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Subject[PATCH 1/2] printk: add lockless buffer
Date
Introduce a multi-reader multi-writer lockless ringbuffer for storing
the kernel log messages. Readers and writers may use their API from
any context (including scheduler and NMI). This ringbuffer will make
it possible to decouple printk() callers from any context, locking,
or console constraints. It also makes it possible for readers to have
full access to the ringbuffer contents at any time and context (for
example from any panic situation).

The printk_ringbuffer is made up of 3 internal ringbuffers::

desc_ring: A ring of descriptors. A descriptor contains all record
meta data (sequence number, timestamp, loglevel, etc.)
as well as internal state information about the record
and logical positions specifying where in the other
ringbuffers the text and dictionary strings are
located.

text_data_ring: A ring of data blocks. A data block consists of an
unsigned long integer (ID) that maps to a desc_ring
index followed by the text string of the record.

dict_data_ring: A ring of data blocks. A data block consists of an
unsigned long integer (ID) that maps to a desc_ring
index followed by the dictionary string of the record.

Descriptor state information is the key element to allow readers and
writers to locklessly synchronize access to the data.

Co-developed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: John Ogness <john.ogness@linutronix.de>
---
kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.c | 1370 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.h | 328 +++++++
2 files changed, 1698 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.c
create mode 100644 kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.h

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.c b/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..796257f226ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1370 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/irqflags.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include "printk_ringbuffer.h"
+
+/**
+ * DOC: printk_ringbuffer overview
+ *
+ * Data Structure
+ * --------------
+ * The printk_ringbuffer is made up of 3 internal ringbuffers::
+ *
+ * * desc_ring: A ring of descriptors. A descriptor contains all record
+ * meta data (sequence number, timestamp, loglevel, etc.)
+ * as well as internal state information about the record
+ * and logical positions specifying where in the other
+ * ringbuffers the text and dictionary strings are
+ * located.
+ *
+ * * text_data_ring: A ring of data blocks. A data block consists of an
+ * unsigned long integer (ID) that maps to a desc_ring
+ * index followed by the text string of the record.
+ *
+ * * dict_data_ring: A ring of data blocks. A data block consists of an
+ * unsigned long integer (ID) that maps to a desc_ring
+ * index followed by the dictionary string of the record.
+ *
+ * Implementation
+ * --------------
+ *
+ * ABA Issues
+ * ~~~~~~~~~~
+ * To help avoid ABA issues, descriptors are referenced by IDs (index values
+ * with tagged states) and data blocks are referenced by logical positions
+ * (index values with tagged states). However, on 32-bit systems the number
+ * of tagged states is relatively small such that an ABA incident is (at
+ * least theoretically) possible. For example, if 4 million maximally sized
+ * printk messages were to occur in NMI context on a 32-bit system, the
+ * interrupted task would not be able to recognize that the 32-bit integer
+ * wrapped and thus represents a different data block than the one the
+ * interrupted task expects.
+ *
+ * To help combat this possibility, additional state checking is performed
+ * (such as using cmpxchg() even though set() would suffice). These extra
+ * checks will hopefully catch any ABA issue that a 32-bit system might
+ * experience.
+ *
+ * Memory Barriers
+ * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ * Several memory barriers are used. To simplify proving correctness and
+ * generating litmus tests, lines of code using memory barriers (loads,
+ * stores and the associated memory barriers) are labeled:
+ *
+ * LMM(function:letter)
+ *
+ * Comments reference using only the function:letter part.
+ *
+ * Descriptor Ring
+ * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ * The descriptor ring is an array of descriptors. A descriptor contains all
+ * the meta data of a printk record as well as blk_lpos structs pointing to
+ * associated text and dictionary data blocks (see "Data Rings" below). Each
+ * descriptor is assigned an ID that maps directly to index values of the
+ * descriptor array and has a state. The ID and the state are bitwise combined
+ * into a single descriptor field named @state_var, allowing ID and state to
+ * be synchronously and atomically updated.
+ *
+ * Descriptors have three states:
+ *
+ * * reserved: A writer is modifying the record.
+ *
+ * * committed: The record and all its data are complete and available
+ * for reading.
+ *
+ * * reusable: The record exists, but its text and/or dictionary data
+ * may no longer be available.
+ *
+ * Querying the @state_var of a record requires providing the ID of the
+ * descriptor to query. This can yield a possible fourth (pseudo) state:
+ *
+ * * miss: The descriptor being queried has an unexpected ID.
+ *
+ * The descriptor ring has a @tail_id that contains the ID of the oldest
+ * descriptor and @head_id that contains the ID of the newest descriptor.
+ *
+ * When a new descriptor should be created (and the ring is full), the tail
+ * descriptor is invalidated by first transitioning to the reusable state and
+ * then invalidating all tail data blocks up to and including the data blocks
+ * associated with the tail descriptor (for text and dictionary rings). Then
+ * @tail_id is advanced, followed by advancing @head_id. And finally the
+ * @state_var of the new descriptor is initialized to the new ID and reserved
+ * state.
+ *
+ * The @tail_id can only be advanced if the the new @tail_id would be in the
+ * committed or reusable queried state. This makes it possible that a valid
+ * sequence number of the tail is always available.
+ *
+ * Data Rings
+ * ~~~~~~~~~~
+ * The two data rings (text and dictionary) function identically. They exist
+ * separately so that their buffer sizes can be individually set and they do
+ * not affect one another.
+ *
+ * Data rings are byte arrays composed of data blocks, referenced by blk_lpos
+ * structs that point to the logical position of the beginning of a data block
+ * and the beginning of the next adjacent data block. Logical positions are
+ * mapped directly to index values of the byte array ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * Each data block consists of an ID followed by the raw data. The ID is the
+ * identifier of a descriptor that is associated with the data block. A data
+ * block is considered valid if all conditions are met:
+ *
+ * 1) The descriptor associated with the data block is in the committed
+ * or reusable queried state.
+ *
+ * 2) The descriptor associated with the data block points back to the
+ * same data block.
+ *
+ * 3) The data block is within the head/tail logical position range.
+ *
+ * If the raw data of a data block would extend beyond the end of the byte
+ * array, only the ID of the data block is stored at the logical position
+ * and the full data block (ID and raw data) is stored at the beginning of
+ * the byte array. The referencing blk_lpos will point to the ID before the
+ * wrap and the next will point to the logical position adjacent the full
+ * data block.
+ *
+ * Data rings have @tail_lpos that points to the beginning of the oldest data
+ * block and @head_lpos that points to the logical position of the next (not
+ * yet existing) data block.
+ *
+ * When a new data block should be created (and the ring is full), tail data
+ * blocks will first be invalidated by putting their associated descriptors
+ * into the reusable state and then pushing the @tail_lpos forward beyond
+ * them. Then the @head_lpos is pushed forward and is associated with a new
+ * descriptor. If a data block is not valid, the @tail_lpos cannot be
+ * advanced beyond it.
