+# rt-1: localsid table (table 90)
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |SID |Action |
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |fc00:21:100::6004|End.DT4 table 100|
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |fc00:21:200::6004|End.DT4 table 200|
+# +-----------------------------------+
+#
+# rt-1: VRF tenant 100 (table 100)
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |host |Action |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.2 |seg6 encap fc00:12:100::6004 dev veth0|
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.0/24|forward dev veth_t100 |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+#
+# rt-1: VRF tenant 200 (table 200)
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |host |Action |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.4 |seg6 encap fc00:12:200::6004 dev veth0|
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.0/24|forward dev veth_t200 |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+#
+#
+# rt-2: localsid table (table 90)
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |SID |Action |
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |fc00:12:100::6004|End.DT4 table 100|
+# +-----------------------------------+
+# |fc00:12:200::6004|End.DT4 table 200|
+# +-----------------------------------+
+#
+# rt-2: VRF tenant 100 (table 100)
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |host |Action |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.1 |seg6 encap fc00:21:100::6004 dev veth0|
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.0/24|forward dev veth_t100 |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+#
+# rt-2: VRF tenant 200 (table 200)
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |host |Action |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.3 |seg6 encap fc00:21:200::6004 dev veth0|
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+# |10.0.0.0/24|forward dev veth_t200 |
+# +--------------------------------------------------+
+#
+
+readonly LOCALSID_TABLE_ID=90
+readonly IPv6_RT_NETWORK=fd00
+readonly IPv4_HS_NETWORK=10.0.0
+readonly VPN_LOCATOR_SERVICE=fc00
+PING_TIMEOUT_SEC=4
+
+ret=0
+
+PAUSE_ON_FAIL=${PAUSE_ON_FAIL:=no}
+
+log_test()
+{
+ local rc=$1
+ local expected=$2
+ local msg="$3"
+
+ if [ ${rc} -eq ${expected} ]; then
+ nsuccess=$((nsuccess+1))
+ printf "\n TEST: %-60s [ OK ]\n" "${msg}"
+ else
+ ret=1
+ nfail=$((nfail+1))
+ printf "\n TEST: %-60s [FAIL]\n" "${msg}"
+ if [ "${PAUSE_ON_FAIL}" = "yes" ]; then
+ echo
+ echo "hit enter to continue, 'q' to quit"
+ read a
+ [ "$a" = "q" ] && exit 1
+ fi
+ fi
+}
+
+print_log_test_results()
+{
+ if [ "$TESTS" != "none" ]; then
+ printf "\nTests passed: %3d\n" ${nsuccess}
+ printf "Tests failed: %3d\n" ${nfail}
+ fi
+}
+
+log_section()
+{
+ echo
+ echo "################################################################################"
+ echo "TEST SECTION: $*"
+ echo "################################################################################"
+}
+
+cleanup()
+{
+ ip link del veth-rt-1 2>/dev/null || true
+ ip link del veth-rt-2 2>/dev/null || true
+
+ # destroy routers rt-* and hosts hs-*
+ for ns in $(ip netns show | grep -E 'rt-*|hs-*'); do
+ ip netns del ${ns} || true
+ done
+}
+
+# Setup the basic networking for the routers
+setup_rt_networking()
+{
+ local rt=$1
+ local nsname=rt-${rt}
+
+ ip netns add ${nsname}
+ ip link set veth-rt-${rt} netns ${nsname}
+ ip -netns ${nsname} link set veth-rt-${rt} name veth0
+
+ ip -netns ${nsname} addr add ${IPv6_RT_NETWORK}::${rt}/64 dev veth0
+ ip -netns ${nsname} link set veth0 up
+ ip -netns ${nsname} link set lo up
+
+ ip netns exec ${nsname} sysctl -wq net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
+ ip netns exec ${nsname} sysctl -wq net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1
+}
+
+setup_hs()
+{
+ local hs=$1
+ local rt=$2
+ local tid=$3
+ local hsname=hs-t${tid}-${hs}
+ local rtname=rt-${rt}
+ local rtveth=veth-t${tid}
+
+ # set the networking for the host
+ ip netns add ${hsname}
+ ip -netns ${hsname} link add veth0 type veth peer name ${rtveth}
+ ip -netns ${hsname} link set ${rtveth} netns ${rtname}
+ ip -netns ${hsname} addr add ${IPv4_HS_NETWORK}.${hs}/24 dev veth0
+ ip -netns ${hsname} link set veth0 up
+ ip -netns ${hsname} link set lo up
+
+ # configure the VRF for the tenant X on the router which is directly
+ # connected to the source host.
