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SubjectRe: [PATCH 8/8] WIP: add a dma_alloc_contiguous API
+CC Ricardo who will be looking into using this in the USB stack (UVC
camera driver).

On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 6:09 PM Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> wrote:
>
> Add a new API that returns a virtually non-contigous array of pages
> and dma address. This API is only implemented for dma-iommu and will
> not be implemented for non-iommu DMA API instances that have to allocate
> contiguous memory. It is up to the caller to check if the API is
> available.
>
> The intent is that media drivers can use this API if either:
>
> - no kernel mapping or only temporary kernel mappings are required.
> That is as a better replacement for DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING
> - a kernel mapping is required for cached and DMA mapped pages, but
> the driver also needs the pages to e.g. map them to userspace.
> In that sense it is a replacement for some aspects of the recently
> removed and never fully implemented DMA_ATTR_NON_CONSISTENT
>
> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> include/linux/dma-mapping.h | 9 +++++
> kernel/dma/mapping.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> index 7922f545cd5eef..158026a856622c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
> @@ -565,23 +565,12 @@ static struct page **__iommu_dma_alloc_pages(struct device *dev,
> return pages;
> }
>
> -/**
> - * iommu_dma_alloc_remap - Allocate and map a buffer contiguous in IOVA space
> - * @dev: Device to allocate memory for. Must be a real device
> - * attached to an iommu_dma_domain
> - * @size: Size of buffer in bytes
> - * @dma_handle: Out argument for allocated DMA handle
> - * @gfp: Allocation flags
> - * @prot: pgprot_t to use for the remapped mapping
> - * @attrs: DMA attributes for this allocation
> - *
> - * If @size is less than PAGE_SIZE, then a full CPU page will be allocated,
> +/*
> + * If size is less than PAGE_SIZE, then a full CPU page will be allocated,
> * but an IOMMU which supports smaller pages might not map the whole thing.
> - *
> - * Return: Mapped virtual address, or NULL on failure.
> */
> -static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> - dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, pgprot_t prot,
> +static struct page **__iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev,
> + size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, pgprot_t prot,
> unsigned long attrs)
> {
> struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
> @@ -593,7 +582,6 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> struct page **pages;
> struct sg_table sgt;
> dma_addr_t iova;
> - void *vaddr;
>
> *dma_handle = DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>
> @@ -636,17 +624,10 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> < size)
> goto out_free_sg;
>
> - vaddr = dma_common_pages_remap(pages, size, prot,
> - __builtin_return_address(0));
> - if (!vaddr)
> - goto out_unmap;
> -
> *dma_handle = iova;
> sg_free_table(&sgt);
> - return vaddr;
> + return pages;
>
> -out_unmap:
> - __iommu_dma_unmap(dev, iova, size);
> out_free_sg:
> sg_free_table(&sgt);
> out_free_iova:
> @@ -656,6 +637,46 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> return NULL;
> }
>
> +static void *iommu_dma_alloc_remap(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, pgprot_t prot,
> + unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> + struct page **pages;
> + void *vaddr;
> +
> + pages = __iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous(dev, size, dma_handle, gfp,
> + prot, attrs);
> + if (!pages)
> + return NULL;
> + vaddr = dma_common_pages_remap(pages, size, prot,
> + __builtin_return_address(0));
> + if (!vaddr)
> + goto out_unmap;
> + return vaddr;
> +
> +out_unmap:
> + __iommu_dma_unmap(dev, *dma_handle, size);
> + __iommu_dma_free_pages(pages, PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DMA_REMAP
> +static struct page **iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev,
> + size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp,
> + unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> + return __iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous(dev, size, dma_handle, gfp,
> + PAGE_KERNEL, attrs);
> +}
> +
> +static void iommu_dma_free_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + struct page **pages, dma_addr_t dma_handle)
> +{
> + __iommu_dma_unmap(dev, dma_handle, size);
> + __iommu_dma_free_pages(pages, PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> static void iommu_dma_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev,
> dma_addr_t dma_handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
> {
> @@ -1110,6 +1131,10 @@ static const struct dma_map_ops iommu_dma_ops = {
> .free = iommu_dma_free,
> .alloc_pages = dma_common_alloc_pages,
> .free_pages = dma_common_free_pages,
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DMA_REMAP
> + .alloc_noncontiguous = iommu_dma_alloc_noncontiguous,
> + .free_noncontiguous = iommu_dma_free_noncontiguous,
> +#endif
> .mmap = iommu_dma_mmap,
> .get_sgtable = iommu_dma_get_sgtable,
> .map_page = iommu_dma_map_page,
> diff --git a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> index 4b9b1d64f5ec9e..51bbc32365bb8d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> @@ -74,6 +74,10 @@ struct dma_map_ops {
> gfp_t gfp);
> void (*free_pages)(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *vaddr,
> dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir);
> + struct page **(*alloc_noncontiguous)(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs);
> + void (*free_noncontiguous)(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + struct page **pages, dma_addr_t dma_handle);
> int (*mmap)(struct device *, struct vm_area_struct *,
> void *, dma_addr_t, size_t,
> unsigned long attrs);
> @@ -384,6 +388,11 @@ void *dma_alloc_noncoherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp);
> void dma_free_noncoherent(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *vaddr,
> dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir);
> +bool dma_can_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev);
> +struct page **dma_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs);
> +void dma_free_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + struct page **pages, dma_addr_t dma_handle);
>
> static inline dma_addr_t dma_map_single_attrs(struct device *dev, void *ptr,
> size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/mapping.c b/kernel/dma/mapping.c
> index 06115f59f4ffbf..6d975d1a20dd72 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/mapping.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/mapping.c
> @@ -529,6 +529,41 @@ void dma_free_noncoherent(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *vaddr,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_free_noncoherent);
>
> +bool dma_can_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + const struct dma_map_ops *ops = get_dma_ops(dev);
> +
> + return ops && ops->free_noncontiguous;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_can_alloc_noncontiguous);
> +
> +struct page **dma_alloc_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> + const struct dma_map_ops *ops = get_dma_ops(dev);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!dma_can_alloc_noncontiguous(dev)))
> + return NULL;
> + if (attrs & ~DMA_ATTR_ALLOC_SINGLE_PAGES) {
> + dev_warn(dev, "invalid flags (0x%lx) for %s\n",
> + attrs, __func__);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + return ops->alloc_noncontiguous(dev, size, dma_handle, gfp, attrs);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_alloc_noncontiguous);
> +
> +void dma_free_noncontiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> + struct page **pages, dma_addr_t dma_handle)
> +{
> + const struct dma_map_ops *ops = get_dma_ops(dev);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!dma_can_alloc_noncontiguous(dev)))
> + return;
> + ops->free_noncontiguous(dev, size, pages, dma_handle);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_free_noncontiguous);
> +
> int dma_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask)
> {
> const struct dma_map_ops *ops = get_dma_ops(dev);
> --
> 2.28.0
>

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