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Subject[PATCH v5 seccomp 5/5] seccomp/cache: Report cache data through /proc/pid/seccomp_cache
Date
From: YiFei Zhu <yifeifz2@illinois.edu>

Currently the kernel does not provide an infrastructure to translate
architecture numbers to a human-readable name. Translating syscall
numbers to syscall names is possible through FTRACE_SYSCALL
infrastructure but it does not provide support for compat syscalls.

This will create a file for each PID as /proc/pid/seccomp_cache.
The file will be empty when no seccomp filters are loaded, or be
in the format of:
<arch name> <decimal syscall number> <ALLOW | FILTER>
where ALLOW means the cache is guaranteed to allow the syscall,
and filter means the cache will pass the syscall to the BPF filter.

For the docker default profile on x86_64 it looks like:
x86_64 0 ALLOW
x86_64 1 ALLOW
x86_64 2 ALLOW
x86_64 3 ALLOW
[...]
x86_64 132 ALLOW
x86_64 133 ALLOW
x86_64 134 FILTER
x86_64 135 FILTER
x86_64 136 FILTER
x86_64 137 ALLOW
x86_64 138 ALLOW
x86_64 139 FILTER
x86_64 140 ALLOW
x86_64 141 ALLOW
[...]

This file is guarded by CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG with a default
of N because I think certain users of seccomp might not want the
application to know which syscalls are definitely usable. For
the same reason, it is also guarded by CAP_SYS_ADMIN.

Suggested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAG48ez3Ofqp4crXGksLmZY6=fGrF_tWyUCg7PBkAetvbbOPeOA@mail.gmail.com/
Signed-off-by: YiFei Zhu <yifeifz2@illinois.edu>
---
arch/Kconfig | 24 ++++++++++++++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/seccomp.h | 3 ++
fs/proc/base.c | 6 ++++
include/linux/seccomp.h | 7 ++++
kernel/seccomp.c | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 100 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 21a3675a7a3a..6157c3ce0662 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -471,6 +471,15 @@ config HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
results in the system call being skipped immediately.
- seccomp syscall wired up

+config HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_CACHE
+ bool
+ help
+ An arch should select this symbol if it provides all of these things:
+ - all the requirements for HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
+ - SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE
+ - SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NR
+ - SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NAME
+
config SECCOMP
prompt "Enable seccomp to safely execute untrusted bytecode"
def_bool y
@@ -498,6 +507,21 @@ config SECCOMP_FILTER

See Documentation/userspace-api/seccomp_filter.rst for details.

+config SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG
+ bool "Show seccomp filter cache status in /proc/pid/seccomp_cache"
+ depends on SECCOMP
+ depends on SECCOMP_FILTER && HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_CACHE
+ depends on PROC_FS
+ help
+ This enables the /proc/pid/seccomp_cache interface to monitor
+ seccomp cache data. The file format is subject to change. Reading
+ the file requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN.
+
+ This option is for debugging only. Enabling presents the risk that
+ an adversary may be able to infer the seccomp filter logic.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config HAVE_ARCH_STACKLEAK
bool
help
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 1ab22869a765..1a807f89ac77 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -150,6 +150,7 @@ config X86
select HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES if MMU && COMPAT
select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
+ select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_CACHE
select HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST
select HAVE_ARCH_STACKLEAK
select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/seccomp.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/seccomp.h
index b17d037c72ce..fef16e398161 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/seccomp.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/seccomp.h
@@ -19,9 +19,11 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NR NR_syscalls
+# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NAME "x86_64"
# ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT AUDIT_ARCH_I386
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT_NR IA32_NR_syscalls
+# define SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT_NAME "ia32"
# endif
/*
* x32 will have __X32_SYSCALL_BIT set in syscall number. We don't support
@@ -31,6 +33,7 @@
#else /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE AUDIT_ARCH_I386
# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NR NR_syscalls
+# define SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NAME "ia32"
#endif

#include <asm-generic/seccomp.h>
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
index 617db4e0faa0..a4990410ff05 100644
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -3258,6 +3258,9 @@ static const struct pid_entry tgid_base_stuff[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS
ONE("arch_status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_arch_status),
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG
+ ONE("seccomp_cache", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_seccomp_cache),
+#endif
};

static int proc_tgid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
@@ -3587,6 +3590,9 @@ static const struct pid_entry tid_base_stuff[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS
ONE("arch_status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_arch_status),
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG
+ ONE("seccomp_cache", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_seccomp_cache),
+#endif
};

static int proc_tid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
diff --git a/include/linux/seccomp.h b/include/linux/seccomp.h
index 02aef2844c38..76963ec4641a 100644
--- a/include/linux/seccomp.h
+++ b/include/linux/seccomp.h
@@ -121,4 +121,11 @@ static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task,
return -EINVAL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG
+struct seq_file;
+
+int proc_pid_seccomp_cache(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
+ struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task);
+#endif
#endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
index 236e7b367d4e..1df2fac281da 100644
--- a/kernel/seccomp.c
+++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
@@ -553,6 +553,9 @@ void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct seccomp_filter *orig = tsk->seccomp.filter;

+ /* We are effectively holding the siglock by not having any sighand. */
+ WARN_ON(tsk->sighand != NULL);
+
/* Detach task from its filter tree. */
tsk->seccomp.filter = NULL;
__seccomp_filter_release(orig);
@@ -2311,3 +2314,59 @@ static int __init seccomp_sysctl_init(void)
device_initcall(seccomp_sysctl_init)

#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG
+/* Currently CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG implies SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE */
+static void proc_pid_seccomp_cache_arch(struct seq_file *m, const char *name,
+ const void *bitmap, size_t bitmap_size)
+{
+ int nr;
+
+ for (nr = 0; nr < bitmap_size; nr++) {
+ bool cached = test_bit(nr, bitmap);
+ char *status = cached ? "ALLOW" : "FILTER";
+
+ seq_printf(m, "%s %d %s\n", name, nr, status);
+ }
+}
+
+int proc_pid_seccomp_cache(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
+ struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct seccomp_filter *f;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /*
+ * We don't want some sandboxed process to know what their seccomp
+ * filters consist of.
+ */
+ if (!file_ns_capable(m->file, &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags))
+ return -ESRCH;
+
+ f = READ_ONCE(task->seccomp.filter);
+ if (!f) {
+ unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* prevent filter from being freed while we are printing it */
+ __get_seccomp_filter(f);
+ unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
+
+ proc_pid_seccomp_cache_arch(m, SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NAME,
+ f->cache.allow_native,
+ SECCOMP_ARCH_NATIVE_NR);
+
+#ifdef SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT
+ proc_pid_seccomp_cache_arch(m, SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT_NAME,
+ f->cache.allow_compat,
+ SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT_NR);
+#endif /* SECCOMP_ARCH_COMPAT */
+
+ __put_seccomp_filter(f);
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_CACHE_DEBUG */
--
2.28.0
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