+ ip -netns ${rtname} link add vrf-${tid} type vrf table ${tid}
+ ip -netns ${rtname} link set vrf-${tid} up
+
+ # enslave the veth-tX interface to the vrf-X in the access router
+ ip -netns ${rtname} link set ${rtveth} master vrf-${tid}
+ ip -netns ${rtname} addr add ${IPv4_HS_NETWORK}.254/24 dev ${rtveth}
+ ip -netns ${rtname} link set ${rtveth} up
+
+ ip netns exec ${rtname} sysctl -wq net.ipv4.conf.${rtveth}.proxy_arp=1
+
+ # disable the rp_filter otherwise the kernel gets confused about how
+ # to route decap ipv4 packets.
+ ip netns exec ${rtname} sysctl -wq net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=0
+ ip netns exec ${rtname} sysctl -wq net.ipv4.conf.${rtveth}.rp_filter=0
+
+ ip netns exec ${rtname} sh -c "echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/vrf/strict_mode"
+}
+
+setup_vpn_config()
+{
+ local hssrc=$1
+ local rtsrc=$2
+ local hsdst=$3
+ local rtdst=$4
+ local tid=$5
+
+ local hssrc_name=hs-t${tid}-${hssrc}
+ local hsdst_name=hs-t${tid}-${hsdst}
+ local rtsrc_name=rt-${rtsrc}
+ local rtdst_name=rt-${rtdst}
+ local vpn_sid=${VPN_LOCATOR_SERVICE}:${hssrc}${hsdst}:${tid}::6004
+
+ # set the encap route for encapsulating packets which arrive from the
+ # host hssrc and destined to the access router rtsrc.
+ ip -netns ${rtsrc_name} -4 route add ${IPv4_HS_NETWORK}.${hsdst}/32 vrf vrf-${tid} \
+ encap seg6 mode encap segs ${vpn_sid} dev veth0
+ ip -netns ${rtsrc_name} -6 route add ${vpn_sid}/128 vrf vrf-${tid} \
+ via fd00::${rtdst} dev veth0
+
+ # set the decap route for decapsulating packets which arrive from
+ # the rtdst router and destined to the hsdst host.
+ ip -netns ${rtdst_name} -6 route add ${vpn_sid}/128 table ${LOCALSID_TABLE_ID} \
+ encap seg6local action End.DT4 table ${tid} dev vrf-${tid}
+
+ # all sids for VPNs start with a common locator which is fc00::/16.
+ # Routes for handling the SRv6 End.DT4 behavior instances are grouped
+ # together in the 'localsid' table.
+ #
+ # NOTE: added only once
+ if [ -z "$(ip -netns ${rtdst_name} -6 rule show | \
+ grep "to ${VPN_LOCATOR_SERVICE}::/16 lookup ${LOCALSID_TABLE_ID}")" ]; then
+ ip -netns ${rtdst_name} -6 rule add \
+ to ${VPN_LOCATOR_SERVICE}::/16 \
+ lookup ${LOCALSID_TABLE_ID} prio 999
+ fi
+}
+
+setup()
+{
+ ip link add veth-rt-1 type veth peer name veth-rt-2
+ # setup the networking for router rt-1 and router rt-2
+ setup_rt_networking 1
+ setup_rt_networking 2
+
+ # setup two hosts for the tenant 100.
+ # - host hs-1 is directly connected to the router rt-1;
+ # - host hs-2 is directly connected to the router rt-2.
+ setup_hs 1 1 100 #args: host router tenant
+ setup_hs 2 2 100
+
+ # setup two hosts for the tenant 200
+ # - host hs-3 is directly connected to the router rt-1;
+ # - host hs-4 is directly connected to the router rt-2.
+ setup_hs 3 1 200
+ setup_hs 4 2 200
+
+ # setup the IPv4 L3 VPN which connects the host hs-t100-1 and host
+ # hs-t100-2 within the same tenant 100.
+ setup_vpn_config 1 1 2 2 100 #args: src_host src_router dst_host dst_router tenant
+ setup_vpn_config 2 2 1 1 100
+
+ # setup the IPv4 L3 VPN which connects the host hs-t200-3 and host
+ # hs-t200-4 within the same tenant 200.
