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Subject[PATCH v2 04/10] READ_ONCE: Simplify implementations of {READ,WRITE}_ONCE()
Date
The implementations of {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() suffer from a significant
amount of indirection and complexity due to a historic GCC bug:

https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=58145

which was originally worked around by 230fa253df63 ("kernel: Provide
READ_ONCE and ASSIGN_ONCE").

Since GCC 4.8 is fairly vintage at this point and we emit a warning if
we detect it during the build, return {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() to their former
glory with an implementation that is easier to understand and, crucially,
more amenable to optimisation. A side effect of this simplification is
that WRITE_ONCE() no longer returns a value, but nobody seems to be
relying on that and the new behaviour is aligned with smp_store_release().

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---
include/linux/compiler.h | 104 ++++++++++-----------------------------
1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 5e88e7e33abe..44974d658f30 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -177,60 +177,6 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_likely_data *f, int val,
# define __UNIQUE_ID(prefix) __PASTE(__PASTE(__UNIQUE_ID_, prefix), __LINE__)
#endif

-#include <uapi/linux/types.h>
-
-#define __READ_ONCE_SIZE \
-({ \
- switch (size) { \
- case 1: *(__u8 *)res = *(volatile __u8 *)p; break; \
- case 2: *(__u16 *)res = *(volatile __u16 *)p; break; \
- case 4: *(__u32 *)res = *(volatile __u32 *)p; break; \
- case 8: *(__u64 *)res = *(volatile __u64 *)p; break; \
- default: \
- barrier(); \
- __builtin_memcpy((void *)res, (const void *)p, size); \
- barrier(); \
- } \
-})
-
-static __always_inline
-void __read_once_size(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
-/*
- * We can't declare function 'inline' because __no_sanitize_address confilcts
- * with inlining. Attempt to inline it may cause a build failure.
- * https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=67368
- * '__maybe_unused' allows us to avoid defined-but-not-used warnings.
- */
-# define __no_kasan_or_inline __no_sanitize_address notrace __maybe_unused
-#else
-# define __no_kasan_or_inline __always_inline
-#endif
-
-static __no_kasan_or_inline
-void __read_once_size_nocheck(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
-}
-
-static __always_inline void __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- switch (size) {
- case 1: *(volatile __u8 *)p = *(__u8 *)res; break;
- case 2: *(volatile __u16 *)p = *(__u16 *)res; break;
- case 4: *(volatile __u32 *)p = *(__u32 *)res; break;
- case 8: *(volatile __u64 *)p = *(__u64 *)res; break;
- default:
- barrier();
- __builtin_memcpy((void *)p, (const void *)res, size);
- barrier();
- }
-}
-
/*
* Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The
* compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of
@@ -240,11 +186,7 @@ static __always_inline void __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int s
* statements.
*
* These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or
- * unions. If the size of the accessed data type exceeds the word size of
- * the machine (e.g., 32 bits or 64 bits) READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() will
- * fall back to memcpy(). There's at least two memcpy()s: one for the
- * __builtin_memcpy() and then one for the macro doing the copy of variable
- * - '__u' allocated on the stack.
+ * unions.
*
* Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between
* process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU,
@@ -256,23 +198,35 @@ static __always_inline void __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int s
#include <asm/barrier.h>
#include <linux/kasan-checks.h>

-#define __READ_ONCE(x, check) \
+/*
+ * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need
+ * to hide memory access from KASAN.
+ */
+#define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) \
({ \
- union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u; \
- if (check) \
- __read_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- else \
- __read_once_size_nocheck(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* Enforce dependency ordering from x */ \
- __u.__val; \
+ typeof(x) __x = *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x); \
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
+ __x; \
})
-#define READ_ONCE(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 1)

+#define READ_ONCE(x) READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x)
+
+#define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \
+do { \
+ *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val); \
+} while (0)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
/*
- * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need
- * to hide memory access from KASAN.
+ * We can't declare function 'inline' because __no_sanitize_address conflicts
+ * with inlining. Attempt to inline it may cause a build failure.
+ * https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=67368
+ * '__maybe_unused' allows us to avoid defined-but-not-used warnings.
*/
-#define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 0)
+# define __no_kasan_or_inline __no_sanitize_address notrace __maybe_unused
+#else
+# define __no_kasan_or_inline __always_inline
+#endif

static __no_kasan_or_inline
unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
@@ -281,14 +235,6 @@ unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
return *(unsigned long *)addr;
}

-#define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \
-({ \
- union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u = \
- { .__val = (__force typeof(x)) (val) }; \
- __write_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- __u.__val; \
-})
-
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

/*
--
2.25.0.341.g760bfbb309-goog
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