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Subject[PATCH 1/2] Block layer filter - second version
Date
Signed-off-by: Sergei Shtepa <sergei.shtepa@veeam.com>
---
block/Kconfig | 11 ++
block/Makefile | 1 +
block/blk-core.c | 52 +++++--
block/blk-filter-internal.h | 29 ++++
block/blk-filter.c | 286 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
block/partitions/core.c | 14 +-
fs/block_dev.c | 6 +-
fs/direct-io.c | 2 +-
fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 2 +-
include/linux/bio.h | 4 +-
include/linux/blk-filter.h | 76 ++++++++++
include/linux/genhd.h | 8 +-
kernel/power/swap.c | 2 +-
mm/page_io.c | 4 +-
14 files changed, 471 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 block/blk-filter-internal.h
create mode 100644 block/blk-filter.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/blk-filter.h

diff --git a/block/Kconfig b/block/Kconfig
index bbad5e8bbffe..a308801b4376 100644
--- a/block/Kconfig
+++ b/block/Kconfig
@@ -204,6 +204,17 @@ config BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION_FALLBACK
by falling back to the kernel crypto API when inline
encryption hardware is not present.

+config BLK_FILTER
+ bool "Enable support for block layer filters"
+ default y
+ depends on MODULES
+ help
+ Enabling this lets third-party kernel modules intercept
+ bio requests for any block device. This allows them to implement
+ changed block tracking and snapshots without any reconfiguration of
+ the existing setup. For example, this option allows snapshotting of
+ a block device without adding it to LVM.
+
menu "Partition Types"

source "block/partitions/Kconfig"
diff --git a/block/Makefile b/block/Makefile
index 8d841f5f986f..b8ee50b8e031 100644
--- a/block/Makefile
+++ b/block/Makefile
@@ -38,3 +38,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_SED_OPAL) += sed-opal.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_PM) += blk-pm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION) += keyslot-manager.o blk-crypto.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION_FALLBACK) += blk-crypto-fallback.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_FILTER) += blk-filter.o
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 10c08ac50697..cc06402af695 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -1216,23 +1216,20 @@ blk_qc_t submit_bio_noacct(struct bio *bio)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio_noacct);

/**
- * submit_bio - submit a bio to the block device layer for I/O
- * @bio: The &struct bio which describes the I/O
- *
- * submit_bio() is used to submit I/O requests to block devices. It is passed a
- * fully set up &struct bio that describes the I/O that needs to be done. The
- * bio will be send to the device described by the bi_disk and bi_partno fields.
+ * submit_bio_direct - submit a bio to the block device layer for I/O
+ * bypass filter.
+ * @bio: The bio describing the location in memory and on the device.
*
- * The success/failure status of the request, along with notification of
- * completion, is delivered asynchronously through the ->bi_end_io() callback
- * in @bio. The bio must NOT be touched by thecaller until ->bi_end_io() has
- * been called.
+ * Description:
+ * This is a version of submit_bio() that shall only be used for I/O
+ * that cannot be intercepted by block layer filters.
+ * All file systems and other upper level users of the block layer
+ * should use submit_bio() instead.
+ * Use this function to access the swap partition and directly access
+ * the block device file.
*/
-blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *bio)
+blk_qc_t submit_bio_direct(struct bio *bio)
{
- if (blkcg_punt_bio_submit(bio))
- return BLK_QC_T_NONE;
-
/*
* If it's a regular read/write or a barrier with data attached,
* go through the normal accounting stuff before submission.
@@ -1282,8 +1279,35 @@ blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *bio)

return submit_bio_noacct(bio);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio_direct);
+
+/**
+ * submit_bio - submit a bio to the block device layer for I/O
+ * @bio: The &struct bio which describes the I/O
+ *
+ * submit_bio() is used to submit I/O requests to block devices. It is passed a
+ * fully set up &struct bio that describes the I/O that needs to be done. The
+ * bio will be send to the device described by the bi_disk and bi_partno fields.
+ *
+ * The success/failure status of the request, along with notification of
+ * completion, is delivered asynchronously through the ->bi_end_io() callback
+ * in @bio. The bio must NOT be touched by thecaller until ->bi_end_io() has
+ * been called.
+ */
+void submit_bio(struct bio *bio)
+{
+ if (blkcg_punt_bio_submit(bio))
+ return;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_FILTER
+ blk_filter_submit_bio(bio);
+#else
+ submit_bio_direct(bio);
+#endif
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio);