+ setup_vpn_config 3 1 4 2 200
+ setup_vpn_config 4 2 3 1 200
+}
+
+check_rt_connectivity()
+{
+ local rtsrc=$1
+ local rtdst=$2
+
+ ip netns exec rt-${rtsrc} ping -c 1 -W 1 ${IPv6_RT_NETWORK}::${rtdst} \
+ >/dev/null 2>&1
+}
+
+check_and_log_rt_connectivity()
+{
+ local rtsrc=$1
+ local rtdst=$2
+
+ check_rt_connectivity ${rtsrc} ${rtdst}
+ log_test $? 0 "Routers connectivity: rt-${rtsrc} -> rt-${rtdst}"
+}
+
+check_hs_connectivity()
+{
+ local hssrc=$1
+ local hsdst=$2
+ local tid=$3
+
+ ip netns exec hs-t${tid}-${hssrc} ping -c 1 -W ${PING_TIMEOUT_SEC} \
+ ${IPv4_HS_NETWORK}.${hsdst} >/dev/null 2>&1
+}
+
+check_and_log_hs_connectivity()
+{
+ local hssrc=$1
+ local hsdst=$2
+ local tid=$3
+
+ check_hs_connectivity ${hssrc} ${hsdst} ${tid}
+ log_test $? 0 "Hosts connectivity: hs-t${tid}-${hssrc} -> hs-t${tid}-${hsdst} (tenant ${tid})"
+}
+
+check_and_log_hs_isolation()
+{
+ local hssrc=$1
+ local tidsrc=$2
+ local hsdst=$3
+ local tiddst=$4
+
+ check_hs_connectivity ${hssrc} ${hsdst} ${tidsrc}
+ # NOTE: ping should fail
+ log_test $? 1 "Hosts isolation: hs-t${tidsrc}-${hssrc} -X-> hs-t${tiddst}-${hsdst}"
+}
+
+
+check_and_log_hs2gw_connectivity()
+{
+ local hssrc=$1
+ local tid=$2
+
+ check_hs_connectivity ${hssrc} 254 ${tid}
+ log_test $? 0 "Hosts connectivity: hs-t${tid}-${hssrc} -> gw (tenant ${tid})"
+}
+
+router_tests()
+{
+ log_section "IPv6 routers connectivity test"
+
+ check_and_log_rt_connectivity 1 2
+ check_and_log_rt_connectivity 2 1
+}
+
+host2gateway_tests()
+{
+ log_section "IPv4 connectivity test among hosts and gateway"
+
+ check_and_log_hs2gw_connectivity 1 100
+ check_and_log_hs2gw_connectivity 2 100
+
+ check_and_log_hs2gw_connectivity 3 200
+ check_and_log_hs2gw_connectivity 4 200
+}
+
+host_vpn_tests()
+{
+ log_section "SRv6 VPN connectivity test among hosts in the same tenant"
+
+ check_and_log_hs_connectivity 1 2 100
+ check_and_log_hs_connectivity 2 1 100
+
+ check_and_log_hs_connectivity 3 4 200
+ check_and_log_hs_connectivity 4 3 200
+}
+
+host_vpn_isolation_tests()
+{
+ local i
+ local j
+ local k
+ local tmp
+ local l1="1 2"
+ local l2="3 4"
+ local t1=100
+ local t2=200
+
+ log_section "SRv6 VPN isolation test among hosts in different tentants"
+
+ for k in 0 1; do
+ for i in ${l1}; do
+ for j in ${l2}; do
+ check_and_log_hs_isolation ${i} ${t1} ${j} ${t2}
+ done
+ done
+
+ # let us test the reverse path
+ tmp="${l1}"; l1="${l2}"; l2="${tmp}"
+ tmp=${t1}; t1=${t2}; t2=${tmp}
+ done
+}
+
+if [ "$(id -u)" -ne 0 ];then
+ echo "SKIP: Need root privileges"
+ exit 0
+fi
+
+if [ ! -x "$(command -v ip)" ]; then
+ echo "SKIP: Could not run test without ip tool"
+ exit 0
+fi
+
+cleanup >/dev/null 2>&1
+
+setup
+
+router_tests
+host2gateway_tests
+host_vpn_tests
+host_vpn_isolation_tests
+
+print_log_test_results
+
+cleanup >/dev/null 2>&1
+
+exit ${ret}
--
2.20.1
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