+ *
+ * Usage
+ * -----
+ * Here are some simple examples demonstrating writers and readers. For the
+ * examples a global ringbuffer (test_rb) is available (which is not the
+ * actual ringbuffer used by printk)::
+ *
+ * DECLARE_PRINTKRB(test_rb, 15, 5, 3);
+ *
+ * This ringbuffer allows up to 32768 records (2 ^ 15) and has a size of
+ * 1 MiB (2 ^ 20) for text data and 256 KiB (2 ^ 18) for dictionary data.
+ *
+ * Sample writer code::
+ *
+ * struct prb_reserved_entry e;
+ * struct printk_record r;
+ *
+ * // specify how much to allocate
+ * r.text_buf_size = strlen(textstr) + 1;
+ * r.dict_buf_size = strlen(dictstr) + 1;
+ *
+ * if (prb_reserve(&e, &test_rb, &r)) {
+ * snprintf(r.text_buf, r.text_buf_size, "%s", textstr);
+ *
+ * // dictionary allocation may have failed
+ * if (r.dict_buf)
+ * snprintf(r.dict_buf, r.dict_buf_size, "%s", dictstr);
+ *
+ * r.info->ts_nsec = local_clock();
+ *
+ * prb_commit(&e);
+ * }
+ *
+ * Sample reader code::
+ *
+ * struct printk_info info;
+ * char text_buf[32];
+ * char dict_buf[32];
+ * struct printk_record r = {
+ * .info = &info,
+ * .text_buf = &text_buf[0],
+ * .dict_buf = &dict_buf[0],
+ * .text_buf_size = sizeof(text_buf),
+ * .dict_buf_size = sizeof(dict_buf),
+ * };
+ * u64 seq;
+ *
+ * prb_for_each_record(0, &test_rb, &seq, &r) {
+ * if (info.seq != seq)
+ * pr_warn("lost %llu records\n", info.seq - seq);
+ *
+ * if (info.text_len > r.text_buf_size) {
+ * pr_warn("record %llu text truncated\n", info.seq);
+ * text_buf[sizeof(text_buf) - 1] = 0;
+ * }
+ *
+ * if (info.dict_len > r.dict_buf_size) {
+ * pr_warn("record %llu dict truncated\n", info.seq);
+ * dict_buf[sizeof(dict_buf) - 1] = 0;
+ * }
+ *
+ * pr_info("%llu: %llu: %s;%s\n", info.seq, info.ts_nsec,
+ * &text_buf[0], info.dict_len ? &dict_buf[0] : "");
+ * }
+ */
+
+#define DATA_SIZE(data_ring) _DATA_SIZE((data_ring)->size_bits)
+#define DATA_SIZE_MASK(data_ring) (DATA_SIZE(data_ring) - 1)
+
+#define DESCS_COUNT(desc_ring) _DESCS_COUNT((desc_ring)->count_bits)
+#define DESCS_COUNT_MASK(desc_ring) (DESCS_COUNT(desc_ring) - 1)
+
+/* Determine the data array index from a logical position. */
+#define DATA_INDEX(data_ring, lpos) ((lpos) & DATA_SIZE_MASK(data_ring))
+
+/* Determine the desc array index from an ID or sequence number. */
+#define DESC_INDEX(desc_ring, n) ((n) & DESCS_COUNT_MASK(desc_ring))
+
+/* Determine how many times the data array has wrapped. */
+#define DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, lpos) ((lpos) >> (data_ring)->size_bits)
+
+/* Get the logical position at index 0 of the current wrap. */
+#define DATA_THIS_WRAP_START_LPOS(data_ring, lpos) \
+ ((lpos) & ~DATA_SIZE_MASK(data_ring))
+
+/* Get the ID for the same index of the previous wrap as the given ID. */
+#define DESC_ID_PREV_WRAP(desc_ring, id) \
+ DESC_ID((id) - DESCS_COUNT(desc_ring))
+
+/* A data block: maps to the raw data within the data ring. */
+struct prb_data_block {
+ unsigned long id;
+ char data[0];
+};
+
+static struct prb_desc *to_desc(struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring, u64 n)
+{
+ return &desc_ring->descs[DESC_INDEX(desc_ring, n)];
+}
+
+static struct prb_data_block *to_block(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ unsigned long begin_lpos)
+{
+ char *data = &data_ring->data[DATA_INDEX(data_ring, begin_lpos)];
+
+ return (struct prb_data_block *)data;
+}
+
+/* Increase the data size to account for data block meta data. */
+static unsigned long to_blk_size(unsigned long size)
+{
+ struct prb_data_block *db = NULL;
+
+ size += sizeof(*db);
+ size = ALIGN(size, sizeof(db->id));
+ return size;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Sanity checker for reserve size. The ringbuffer code assumes that a data
+ * block does not exceed the maximum possible size that could fit within the
+ * ringbuffer. This function provides that basic size check so that the
+ * assumption is safe.
+ *
+ * Writers are also not allowed to write 0-sized (data-less) records. Such
+ * records are used only internally by the ringbuffer.
+ */
+static bool data_check_size(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring, unsigned int size)
+{
+ struct prb_data_block *db = NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Writers are not allowed to write data-less records. Such records
+ * are used only internally by the ringbuffer to denote records where
+ * their data failed to allocate or have been lost.
+ */
+ if (size == 0)
+ return false;
+
+ /*
+ * Ensure the alignment padded size could possibly fit in the data
+ * array. The largest possible data block must still leave room for
+ * at least the ID of the next block.
+ */
+ size = to_blk_size(size);
+ if (size > DATA_SIZE(data_ring) - sizeof(db->id))
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* The possible responses of a descriptor state-query. */
+enum desc_state {
+ desc_miss, /* ID mismatch */
+ desc_reserved, /* reserved, but still in use by writer */
+ desc_committed, /* committed, writer is done */
+ desc_reusable, /* free, not used by any writer */
+};
+
+/* Query the state of a descriptor. */
+static enum desc_state get_desc_state(unsigned long id,
+ unsigned long state_val)
+{
+ if (id != DESC_ID(state_val))
+ return desc_miss;
+
+ if (state_val & DESC_REUSE_MASK)
+ return desc_reusable;
+
+ if (state_val & DESC_COMMITTED_MASK)
+ return desc_committed;
+
+ return desc_reserved;
+}
+
+/* Get a copy of a specified descriptor and its state. */
+static enum desc_state desc_read(struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring,
+ unsigned long id, struct prb_desc *desc_out)
+{
+ struct prb_desc *desc = to_desc(desc_ring, id);
+ atomic_long_t *state_var = &desc->state_var;
+ enum desc_state d_state;
+ unsigned long state_val;
+
+ /*
+ * Check the state before copying the data. Only descriptors in the
+ * committed or reusable state are copied because a descriptor in any
+ * other state is in use and must be considered garbage by the reader.
+ */
+ state_val = atomic_long_read(state_var); /* LMM(desc_read:A) */
+ d_state = get_desc_state(id, state_val);
+ if (d_state != desc_committed && d_state != desc_reusable)
+ return d_state;
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee the state is loaded before loading/copying the
+ * descriptor. This pairs with prb_commit:B.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* LMM(desc_read:B) */
+
+ /*
+ * Copy the descriptor.
+ *
+ * Memory barrier involvement:
+ *
+ * 1. No possibility of reading old/obsolete descriptor data.
