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SubjectRe: [PATCH] drivers: thermal: step_wise: add support for hysteresis
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On 12/11/2019 6:35 AM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> On 21/11/2019 06:50, Amit Kucheria wrote:
>> From: Ram Chandrasekar <rkumbako@codeaurora.org>
>>
>> Currently, step wise governor increases the mitigation when the
>> temperature goes above a threshold and decreases the mitigation when the
>> temperature goes below the threshold.
>>
>> If there is a case where the
>> temperature is wavering around the threshold, the mitigation will be
>> applied and removed every iteration, which is not very efficient.
>>
>> The use of hysteresis temperature could avoid this ping-pong of
>> mitigation by relaxing the mitigation to happen only when the
>> temperature goes below this lower hysteresis value.
>
> What I'm worried about is how the hysteresis is used in the current
> code, where the destination of this data is to set the value in the
> sensor hardware if it is supported.
>
> Using the hysteresis in the governor seems like abusing the initial
> purpose of this information.
>
> Moreover, the hysteresis creates a gray area where the above algorithm
> (DROPPING && !throttle) => state-- or (RAISING && throttle) => state++
> may drop the performances because we will continue mitigating even below
> the threshold.
>
> As the governor is an open-loop controller, I'm not sure if we can do
> something except adding some kind of low pass filter to prevent
> mitigation bounces.
>

We have two different use cases for the step wise algorithm, and the
hysteresis makes sense only in one.

For example, say we are controlling CPU junction temperature at 95C.
When using step wise, mitigation is applied iteratively and there is a
possibility that temperature can shoot up before the algorithm can reach
an optimal mitigation level to keep the temperature near threshold.

In order to help this state machine, we use a second back stop rule in
the same thermal zone at a higher temperature (say 105C) with a
hysteresis of 10C to mitigate CPU to a fixed value, by specifying
upper/lower limit to be the same. The idea is that the second rule will
place a hard hammer to bring the temperature down close to 95C and then
it will remove the mitigation. Once mitigation is removed, the junction
temperature rule state machine will re-adjust from that point to an
optimal mitigation level. The junction temperature rule doesn’t use
hysteresis.

Another example is skin temperature mitigation for mobile devices, where
the step wise algorithm with hysteresis just reduces the operating max
frequency to a fixed value, when the threshold is reached. And the
junction temperature rule starts mitigating from this operating max.

That is the reason we have not generalized or mandated the hysteresis
usage in this patch. The idea is to use it selectively based on use case.


>> Signed-off-by: Ram Chandrasekar <rkumbako@codeaurora.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
>> [Rebased patch from downstream]
>> Signed-off-by: Amit Kucheria <amit.kucheria@linaro.org>
>> ---
>> drivers/thermal/step_wise.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>> 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/step_wise.c b/drivers/thermal/step_wise.c
>> index 6e051cbd824ff..2c8a34a7cf959 100644
>> --- a/drivers/thermal/step_wise.c
>> +++ b/drivers/thermal/step_wise.c
>> @@ -24,7 +24,7 @@
>> * for this trip point
>> * d. if the trend is THERMAL_TREND_DROP_FULL, use lower limit
>> * for this trip point
>> - * If the temperature is lower than a trip point,
>> + * If the temperature is lower than a hysteresis temperature,
>> * a. if the trend is THERMAL_TREND_RAISING, do nothing
>> * b. if the trend is THERMAL_TREND_DROPPING, use lower cooling
>> * state for this trip point, if the cooling state already
>> @@ -115,30 +115,31 @@ static void update_passive_instance(struct thermal_zone_device *tz,
>>
>> static void thermal_zone_trip_update(struct thermal_zone_device *tz, int trip)
>> {
>> - int trip_temp;
>> + int trip_temp, hyst_temp;
>> enum thermal_trip_type trip_type;
>> enum thermal_trend trend;
>> struct thermal_instance *instance;
>> - bool throttle = false;
>> + bool throttle;
>> int old_target;
>>
>> if (trip == THERMAL_TRIPS_NONE) {
>> - trip_temp = tz->forced_passive;
>> + hyst_temp = trip_temp = tz->forced_passive;
>> trip_type = THERMAL_TRIPS_NONE;
>> } else {
>> tz->ops->get_trip_temp(tz, trip, &trip_temp);
>> + hyst_temp = trip_temp;
>> + if (tz->ops->get_trip_hyst) {
>> + tz->ops->get_trip_hyst(tz, trip, &hyst_temp);
>> + hyst_temp = trip_temp - hyst_temp;
>> + }
>> tz->ops->get_trip_type(tz, trip, &trip_type);
>> }
>>
>> trend = get_tz_trend(tz, trip);
>>
>> - if (tz->temperature >= trip_temp) {
>> - throttle = true;
>> - trace_thermal_zone_trip(tz, trip, trip_type);
>> - }
>> -
>> - dev_dbg(&tz->device, "Trip%d[type=%d,temp=%d]:trend=%d,throttle=%d\n",
>> - trip, trip_type, trip_temp, trend, throttle);
>> + dev_dbg(&tz->device,
>> + "Trip%d[type=%d,temp=%d,hyst=%d]:trend=%d,throttle=%d\n",
>> + trip, trip_type, trip_temp, hyst_temp, trend, throttle);
>>
>> mutex_lock(&tz->lock);
>>
>> @@ -147,6 +148,18 @@ static void thermal_zone_trip_update(struct thermal_zone_device *tz, int trip)
>> continue;
>>
>> old_target = instance->target;
>> + throttle = false;
>> + /*
>> + * Lower the mitigation only if the temperature
>> + * goes below the hysteresis temperature.
>> + */
>> + if (tz->temperature >= trip_temp ||
>> + (tz->temperature >= hyst_temp &&
>> + old_target != THERMAL_NO_TARGET)) {
>> + throttle = true;
>> + trace_thermal_zone_trip(tz, trip, trip_type);
>> + }
>> +
>> instance->target = get_target_state(instance, trend, throttle);
>> dev_dbg(&instance->cdev->device, "old_target=%d, target=%d\n",
>> old_target, (int)instance->target);
>>
>
>

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