+
/**
* blk_cloned_rq_check_limits - Helper function to check a cloned request
* for the new queue limits
diff --git a/block/blk-filter-internal.h b/block/blk-filter-internal.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d456a09f50db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/blk-filter-internal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ *
+ * Block device filters internal declarations
+ */
+
+#ifndef BLK_FILTER_INTERNAL_H
+#define BLK_FILTER_INTERNAL_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_FILTER
+#include <linux/blk-filter.h>
+
+void blk_filter_part_add(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t devt);
+
+void blk_filter_part_del(struct hd_struct *part);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_BLK_FILTER */
+
+
+static inline void blk_filter_part_add(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t devt)
+{ };
+
+static inline void blk_filter_part_del(struct hd_struct *part)
+{ };
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_FILTER */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/block/blk-filter.c b/block/blk-filter.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f6de16c45a16
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/blk-filter.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#include <linux/genhd.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include "blk-filter-internal.h"
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+
+
+LIST_HEAD(filters);
+DECLARE_RWSEM(filters_lock);
+
+static void blk_filter_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct blk_filter *flt = container_of(kref, struct blk_filter, kref);
+
+ kfree(flt);
+}
+
+static inline void blk_filter_get(struct blk_filter *flt)
+{
+ kref_get(&flt->kref);
+}
+
+static inline void blk_filter_put(struct blk_filter *flt)
+{
+ kref_put(&flt->kref, blk_filter_release);
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_part_add() - Notify filters when a new partition is added.
+ * @part: The partition for new block device.
+ * @devt: Device id for new block device.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * When the block device is appears in the system, call the filter
+ * callback to notify that the block device appears.
+ */
+void blk_filter_part_add(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t devt)
+{
+ down_read(&filters_lock);
+ if (!list_empty(&filters)) {
+ struct list_head *_list_head;
+
+ list_for_each(_list_head, &filters) {
+ void *filter_data;
+ bool attached = false;
+ struct blk_filter *flt;
+
+ flt = list_entry(_list_head, struct blk_filter, link);
+
+ attached = flt->ops->part_add(devt, &filter_data);
+ if (attached) {
+ blk_filter_get(flt);
+ part->filter = flt;
+ part->filter_data = filter_data;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ up_read(&filters_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_part_del() - Notify filters when the partition is deleted.
+ * @part: The partition of block device.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * When the block device is destroying and the partition is releasing,
+ * call the filter callback to notify that the block device will be
+ * deleted.
+ */
+void blk_filter_part_del(struct hd_struct *part)
+{
+ struct blk_filter *flt = part->filter;
+
+ if (!flt)
+ return;
+
+ flt->ops->part_del(part->filter_data);
+
+ part->filter_data = NULL;
+ part->filter = NULL;
+ blk_filter_put(flt);
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_submit_bio() - Send new bio to filters for processing.
+ * @bio: The new bio for block I/O layer.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This function is an implementation of block layer filter
+ * interception. If the filter is attached to this block device,
+ * then bio will be redirected to the filter kernel module.
+ */
+void blk_filter_submit_bio(struct bio *bio)
+{
+ bool intercepted = false;
+ struct hd_struct *part;
+
+ bio_get(bio);
+
+ part = disk_get_part(bio->bi_disk, bio->bi_partno);
+ if (unlikely(!part)) {
+ bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR;
+ bio_endio(bio);
+
+ bio_put(bio);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ down_read(&part->filter_rw_lockup);
+
+ if (part->filter)
+ intercepted = part->filter->ops->filter_bio(bio, part->filter_data);
+
+ up_read(&part->filter_rw_lockup);
+
+ if (!intercepted)
+ submit_bio_direct(bio);
+
+ disk_put_part(part);
+
+ bio_put(bio);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_submit_bio);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_register() - Register block layer filter.