+ * If desc_read:A reads from prb_commit:C, then desc_read:C reads
+ * from prb_commit:A.
+ *
+ * Relies on:
+ *
+ * WMB from prb_commit:A to prb_commit:C
+ * matching
+ * RMB from desc_read:A to desc_read:C
+ *
+ * 2. No possibility of reading old/obsolete descriptor state.
+ * If desc_read:C reads from desc_reserve:D, then desc_read:E
+ * reads from desc_reserve:B.
+ *
+ * Relies on:
+ *
+ * WMB from desc_reserve:B to desc_reserve:D
+ * matching
+ * RMB from desc_read:C to desc_read:E
+ */
+ *desc_out = READ_ONCE(*desc); /* LMM(desc_read:C) */
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee the descriptor is loaded before re-checking the
+ * state. This pairs with desc_reserve:C.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* LMM(desc_read:D) */
+
+ /*
+ * Re-check the state after copying the data. If the state is no
+ * longer committed or reusable, the caller must consider the copied
+ * descriptor as garbage.
+ */
+ state_val = atomic_long_read(state_var); /* LMM(desc_read:E) */
+ return get_desc_state(id, state_val);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Take a given descriptor out of the committed state by attempting
+ * the transition from committed to reusable. Either this task or some
+ * other task will have been successful.
+ */
+static void desc_make_reusable(struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring,
+ unsigned long id)
+{
+ struct prb_desc *desc = to_desc(desc_ring, id);
+ atomic_long_t *state_var = &desc->state_var;
+ unsigned long val_committed = id | DESC_COMMITTED_MASK;
+ unsigned long val_reusable = val_committed | DESC_REUSE_MASK;
+
+ atomic_long_cmpxchg_relaxed(state_var, val_committed, val_reusable);
+}
+
+/*
+ * For a given data ring (text or dict) and its current tail lpos:
+ * for each data block up until @lpos, make the associated descriptor
+ * reusable.
+ *
+ * If there is any problem making the associated descriptor reusable,
+ * either the descriptor has not yet been committed or another writer
+ * task has already pushed the tail lpos past the problematic data
+ * block. Regardless, on error the caller can re-load the tail lpos
+ * to determine the situation.
+ */
+static bool data_make_reusable(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ unsigned long tail_lpos, unsigned long lpos,
+ unsigned long *lpos_out)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos *blk_lpos;
+ struct prb_data_block *blk;
+ enum desc_state d_state;
+ struct prb_desc desc;
+ unsigned long id;
+
+ /*
+ * Using the provided @data_ring, point @blk_lpos to the correct
+ * blk_lpos within the local copy of the descriptor.
+ */
+ if (data_ring == &rb->text_data_ring)
+ blk_lpos = &desc.text_blk_lpos;
+ else
+ blk_lpos = &desc.dict_blk_lpos;
+
+ /* Loop until @tail_lpos has advanced to or beyond @lpos. */
+ while ((lpos - tail_lpos) - 1 < DATA_SIZE(data_ring)) {
+ blk = to_block(data_ring, tail_lpos);
+ id = READ_ONCE(blk->id);
+
+ d_state = desc_read(desc_ring, id,
+ &desc); /* LMM(data_make_reusable:A) */
+
+ switch (d_state) {
+ case desc_miss:
+ return false;
+ case desc_reserved:
+ return false;
+ case desc_committed:
+ /*
+ * This data block is invalid if the descriptor
+ * does not point back to it.
+ */
+ if (blk_lpos->begin != tail_lpos)
+ return false;
+ desc_make_reusable(desc_ring, id);
+ break;
+ case desc_reusable:
+ /*
+ * This data block is invalid if the descriptor
+ * does not point back to it.
+ */
+ if (blk_lpos->begin != tail_lpos)
+ return false;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Advance @tail_lpos to the next data block. */
+ tail_lpos = blk_lpos->next;
+ }
+
+ *lpos_out = tail_lpos;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Advance the data ring tail to at least @lpos. This function puts all
+ * descriptors into the reusable state if the tail will be pushed beyond
+ * their associated data block.
+ */
+static bool data_push_tail(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ unsigned long lpos)
+{
+ unsigned long tail_lpos;
+ unsigned long next_lpos;
+
+ /* If @lpos is not valid, there is nothing to do. */
+ if (lpos == INVALID_LPOS)
+ return true;
+
+ tail_lpos = atomic_long_read(&data_ring->tail_lpos);
+
+ do {
+ /* If @lpos is no longer valid, there is nothing to do. */
+ if (lpos - tail_lpos >= DATA_SIZE(data_ring))
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * Make all descriptors reusable that are associated with
+ * data blocks before @lpos.
+ */
+ if (!data_make_reusable(rb, data_ring, tail_lpos, lpos,
+ &next_lpos)) {
+ /*
+ * data_make_reusable() performed state loads. Make
+ * sure they are loaded before reloading the tail lpos
+ * in order to see a new tail in the case that the
+ * descriptor has been recycled. This pairs with
+ * desc_reserve:A.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* LMM(data_push_tail:A) */
+
+ /*
+ * Reload the tail lpos.
+ *
+ * Memory barrier involvement:
+ *
+ * No possibility of missing a recycled descriptor.
+ * If data_make_reusable:A reads from desc_reserve:B,
+ * then data_push_tail:B reads from desc_push_tail:A.
+ *
+ * Relies on:
+ *
+ * MB from desc_push_tail:A to desc_reserve:B
+ * matching
+ * RMB from data_make_reusable:A to data_push_tail:B
+ */
+ next_lpos = atomic_long_read(&data_ring->tail_lpos
+ ); /* LMM(data_push_tail:B) */
+ if (next_lpos == tail_lpos)
+ return false;
+
+ /* Another task pushed the tail. Try again. */
+ tail_lpos = next_lpos;
+ }
+ } while (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&data_ring->tail_lpos,
+ &tail_lpos, next_lpos)); /* can be relaxed? */
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Advance the desc ring tail. This function advances the tail by one
+ * descriptor, thus invalidating the oldest descriptor. Before advancing
+ * the tail, the tail descriptor is made reusable and all data blocks up to
+ * and including the descriptor's data block are invalidated (i.e. the data
+ * ring tail is pushed past the data block of the descriptor being made
+ * reusable).
+ */
+static bool desc_push_tail(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ unsigned long tail_id)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ enum desc_state d_state;
+ struct prb_desc desc;
+
+ d_state = desc_read(desc_ring, tail_id, &desc);
+
+ switch (d_state) {
+ case desc_miss:
+ /*
+ * If the ID is exactly 1 wrap behind the expected, it is
+ * in the process of being reserved by another writer and
+ * must be considered reserved.
+ */
+ if (DESC_ID(atomic_long_read(&desc.state_var)) ==
+ DESC_ID_PREV_WRAP(desc_ring, tail_id)) {
+ return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+ case desc_reserved:
+ return false;
+ case desc_committed:
+ desc_make_reusable(desc_ring, tail_id);
+ break;
+ case desc_reusable:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Data blocks must be invalidated before their associated
+ * descriptor can be made available for recycling. Invalidating
+ * them later is not possible because there is no way to trust
+ * data blocks once their associated descriptor is gone.
