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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] riscv: Add vector ISA support
On Sun, Jan 5, 2020 at 8:22 AM <guoren@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> From: Guo Ren <ren_guo@c-sky.com>
>
> The implementation follow the RISC-V "V" Vector Extension draft v0.8 with
> 128bit-vlen and it's based on linux-5.5-rc4.
>
> The patch implement basic context switch, signal and ptrace interface
> with a new regset NT_RISCV_VECTOR. Only fixed 128bit-vlen is implemented.
> We need to discuss about the abi for libc sigcontext. (The maximum size of
> vlen for libc signal context structure 128/256/512 ?)

This patch certainly needs to be broken down into
more granular patches. I already see quite a few
changes not directly related to RISC-V V-extension.

>
> Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <ren_guo@c-sky.com>
> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
> Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
> ---
> arch/riscv/Kconfig | 9 ++
> arch/riscv/Makefile | 19 ++-
> arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h | 17 +-
> arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h | 1 +
> arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h | 54 ++++++-
> arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h | 1 +
> arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h | 1 +
> arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h | 9 ++
> arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h | 1 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 190 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c | 12 +-
> arch/riscv/kernel/entry.S | 2 +-
> arch/riscv/kernel/head.S | 49 +++++-
> arch/riscv/kernel/process.c | 10 ++
> arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c | 41 +++++
> arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c | 40 +++++
> arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S | 84 ++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/elf.h | 1 +
> 19 files changed, 527 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> index d8efbaa78d67..3d336f869ffe 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> @@ -286,6 +286,15 @@ config FPU
>
> If you don't know what to do here, say Y.
>
> +config VECTOR
> + bool "VECTOR support"
> + default n
> + help
> + Say N here if you want to disable all vecotr related procedure
> + in the kernel.
> +
> + If you don't know what to do here, say Y.
> +
> endmenu
>
> menu "Kernel features"
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
> index b9009a2fbaf5..071eb1148e01 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
> @@ -35,12 +35,19 @@ else
> endif
>
> # ISA string setting
> -riscv-march-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV32I) := rv32ima
> -riscv-march-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV64I) := rv64ima
> -riscv-march-$(CONFIG_FPU) := $(riscv-march-y)fd
> -riscv-march-$(CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_C) := $(riscv-march-y)c
> -KBUILD_CFLAGS += -march=$(subst fd,,$(riscv-march-y))
> -KBUILD_AFLAGS += -march=$(riscv-march-y)
> +riscv-march-cflags-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV32I) := rv32ima
> +riscv-march-cflags-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV64I) := rv64ima
> +riscv-march-$(CONFIG_FPU) := $(riscv-march-y)fd
> +riscv-march-cflags-$(CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_C) := $(riscv-march-cflags-y)c
> +
> +riscv-march-aflags-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV32I) := rv32ima
> +riscv-march-aflags-$(CONFIG_ARCH_RV64I) := rv64ima
> +riscv-march-aflags-$(CONFIG_FPU) := $(riscv-march-aflags-y)fd
> +riscv-march-aflags-$(CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_C) := $(riscv-march-aflags-y)c

Please have separate patch for adding riscv-march-cflags and
riscv-march-aflags with reasoning on why we need separate flags.

