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SubjectRe: [RFC net-next Patch 0/3] net: bridge: mrp: Add support for Media Redundancy Protocol(MRP)
On Thu, 9 Jan 2020 16:06:37 +0100
Horatiu Vultur <> wrote:

> Media Redundancy Protocol is a data network protocol standardized by
> International Electrotechnical Commission as IEC 62439-2. It allows rings of
> Ethernet switches to overcome any single failure with recovery time faster than
> STP. It is primarily used in Industrial Ethernet applications.
> This is the first proposal of implementing a subset of the standard. It supports
> only 2 roles of an MRP node. It supports only Media Redundancy Manager(MRM) and
> Media Redundancy Client(MRC). In a MRP ring, each node needs to support MRP and
> in a ring can be only one MRM and multiple MRC. It is possible to have multiple
> instances of MRP on a single node. But a port can be part of only one MRP
> instance.
> The MRM is responsible for detecting when there is a loop in the ring. It is
> sending the frame MRP_Test to detect the loops. It would send MRP_Test on both
> ports in the ring and if the frame is received at the other end, then the ring
> is closed. Meaning that there is a loop. In this case it sets the port state to
> BLOCKED, not allowing traffic to pass through except MRP frames. In case it
> stops receiving MRP_Test frames from itself then the MRM will detect that the
> ring is open, therefor it would notify the other nodes of this change and will
> set the state of the port to be FORWARDING.
> The MRC is responsible for forwarding MRP_Test frames between the ring ports
> (and not to flood on other ports) and to listen when there is a change in the
> network to clear the FDB.
> Similar with STP, MRP is implemented on top of the bridge and they can't be
> enable at the same time. While STP runs on all ports of the bridge, MRP needs to
> run only on 2 ports.
> The bridge needs to:
> - notify when the link of one of the ports goes down or up, because MRP instance
> needs to react to link changes by sending MRP_LinkChange frames.
> - notify when one of the ports are removed from the bridge or when the bridge
> is destroyed, because if the port is part of the MRP ring then MRP state
> machine should be stopped.
> - add a handler to allow MRP instance to process MRP frames, if MRP is enabled.
> This is similar with STP design.
> - add logic for MRP frames inside the bridge. The bridge will just detect MRP
> frames and it would forward them to the upper layer to allow to process it.
> - update the logic to update non-MRP frames. If MRP is enabled, then look also
> at the state of the port to decide to forward or not.
> To create a MRP instance on the bridge:
> $ bridge mrp add dev br0 p_port eth0 s_port eth1 ring_role 2 ring_id 1
> Where:
> p_port, s_port: can be any port under the bridge
> ring_role: can have the value 1(MRC - Media Redundancy Client) or
> 2(MRM - Media Redundancy Manager). In a ring can be only one MRM.
> ring_id: unique id for each MRP instance.
> It is possible to create multiple instances. Each instance has to have it's own
> ring_id and a port can't be part of multiple instances:
> $ bridge mrp add dev br0 p_port eth2 s_port eth3 ring_role 1 ring_id 2
> To see current MRP instances and their status:
> $ bridge mrp show
> dev br0 p_port eth2 s_port eth3 ring_role 1 ring_id 2 ring_state 3
> dev br0 p_port eth0 s_port eth1 ring_role 2 ring_id 1 ring_state 4
> If this patch series is well received, the in the future it could be extended
> with the following:
> - add support for Media Redundancy Automanager. This role allows a node to
> detect if needs to behave as a MRM or MRC. The advantage of this role is that
> the user doesn't need to configure the nodes each time they are added/removed
> from a ring and it adds redundancy to the manager.
> - add support for Interconnect rings. This allow to connect multiple rings.
> - add HW offloading. The standard defines 4 recovery times (500, 200, 30 and 10
> ms). To be able to achieve 30 and 10 it is required by the HW to generate the
> MRP_Test frames and detect when the ring is open/closed.
> Horatiu Vultur (3):
> net: bridge: mrp: Add support for Media Redundancy Protocol
> net: bridge: mrp: Integrate MRP into the bridge
> net: bridge: mrp: Add netlink support to configure MRP
> include/uapi/linux/if_bridge.h | 27 +
> include/uapi/linux/if_ether.h | 1 +
> include/uapi/linux/rtnetlink.h | 7 +
> net/bridge/Kconfig | 12 +
> net/bridge/Makefile | 2 +
> net/bridge/br.c | 19 +
> net/bridge/br_device.c | 3 +
> net/bridge/br_forward.c | 1 +
> net/bridge/br_if.c | 10 +
> net/bridge/br_input.c | 22 +
> net/bridge/br_mrp.c | 1517 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> net/bridge/br_mrp_timer.c | 227 +++++
> net/bridge/br_netlink.c | 9 +
> net/bridge/br_private.h | 30 +
> net/bridge/br_private_mrp.h | 208 +++++
> security/selinux/nlmsgtab.c | 5 +-
> 16 files changed, 2099 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_mrp.c
> create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_mrp_timer.c
> create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_private_mrp.h

Can this be implemented in userspace?

Putting STP in the kernel was a mistake (even original author says so).
Adding more control protocols in kernel is a security and stability risk.

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