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Subject[PATCH v4 5/9] riscv: Add kprobes supported
Date
From: Guo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>

This patch enables "kprobe & kretprobe" to work with ftrace
interface. It utilized software breakpoint as single-step
mechanism.

Some instructions which can't be single-step executed must be
simulated in kernel execution slot, such as: branch, jal, auipc,
la ...

Some instructions should be rejected for probing and we use a
blacklist to filter, such as: ecall, ebreak, ...

We use ebreak & c.ebreak to replace origin instruction and the
kprobe handler prepares an executable memory slot for out-of-line
execution with a copy of the original instruction being probed.
In execution slot we add ebreak behind original instruction to
simulate a single-setp mechanism.

The patch is based on packi's work [1] and csky's work [2].
- The kprobes_trampoline.S is all from packi's patch
- The single-step mechanism is new designed for riscv without hw
single-step trap
- The simulation codes are from csky
- Frankly, all codes refer to other archs' implementation

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-riscv/20181113195804.22825-1-me@packi.ch/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-csky/20200403044150.20562-9-guoren@kernel.org/

Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>
Co-Developed-by: Patrick Stählin <me@packi.ch>
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Patrick Stählin <me@packi.ch>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@google.com>
Cc: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@gmail.com>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 2 +
arch/riscv/include/asm/kprobes.h | 40 +++
arch/riscv/include/asm/probes.h | 24 ++
arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/Makefile | 4 +
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.c | 48 ++++
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.h | 18 ++
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes.c | 398 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S | 93 ++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.c | 85 ++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.h | 47 +++
arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c | 9 +
arch/riscv/mm/fault.c | 4 +
13 files changed, 773 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/probes.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.c
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.c
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.h

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index e6424d8b..c07214a 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -67,6 +67,8 @@ config RISCV
select HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG if FUTEX
select HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
select HAVE_GENERIC_VDSO if MMU && 64BIT
+ select HAVE_KPROBES
+ select HAVE_KRETPROBES
select HAVE_PCI
select HAVE_PERF_EVENTS
select HAVE_PERF_REGS
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kprobes.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kprobes.h
index 56a98ea3..4647d38 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kprobes.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kprobes.h
@@ -11,4 +11,44 @@

#include <asm-generic/kprobes.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+
+#define __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT
+#define MAX_INSN_SIZE 2
+
+#define flush_insn_slot(p) do { } while (0)
+#define kretprobe_blacklist_size 0
+
+#include <asm/probes.h>
+
+struct prev_kprobe {
+ struct kprobe *kp;
+ unsigned int status;
+};
+
+/* Single step context for kprobe */
+struct kprobe_step_ctx {
+ unsigned long ss_pending;
+ unsigned long match_addr;
+};
+
+/* per-cpu kprobe control block */
+struct kprobe_ctlblk {
+ unsigned int kprobe_status;
+ unsigned long saved_status;
+ struct prev_kprobe prev_kprobe;
+ struct kprobe_step_ctx ss_ctx;
+};
+
+void arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
+int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int trapnr);
+bool kprobe_breakpoint_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
+bool kprobe_single_step_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
+void kretprobe_trampoline(void);
+void __kprobes *trampoline_probe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */
#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_KPROBES_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/probes.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/probes.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..a787e6d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/probes.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PROBES_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_PROBES_H
+
+typedef u32 probe_opcode_t;
+typedef bool (probes_handler_t) (u32 opcode, unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *);
+
+/* architecture specific copy of original instruction */
+struct arch_probe_insn {
+ probe_opcode_t *insn;
+ probes_handler_t *handler;
+ /* restore address after simulation */
+ unsigned long restore;
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
+typedef u32 kprobe_opcode_t;
+struct arch_specific_insn {
+ struct arch_probe_insn api;
+};
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PROBES_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
index f14aed2..80958cb 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ obj-y += riscv_ksyms.o
obj-y += stacktrace.o
obj-y += cacheinfo.o
obj-y += patch.o
+obj-y += probes/
obj-$(CONFIG_MMU) += vdso.o vdso/

obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_M_MODE) += traps_misaligned.o
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..8a39507
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += kprobes.o decode-insn.o simulate-insn.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += kprobes_trampoline.o
+CFLAGS_REMOVE_simulate-insn.o = $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..0876c30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.c
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+
+#include "decode-insn.h"
+#include "simulate-insn.h"
+
+/* Return:
+ * INSN_REJECTED If instruction is one not allowed to kprobe,
+ * INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT If instruction is supported but doesn't use its slot.
+ */
+enum probe_insn __kprobes
+riscv_probe_decode_insn(probe_opcode_t *addr, struct arch_probe_insn *api)
+{
+ probe_opcode_t insn = le32_to_cpu(*addr);
+
+ /*
+ * Reject instructions list:
+ */
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(system, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(fence, insn);
+
+ /*
+ * Simulate instructions list:
+ * TODO: the REJECTED ones below need to be implemented
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_C
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_j, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_jr, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_jal, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_jalr, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_beqz, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_bnez, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(c_ebreak, insn);
+#endif
+
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(auipc, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(branch, insn);
+
+ RISCV_INSN_SET_SIMULATE(jal, insn);
+ RISCV_INSN_SET_SIMULATE(jalr, insn);
+
+ return INSN_GOOD;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.h b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..42269a7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/decode-insn.h
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
+
+#ifndef _RISCV_KERNEL_KPROBES_DECODE_INSN_H
+#define _RISCV_KERNEL_KPROBES_DECODE_INSN_H
+
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/kprobes.h>
+
+enum probe_insn {
+ INSN_REJECTED,
+ INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT,
+ INSN_GOOD,
+};
+
+enum probe_insn __kprobes
+riscv_probe_decode_insn(probe_opcode_t *addr, struct arch_probe_insn *asi);
+
+#endif /* _RISCV_KERNEL_KPROBES_DECODE_INSN_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..e60893b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
@@ -0,0 +1,398 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/extable.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/bug.h>
+#include <asm/patch.h>
+
+#include "decode-insn.h"
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, current_kprobe) = NULL;
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk);
+
+static void __kprobes
+post_kprobe_handler(struct kprobe_ctlblk *, struct pt_regs *);
+
+static void __kprobes arch_prepare_ss_slot(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long offset = GET_INSN_LENGTH(p->opcode);
+
+ p->ainsn.api.restore = (unsigned long)p->addr + offset;
+
+ patch_text(p->ainsn.api.insn, p->opcode);
+ patch_text((void *)((unsigned long)(p->ainsn.api.insn) + offset),
+ __BUG_INSN_32);
+}
+
+static void __kprobes arch_prepare_simulate(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ p->ainsn.api.restore = 0;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes arch_simulate_insn(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ if (p->ainsn.api.handler)
+ p->ainsn.api.handler((u32)p->opcode,
+ (unsigned long)p->addr, regs);
+
+ post_kprobe_handler(kcb, regs);
+}
+
+int __kprobes arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long probe_addr = (unsigned long)p->addr;
+
+ if (probe_addr & 0x1) {
+ pr_warn("Address not aligned.\n");
+
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* copy instruction */
+ p->opcode = le32_to_cpu(*p->addr);
+
+ /* decode instruction */
+ switch (riscv_probe_decode_insn(p->addr, &p->ainsn.api)) {
+ case INSN_REJECTED: /* insn not supported */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ case INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT: /* insn need simulation */
+ p->ainsn.api.insn = NULL;
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_GOOD: /* instruction uses slot */
+ p->ainsn.api.insn = get_insn_slot();
+ if (!p->ainsn.api.insn)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* prepare the instruction */
+ if (p->ainsn.api.insn)
+ arch_prepare_ss_slot(p);
+ else
+ arch_prepare_simulate(p);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* install breakpoint in text */
+void __kprobes arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ if ((p->opcode & __INSN_LENGTH_MASK) == __INSN_LENGTH_32)
+ patch_text(p->addr, __BUG_INSN_32);
+ else
+ patch_text(p->addr, __BUG_INSN_16);
+}
+
+/* remove breakpoint from text */
+void __kprobes arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ patch_text(p->addr, p->opcode);