+ */
+
+ if (!data_push_tail(rb, &rb->text_data_ring, desc.text_blk_lpos.next))
+ return false;
+ if (!data_push_tail(rb, &rb->dict_data_ring, desc.dict_blk_lpos.next))
+ return false;
+
+ /* The data ring tail(s) were pushed: LMM(desc_push_tail:A) */
+
+ /*
+ * Check the next descriptor after @tail_id before pushing the tail to
+ * it because the tail must always be in a committed or reusable
+ * state. The implementation of prb_first_seq() relies on this.
+ *
+ * A successful read implies that the next descriptor is less than or
+ * equal to @head_id so there is no risk of pushing the tail past the
+ * head.
+ */
+ d_state = desc_read(desc_ring, DESC_ID(tail_id + 1),
+ &desc); /* LMM(desc_push_tail:B) */
+ if (d_state == desc_committed || d_state == desc_reusable) {
+ atomic_long_cmpxchg_relaxed(&desc_ring->tail_id, tail_id,
+ DESC_ID(tail_id + 1)); /* LMM(desc_push_tail:C) */
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Guarantee the last state load from desc_read() is before
+ * reloading @tail_id in order to see a new tail in the case
+ * that the descriptor has been recycled. This pairs with
+ * desc_reserve:A.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* LMM(desc_push_tail:D) */
+
+ /*
+ * Re-check the tail ID. The descriptor following @tail_id is
+ * not in an allowed tail state. But if the tail has since
+ * been moved by another task, then it does not matter.
+ *
+ * Memory barrier involvement:
+ *
+ * No possibility of missing a pushed tail.
+ * If desc_push_tail:B reads from desc_reserve:B, then
+ * desc_push_tail:E reads from desc_push_tail:C.
+ *
+ * Relies on:
+ *
+ * MB from desc_push_tail:C to desc_reserve:B
+ * matching
+ * RMB from desc_push_tail:B to desc_push_tail:E
+ */
+ if (atomic_long_read(&desc_ring->tail_id) ==
+ tail_id) { /* LMM(desc_push_tail:E) */
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Reserve a new descriptor, invalidating the oldest if necessary. */
+static bool desc_reserve(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, unsigned long *id_out)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ unsigned long prev_state_val;
+ unsigned long id_prev_wrap;
+ struct prb_desc *desc;
+ unsigned long head_id;
+ unsigned long id;
+
+ head_id = atomic_long_read(&desc_ring->head_id);
+
+ do {
+ desc = to_desc(desc_ring, head_id);
+
+ id = DESC_ID(head_id + 1);
+ id_prev_wrap = DESC_ID_PREV_WRAP(desc_ring, id);
+
+ if (id_prev_wrap == atomic_long_read(&desc_ring->tail_id)) {
+ /*
+ * Make space for the new descriptor by
+ * advancing the tail.
+ */
+ if (!desc_push_tail(rb, id_prev_wrap))
+ return false;
+ }
+ } while (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&desc_ring->head_id,
+ &head_id, id));
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee any data ring tail changes are stored before recycling
+ * the descriptor. A full memory barrier is needed since another
+ * task may have pushed the data ring tails. This pairs with
+ * data_push_tail:A.
+ *
+ * Guarantee a new tail ID is stored before recycling the descriptor.
+ * A full memory barrier is needed since another task may have pushed
+ * the tail ID. This pairs with desc_push_tail:D and prb_first_seq:C.
+ */
+ smp_mb(); /* LMM(desc_reserve:A) */
+
+ desc = to_desc(desc_ring, id);
+
+ /* If the descriptor has been recycled, verify the old state val. */
+ prev_state_val = atomic_long_read(&desc->state_var);
+ if (prev_state_val && prev_state_val != (id_prev_wrap |
+ DESC_COMMITTED_MASK |
+ DESC_REUSE_MASK)) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /* Assign the descriptor a new ID and set its state to reserved. */
+ if (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&desc->state_var,
+ &prev_state_val, id | 0)) { /* LMM(desc_reserve:B) */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee the new descriptor ID and state is stored before making
+ * any other changes. This pairs with desc_read:D.
+ */
+ smp_wmb(); /* LMM(desc_reserve:C) */
+
+ /* Now data in @desc can be modified: LMM(desc_reserve:D) */
+
+ *id_out = id;
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Determine the end of a data block. */
+static unsigned long get_next_lpos(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ unsigned long lpos, unsigned int size)
+{
+ unsigned long begin_lpos;
+ unsigned long next_lpos;
+
+ begin_lpos = lpos;
+ next_lpos = lpos + size;
+
+ if (DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, begin_lpos) ==
+ DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, next_lpos)) {
+ /* The data block does not wrap. */
+ return next_lpos;
+ }
+
+ /* Wrapping data blocks store their data at the beginning. */
+ return (DATA_THIS_WRAP_START_LPOS(data_ring, next_lpos) + size);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate a new data block, invalidating the oldest data block(s)
+ * if necessary. This function also associates the data block with
+ * a specified descriptor.
+ */
+static char *data_alloc(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ struct prb_data_ring *data_ring, unsigned long size,
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos *blk_lpos, unsigned long id)
+{
+ struct prb_data_block *blk;
+ unsigned long begin_lpos;
+ unsigned long next_lpos;
+
+ if (!data_ring->data || size == 0) {
+ /* Specify a data-less block. */
+ blk_lpos->begin = INVALID_LPOS;
+ blk_lpos->next = INVALID_LPOS;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ size = to_blk_size(size);
+
+ begin_lpos = atomic_long_read(&data_ring->head_lpos);
+
+ do {
+ next_lpos = get_next_lpos(data_ring, begin_lpos, size);
+
+ if (!data_push_tail(rb, data_ring,
+ next_lpos - DATA_SIZE(data_ring))) {
+ /* Failed to allocate, specify a data-less block. */
+ blk_lpos->begin = INVALID_LPOS;
+ blk_lpos->next = INVALID_LPOS;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ } while (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&data_ring->head_lpos,
+ &begin_lpos, next_lpos));
+
+ blk = to_block(data_ring, begin_lpos);
+ blk->id = id;
+
+ if (DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, begin_lpos) !=
+ DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, next_lpos)) {
+ /* Wrapping data blocks store their data at the beginning. */
+ blk = to_block(data_ring, 0);
+ blk->id = id;
+ }
+
+ blk_lpos->begin = begin_lpos;
+ blk_lpos->next = next_lpos;
+
+ return &blk->data[0];
+}
+
+static unsigned int space_used(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos *blk_lpos)
+{
+ if (DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, blk_lpos->begin) ==
+ DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, blk_lpos->next)) {
+ return (DATA_INDEX(data_ring, blk_lpos->next) -
+ DATA_INDEX(data_ring, blk_lpos->begin));
+ }
+
+ return (DATA_INDEX(data_ring, blk_lpos->next) +
+ DATA_SIZE(data_ring) -
+ DATA_INDEX(data_ring, blk_lpos->begin));
+}
+
+/**
+ * prb_reserve() - Reserve space in the ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * @e: The entry structure to setup.
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to reserve data in.
+ * @r: The record structure to allocate buffers for.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to writers to reserve data.