+ * @ops: New filter callbacks.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * Filter ID, a pointer to the service structure of the filter.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Create new filter structure.
+ * Use blk_filter_attach to attach devices to filter.
+ */
+void *blk_filter_register(struct blk_filter_ops *ops)
+{
+ struct blk_filter *flt;
+
+ flt = kzalloc(sizeof(struct blk_filter), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!flt)
+ return NULL;
+
+ kref_init(&flt->kref);
+ flt->ops = ops;
+
+ down_write(&filters_lock);
+ list_add_tail(&flt->link, &filters);
+ up_write(&filters_lock);
+
+ return flt;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_register);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_unregister() - Unregister block layer filter.
+ * @filter: filter identifier.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Before call blk_filter_unregister() and unload filter module all
+ * partitions MUST be detached. Otherwise, the system will have a
+ * filter with non-existent interception functions.
+ */
+void blk_filter_unregister(void *filter)
+{
+ struct blk_filter *flt = filter;
+
+ down_write(&filters_lock);
+ list_del(&flt->link);
+ up_write(&filters_lock);
+
+ blk_filter_put(flt);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_unregister);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_attach() - Attach block layer filter.
+ * @devt: The block device identification number.
+ * @filter: Filter identifier.
+ * @filter_data: Specific filters data for this device.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * Return code.
+ * -ENODEV - cannot find this device, it is OK if the device does not exist yet.
+ * -EALREADY - this device is already attached to this filter.
+ * -EBUSY - this device is already attached to the another filter.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Attach the device to the block layer filter.
+ * Only one filter can be attached to a single device.
+ */
+int blk_filter_attach(dev_t devt, void *filter, void *filter_data)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ struct blk_filter *flt = filter;
+ struct block_device *blk_dev;
+
+
+ blk_dev = bdget(devt);
+ if (!blk_dev)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ blk_filter_freeze(blk_dev);
+
+ if (blk_dev->bd_part->filter) {
+ if (blk_dev->bd_part->filter == flt)
+ ret = -EALREADY;
+ else
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ } else {
+ blk_filter_get(flt);
+ blk_dev->bd_part->filter = flt;
+ blk_dev->bd_part->filter_data = filter_data;
+ }
+
+ blk_filter_thaw(blk_dev);
+
+ bdput(blk_dev);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_attach);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_detach() - Detach block layer filter.
+ * @devt: The block device identification number.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Detach the device from the block layer filter.
+ * Do not forget detach all devices before calling the
+ * blk_filter_unregister() function and unload the module!
+ */
+void blk_filter_detach(dev_t devt)
+{
+ struct blk_filter *flt;
+ struct block_device *blk_dev;
+
+ blk_dev = bdget(devt);
+ if (!blk_dev)
+ return;
+
+ blk_filter_freeze(blk_dev);
+
+ flt = blk_dev->bd_part->filter;
+ if (flt) {
+ blk_dev->bd_part->filter_data = NULL;
+ blk_dev->bd_part->filter = NULL;
+ blk_filter_put(flt);
+ }
+
+ blk_filter_thaw(blk_dev);
+
+ bdput(blk_dev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_detach);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_freeze() - Lock bio submitting.
+ * @bdev: The block device pointer.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Stop bio processing.
+ */
+void blk_filter_freeze(struct block_device *bdev)
+{
+ down_write(&bdev->bd_part->filter_rw_lockup);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_freeze);
+
+/**
+ * blk_filter_thaw() - Unlock bio submitting.
+ * @bdev: The block device pointer.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Resume bio processing.
+ */
+void blk_filter_thaw(struct block_device *bdev)
+{
+ up_write(&bdev->bd_part->filter_rw_lockup);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_filter_thaw);
diff --git a/block/partitions/core.c b/block/partitions/core.c
index 722406b841df..6b845e98b9a1 100644
--- a/block/partitions/core.c
+++ b/block/partitions/core.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
#include <linux/raid/detect.h>
#include "check.h"
+#include "../blk-filter-internal.h"