+}
+
+void __kprobes arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+}
+
+static void __kprobes save_previous_kprobe(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ kcb->prev_kprobe.kp = kprobe_running();
+ kcb->prev_kprobe.status = kcb->kprobe_status;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes restore_previous_kprobe(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, kcb->prev_kprobe.kp);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = kcb->prev_kprobe.status;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes set_current_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, p);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Interrupts need to be disabled before single-step mode is set, and not
+ * reenabled until after single-step mode ends.
+ * Without disabling interrupt on local CPU, there is a chance of
+ * interrupt occurrence in the period of exception return and start of
+ * out-of-line single-step, that result in wrongly single stepping
+ * into the interrupt handler.
+ */
+static void __kprobes kprobes_save_local_irqflag(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ kcb->saved_status = regs->status;
+ regs->status &= ~SR_SPIE;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes kprobes_restore_local_irqflag(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ regs->status = kcb->saved_status;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes
+set_ss_context(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, unsigned long addr, struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long offset = GET_INSN_LENGTH(p->opcode);
+
+ kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending = true;
+ kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr = addr + offset;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes clear_ss_context(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending = false;
+ kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr = 0;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes setup_singlestep(struct kprobe *p,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, int reenter)
+{
+ unsigned long slot;
+
+ if (reenter) {
+ save_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ set_current_kprobe(p);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_REENTER;
+ } else {
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SS;
+ }
+
+ if (p->ainsn.api.insn) {
+ /* prepare for single stepping */
+ slot = (unsigned long)p->ainsn.api.insn;
+
+ set_ss_context(kcb, slot, p); /* mark pending ss */
+
+ /* IRQs and single stepping do not mix well. */
+ kprobes_save_local_irqflag(kcb, regs);
+
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, slot);
+ } else {
+ /* insn simulation */
+ arch_simulate_insn(p, regs);
+ }
+}
+
+static int __kprobes reenter_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
+ case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
+ kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(p);
+ setup_singlestep(p, regs, kcb, 1);
+ break;
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
+ case KPROBE_REENTER:
+ pr_warn("Unrecoverable kprobe detected.\n");
+ dump_kprobe(p);
+ BUG();
+ break;
+ default:
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes
+post_kprobe_handler(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
+
+ if (!cur)
+ return;
+
+ /* return addr restore if non-branching insn */
+ if (cur->ainsn.api.restore != 0)
+ regs->epc = cur->ainsn.api.restore;
+
+ /* restore back original saved kprobe variables and continue */
+ if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER) {
+ restore_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* call post handler */
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE;
+ if (cur->post_handler) {
+ /* post_handler can hit breakpoint and single step
+ * again, so we enable D-flag for recursive exception.
+ */
+ cur->post_handler(cur, regs, 0);
+ }
+
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+}
+
+int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int trapnr)
+{
+ struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
+ case KPROBE_REENTER:
+ /*
+ * We are here because the instruction being single
+ * stepped caused a page fault. We reset the current
+ * kprobe and the ip points back to the probe address
+ * and allow the page fault handler to continue as a
+ * normal page fault.
+ */
+ regs->epc = (unsigned long) cur->addr;
+ if (!instruction_pointer(regs))
+ BUG();
+
+ if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER)
+ restore_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ else
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+
+ break;
+ case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
+ /*
+ * We increment the nmissed count for accounting,
+ * we can also use npre/npostfault count for accounting
+ * these specific fault cases.
+ */
+ kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(cur);
+
+ /*
+ * We come here because instructions in the pre/post
+ * handler caused the page_fault, this could happen
+ * if handler tries to access user space by