+ *
+ * The writer specifies the text and dict sizes to reserve by setting the
+ * @text_buf_size and @dict_buf_size fields of @r, respectively. Dictionaries
+ * are optional, so @dict_buf_size is allowed to be 0.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Disables local interrupts on success.
+ * Return: true if at least text data could be allocated, otherwise false.
+ *
+ * On success, the fields @info, @text_buf, @dict_buf of @r will be set by
+ * this function and should be filled in by the writer before committing. Also
+ * on success, prb_record_text_space() can be used on @e to query the actual
+ * space used for the text data block.
+ *
+ * If the function fails to reserve dictionary space (but all else succeeded),
+ * it will still report success. In that case @dict_buf is set to NULL and
+ * @dict_buf_size is set to 0. Writers must check this before writing to
+ * dictionary space.
+ */
+bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ struct printk_record *r)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ struct prb_desc *d;
+ unsigned long id;
+
+ if (!data_check_size(&rb->text_data_ring, r->text_buf_size))
+ goto fail;
+
+ /* Records without dictionaries are allowed. */
+ if (r->dict_buf_size) {
+ if (!data_check_size(&rb->dict_data_ring, r->dict_buf_size))
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /* Disable interrupts during the reserve/commit window. */
+ local_irq_save(e->irqflags);
+
+ if (!desc_reserve(rb, &id)) {
+ /* Descriptor reservation failures are tracked. */
+ atomic_long_inc(&rb->fail);
+ local_irq_restore(e->irqflags);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ d = to_desc(desc_ring, id);
+
+ /*
+ * Set the @e fields here so that prb_commit() can be used if
+ * text data allocation fails.
+ */
+ e->rb = rb;
+ e->id = id;
+
+ /*
+ * Initialize the sequence number if it has never been set.
+ * Otherwise just increment it by a full wrap.
+ *
+ * @seq is considered "never been set" if it has a value of 0,
+ * _except_ for descs[0], which was set by the ringbuffer initializer
+ * and therefore is always considered as set.
+ *
+ * See the "Bootstrap" comment block in printk_ringbuffer.h for
+ * details about how the initializer bootstraps the descriptors.
+ */
+ if (d->info.seq == 0 && DESC_INDEX(desc_ring, id) != 0)
+ d->info.seq = DESC_INDEX(desc_ring, id);
+ else
+ d->info.seq += DESCS_COUNT(desc_ring);
+
+ r->text_buf = data_alloc(rb, &rb->text_data_ring, r->text_buf_size,
+ &d->text_blk_lpos, id);
+ /* If text data allocation fails, a data-less record is committed. */
+ if (r->text_buf_size && !r->text_buf) {
+ d->info.text_len = 0;
+ d->info.dict_len = 0;
+ prb_commit(e);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ r->dict_buf = data_alloc(rb, &rb->dict_data_ring, r->dict_buf_size,
+ &d->dict_blk_lpos, id);
+ /*
+ * If dict data allocation fails, the caller can still commit
+ * text. But dictionary information will not be available.
+ */
+ if (r->dict_buf_size && !r->dict_buf)
+ r->dict_buf_size = 0;
+
+ r->info = &d->info;
+ r->text_line_count = NULL;
+
+ /* Set default values for the sizes. */
+ d->info.text_len = r->text_buf_size;
+ d->info.dict_len = r->dict_buf_size;
+
+ /* Record full text space used by record. */
+ e->text_space = space_used(&rb->text_data_ring, &d->text_blk_lpos);
+
+ return true;
+fail:
+ /* Make it clear to the caller that the reserve failed. */
+ memset(r, 0, sizeof(*r));
+ return false;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_reserve);
+
+/**
+ * prb_commit() - Commit (previously reserved) data to the ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * @e: The entry containing the reserved data information.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to writers to commit data.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Enables local interrupts.
+ */
+void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &e->rb->desc_ring;
+ struct prb_desc *d = to_desc(desc_ring, e->id);
+ unsigned long prev_state_val = e->id | 0;
+
+ /* Now the writer has finished all writing: LMM(prb_commit:A) */
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee that all record data is stored before the descriptor
+ * state is stored as committed. This pairs with desc_read:B.
+ */
+ smp_wmb(); /* LMM(prb_commit:B) */
+
+ /* Set the descriptor as committed. */
+ if (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&d->state_var, &prev_state_val,
+ e->id | DESC_COMMITTED_MASK)) { /* LMM(prb_commit:C) */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ }
+
+ /* Restore interrupts, the reserve/commit window is finished. */
+ local_irq_restore(e->irqflags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_commit);
+
+/*
+ * Given @blk_lpos, return a pointer to the raw data from the data block
+ * and calculate the size of the data part. A NULL pointer is returned
+ * if @blk_lpos specifies values that could never be legal.
+ *
+ * This function (used by readers) performs strict validation on the lpos
+ * values to possibly detect bugs in the writer code. A WARN_ON_ONCE() is
+ * triggered if an internal error is detected.
+ */
+static char *get_data(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos *blk_lpos,
+ unsigned long *data_size)
+{
+ struct prb_data_block *db;
+
+ /* Data-less data block description. */
+ if (blk_lpos->begin == INVALID_LPOS &&
+ blk_lpos->next == INVALID_LPOS) {
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Regular data block: @begin less than @next and in same wrap. */
+ } else if (DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, blk_lpos->begin) ==
+ DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, blk_lpos->next) &&
+ blk_lpos->begin < blk_lpos->next) {
+ db = to_block(data_ring, blk_lpos->begin);
+ *data_size = blk_lpos->next - blk_lpos->begin;
+
+ /* Wrapping data block: @begin is one wrap behind @next. */
+ } else if (DATA_WRAPS(data_ring,
+ blk_lpos->begin + DATA_SIZE(data_ring)) ==
+ DATA_WRAPS(data_ring, blk_lpos->next)) {
+ db = to_block(data_ring, 0);
+ *data_size = DATA_INDEX(data_ring, blk_lpos->next);
+
+ /* Illegal block description. */
+ } else {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* A valid data block will always be aligned to the ID size. */
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(blk_lpos->begin !=
+ ALIGN(blk_lpos->begin, sizeof(db->id))) ||
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(blk_lpos->next !=
+ ALIGN(blk_lpos->next, sizeof(db->id)))) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* A valid data block will always have at least an ID. */
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(*data_size < sizeof(db->id)))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Subtract descriptor ID space from size to reflect data size. */
+ *data_size -= sizeof(db->id);
+
+ return &db->data[0];
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given @blk_lpos, copy an expected @len of data into the provided buffer.
+ * If @line_count is provided, count the number of lines in the data.
+ *
+ * This function (used by readers) performs strict validation on the data
+ * size to possibly detect bugs in the writer code. A WARN_ON_ONCE() is
+ * triggered if an internal error is detected.
