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Subject[PATCH v2 1/2] mm/rmap: fix and simplify reusing mergeable anon_vma as parent when fork
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This fixes some misconceptions in commit 4e4a9eb92133 ("mm/rmap.c: reuse
mergeable anon_vma as parent when fork"). It merges anon-vma in unexpected
way but fortunately still produces valid anon-vma tree, so nothing crashes.

If in parent VMAs: SRC1 SRC2 .. SRCn share anon-vma ANON0, then after fork
before all patches in child process related VMAs: DST1 DST2 .. DSTn will
fork indepndent anon-vmas: ANON1 ANON2 .. ANONn (each is child of ANON0).
Before this patch only DST1 will fork new ANON1 and following DST2 .. DSTn
will share parent's ANON0 (i.e. anon-vma tree is valid but isn't optimal).
With this patch DST1 will create new ANON1 and DST2 .. DSTn will share it.

Root problem caused by initialization order in dup_mmap(): vma->vm_prev
is set after calling anon_vma_fork(). Thus in anon_vma_fork() it points to
previous VMA in parent mm.

Second problem is hidden behind first one: assumption "Parent has vm_prev,
which implies we have vm_prev" is wrong if first VMA in parent mm has set
flag VM_DONTCOPY. Luckily prev->anon_vma doesn't dereference NULL pointer
because in current code 'prev' actually is same as 'pprev'.

Third hidden problem is linking between VMA and anon-vmas whose pages it
could contain. Loop in anon_vma_clone() attaches only parent's anon-vmas,
shared anon-vma isn't attached. But every mapped page stays reachable in
rmap because we erroneously share anon-vma from parent's previous VMA.

This patch moves sharing logic out of anon_vma_clone() into more specific
anon_vma_fork() because this supposed to work only at fork() and simply
reuses anon_vma from previous VMA if it is forked from the same anon-vma.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Reported-by: Li Xinhai <lixinhai.lxh@gmail.com>
Fixes: 4e4a9eb92133 ("mm/rmap.c: reuse mergeable anon_vma as parent when fork")
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/CALYGNiNzz+dxHX0g5-gNypUQc3B=8_Scp53-NTOh=zWsdUuHAw@mail.gmail.com/T/#t
---
include/linux/rmap.h | 3 ++-
kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
mm/rmap.c | 23 +++++++++--------------
3 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rmap.h b/include/linux/rmap.h
index 988d176472df..560e4480dcd0 100644
--- a/include/linux/rmap.h
+++ b/include/linux/rmap.h
@@ -143,7 +143,8 @@ void anon_vma_init(void); /* create anon_vma_cachep */
int __anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *);
void unlink_anon_vmas(struct vm_area_struct *);
int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *);
-int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *);
+int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *pvma,
+ struct vm_area_struct *prev);

static inline int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 2508a4f238a3..c33626993831 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -556,7 +556,7 @@ static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
tmp->anon_vma = NULL;
if (anon_vma_prepare(tmp))
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
- } else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt))
+ } else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt, prev))
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
tmp->vm_flags &= ~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT);
tmp->vm_next = tmp->vm_prev = NULL;
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index b3e381919835..3c1e04389291 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -269,19 +269,6 @@ int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *dst, struct vm_area_struct *src)
{
struct anon_vma_chain *avc, *pavc;
struct anon_vma *root = NULL;
- struct vm_area_struct *prev = dst->vm_prev, *pprev = src->vm_prev;
-
- /*
- * If parent share anon_vma with its vm_prev, keep this sharing in in
- * child.
- *
- * 1. Parent has vm_prev, which implies we have vm_prev.
- * 2. Parent and its vm_prev have the same anon_vma.
- */
- if (!dst->anon_vma && src->anon_vma &&
- pprev && pprev->anon_vma == src->anon_vma)
- dst->anon_vma = prev->anon_vma;
-

list_for_each_entry_reverse(pavc, &src->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) {
struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
@@ -332,7 +319,8 @@ int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *dst, struct vm_area_struct *src)
* the corresponding VMA in the parent process is attached to.
* Returns 0 on success, non-zero on failure.
*/
-int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *pvma)
+int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *pvma,
+ struct vm_area_struct *prev)
{
struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
@@ -342,6 +330,13 @@ int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *pvma)
if (!pvma->anon_vma)
return 0;

+ /* Share anon_vma with previous VMA if it has the same parent. */
+ if (prev && prev->anon_vma &&
+ prev->anon_vma->parent == pvma->anon_vma) {
+ vma->anon_vma = prev->anon_vma;
+ return anon_vma_clone(vma, prev);
+ }
+
/* Drop inherited anon_vma, we'll reuse existing or allocate new. */
vma->anon_vma = NULL;

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