> +riscv-march-aflags-$(CONFIG_VECTOR) := $(riscv-march-aflags-y)v
> +
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -march=$(riscv-march-cflags-y)
> +KBUILD_AFLAGS += -march=$(riscv-march-aflags-y)
>
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-save-restore
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DCONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET=$(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
> index 0a62d2d68455..8438ee8d51ff 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/csr.h
> @@ -24,6 +24,12 @@
> #define SR_FS_CLEAN _AC(0x00004000, UL)
> #define SR_FS_DIRTY _AC(0x00006000, UL)
>
> +#define SR_VS _AC(0x01800000, UL) /* Vector Status */
> +#define SR_VS_OFF _AC(0x00000000, UL)
> +#define SR_VS_INITIAL _AC(0x00800000, UL)
> +#define SR_VS_CLEAN _AC(0x01000000, UL)
> +#define SR_VS_DIRTY _AC(0x01800000, UL)
> +
> #define SR_XS _AC(0x00018000, UL) /* Extension Status */
> #define SR_XS_OFF _AC(0x00000000, UL)
> #define SR_XS_INITIAL _AC(0x00008000, UL)
> @@ -31,9 +37,9 @@
> #define SR_XS_DIRTY _AC(0x00018000, UL)
>
> #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
> -#define SR_SD _AC(0x80000000, UL) /* FS/XS dirty */
> +#define SR_SD _AC(0x80000000, UL) /* FS/VS/XS dirty */
> #else
> -#define SR_SD _AC(0x8000000000000000, UL) /* FS/XS dirty */
> +#define SR_SD _AC(0x8000000000000000, UL) /* FS/VS/XS dirty */
> #endif
>
> /* SATP flags */
> @@ -102,6 +108,13 @@
> #define CSR_MIP 0x344
> #define CSR_MHARTID 0xf14
>
> +#define CSR_VSTART 0x8
> +#define CSR_VXSAT 0x9
> +#define CSR_VXRM 0xa
> +#define CSR_VL 0xc20
> +#define CSR_VTYPE 0xc21
> +#define CSR_VLENB 0xc22
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_M_MODE
> # define CSR_STATUS CSR_MSTATUS
> # define CSR_IE CSR_MIE
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h
> index 3ddb798264f1..217273375cfb 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ struct thread_struct {
> unsigned long sp; /* Kernel mode stack */
> unsigned long s[12]; /* s[0]: frame pointer */
> struct __riscv_d_ext_state fstate;
> + struct __riscv_v_state vstate;
> };
>
> #define INIT_THREAD { \
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> index 407bcc96a710..6e1c7fa599be 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> @@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ static inline void fstate_restore(struct task_struct *task,
> }
> }
>
> -static inline void __switch_to_aux(struct task_struct *prev,
> +static inline void __switch_to_fpu(struct task_struct *prev,
> struct task_struct *next)
> {
> struct pt_regs *regs;
> @@ -60,7 +60,53 @@ extern bool has_fpu;
> #define has_fpu false
> #define fstate_save(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> #define fstate_restore(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> -#define __switch_to_aux(__prev, __next) do { } while (0)
> +#define __switch_to_fpu(__prev, __next) do { } while (0)

Renaming __switch_to_aux() to __switch_to_fpu() should
be a separate patch.

> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> +extern void __vstate_save(struct task_struct *save_to);
> +extern void __vstate_restore(struct task_struct *restore_from);
> +
> +static inline void __vstate_clean(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + regs->status |= (regs->status & ~(SR_VS)) | SR_VS_CLEAN;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vstate_save(struct task_struct *task,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if ((regs->status & SR_VS) == SR_VS_DIRTY) {
> + __vstate_save(task);
> + __vstate_clean(regs);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vstate_restore(struct task_struct *task,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if ((regs->status & SR_VS) != SR_VS_OFF) {
> + __vstate_restore(task);
> + __vstate_clean(regs);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void __switch_to_vector(struct task_struct *prev,
> + struct task_struct *next)
> +{
> + struct pt_regs *regs;
> +
> + regs = task_pt_regs(prev);
> + if (unlikely(regs->status & SR_SD))
> + vstate_save(prev, regs);
> + vstate_restore(next, task_pt_regs(next));
> +}
> +
> +extern bool has_vector;
> +#else
> +#define has_vector false
> +#define vstate_save(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> +#define vstate_restore(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> +#define __switch_to_vector(__prev, __next) do { } while (0)
> #endif
>
> extern struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *,
> @@ -71,7 +117,9 @@ do { \
> struct task_struct *__prev = (prev); \
> struct task_struct *__next = (next); \
> if (has_fpu) \
> - __switch_to_aux(__prev, __next); \
> + __switch_to_fpu(__prev, __next); \

Above has to part of patch which renames
__switch_to_aux() to __switch_to_fpu()