+ */
+static bool copy_data(struct prb_data_ring *data_ring,
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos *blk_lpos, u16 len, char *buf,
+ unsigned int buf_size, unsigned int *line_count)
+{
+ unsigned long data_size;
+ char *data;
+
+ /* Caller might not want any data. */
+ if ((!buf || !buf_size) && !line_count)
+ return true;
+
+ data = get_data(data_ring, blk_lpos, &data_size);
+ if (!data)
+ return false;
+
+ /* Actual cannot be less than expected. */
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(data_size < (unsigned long)len)) {
+ pr_warn_once(
+ "wrong data size (%lu, expecting %hu) for data: %.*s\n",
+ data_size, len, (int)data_size, data);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /* Caller interested in the line count? */
+ if (line_count) {
+ unsigned long next_size = data_size;
+ char *next = data;
+
+ *line_count = 0;
+
+ while (next_size) {
+ (*line_count)++;
+ next = memchr(next, '\n', next_size);
+ if (!next)
+ break;
+ next++;
+ next_size = data_size - (next - data);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Caller interested in the data content? */
+ if (!buf || !buf_size)
+ return true;
+
+ data_size = min_t(u16, buf_size, len);
+
+ if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!data_size))
+ memcpy(&buf[0], data, data_size);
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read the record @id and verify that it is committed and has the sequence
+ * number @seq. On success, 0 is returned.
+ *
+ * Error return values:
+ * -EINVAL: A committed record @seq does not exist.
+ * -ENOENT: The record @seq exists, but its data is not available. This is a
+ * valid record, so readers should continue with the next seq.
+ */
+static int desc_read_committed(struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring,
+ unsigned long id, u64 seq,
+ struct prb_desc *desc)
+{
+ enum desc_state d_state;
+
+ d_state = desc_read(desc_ring, id, desc);
+ if (desc->info.seq != seq)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ else if (d_state == desc_reusable)
+ return -ENOENT;
+ else if (d_state != desc_committed)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy the ringbuffer data from the record with @seq to the provided
+ * @r buffer. On success, 0 is returned.
+ *
+ * See desc_read_committed() for error return values.
+ */
+static int prb_read(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq,
+ struct printk_record *r)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ struct prb_desc *rdesc = to_desc(desc_ring, seq);
+ atomic_long_t *state_var = &rdesc->state_var;
+ struct prb_desc desc;
+ unsigned long id;
+ int err;
+
+ /* Get a reliable local copy of the descriptor and check validity. */
+ id = DESC_ID(atomic_long_read(state_var));
+ err = desc_read_committed(desc_ring, id, seq, &desc);
+
+ /*
+ * It is possible that no record was specified. In that case the
+ * caller is only interested in the availability of the record.
+ */
+ if (err || !r)
+ return err;
+
+ /* If requested, copy meta data. */
+ if (r->info)
+ memcpy(r->info, &desc.info, sizeof(*(r->info)));
+
+ /* Copy text data. If it fails, this is a data-less descriptor. */
+ if (!copy_data(&rb->text_data_ring, &desc.text_blk_lpos,
+ desc.info.text_len, r->text_buf, r->text_buf_size,
+ r->text_line_count)) {
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Copy dict data. Although this should not fail, dict data is not
+ * important. So if it fails, modify the copied meta data to report
+ * that there is no dict data, thus silently dropping the dict data.
+ */
+ if (!copy_data(&rb->dict_data_ring, &desc.dict_blk_lpos,
+ desc.info.dict_len, r->dict_buf, r->dict_buf_size,
+ NULL)) {
+ if (r->info)
+ r->info->dict_len = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Re-check real descriptor validity. */
+ return desc_read_committed(desc_ring, id, seq, &desc);
+}
+
+/**
+ * prb_first_seq() - Get the sequence number of the tail descriptor.
+ *
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to get the sequence number from.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to readers to see what the
+ * first/oldest sequence number is. This provides readers a starting
+ * point to begin iterating the ringbuffer. Note that the returned sequence
+ * number might not belong to a valid record.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: The sequence number of the first/oldest record or, if the
+ * ringbuffer is empty, 0 is returned.
+ */
+u64 prb_first_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb)
+{
+ struct prb_desc_ring *desc_ring = &rb->desc_ring;
+ enum desc_state d_state;
+ struct prb_desc desc;
+ unsigned long id;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ id = atomic_long_read(
+ &rb->desc_ring.tail_id); /* LMM(prb_first_seq:A) */
+
+ d_state = desc_read(desc_ring, id,
+ &desc); /* LMM(prb_first_seq:B) */
+
+ /*
+ * This loop will not be infinite because the tail is
+ * _always_ in the committed or reusable state.
+ */
+ if (d_state == desc_committed || d_state == desc_reusable)
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * Guarantee the last state load from desc_read() is before
+ * reloading @tail_id in order to see a new tail in the case
+ * that the descriptor has been recycled. This pairs with
+ * desc_reserve:A.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* LMM(prb_first_seq:C) */
+
+ /*
+ * Reload the tail ID.
+ *
+ * Memory barrier involvement:
+ *
+ * No possibility of missing a pushed tail.
+ * If prb_first_seq:B reads from desc_reserve:B, then
+ * prb_first_seq:A reads from desc_push_tail:C.
+ *
+ * Relies on:
+ *
+ * MB from desc_push_tail:C to desc_reserve:B
+ * matching
+ * RMB prb_first_seq:B to prb_first_seq:A
+ */
+ }
+
+ return desc.info.seq;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_first_seq);
+
+/*
+ * Non-blocking read of a record. Updates @seq to the last committed record
+ * (which may have no data).
+ *
+ * See the description of prb_read_valid() for details.
+ */
+bool _prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 *seq,
+ struct printk_record *r)
+{
+ u64 tail_seq;
+ int err;
+
+ while ((err = prb_read(rb, *seq, r))) {
+ tail_seq = prb_first_seq(rb);
+
+ if (*seq < tail_seq) {
+ /*
+ * Behind the tail. Catch up and try again. This
+ * can happen for -ENOENT and -EINVAL cases.
+ */
+ *seq = tail_seq;
+
+ } else if (err == -ENOENT) {
+ /* Record exists, but no data available. Skip. */
+ (*seq)++;
+
+ } else {
+ /* Non-existent/non-committed record. Must stop. */
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/**
+ * prb_read_valid() - Non-blocking read of a requested record or (if gone)
+ * the next available record.
+ *
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to read from.
+ * @seq: The sequence number of the record to read.
+ * @r: The record data buffer to store the read record to.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to readers to read a record.
+ *
+ * The reader provides the @info, @text_buf, @dict_buf buffers of @r to be
+ * filled in.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: true if a record was read, otherwise false.
+ *
+ * On success, the reader must check r->info.seq to see which record was
+ * actually read. This allows the reader to detect dropped records.
+ *
+ * Failure means @seq refers to a not yet written record.
+ */
+bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq,
+ struct printk_record *r)
+{
+ return _prb_read_valid(rb, &seq, r);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_read_valid);
+
+/**
+ * prb_next_seq() - Get the sequence number after the last available record.
+ *
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to get the sequence number from.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to readers to see what the next
+ * newest sequence number available to readers will be. This provides readers
+ * a sequence number to jump to if all available records should be skipped.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: The sequence number of the next newest (not yet available) record
+ * for readers.
+ */
+u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb)
+{
+ u64 seq = 0;
+
+ do {
+ /* Search forward from the oldest descriptor. */
+ if (!_prb_read_valid(rb, &seq, NULL))
+ return seq;
+ seq++;
+ } while (seq);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_next_seq);
+
+/**
+ * prb_init() - Initialize a ringbuffer to use provided external buffers.
