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Subject[RESEND PATCH v10 01/10] Documentation: Add EPT based Subpage Protection and related APIs
Date
Co-developed-by: yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com>
---
Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt | 39 ++++++
Documentation/virtual/kvm/spp_kvm.txt | 179 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 218 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/virtual/kvm/spp_kvm.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
index ebb37b34dcfc..a08c944d8eb6 100644
--- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
@@ -4168,6 +4168,45 @@ This ioctl issues an ultravisor call to terminate the secure guest,
unpins the VPA pages and releases all the device pages that are used to
track the secure pages by hypervisor.

+4.122 KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS
+
+Architectures: x86
+Type: vm ioctl
+Parameters: struct kvm_subpage_info (in/out)
+Returns: 0 on success, < 0 on error
+
+#define KVM_SUBPAGE_MAX_PAGES 512
+struct kvm_subpage {
+ __u64 gfn_base; /* the first page gfn of the contiguous pages */
+ __u32 npages; /* number of 4K pages */
+ __u32 flags; /* reserved to 0 now */
+ __u32 access_map[0]; /* start place of bitmap array */
+};
+
+This ioctl fetches subpage permission from contiguous pages starting with
+gfn. npages is the number of contiguous pages to fetch. access_map contains permission
+vectors fetched for all the pages.
+
+4.123 KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS
+
+Architectures: x86
+Type: vm ioctl
+Parameters: struct kvm_subpage_info (in/out)
+Returns: 0 on success, < 0 on error
+
+#define KVM_SUBPAGE_MAX_PAGES 512
+struct kvm_subpage {
+ __u64 gfn_base; /* the first page gfn of the contiguous pages */
+ __u32 npages; /* number of 4K pages */
+ __u32 flags; /* reserved to 0 now */
+ __u32 access_map[0]; /* start place of bitmap array */
+};
+
+This ioctl sets subpage permission for contiguous pages starting with gfn. npages is
+the number of contiguous pages to set. access_map contains permission vectors for all the
+pages. Since during execution of the ioctl, it holds mmu_lock, so limits the MAX pages
+to 512 to reduce the impact to EPT.
+
5. The kvm_run structure
------------------------

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/spp_kvm.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/spp_kvm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1b41125e0cb1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/spp_kvm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,179 @@
+EPT-Based Sub-Page Protection (SPP) for KVM
+====================================================
+
+1.Overview
+ EPT-based Sub-Page Protection(SPP) allows VMM to specify
+ fine-grained(128byte per sub-page) write-protection for guest physical
+ memory. When it's enabled, the CPU enforces write-access permission
+ for the sub-pages within a 4KB page, if corresponding bit is set in
+ permission vector, write to sub-page region is allowed, otherwise,
+ it's prevented with a EPT violation.
+
+ *Note*: In current implementation, SPP is exclusive with nested flag,
+ if it's on, SPP feature won't work.
+
+2.SPP Operation
+ Sub-Page Protection Table (SPPT) is introduced to manage sub-page
+ write-access permission.
+
+ It is active when:
+ a) nested flag is turned off.
+ b) "sub-page write protection" VM-execution control is 1.
+ c) SPP is initialized with KVM_ENABLE_CAP ioctl and sub-class KVM_CAP_X86_SPP.
+ d) Sub-page permissions are set with KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS ioctl.
+ see below sections for details.
