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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 05/10] READ_ONCE: Enforce atomicity for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() memory accesses
On Thu, Jan 23, 2020 at 03:33:36PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() cannot guarantee atomicity for arbitrary data sizes.
> This can be surprising to callers that might incorrectly be expecting
> atomicity for accesses to aggregate structures, although there are other
> callers where tearing is actually permissable (e.g. if they are using
> something akin to sequence locking to protect the access).
>
> Linus sayeth:
>
> | We could also look at being stricter for the normal READ/WRITE_ONCE(),
> | and require that they are
> |
> | (a) regular integer types
> |
> | (b) fit in an atomic word
> |
> | We actually did (b) for a while, until we noticed that we do it on
> | loff_t's etc and relaxed the rules. But maybe we could have a
> | "non-atomic" version of READ/WRITE_ONCE() that is used for the
> | questionable cases?
>
> The slight snag is that we also have to support 64-bit accesses on 32-bit
> architectures, as these appear to be widespread and tend to work out ok
> if either the architecture supports atomic 64-bit accesses (x86, armv7)
> or if the variable being accesses represents a virtual address and
> therefore only requires 32-bit atomicity in practice.
>
> Take a step in that direction by introducing a variant of
> 'compiletime_assert_atomic_type()' and use it to check the pointer
> argument to {READ,WRITE}_ONCE(). Expose __{READ,WRITE_ONCE}() variants
> which are allowed to tear and convert the two broken callers over to the
> new macros.

The build robot is telling me we also need this for m68k; they have:

arch/m68k/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct { unsigned long pmd[16]; } pmd_t;

Commit 688272809fcce seems to suggest the below is actually wrong tho.

---
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 7646bf993b25..62885dad5444 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -320,7 +320,7 @@ static struct page *follow_pmd_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* The READ_ONCE() will stabilize the pmdval in a register or
* on the stack so that it will stop changing under the code.
*/
- pmdval = READ_ONCE(*pmd);
+ pmdval = __READ_ONCE(*pmd);
if (pmd_none(pmdval))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
if (pmd_huge(pmdval) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@ static struct page *follow_pmd_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
!is_pmd_migration_entry(pmdval));
if (is_pmd_migration_entry(pmdval))
pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd);
- pmdval = READ_ONCE(*pmd);
+ pmdval = __READ_ONCE(*pmd);
/*
* MADV_DONTNEED may convert the pmd to null because
* mmap_sem is held in read mode
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