+ *
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to initialize.
+ * @text_buf: The data buffer for text data.
+ * @textbits: The size of @text_buf as a power-of-2 value.
+ * @dict_buf: The data buffer for dictionary data.
+ * @dictbits: The size of @dict_buf as a power-of-2 value.
+ * @descs: The descriptor buffer for ringbuffer records.
+ * @descbits: The count of @descs items as a power-of-2 value.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to writers to setup a ringbuffer
+ * during runtime using provided buffers.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ */
+void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ char *text_buf, unsigned int textbits,
+ char *dict_buf, unsigned int dictbits,
+ struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descbits)
+{
+ memset(descs, 0, _DESCS_COUNT(descbits) * sizeof(descs[0]));
+
+ rb->desc_ring.count_bits = descbits;
+ rb->desc_ring.descs = descs;
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->desc_ring.head_id, DESC0_ID(descbits));
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->desc_ring.tail_id, DESC0_ID(descbits));
+
+ rb->text_data_ring.size_bits = textbits;
+ rb->text_data_ring.data = text_buf;
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->text_data_ring.head_lpos, BLK0_LPOS(textbits));
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->text_data_ring.tail_lpos, BLK0_LPOS(textbits));
+
+ rb->dict_data_ring.size_bits = dictbits;
+ rb->dict_data_ring.data = dict_buf;
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->dict_data_ring.head_lpos, BLK0_LPOS(dictbits));
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->dict_data_ring.tail_lpos, BLK0_LPOS(dictbits));
+
+ atomic_long_set(&rb->fail, 0);
+
+ descs[0].info.seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits);
+
+ descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].info.seq = 0;
+ atomic_long_set(&(descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].state_var),
+ DESC0_SV(descbits));
+ descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].text_blk_lpos.begin = INVALID_LPOS;
+ descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].text_blk_lpos.next = INVALID_LPOS;
+ descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].dict_blk_lpos.begin = INVALID_LPOS;
+ descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1].dict_blk_lpos.next = INVALID_LPOS;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_init);
+
+/**
+ * prb_record_text_space() - Query the full actual used ringbuffer space for
+ * the text data of a reserved entry.
+ *
+ * @e: The successfully reserved entry to query.
+ *
+ * This is the public function available to writers to see how much actual
+ * space is used in the ringbuffer to store the specified entry.
+ *
+ * This function is only valid if an entry @a has been successfully reserved
+ * using prb_reserve().
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: The size in bytes used by the associated record.
+ */
+unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e)
+{
+ return e->text_space;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(prb_record_text_space);
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.h b/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4dc428427e7f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk_ringbuffer.h
@@ -0,0 +1,328 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H
+#define _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H
+
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+
+struct printk_info {
+ u64 seq; /* sequence number */
+ u64 ts_nsec; /* timestamp in nanoseconds */
+ u16 text_len; /* length of text message */
+ u16 dict_len; /* length of dictionary message */
+ u8 facility; /* syslog facility */
+ u8 flags:5; /* internal record flags */
+ u8 level:3; /* syslog level */
+ u32 caller_id; /* thread id or processor id */
+};
+
+/*
+ * A structure providing the buffers, used by writers and readers.
+ *
+ * Writers:
+ * The writer sets @text_buf_size and @dict_buf_size before calling
+ * prb_reserve(). On success, prb_reserve() sets @info, @text_buf, @dict_buf.
+ *
+ * Readers:
+ * The reader sets all fields before calling prb_read_valid(). Note that
+ * the reader provides the @info, @text_buf, @dict_buf buffers. On success,
+ * the struct pointed to by @info will be filled and the char arrays pointed
+ * to by @text_buf and @dict_buf will be filled with text and dict data.
+ * If @text_line_count is provided, the number of lines in @text_buf will
+ * be counted.
+ */
+struct printk_record {
+ struct printk_info *info;
+ char *text_buf;
+ char *dict_buf;
+ unsigned int text_buf_size;
+ unsigned int dict_buf_size;
+ unsigned int *text_line_count;
+};
+
+/* Specifies the position/span of a data block. */
+struct prb_data_blk_lpos {
+ unsigned long begin;
+ unsigned long next;
+};
+
+/* A descriptor: the complete meta-data for a record. */
+struct prb_desc {
+ struct printk_info info;
+ atomic_long_t state_var;
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos text_blk_lpos;
+ struct prb_data_blk_lpos dict_blk_lpos;
+};
+
+/* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_data_block + data" elements. */
+struct prb_data_ring {
+ unsigned int size_bits;
+ char *data;
+ atomic_long_t head_lpos;
+ atomic_long_t tail_lpos;
+};
+
+/* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_desc" elements. */
+struct prb_desc_ring {
+ unsigned int count_bits;
+ struct prb_desc *descs;
+ atomic_long_t head_id;
+ atomic_long_t tail_id;
+};
+
+/* The high level structure representing the printk ringbuffer. */
+struct printk_ringbuffer {
+ struct prb_desc_ring desc_ring;
+ struct prb_data_ring text_data_ring;
+ struct prb_data_ring dict_data_ring;
+ atomic_long_t fail;
+};
+
+/* Used by writers as a reserve/commit handle. */
+struct prb_reserved_entry {
+ struct printk_ringbuffer *rb;
+ unsigned long irqflags;
+ unsigned long id;
+ unsigned int text_space;
+};
+
+#define _DATA_SIZE(sz_bits) (1UL << (sz_bits))
+#define _DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) (1U << (ct_bits))
+#define DESC_SV_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8)
+#define DESC_COMMITTED_MASK (1UL << (DESC_SV_BITS - 1))
+#define DESC_REUSE_MASK (1UL << (DESC_SV_BITS - 2))
+#define DESC_FLAGS_MASK (DESC_COMMITTED_MASK | DESC_REUSE_MASK)
+#define DESC_ID_MASK (~DESC_FLAGS_MASK)
+#define DESC_ID(sv) ((sv) & DESC_ID_MASK)
+#define INVALID_LPOS 1
+
+#define INVALID_BLK_LPOS \
+ { \
+ .begin = INVALID_LPOS, \
+ .next = INVALID_LPOS, \
+ }
+
+/*
+ * Descriptor Bootstrap
+ *
+ * The descriptor array is minimally initialized to allow immediate usage
+ * by readers and writers. The requirements that the descriptor array
+ * initialization must satisfy:
+ *
+ * Req1: The tail must point to an existing (committed or reusable)
+ * descriptor. This is required by the implementation of
+ * get_desc_tail_seq().
+ *
+ * Req2: Readers must see that the ringbuffer is initially empty.
+ *
+ * Req3: The first record reserved by a writer is assigned sequence number 0.
+ *
+ * To satisfy Req1, the tail points to a descriptor that is minimally
+ * initialized (having no data block, i.e. data block's lpos @begin and @next
+ * values are set to INVALID_LPOS).
+ *
+ * To satisfy Req2, the tail descriptor is initialized to the reusable state.
+ * Readers recognize reusable descriptors as existing records, but skip over
+ * them.
