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SubjectRe: [Bluez PATCH v1] bluetooth: secure bluetooth stack from bluedump attack
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Date
Hi Howard,

> Attack scenario:
> 1. A Chromebook (let's call this device A) is paired to a legitimate
> Bluetooth classic device (e.g. a speaker) (let's call this device
> B).
> 2. A malicious device (let's call this device C) pretends to be the
> Bluetooth speaker by using the same BT address.
> 3. If device A is not currently connected to device B, device A will
> be ready to accept connection from device B in the background
> (technically, doing Page Scan).
> 4. Therefore, device C can initiate connection to device A
> (because device A is doing Page Scan) and device A will accept the
> connection because device A trusts device C's address which is the
> same as device B's address.
> 5. Device C won't be able to communicate at any high level Bluetooth
> profile with device A because device A enforces that device C is
> encrypted with their common Link Key, which device C doesn't have.
> But device C can initiate pairing with device A with just-works
> model without requiring user interaction (there is only pairing
> notification). After pairing, device A now trusts device C with a
> new different link key, common between device A and C.
> 6. From now on, device A trusts device C, so device C can at anytime
> connect to device A to do any kind of high-level hijacking, e.g.
> speaker hijack or mouse/keyboard hijack.
>
> To fix this, reject the pairing if all the conditions below are met.
> - the pairing is initialized by peer
> - the authorization method is just-work
> - host already had the link key to the peer
>
> Also create a debugfs option to permit the pairing even the
> conditions above are met.
>
> Signed-off-by: howardchung <howardchung@google.com>

we prefer full name signed-off-by signatures.

> ---
>
> include/net/bluetooth/hci.h | 1 +
> net/bluetooth/hci_core.c | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> net/bluetooth/hci_event.c | 12 ++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 60 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/net/bluetooth/hci.h b/include/net/bluetooth/hci.h
> index 07b6ecedc6ce..4918b79baa41 100644
> --- a/include/net/bluetooth/hci.h
> +++ b/include/net/bluetooth/hci.h
> @@ -283,6 +283,7 @@ enum {
> HCI_FORCE_STATIC_ADDR,
> HCI_LL_RPA_RESOLUTION,
> HCI_CMD_PENDING,
> + HCI_PERMIT_JUST_WORK_REPAIR,
>
> __HCI_NUM_FLAGS,
> };
> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/hci_core.c b/net/bluetooth/hci_core.c
> index 9e19d5a3aac8..9014aa567e7b 100644
> --- a/net/bluetooth/hci_core.c
> +++ b/net/bluetooth/hci_core.c
> @@ -172,10 +172,57 @@ static const struct file_operations vendor_diag_fops = {
> .llseek = default_llseek,
> };
>
> +static ssize_t permit_just_work_repair_read(struct file *file,
> + char __user *user_buf,
> + size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + struct hci_dev *hdev = file->private_data;
> + char buf[3];
> +
> + buf[0] = hci_dev_test_flag(hdev, HCI_PERMIT_JUST_WORK_REPAIR) ? 'Y'
> + : 'N';
> + buf[1] = '\n';
> + buf[2] = '\0';
> + return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t permit_just_work_repair_write(struct file *file,
> + const char __user *user_buf,
> + size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + struct hci_dev *hdev = file->private_data;
> + char buf[32];
> + size_t buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf) - 1));
> + bool enable;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + buf[buf_size] = '\0';
> + if (strtobool(buf, &enable))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (enable)
> + hci_dev_set_flag(hdev, HCI_PERMIT_JUST_WORK_REPAIR);
> + else
> + hci_dev_clear_flag(hdev, HCI_PERMIT_JUST_WORK_REPAIR);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations permit_just_work_repair_fops = {
> + .open = simple_open,
> + .read = permit_just_work_repair_read,
> + .write = permit_just_work_repair_write,
> + .llseek = default_llseek,
> +};
> +
> static void hci_debugfs_create_basic(struct hci_dev *hdev)
> {
> debugfs_create_file("dut_mode", 0644, hdev->debugfs, hdev,
> &dut_mode_fops);
> + debugfs_create_file("permit_just_work_repair", 0644, hdev->debugfs,
> + hdev, &permit_just_work_repair_fops);
>
> if (hdev->set_diag)
> debugfs_create_file("vendor_diag", 0644, hdev->debugfs, hdev,
> diff --git a/net/bluetooth/hci_event.c b/net/bluetooth/hci_event.c
> index 6ddc4a74a5e4..898e347e19e0 100644
> --- a/net/bluetooth/hci_event.c
> +++ b/net/bluetooth/hci_event.c
> @@ -4539,6 +4539,18 @@ static void hci_user_confirm_request_evt(struct hci_dev *hdev,
> goto unlock;
> }
>
> + /* If there already exists link key in local host, terminate the
> + * connection by default since the remote device could be malicious.
> + * Permit the connection if permit_just_work_repair is enabled.
> + */
> + if (!hci_dev_test_flag(hdev, HCI_PERMIT_JUST_WORK_REPAIR) &&
> + hci_find_link_key(hdev, &ev->bdaddr)) {
> + BT_DBG("Rejecting request: local host already have link key");

Can we use bt_dev_warn() here.

> + hci_send_cmd(hdev, HCI_OP_USER_CONFIRM_NEG_REPLY,
> + sizeof(ev->bdaddr), &ev->bdaddr);
> + goto unlock;
> + }
> +
> /* If no side requires MITM protection; auto-accept */
> if ((!loc_mitm || conn->remote_cap == HCI_IO_NO_INPUT_OUTPUT) &&
> (!rem_mitm || conn->io_capability == HCI_IO_NO_INPUT_OUTPUT)) {

What about the LE cases?

In addition, I like to get a pair of second eyes from Johan and Luiz on this one.

Regards

Marcel

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