lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Oct]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] arm64: ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1 doesn't return SMCCC_RET_NOT_REQUIRED
On Wed, Oct 21, 2020 at 11:23:34AM +0100, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 2020-10-21 08:57, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Tue, Oct 20, 2020 at 02:45:43PM -0700, Stephen Boyd wrote:
> > > According to the SMCCC spec (7.5.2 Discovery) the
> > > ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1 function id only returns 0, 1, and
> > > SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED corresponding to "workaround required",
> > > "workaround not required but implemented", and "who knows, you're on
> > > your own" respectively. For kvm hypercalls (hvc), we've implemented
> > > this
> > > function id to return SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED, 1, and
> > > SMCCC_RET_NOT_REQUIRED. The SMCCC_RET_NOT_REQUIRED return value is
> > > not a
> > > thing for this function id, and is probably copy/pasted from the
> > > SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_2 function id that does support it.
> > >
> > > Clean this up by returning 0, 1, and SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED
> > > appropriately. Changing this exposes the problem that
> > > spectre_v2_get_cpu_fw_mitigation_state() assumes a
> > > SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED return value means we are vulnerable, but
> > > really
> > > it means we have no idea and should assume we can't do anything about
> > > mitigation. Put another way, it better be unaffected because it
> > > can't be
> > > mitigated in the firmware (in this case kvm) as the call isn't
> > > implemented!
> > >
> > > Cc: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
> > > Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> > > Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> > > Fixes: c118bbb52743 ("arm64: KVM: Propagate full Spectre v2
> > > workaround state to KVM guests")
> > > Fixes: 73f381660959 ("arm64: Advertise mitigation of Spectre-v2, or
> > > lack thereof")
> > > Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <swboyd@chromium.org>
> > > ---
> > >
> > > This will require a slightly different backport to stable kernels, but
> > > at least it looks like this is a problem given that this return value
> > > isn't valid per the spec and we've been going around it by returning
> > > something invalid for some time.
> > >
> > > arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c | 3 +--
> > > arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c | 2 +-
> > > 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> > > b/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> > > index 68b710f1b43f..00bd54f63f4f 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> > > @@ -149,10 +149,9 @@ static enum mitigation_state
> > > spectre_v2_get_cpu_fw_mitigation_state(void)
> > > case SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS:
> > > return SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
> > > case SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED:
> > > + case SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED: /* Good luck w/ the Gatekeeper of
> > > Gozer */
> > > return SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED;
> >
> > Hmm, I'm not sure this is correct. The SMCCC spec is terrifically
> > unhelpful:
> >
> > NOT_SUPPORTED:
> > Either:
> > * None of the PEs in the system require firmware mitigation for
> > CVE-2017-5715.
> > * The system contains at least 1 PE affected by CVE-2017-5715 that
> > has no firmware
> > mitigation available.
> > * The firmware does not provide any information about whether
> > firmware mitigation is
> > required.
> >
> > so we can't tell whether the thing is vulnerable or not in this case,
> > and
> > have to assume that it is.
> >
> > > default:
> > > - fallthrough;
> > > - case SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED:
> > > return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
> > > }
> > > }
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> > > index 9824025ccc5c..868486957808 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> > > @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ int kvm_hvc_call_handler(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > val = SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS;
> > > break;
> > > case SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED:
> > > - val = SMCCC_RET_NOT_REQUIRED;
> > > + val = SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED;
> >
> > Which means we need to return SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED here,
> > I
> > suppose?
>
> Gahh, I keep mixing Spectre-v2 and WA2. Not good. I *think* the patch
> below is enough, but I need to give it a go...

Yeah, and me. We should've named them 2 and 4 back in the day.

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> b/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> index 68b710f1b43f..3f417d6305ef 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/proton-pack.c
> @@ -134,8 +134,6 @@ static enum mitigation_state
> spectre_v2_get_cpu_hw_mitigation_state(void)
> return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
> }
>
> -#define SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED (1)

Unfortunately, I think this value _is_ specific to the ARCH_WORKAROUND
calls, so it should stay like it is (i.e. other calls in SMCCC can return 1
to indicate other things)

But the semantic bit here:

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> index 9824025ccc5c..792824de5d27 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c
> @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ int kvm_hvc_call_handler(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> val = SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS;
> break;
> case SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED:
> - val = SMCCC_RET_NOT_REQUIRED;
> + val = SMCCC_RET_UNAFFECTED;

Looks correct to me.

Will

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-10-21 14:43    [W:0.073 / U:1.016 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site