+ * copy_from_user(), get_user() etc. Let the
+ * user-specified handler try to fix it first.
+ */
+ if (cur->fault_handler && cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr))
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * In case the user-specified fault handler returned
+ * zero, try to fix up.
+ */
+ if (fixup_exception(regs))
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+bool __kprobes
+kprobe_breakpoint_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe *p, *cur_kprobe;
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
+ unsigned long addr = instruction_pointer(regs);
+
+ kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+ cur_kprobe = kprobe_running();
+
+ p = get_kprobe((kprobe_opcode_t *) addr);
+
+ if (p) {
+ if (cur_kprobe) {
+ if (reenter_kprobe(p, regs, kcb))
+ return true;
+ } else {
+ /* Probe hit */
+ set_current_kprobe(p);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE;
+
+ /*
+ * If we have no pre-handler or it returned 0, we
+ * continue with normal processing. If we have a
+ * pre-handler and it returned non-zero, it will
+ * modify the execution path and no need to single
+ * stepping. Let's just reset current kprobe and exit.
+ *
+ * pre_handler can hit a breakpoint and can step thru
+ * before return.
+ */
+ if (!p->pre_handler || !p->pre_handler(p, regs))
+ setup_singlestep(p, regs, kcb, 0);
+ else
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+ }
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
+ * after we hit it. Another cpu has removed
+ * either a probepoint or a debugger breakpoint
+ * at this address. In either case, no further
+ * handling of this interrupt is appropriate.
+ * Return back to original instruction, and continue.
+ */
+ return false;
+}
+
+bool __kprobes
+kprobe_single_step_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ if ((kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending)
+ && (kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr == instruction_pointer(regs))) {
+ clear_ss_context(kcb); /* clear pending ss */
+
+ kprobes_restore_local_irqflag(kcb, regs);
+
+ post_kprobe_handler(kcb, regs);
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Provide a blacklist of symbols identifying ranges which cannot be kprobed.
+ * This blacklist is exposed to userspace via debugfs (kprobes/blacklist).
+ */
+int __init arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__irqentry_text_start,
+ (unsigned long)__irqentry_text_end);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void __kprobes __used *trampoline_probe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return (void *)kretprobe_trampoline_handler(regs, &kretprobe_trampoline, NULL);
+}
+
+void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ ri->ret_addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)regs->ra;
+ ri->fp = NULL;
+ regs->ra = (unsigned long) &kretprobe_trampoline;
+}
+
+int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..6e85d02
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S
@@ -0,0 +1,93 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
+/*
+ * Author: Patrick Stählin <me@packi.ch>
+ */
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/asm.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+
+ .text
+ .altmacro
+
+ .macro save_all_base_regs
+ REG_S x1, PT_RA(sp)
+ REG_S x3, PT_GP(sp)
+ REG_S x4, PT_TP(sp)
+ REG_S x5, PT_T0(sp)
+ REG_S x6, PT_T1(sp)
+ REG_S x7, PT_T2(sp)
+ REG_S x8, PT_S0(sp)
+ REG_S x9, PT_S1(sp)
+ REG_S x10, PT_A0(sp)
+ REG_S x11, PT_A1(sp)
+ REG_S x12, PT_A2(sp)
+ REG_S x13, PT_A3(sp)
+ REG_S x14, PT_A4(sp)
+ REG_S x15, PT_A5(sp)
+ REG_S x16, PT_A6(sp)
+ REG_S x17, PT_A7(sp)
+ REG_S x18, PT_S2(sp)
+ REG_S x19, PT_S3(sp)
+ REG_S x20, PT_S4(sp)
+ REG_S x21, PT_S5(sp)
+ REG_S x22, PT_S6(sp)
+ REG_S x23, PT_S7(sp)
+ REG_S x24, PT_S8(sp)
+ REG_S x25, PT_S9(sp)
+ REG_S x26, PT_S10(sp)
+ REG_S x27, PT_S11(sp)
+ REG_S x28, PT_T3(sp)
+ REG_S x29, PT_T4(sp)
+ REG_S x30, PT_T5(sp)
+ REG_S x31, PT_T6(sp)
+ .endm
+
+ .macro restore_all_base_regs
+ REG_L x3, PT_GP(sp)
+ REG_L x4, PT_TP(sp)
+ REG_L x5, PT_T0(sp)
+ REG_L x6, PT_T1(sp)
+ REG_L x7, PT_T2(sp)
+ REG_L x8, PT_S0(sp)
+ REG_L x9, PT_S1(sp)
+ REG_L x10, PT_A0(sp)
+ REG_L x11, PT_A1(sp)
+ REG_L x12, PT_A2(sp)
+ REG_L x13, PT_A3(sp)
+ REG_L x14, PT_A4(sp)
+ REG_L x15, PT_A5(sp)
+ REG_L x16, PT_A6(sp)
+ REG_L x17, PT_A7(sp)
+ REG_L x18, PT_S2(sp)
+ REG_L x19, PT_S3(sp)
+ REG_L x20, PT_S4(sp)
+ REG_L x21, PT_S5(sp)
+ REG_L x22, PT_S6(sp)
+ REG_L x23, PT_S7(sp)
+ REG_L x24, PT_S8(sp)
+ REG_L x25, PT_S9(sp)
+ REG_L x26, PT_S10(sp)
+ REG_L x27, PT_S11(sp)
+ REG_L x28, PT_T3(sp)
+ REG_L x29, PT_T4(sp)
+ REG_L x30, PT_T5(sp)
+ REG_L x31, PT_T6(sp)
+ .endm
+
+ENTRY(kretprobe_trampoline)
+ addi sp, sp, -(PT_SIZE_ON_STACK)
+ save_all_base_regs
+
+ move a0, sp /* pt_regs */
+
+ call trampoline_probe_handler
+
+ /* use the result as the return-address */
+ move ra, a0
+
+ restore_all_base_regs
+ addi sp, sp, PT_SIZE_ON_STACK
+
+ ret
+ENDPROC(kretprobe_trampoline)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..2519ce2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.c