> + if (has_vector) \
> + __switch_to_vector(__prev, __next); \
> ((last) = __switch_to(__prev, __next)); \
> } while (0)
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
> index d696d6610231..099434d075a7 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ typedef struct user_regs_struct elf_gregset_t;
> typedef __u64 elf_fpreg_t;
> typedef union __riscv_fp_state elf_fpregset_t;
> #define ELF_NFPREG (sizeof(struct __riscv_d_ext_state) / sizeof(elf_fpreg_t))
> +#define ELF_NVREG (sizeof(struct __riscv_v_state) / sizeof(elf_greg_t))
>
> #if __riscv_xlen == 64
> #define ELF_RISCV_R_SYM(r_info) ELF64_R_SYM(r_info)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
> index dee98ee28318..a913e9a38819 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
> @@ -21,5 +21,6 @@
> #define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F (1 << ('F' - 'A'))
> #define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D (1 << ('D' - 'A'))
> #define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_C (1 << ('C' - 'A'))
> +#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_V (1 << ('V' - 'A'))
>
> #endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_HWCAP_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
> index 882547f6bd5c..d913e8949b87 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
> @@ -71,6 +71,15 @@ struct __riscv_q_ext_state {
> __u32 reserved[3];
> };
>
> +struct __riscv_v_state {
> + __uint128_t v[32];
> + unsigned long vstart;
> + unsigned long vxsat;
> + unsigned long vxrm;
> + unsigned long vl;
> + unsigned long vtype;
> +};
> +
> union __riscv_fp_state {
> struct __riscv_f_ext_state f;
> struct __riscv_d_ext_state d;
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
> index 84f2dfcfdbce..f74b3c814423 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
> struct sigcontext {
> struct user_regs_struct sc_regs;
> union __riscv_fp_state sc_fpregs;
> + struct __riscv_v_state sc_vregs;
> };
>
> #endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_SIGCONTEXT_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> index f40205cb9a22..e5276c3bdffc 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MMU) += vdso.o vdso/
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_M_MODE) += clint.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPU) += fpu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_VECTOR) += vector.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smpboot.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smp.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> index 07cb9c10de4e..3332dc69d809 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> @@ -70,6 +70,45 @@ void asm_offsets(void)
> OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_F31, task_struct, thread.fstate.f[31]);
> OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_FCSR, task_struct, thread.fstate.fcsr);
>
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V0, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V1, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[1]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V2, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[2]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V3, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[3]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V4, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[4]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V5, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[5]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V6, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[6]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V7, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[7]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V8, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[8]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V9, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[9]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V10, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[10]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V11, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[11]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V12, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[12]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V13, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[13]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V14, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[14]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V15, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[15]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V16, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[16]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V17, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[17]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V18, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[18]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V19, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[19]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V20, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[20]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V21, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[21]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V22, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[22]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V23, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[23]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V24, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[24]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V25, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[25]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V26, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[26]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V27, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[27]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V28, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[28]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V29, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[29]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V30, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[30]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_V31, task_struct, thread.vstate.v[31]);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_VSTART, task_struct, thread.vstate.vstart);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_VXSAT, task_struct, thread.vstate.vxsat);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_VXRM, task_struct, thread.vstate.vxrm);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_VL, task_struct, thread.vstate.vl);
> + OFFSET(TASK_THREAD_VTYPE, task_struct, thread.vstate.vtype);
> + DEFINE(RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB, sizeof(__uint128_t));
> +
> DEFINE(PT_SIZE, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
> OFFSET(PT_EPC, pt_regs, epc);
> OFFSET(PT_RA, pt_regs, ra);
> @@ -171,6 +210,7 @@ void asm_offsets(void)
> - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.ra)
> );
>
> + /* Float Point */

Again, this is not related to RISC-V V-extension.

> DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_F0_F0,
> offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.fstate.f[0])
> - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.fstate.f[0])
> @@ -304,6 +344,156 @@ void asm_offsets(void)
> - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.fstate.f[0])
> );
>
> + /* Vector */
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V0_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V1_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[1])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V2_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[2])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V3_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[3])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V4_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[4])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V5_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[5])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V6_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[6])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V7_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[7])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V8_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[8])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V9_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[9])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V10_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[10])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V11_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[11])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V12_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[12])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V13_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[13])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V14_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[14])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V15_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[15])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V16_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[16])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V17_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[17])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V18_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[18])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V19_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[19])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V20_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[20])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V21_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[21])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V22_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[22])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V23_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[23])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V24_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[24])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V25_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[25])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V26_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[26])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V27_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[27])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V28_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[28])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V29_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[29])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V30_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[30])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_V31_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[31])
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_VSTART_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.vstart)
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_VXSAT_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.vxsat)
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_VXRM_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.vxrm)
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_VL_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.vl)
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> + DEFINE(TASK_THREAD_VTYPE_V0,
> + offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.vtype)
> + - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread.vstate.v[0])
> + );
> +
> /*
> * We allocate a pt_regs on the stack when entering the kernel. This
> * ensures the alignment is sane.
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> index a5ad00043104..c9ab24e3c79e 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,9 @@ unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
> #ifdef CONFIG_FPU
> bool has_fpu __read_mostly;
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> +bool has_vector __read_mostly;
> +#endif
>
> void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> {
> @@ -30,6 +33,7 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> isa2hwcap['f'] = isa2hwcap['F'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F;
> isa2hwcap['d'] = isa2hwcap['D'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D;
> isa2hwcap['c'] = isa2hwcap['C'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_C;
> + isa2hwcap['v'] = isa2hwcap['V'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_V;
>
> elf_hwcap = 0;
>
> @@ -44,7 +48,8 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> continue;
> }
>
> - for (i = 0; i < strlen(isa); ++i)
> + /* Skip rv64/rv32 to support v/V:vector */
> + for (i = 4; i < strlen(isa); ++i)
> this_hwcap |= isa2hwcap[(unsigned char)(isa[i])];
>
> /*
> @@ -71,4 +76,9 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> if (elf_hwcap & (COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F | COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D))
> has_fpu = true;
> #endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> + if (elf_hwcap & COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_V)
> + has_vector = true;
> +#endif

I think extending riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c to detect
V-extension should be a separate patch.

