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Subject[PATCH 0/3] Fix reconnection latency caused by FIN/ACK handling race
Date
From: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>

When closing a connection, the two acks that required to change closing
socket's status to FIN_WAIT_2 and then TIME_WAIT could be processed in
reverse order. This is possible in RSS disabled environments such as a
connection inside a host.

For example, expected state transitions and required packets for the
disconnection will be similar to below flow.

00 (Process A) (Process B)
01 ESTABLISHED ESTABLISHED
02 close()
03 FIN_WAIT_1
04 ---FIN-->
05 CLOSE_WAIT
06 <--ACK---
07 FIN_WAIT_2
08 <--FIN/ACK---
09 TIME_WAIT
10 ---ACK-->
11 LAST_ACK
12 CLOSED CLOSED

The acks in lines 6 and 8 are the acks. If the line 8 packet is
processed before the line 6 packet, it will be just ignored as it is not
a expected packet, and the later process of the line 6 packet will
change the status of Process A to FIN_WAIT_2, but as it has already
handled line 8 packet, it will not go to TIME_WAIT and thus will not
send the line 10 packet to Process B. Thus, Process B will left in
CLOSE_WAIT status, as below.

00 (Process A) (Process B)
01 ESTABLISHED ESTABLISHED
02 close()
03 FIN_WAIT_1
04 ---FIN-->
05 CLOSE_WAIT
06 (<--ACK---)
07 (<--FIN/ACK---)
08 (fired in right order)
09 <--FIN/ACK---
10 <--ACK---
11 (processed in reverse order)
12 FIN_WAIT_2

Later, if the Process B sends SYN to Process A for reconnection using
the same port, Process A will responds with an ACK for the last flow,
which has no increased sequence number. Thus, Process A will send RST,
wait for TIMEOUT_INIT (one second in default), and then try
reconnection. If reconnections are frequent, the one second latency
spikes can be a big problem. Below is a tcpdump results of the problem:

14.436259 IP 127.0.0.1.45150 > 127.0.0.1.4242: Flags [S], seq 2560603644
14.436266 IP 127.0.0.1.4242 > 127.0.0.1.45150: Flags [.], ack 5, win 512
14.436271 IP 127.0.0.1.45150 > 127.0.0.1.4242: Flags [R], seq 2541101298
/* ONE SECOND DELAY */
15.464613 IP 127.0.0.1.45150 > 127.0.0.1.4242: Flags [S], seq 2560603644

Patchset Organization
---------------------

The first patch fix a trivial nit. The second one fix the problem by
adjusting the resend delay of the SYN in the case. Finally, the third
patch adds a user space test to reproduce this problem.

The patches are based on the v5.5. You can also clone the complete git
tree:

$ git clone git://github.com/sjp38/linux -b patches/finack_lat/v1

The web is also available:
https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/patches/finack_lat/v1

SeongJae Park (3):
net/ipv4/inet_timewait_sock: Fix inconsistent comments
tcp: Reduce SYN resend delay if a suspicous ACK is received
selftests: net: Add FIN_ACK processing order related latency spike
test

net/ipv4/inet_timewait_sock.c | 1 +
net/ipv4/tcp_input.c | 6 +-
tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore | 2 +
tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile | 2 +
tools/testing/selftests/net/fin_ack_lat.sh | 42 ++++++++++
.../selftests/net/fin_ack_lat_accept.c | 49 +++++++++++
.../selftests/net/fin_ack_lat_connect.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 182 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/net/fin_ack_lat.sh
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/net/fin_ack_lat_accept.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/net/fin_ack_lat_connect.c

--
2.17.1

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