static int (*check_part[])(struct parsed_partitions *) = {
/*
@@ -320,9 +321,11 @@ int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part)
*/
void delete_partition(struct gendisk *disk, struct hd_struct *part)
{
- struct disk_part_tbl *ptbl =
- rcu_dereference_protected(disk->part_tbl, 1);
+ struct disk_part_tbl *ptbl;
+
+ blk_filter_part_del(part);

+ ptbl = rcu_dereference_protected(disk->part_tbl, 1);
/*
* ->part_tbl is referenced in this part's release handler, so
* we have to hold the disk device
@@ -412,6 +415,9 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
p->nr_sects = len;
p->partno = partno;
p->policy = get_disk_ro(disk);
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_FILTER
+ init_rwsem(&p->filter_rw_lockup);
+#endif

if (info) {
struct partition_meta_info *pinfo;
@@ -469,6 +475,9 @@ static struct hd_struct *add_partition(struct gendisk *disk, int partno,
/* everything is up and running, commence */
rcu_assign_pointer(ptbl->part[partno], p);

+ /*inform filter about a new partition*/
+ blk_filter_part_add(p, devt);
+
/* suppress uevent if the disk suppresses it */
if (!dev_get_uevent_suppress(ddev))
kobject_uevent(&pdev->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
@@ -552,6 +561,7 @@ int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno)
goto out_unlock;

sync_blockdev(bdevp);
+
invalidate_bdev(bdevp);

delete_partition(bdev->bd_disk, part);
diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
index 8ae833e00443..431eae17fd8f 100644
--- a/fs/block_dev.c
+++ b/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ __blkdev_direct_IO_simple(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI)
bio_set_polled(&bio, iocb);

- qc = submit_bio(&bio);
+ qc = submit_bio_direct(&bio);
for (;;) {
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
if (!READ_ONCE(bio.bi_private))
@@ -400,7 +400,7 @@ __blkdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter, int nr_pages)
polled = true;
}

- qc = submit_bio(bio);
+ qc = submit_bio_direct(bio);

if (polled)
WRITE_ONCE(iocb->ki_cookie, qc);
@@ -421,7 +421,7 @@ __blkdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter, int nr_pages)
atomic_inc(&dio->ref);
}

- submit_bio(bio);
+ submit_bio_direct(bio);
bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, nr_pages);
}

diff --git a/fs/direct-io.c b/fs/direct-io.c
index 183299892465..d9bb1b6f6814 100644
--- a/fs/direct-io.c
+++ b/fs/direct-io.c
@@ -459,7 +459,7 @@ static inline void dio_bio_submit(struct dio *dio, struct dio_submit *sdio)
sdio->submit_io(bio, dio->inode, sdio->logical_offset_in_bio);
dio->bio_cookie = BLK_QC_T_NONE;
} else
- dio->bio_cookie = submit_bio(bio);
+ dio->bio_cookie = submit_bio_direct(bio);

sdio->bio = NULL;
sdio->boundary = 0;
diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
index c1aafb2ab990..e05f20ce8b5f 100644
--- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
+++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ static void iomap_dio_submit_bio(struct iomap_dio *dio, struct iomap *iomap,
file_inode(dio->iocb->ki_filp),
iomap, bio, pos);
else
- dio->submit.cookie = submit_bio(bio);
+ dio->submit.cookie = submit_bio_direct(bio);
}

static ssize_t iomap_dio_complete(struct iomap_dio *dio)
diff --git a/include/linux/bio.h b/include/linux/bio.h
index c6d765382926..5b0a32697207 100644
--- a/include/linux/bio.h
+++ b/include/linux/bio.h
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/ioprio.h>
/* struct bio, bio_vec and BIO_* flags are defined in blk_types.h */
#include <linux/blk_types.h>
+#include <linux/blk-filter.h>

#define BIO_DEBUG

@@ -411,7 +412,8 @@ static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs)
return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL);
}