> }
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/entry.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/entry.S
> index e163b7b64c86..828f0ebce4b5 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/entry.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/entry.S
> @@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ _save_context:
> * Disable the FPU to detect illegal usage of floating point in kernel
> * space.
> */
> - li t0, SR_SUM | SR_FS
> + li t0, SR_SUM | SR_FS | SR_VS
>
> REG_L s0, TASK_TI_USER_SP(tp)
> csrrc s1, CSR_STATUS, t0
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> index 2227db63f895..fab03292284e 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> @@ -72,10 +72,10 @@ _start_kernel:
> .option pop
>
> /*
> - * Disable FPU to detect illegal usage of
> + * Disable FPU & VECTOR to detect illegal usage of
> * floating point in kernel space
> */
> - li t0, SR_FS
> + li t0, SR_FS | SR_VS
> csrc CSR_STATUS, t0
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> @@ -290,6 +290,51 @@ ENTRY(reset_regs)
> csrw fcsr, 0
> /* note that the caller must clear SR_FS */
> #endif /* CONFIG_FPU */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> + csrr t0, CSR_MISA
> + li t1, (COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_V >> 16)
> + slli t1, t1, 16
> + and t0, t0, t1
> + beqz t0, .Lreset_regs_done
> +
> + li t1, SR_VS
> + csrs CSR_STATUS, t1
> + vmv.v.i v0, 0
> + vmv.v.i v1, 0
> + vmv.v.i v2, 0
> + vmv.v.i v3, 0
> + vmv.v.i v4, 0
> + vmv.v.i v5, 0
> + vmv.v.i v6, 0
> + vmv.v.i v7, 0
> + vmv.v.i v8, 0
> + vmv.v.i v9, 0
> + vmv.v.i v10, 0
> + vmv.v.i v11, 0
> + vmv.v.i v12, 0
> + vmv.v.i v13, 0
> + vmv.v.i v14, 0
> + vmv.v.i v15, 0
> + vmv.v.i v16, 0
> + vmv.v.i v17, 0
> + vmv.v.i v18, 0
> + vmv.v.i v19, 0
> + vmv.v.i v20, 0
> + vmv.v.i v21, 0
> + vmv.v.i v22, 0
> + vmv.v.i v23, 0
> + vmv.v.i v24, 0
> + vmv.v.i v25, 0
> + vmv.v.i v26, 0
> + vmv.v.i v27, 0
> + vmv.v.i v28, 0
> + vmv.v.i v29, 0
> + vmv.v.i v30, 0
> + vmv.v.i v31, 0
> + /* note that the caller must clear SR_VS */
> +#endif /* CONFIG_VECTOR */
> +
> .Lreset_regs_done:
> ret
> END(reset_regs)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> index 95a3031e5c7c..3665f8c1a2c1 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> @@ -74,6 +74,16 @@ void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc,
> */
> fstate_restore(current, regs);
> }
> +
> + if (has_vector) {
> + regs->status |= SR_VS_INITIAL;
> + /*
> + * Restore the initial value to the vector register
> + * before starting the user program.
> + */
> + vstate_restore(current, regs);
> + }
> +
> regs->epc = pc;
> regs->sp = sp;
> set_fs(USER_DS);
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> index 407464201b91..0e3c3543476c 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> @@ -26,6 +26,9 @@ enum riscv_regset {
> #ifdef CONFIG_FPU
> REGSET_F,
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> + REGSET_V,
> +#endif
> };
>
> static int riscv_gpr_get(struct task_struct *target,
> @@ -92,6 +95,34 @@ static int riscv_fpr_set(struct task_struct *target,
> }
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> +static int riscv_vr_get(struct task_struct *target,
> + const struct user_regset *regset,
> + unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
> + void *kbuf, void __user *ubuf)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct __riscv_v_state *vstate = &target->thread.vstate;
> +
> + ret = user_regset_copyout(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, vstate, 0,
> + offsetof(struct __riscv_v_state, vtype));
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int riscv_vr_set(struct task_struct *target,
> + const struct user_regset *regset,
> + unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
> + const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct __riscv_v_state *vstate = &target->thread.vstate;
> +
> + ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, vstate, 0,
> + offsetof(struct __riscv_v_state, vtype));
> + return ret;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> static const struct user_regset riscv_user_regset[] = {
> [REGSET_X] = {
> .core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
> @@ -111,6 +142,16 @@ static const struct user_regset riscv_user_regset[] = {
> .set = &riscv_fpr_set,
> },
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> + [REGSET_V] = {
> + .core_note_type = NT_RISCV_VECTOR,
> + .n = ELF_NVREG,
> + .size = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
> + .align = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
> + .get = &riscv_vr_get,
> + .set = &riscv_vr_set,
> + },
> +#endif
> };
>
> static const struct user_regset_view riscv_user_native_view = {
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
> index 17ba190e84a5..17d1b3514d4b 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
> @@ -83,6 +83,40 @@ static long save_fp_state(struct pt_regs *regs,
> #define restore_fp_state(task, regs) (0)
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> +static long restore_v_state(struct pt_regs *regs,
> + struct __riscv_v_state *sc_vregs)
> +{
> + long err;
> + struct __riscv_v_state __user *state = sc_vregs;
> +
> + err = __copy_from_user(&current->thread.vstate, state, sizeof(*state));
> + if (unlikely(err))
> + return err;
> +
> + vstate_restore(current, regs);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static long save_v_state(struct pt_regs *regs,
> + struct __riscv_v_state *sc_vregs)
> +{
> + long err;
> + struct __riscv_v_state __user *state = sc_vregs;
> +
> + fstate_save(current, regs);

Hmm, strange. Why fstate_save() ??

I guess this is a typo.