+ *
+ * To satisfy Req3, the last descriptor in the array is used as the initial
+ * head (and tail) descriptor. This allows the first record reserved by a
+ * writer (head + 1) to be the first descriptor in the array. (Only the first
+ * descriptor in the array could have a valid sequence number of 0.)
+ *
+ * The first time a descriptor is reserved, it is assigned a sequence number
+ * with the value of the array index. A "first time reserved" descriptor can
+ * be recognized because it has a sequence number of 0 even though it does not
+ * have an index of 0. (Only the first descriptor in the array could have a
+ * valid sequence number of 0.) After the first reservation, all future
+ * reservations simply involve incrementing the sequence number by the array
+ * count.
+ *
+ * Hack #1:
+ * The first descriptor in the array is allowed to have a sequence number 0.
+ * In this case it is not possible to recognize if it is being reserved the
+ * first time (set to index value) or has been reserved previously (increment
+ * by the the array count). This is handled by _always_ incrementing the
+ * sequence number when reserving the first descriptor in the array. So in
+ * order to satisfy Req3, the sequence number of the first descriptor in the
+ * array is initialized to minus the array count. Then, upon the first
+ * reservation, it is incremented to 0.
+ *
+ * Hack #2:
+ * get_desc_tail_seq() can be called at any time by readers to retrieve the
+ * sequence number of the tail descriptor. However, due to Req2 and Req3,
+ * initially there are no records to report the sequence number of (sequence
+ * numbers are u64 and there is nothing less than 0). To handle this, the
+ * sequence number of the tail descriptor is initialized to 0. Technically
+ * this is incorrect, because there is no record with sequence number 0 (yet)
+ * and the tail descriptor is not the first descriptor in the array. But it
+ * allows prb_read_valid() to correctly report that the record is
+ * non-existent for any given sequence number. Bootstrapping is complete when
+ * the tail is pushed the first time, thus finally pointing to the first
+ * descriptor reserved by a writer, which has the assigned sequence number 0.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Initiating Logical Value Overflows
+ *
+ * Both logical position (lpos) and ID values can be mapped to array indexes
+ * but may experience overflows during the lifetime of the system. To ensure
+ * that printk_ringbuffer can handle the overflows for these types, initial
+ * values are chosen that map to the correct initial array indexes, but will
+ * result in overflows soon.
+ *
+ * BLK0_LPOS: The initial @head_lpos and @tail_lpos for data rings. It is at
+ * index 0 and the lpos value is such that it will overflow on the
+ * first wrap.
+ *
+ * DESC0_ID: The initial @head_id and @tail_id for the desc ring. It is at the
+ * last index of the descriptor array and the ID value is such that
+ * it will overflow on the second wrap.
+ */
+#define BLK0_LPOS(sz_bits) (-(_DATA_SIZE(sz_bits)))
+#define DESC0_ID(ct_bits) DESC_ID(-(_DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) + 1))
+#define DESC0_SV(ct_bits) (DESC_COMMITTED_MASK | DESC_REUSE_MASK | \
+ DESC0_ID(ct_bits))
+
+/*
+ * Declare a ringbuffer with an external text data buffer. The same as
+ * DECLARE_PRINTKRB() but allows specifying an external buffer for the
+ * text data.
+ *
+ * Note: The specified external buffer must be of the size:
+ * 2 ^ (descbits + avgtextbits)
+ */
+#define _DECLARE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, avgdictbits, \
+ text_buf) \
+char _##name##_dict[1U << ((avgdictbits) + (descbits))] \
+ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \
+struct prb_desc _##name##_descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \
+ /* this will be the first record reserved by a writer */ \
+ [0] = { \
+ .info = { \
+ /*
+ * will be incremented to 0 on
+ * the first reservation
+ */ \
+ .seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits), \
+ }, \
+ }, \
+ /* the initial head and tail */ \
+ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \
+ .info = { \
+ /*
+ * reports the minimal seq value
+ * during the bootstrap phase
+ */ \
+ .seq = 0, \
+ }, \
+ /* reusable */ \
+ .state_var = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_SV(descbits)), \
+ /* no associated data block */ \
+ .text_blk_lpos = INVALID_BLK_LPOS, \
+ .dict_blk_lpos = INVALID_BLK_LPOS, \
+ }, \
+ }; \
+struct printk_ringbuffer name = { \
+ .desc_ring = { \
+ .count_bits = descbits, \
+ .descs = &_##name##_descs[0], \
+ .head_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \
+ .tail_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \
+ }, \
+ .text_data_ring = { \
+ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \
+ .data = text_buf, \
+ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS( \
+ (avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \
+ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS( \
+ (avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \
+ }, \
+ .dict_data_ring = { \
+ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \
+ .data = &_##name##_dict[0], \
+ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS( \
+ (avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \
+ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS( \
+ (avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \
+ }, \
+ .fail = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \
+}
+
+/**
+ * DECLARE_PRINTKRB() - Declare a ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * @name: The name of the ringbuffer variable.
+ * @descbits: The number of descriptors as a power-of-2 value.
+ * @avgtextbits: The average text data size per record as a power-of-2 value.
+ * @avgdictbits: The average dictionary data size per record as a
+ * power-of-2 value.
+ *
+ * This is a macro for declaring a ringbuffer and all internal structures
+ * such that it is ready for immediate use. See _DECLARE_PRINTKRB() for a
+ * variant where the text data buffer can be specified externally.
+ */
+#define DECLARE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, avgdictbits) \
+char _##name##_text[1U << ((avgtextbits) + (descbits))] \
+ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \
+_DECLARE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, avgdictbits, \
+ &_##name##_text[0])
+
+/**
+ * DECLARE_PRINTKRB_RECORD() - Declare a buffer for reading records.
+ *
+ * @name: The name of the record variable.
+ * @buf_size: The size for the text and dictionary buffers.
+ *
+ * This macro declares a record buffer for use with prb_read_valid().
+ */
+#define DECLARE_PRINTKRB_RECORD(name, buf_size) \
+struct printk_info _##name##_info; \
+char _##name##_text_buf[buf_size]; \
+char _##name##_dict_buf[buf_size]; \
+struct printk_record name = { \
+ .info = &_##name##_info, \
+ .text_buf = &_##name##_text_buf[0], \
+ .dict_buf = &_##name##_dict_buf[0], \
+ .text_buf_size = buf_size, \
+ .dict_buf_size = buf_size, \
+}
+
+/* Writer Interface */
+
+bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ struct printk_record *r);
+void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e);
+
+void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb,
+ char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size,
+ char *dict_buf, unsigned int dict_buf_size,
+ struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descs_count_bits);
+unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e);
+
+/* Reader Interface */
+
+bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq,
+ struct printk_record *r);
+
+u64 prb_first_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb);
+u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb);
+
+/**
+ * prb_for_each_record() - Iterate over a ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * @from: The sequence number to begin with.
+ * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over.
+ * @seq: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration.
+ * @r: A printk_record to store the record on each iteration.
+ *
+ * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ */
+#define prb_for_each_record(from, rb, seq, r) \
+ for ((seq) = from; \
+ prb_read_valid(rb, seq, r); \
+ (seq) = (r)->info->seq + 1)
+
+#endif /* _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H */
--
2.20.1
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