-extern blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *);
+extern blk_qc_t submit_bio_direct(struct bio *bio);
+extern void submit_bio(struct bio *bio);

extern void bio_endio(struct bio *);

diff --git a/include/linux/blk-filter.h b/include/linux/blk-filter.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f3e79e5b4586
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/blk-filter.h
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ * API declarations for kernel modules utilizing block device filters
+ */
+
+#ifndef BLK_FILTER_H
+#define BLK_FILTER_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_FILTER
+#include <linux/kref.h>
+
+struct blk_filter_ops {
+ /*
+ * Intercept bio callback.
+ *
+ * Returns true if the request was intercepted and placed in the
+ * queue for processing. Otherwise submit_bio_direct() calling
+ * needed.
+ */
+ bool (*filter_bio)(struct bio *bio, void *filter_data);
+
+ /*
+ * Callback to a request to add block device to the filter.
+ *
+ * Returns true if the block device will be filtered.
+ * p_filter_data gets a pointer to data that is unique to
+ * this device.
+ */
+ bool (*part_add)(dev_t devt, void **p_filter_data);
+
+ /*
+ * Callback to remove block device from the filter.
+ */
+ void (*part_del)(void *filter_data);
+};
+
+struct blk_filter {
+ struct list_head link;
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct blk_filter_ops *ops;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Register/unregister device to filter
+ */
+void *blk_filter_register(struct blk_filter_ops *ops);
+
+void blk_filter_unregister(void *filter);
+
+/*
+ * Attach/detach device to filter
+ */
+int blk_filter_attach(dev_t devt, void *filter, void *filter_data);
+
+void blk_filter_detach(dev_t devt);
+
+/*
+ * For a consistent state of the file system use the freeze_bdev/thaw_bdav.
+ * But in addition, to ensure that the filter is not in the state of
+ * intercepting the next BIO, you need to call black_filter_freeze/blk_filter_thaw.
+ * This is especially actual if there is no file system on the disk.
+ */
+
+void blk_filter_freeze(struct block_device *bdev);
+
+void blk_filter_thaw(struct block_device *bdev);
+
+/*
+ * Filters intercept function
+ */
+void blk_filter_submit_bio(struct bio *bio);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_FILTER */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/genhd.h b/include/linux/genhd.h
index 4ab853461dff..514fab6b947e 100644
--- a/include/linux/genhd.h
+++ b/include/linux/genhd.h
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@

/*
* genhd.h Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt
- * Generic hard disk header file by
+ * Generic hard disk header file by
* Drew Eckhardt
*
* <drew@colorado.edu>
@@ -75,6 +75,12 @@ struct hd_struct {
int make_it_fail;
#endif
struct rcu_work rcu_work;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_FILTER
+ struct rw_semaphore filter_rw_lockup; /* for freezing block device*/
+ struct blk_filter *filter; /* block layer filter*/
+ void *filter_data; /*specific for each block device filters data*/
+#endif
};

/**
diff --git a/kernel/power/swap.c b/kernel/power/swap.c
index 01e2858b5fe3..5287346b87a1 100644
--- a/kernel/power/swap.c
+++ b/kernel/power/swap.c
@@ -283,7 +283,7 @@ static int hib_submit_io(int op, int op_flags, pgoff_t page_off, void *addr,
bio->bi_end_io = hib_end_io;
bio->bi_private = hb;
atomic_inc(&hb->count);
- submit_bio(bio);
+ submit_bio_direct(bio);
} else {
error = submit_bio_wait(bio);
bio_put(bio);
diff --git a/mm/page_io.c b/mm/page_io.c
index e485a6e8a6cd..4540426400b3 100644
--- a/mm/page_io.c
+++ b/mm/page_io.c
@@ -362,7 +362,7 @@ int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc,
count_swpout_vm_event(page);
set_page_writeback(page);
unlock_page(page);
- submit_bio(bio);
+ submit_bio_direct(bio);
out:
return ret;
}
@@ -434,7 +434,7 @@ int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool synchronous)
}
count_vm_event(PSWPIN);
bio_get(bio);
- qc = submit_bio(bio);
+ qc = submit_bio_direct(bio);
while (synchronous) {
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
if (!READ_ONCE(bio->bi_private))
--
2.20.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-10-21 11:05    [W:0.217 / U:2.016 seconds]
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