> + err = __copy_to_user(state, &current->thread.vstate, sizeof(*state));
> + if (unlikely(err))
> + return err;
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +#else
> +#define save_v_state(task, regs) (0)
> +#define restore_v_state(task, regs) (0)
> +#endif
> +
> static long restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs,
> struct sigcontext __user *sc)
> {
> @@ -92,6 +126,9 @@ static long restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs,
> /* Restore the floating-point state. */
> if (has_fpu)
> err |= restore_fp_state(regs, &sc->sc_fpregs);
> + /* Restore the vector state. */
> + if (has_vector)
> + err |= restore_v_state(regs, &sc->sc_vregs);
> return err;
> }
>
> @@ -145,6 +182,9 @@ static long setup_sigcontext(struct rt_sigframe __user *frame,
> /* Save the floating-point state. */
> if (has_fpu)
> err |= save_fp_state(regs, &sc->sc_fpregs);
> + /* Save the vector state. */
> + if (has_vector)
> + err |= save_v_state(regs, &sc->sc_vregs);
> return err;
> }
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7e698e6c55ad
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
> + * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 T-HEAD
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/asm.h>
> +#include <asm/csr.h>
> +#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
> +
> +ENTRY(__vstate_save)
> + li a2, TASK_THREAD_V0
> + add a0, a0, a2
> +
> + li t1, (SR_VS | SR_FS)
> + csrs sstatus, t1
> +
> + csrr t0, CSR_VSTART
> + sd t0, TASK_THREAD_VSTART_V0(a0)
> + csrr t0, CSR_VXSAT
> + sd t0, TASK_THREAD_VXSAT_V0(a0)
> + csrr t0, CSR_VXRM
> + sd t0, TASK_THREAD_VXRM_V0(a0)
> + csrr t0, CSR_VL
> + sd t0, TASK_THREAD_VL_V0(a0)
> + csrr t0, CSR_VTYPE
> + sd t0, TASK_THREAD_VTYPE_V0(a0)
> +
> + vsetvli t0, x0, e8,m8
> + vsb.v v0, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vsb.v v8, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vsb.v v16, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vsb.v v24, (a0)
> +
> + csrc sstatus, t1
> + ret
> +ENDPROC(__vstate_save)
> +
> +ENTRY(__vstate_restore)
> + li a2, TASK_THREAD_V0
> + add a0, a0, a2
> + mv t2, a0
> +
> + li t1, (SR_VS | SR_FS)
> + csrs sstatus, t1
> +
> + vsetvli t0, x0, e8,m8
> + vlb.v v0, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vlb.v v8, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vlb.v v16, (a0)
> + addi a0, a0, RISCV_VECTOR_VLENB
> + vlb.v v24, (a0)
> +
> + mv a0, t2
> + ld t0, TASK_THREAD_VSTART_V0(a0)
> + csrw CSR_VSTART, t0
> + ld t0, TASK_THREAD_VXSAT_V0(a0)
> + csrw CSR_VXSAT, t0
> + ld t0, TASK_THREAD_VXRM_V0(a0)
> + csrw CSR_VXRM, t0
> + ld t0, TASK_THREAD_VL_V0(a0)
> + ld t2, TASK_THREAD_VTYPE_V0(a0)
> + vsetvl t0, t0, t2
> +
> + csrc sstatus, t1
> + ret
> +ENDPROC(__vstate_restore)
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> index 34c02e4290fe..e428f9e8710a 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> @@ -428,6 +428,7 @@ typedef struct elf64_shdr {
> #define NT_MIPS_DSP 0x800 /* MIPS DSP ASE registers */
> #define NT_MIPS_FP_MODE 0x801 /* MIPS floating-point mode */
> #define NT_MIPS_MSA 0x802 /* MIPS SIMD registers */
> +#define NT_RISCV_VECTOR 0x900 /* RISC-V vector registers */
>
> /* Note header in a PT_NOTE section */
> typedef struct elf32_note {
> --
> 2.17.0
>

Regards,
Anup

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