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+
+#include "decode-insn.h"
+#include "simulate-insn.h"
+
+static inline bool rv_insn_reg_get_val(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 index,
+ unsigned long *ptr)
+{
+ if (index == 0)
+ *ptr = 0;
+ else if (index <= 31)
+ *ptr = *((unsigned long *)regs + index);
+ else
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool rv_insn_reg_set_val(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 index,
+ unsigned long val)
+{
+ if (index == 0)
+ return false;
+ else if (index <= 31)
+ *((unsigned long *)regs + index) = val;
+ else
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool __kprobes simulate_jal(u32 opcode, unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /*
+ * 31 30 21 20 19 12 11 7 6 0
+ * imm [20] | imm[10:1] | imm[11] | imm[19:12] | rd | opcode
+ * 1 10 1 8 5 JAL/J
+ */
+ bool ret;
+ u32 imm;
+ u32 index = (opcode >> 7) & 0x1f;
+
+ ret = rv_insn_reg_set_val(regs, index, addr + 4);
+ if (!ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ imm = ((opcode >> 21) & 0x3ff) << 1;
+ imm |= ((opcode >> 20) & 0x1) << 11;
+ imm |= ((opcode >> 12) & 0xff) << 12;
+ imm |= ((opcode >> 31) & 0x1) << 20;
+
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, addr + sign_extend32((imm), 20));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+bool __kprobes simulate_jalr(u32 opcode, unsigned long addr, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /*
+ * 31 20 19 15 14 12 11 7 6 0
+ * offset[11:0] | rs1 | 010 | rd | opcode
+ * 12 5 3 5 JALR/JR
+ */
+ bool ret;
+ unsigned long base_addr;
+ u32 imm = (opcode >> 20) & 0xfff;
+ u32 rd_index = (opcode >> 7) & 0x1f;
+ u32 rs1_index = (opcode >> 15) & 0x1f;
+
+ ret = rv_insn_reg_set_val(regs, rd_index, addr + 4);
+ if (!ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = rv_insn_reg_get_val(regs, rs1_index, &base_addr);
+ if (!ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, (base_addr + sign_extend32((imm), 11))&~1);
+
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.h b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..a62d784
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/probes/simulate-insn.h
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
+
+#ifndef _RISCV_KERNEL_PROBES_SIMULATE_INSN_H
+#define _RISCV_KERNEL_PROBES_SIMULATE_INSN_H
+
+#define __RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(name, mask, val) \
+static __always_inline bool riscv_insn_is_##name(probe_opcode_t code) \
+{ \
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(~(mask) & (val)); \
+ return (code & (mask)) == (val); \
+} \
+bool simulate_##name(u32 opcode, unsigned long addr, \
+ struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+#define RISCV_INSN_REJECTED(name, code) \
+ do { \
+ if (riscv_insn_is_##name(code)) { \
+ return INSN_REJECTED; \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(system, 0x7f, 0x73)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(fence, 0x7f, 0x0f)
+
+#define RISCV_INSN_SET_SIMULATE(name, code) \
+ do { \
+ if (riscv_insn_is_##name(code)) { \
+ api->handler = simulate_##name; \
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT; \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_j, 0xe003, 0xa001)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_jr, 0xf007, 0x8002)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_jal, 0xe003, 0x2001)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_jalr, 0xf007, 0x9002)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_beqz, 0xe003, 0xc001)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_bnez, 0xe003, 0xe001)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(c_ebreak, 0xffff, 0x9002)
+
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(auipc, 0x7f, 0x17)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(branch, 0x7f, 0x63)
+
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(jal, 0x7f, 0x6f)
+__RISCV_INSN_FUNCS(jalr, 0x707f, 0x67)
+
+#endif /* _RISCV_KERNEL_PROBES_SIMULATE_INSN_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
index ad14f44..19a788a 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/traps.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
@@ -145,6 +146,14 @@ static inline unsigned long get_break_insn_length(unsigned long pc)

asmlinkage __visible void do_trap_break(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
+ if (kprobe_single_step_handler(regs))
+ return;
+
+ if (kprobe_breakpoint_handler(regs))
+ return;
+#endif
+
if (user_mode(regs))
force_sig_fault(SIGTRAP, TRAP_BRKPT, (void __user *)regs->epc);
#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB
diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
index 716d64e..6afd59d 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>

#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -39,6 +40,9 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
tsk = current;
mm = tsk->mm;

+ if (kprobe_page_fault(regs, cause))
+ return;
+
/*
* Fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand.
* The 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd.
--
2.7.4
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