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SubjectRe: [PATCH] xfs: Fix false positive lockdep warning with sb_internal & fs_reclaim
On Thu, Jan 02, 2020 at 10:52:08AM -0500, Waiman Long wrote:
> Depending on the workloads, the following circular locking dependency
> warning between sb_internal (a percpu rwsem) and fs_reclaim (a pseudo
> lock) may show up:
>
> ======================================================
> WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> 5.0.0-rc1+ #60 Tainted: G W
> ------------------------------------------------------
> fsfreeze/4346 is trying to acquire lock:
> 0000000026f1d784 (fs_reclaim){+.+.}, at:
> fs_reclaim_acquire.part.19+0x5/0x30
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> 0000000072bfc54b (sb_internal){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
>
> which lock already depends on the new lock.
> :
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> lock(sb_internal);
> lock(fs_reclaim);
> lock(sb_internal);
> lock(fs_reclaim);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> 4 locks held by fsfreeze/4346:
> #0: 00000000b478ef56 (sb_writers#8){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
> #1: 000000001ec487a9 (&type->s_umount_key#28){++++}, at: freeze_super+0xda/0x290
> #2: 000000003edbd5a0 (sb_pagefaults){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
> #3: 0000000072bfc54b (sb_internal){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
>
> stack backtrace:
> Call Trace:
> dump_stack+0xe0/0x19a
> print_circular_bug.isra.10.cold.34+0x2f4/0x435
> check_prev_add.constprop.19+0xca1/0x15f0
> validate_chain.isra.14+0x11af/0x3b50
> __lock_acquire+0x728/0x1200
> lock_acquire+0x269/0x5a0
> fs_reclaim_acquire.part.19+0x29/0x30
> fs_reclaim_acquire+0x19/0x20
> kmem_cache_alloc+0x3e/0x3f0
> kmem_zone_alloc+0x79/0x150
> xfs_trans_alloc+0xfa/0x9d0
> xfs_sync_sb+0x86/0x170
> xfs_log_sbcount+0x10f/0x140
> xfs_quiesce_attr+0x134/0x270
> xfs_fs_freeze+0x4a/0x70
> freeze_super+0x1af/0x290
> do_vfs_ioctl+0xedc/0x16c0
> ksys_ioctl+0x41/0x80
> __x64_sys_ioctl+0x73/0xa9
> do_syscall_64+0x18f/0xd23
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
>
> According to Dave Chinner:
>
> Freezing the filesystem, after all the data has been cleaned. IOWs
> memory reclaim will never run the above writeback path when
> the freeze process is trying to allocate a transaction here because
> there are no dirty data pages in the filesystem at this point.
>
> Indeed, this xfs_sync_sb() path sets XFS_TRANS_NO_WRITECOUNT so that
> it /doesn't deadlock/ by taking freeze references for the
> transaction. We've just drained all the transactions
> in progress and written back all the dirty metadata, too, and so the
> filesystem is completely clean and only needs the superblock to be
> updated to complete the freeze process. And to do that, it does not
> take a freeze reference because calling sb_start_intwrite() here
> would deadlock.
>
> IOWs, this is a false positive, caused by the fact that
> xfs_trans_alloc() is called from both above and below memory reclaim
> as well as within /every level/ of freeze processing. Lockdep is
> unable to describe the staged flush logic in the freeze process that
> prevents deadlocks from occurring, and hence we will pretty much
> always see false positives in the freeze path....
>
> Perhaps breaking the fs_reclaim pseudo lock into a per filesystem lock
> may fix the issue. However, that will greatly complicate the logic and
> may not be worth it.

ANd it won't work, because now we'll just get lockedp warnings on
the per-fs reclaim lockdep context.

> Another way to fix it is to disable the taking of the fs_reclaim
> pseudo lock when in the freezing code path as a reclaim on the freezed
> filesystem is not possible as stated above. This patch takes this
> approach by setting the __GFP_NOLOCKDEP flag in the slab memory
> allocation calls when the filesystem has been freezed.

IOWs, "fix" it by stating that "lockdep can't track freeze
dependencies correctly"?

In the past we have just used KM_NOFS for that, because
__GFP_NOLOCKDEP didn't exist. But that has just been a nasty hack
because lockdep isn't capable of understanding allocation context
constraints because allocation contexts are much more complex than a
"lock"....


> --- a/fs/xfs/kmem.h
> +++ b/fs/xfs/kmem.h
> @@ -20,6 +20,12 @@ typedef unsigned __bitwise xfs_km_flags_t;
> #define KM_MAYFAIL ((__force xfs_km_flags_t)0x0008u)
> #define KM_ZERO ((__force xfs_km_flags_t)0x0010u)
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
> +#define KM_NOLOCKDEP ((__force xfs_km_flags_t)0x0020u)
> +#else
> +#define KM_NOLOCKDEP ((__force xfs_km_flags_t)0)
> +#endif

Nope. We are getting rid of kmem_alloc wrappers and all the
associated flags, not adding new ones. Part of that process is
identifying all the places we currently use KM_NOFS to "shut up
lockdep" and converting them to explicit __GFP_NOLOCKDEP flags.

So right now, this change needs to be queued up behind the API
changes that are currently in progress...

> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
> index f6006d94a581..b1997649ecd8 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
> @@ -454,7 +454,8 @@ xfs_log_reserve(
> XFS_STATS_INC(mp, xs_try_logspace);
>
> ASSERT(*ticp == NULL);
> - tic = xlog_ticket_alloc(log, unit_bytes, cnt, client, permanent, 0);
> + tic = xlog_ticket_alloc(log, unit_bytes, cnt, client, permanent,
> + mp->m_super->s_writers.frozen ? KM_NOLOCKDEP : 0);

This is pretty nasty. Having to spew conditional code like this
across every allocation that could be done in freeze conditions is
a non-starter.

We already have a flag to tell us we are doing a transaction in a
freeze state, so use that to turn off lockdep. That is:

> *ticp = tic;
>
> xlog_grant_push_ail(log, tic->t_cnt ? tic->t_unit_res * tic->t_cnt
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
> index 3b208f9a865c..c0e42e4f5b77 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c
> @@ -262,8 +262,14 @@ xfs_trans_alloc(
> * Allocate the handle before we do our freeze accounting and setting up
> * GFP_NOFS allocation context so that we avoid lockdep false positives
> * by doing GFP_KERNEL allocations inside sb_start_intwrite().
> + *
> + * To prevent false positive lockdep warning of circular locking
> + * dependency between sb_internal and fs_reclaim, disable the
> + * acquisition of the fs_reclaim pseudo-lock when the superblock
> + * has been frozen or in the process of being frozen.
> */
> - tp = kmem_zone_zalloc(xfs_trans_zone, 0);
> + tp = kmem_zone_zalloc(xfs_trans_zone,
> + mp->m_super->s_writers.frozen ? KM_NOLOCKDEP : 0);
> if (!(flags & XFS_TRANS_NO_WRITECOUNT))
> sb_start_intwrite(mp->m_super);

This code here should be setting PF_GFP_NOLOCKDEP state to turn off
lockdep for all allocations in this context, similar to the way we
use memalloc_nofs_save/restore so that all nested allocations
inherit GFP_NOFS state...

-Dave.
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

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