+
+ __________________________________________________________________________
+
+ How SPP hardware works:
+ __________________________________________________________________________
+
+ Guest write access --> GPA --> Walk EPT --> EPT leaf entry -----|
+ |---------------------------------------------------------------|
+ |-> if VMexec_control.spp && ept_leaf_entry.spp_bit (bit 61)
+ |
+ |-> <false> --> EPT legacy behavior
+ |
+ |
+ |-> <true> --> if ept_leaf_entry.writable
+ |
+ |-> <true> --> Ignore SPP
+ |
+ |-> <false> --> GPA --> Walk SPP 4-level table--|
+ |
+ |------------<----------get-the-SPPT-point-from-VMCS-field-----<------|
+ |
+ Walk SPP L4E table
+ |
+ |---> if-entry-misconfiguration ------------>-------|-------<---------|
+ | | |
+ else | |
+ | | |
+ | |------------------SPP VMexit<-----------------| |
+ | | |
+ | |-> exit_qualification & sppt_misconfig --> sppt misconfig |
+ | | |
+ | |-> exit_qualification & sppt_miss --> sppt miss |
+ |---| |
+ | |
+ walk SPPT L3E--|--> if-entry-misconfiguration------------>------------|
+ | |
+ else |
+ | |
+ | |
+ walk SPPT L2E --|--> if-entry-misconfiguration-------->-------|
+ | |
+ else |
+ | |
+ | |
+ walk SPPT L1E --|-> if-entry-misconfiguration--->----|
+ |
+ else
+ |
+ |-> if sub-page writable
+ |-> <true> allow, write access
+ |-> <false> disallow, EPT violation
+ ______________________________________________________________________________
+
+3.IOCTL Interfaces
+
+ KVM_ENABLE_CAP(capability: KVM_CAP_X86_SPP):
+ Allocate storage for sub-page permission vectors and SPPT root page.
+
+ KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS:
+ Get sub-page write permission vectors for given contiguous guest pages.
+
+ KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS
+ Set SPP bit in EPT leaf entries for given contiguous guest pages. The
+ actual SPPT setup is triggered when SPP miss vm-exit is handled.
+
+ struct kvm_subpage{
+ __u64 gfn_base; /* the first page gfn of the contiguous pages */
+ __u32 npages; /* number of 4K pages */
+ __u32 flags; /* reserved to 0 now */
+ __u32 access_map[0]; /* start place of bitmap array */
+ };
+
+ #define KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS _IOR(KVMIO, 0x49, __u64)
+ #define KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS _IOW(KVMIO, 0x4a, __u64)
+
+4.Set Sub-Page Permission
+
+ * To enable SPP protection, KVM user-space application sets sub-page permission
+ via KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS ioctl:
+ (1) It first stores the access permissions in bitmap array.
+
+ (2) Then, if the target 4KB pages are mapped as PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL entry in EPT,
+ it sets SPP bit of the corresponding entry to mark sub-page protection.
+ If the 4KB pages are mapped within PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL or PT_PDPE_LEVEL entry,
+ it first zaps the hugepage entries so as to let following memory access to trigger
+ EPT violation, there the gfn is check against SPP permission bitmap and
+ proper level is selected to set up EPT entry.
+
+
+ The SPPT paging structure format is as below:
+
+ Format of the SPPT L4E, L3E, L2E:
+ | Bit | Contents |
+ | :----- | :------------------------------------------------------------------------|
+ | 0 | Valid entry when set; indicates whether the entry is present |
+ | 11:1 | Reserved (0) |
+ | N-1:12 | Physical address of 4KB aligned SPPT LX-1 Table referenced by this entry |
+ | 51:N | Reserved (0) |
+ | 63:52 | Reserved (0) |
+ Note: N is the physical address width supported by the processor. X is the page level
+
+ Format of the SPPT L1E:
+ | Bit | Contents |
+ | :---- | :---------------------------------------------------------------- |
+ | 0+2i | Write permission for i-th 128 byte sub-page region. |
+ | 1+2i | Reserved (0). |
+ Note: 0<=i<=31
+
+5.SPPT-induced VM exit
+
+ * SPPT miss and misconfiguration induced VM exit
+
+ A SPPT missing VM exit occurs when walk the SPPT, there is no SPPT
+ misconfiguration but a paging-structure entry is not
+ present in any of L4E/L3E/L2E entries.
+
+ A SPPT misconfiguration VM exit occurs when reserved bits or unsupported values
+ are set in SPPT entry.
+
+ *NOTE* SPPT miss and SPPT misconfigurations can occur only due to
+ "eligible" memory write, this excludes, e.g., guest paging structure,
+ please refer to SDM 28.2 for details of "non-eligible" cases.
+
+ * SPP permission induced VM exit
+ SPP sub-page permission induced violation is reported as EPT violation
+ therefore causes VM exit.
+
+6.SPPT-induced VM exit handling
+
+ #define EXIT_REASON_SPP 66
+
+ static int (*const kvm_vmx_exit_handlers[])(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) = {
+ ...
+ [EXIT_REASON_SPP] = handle_spp,
+ ...
+ };
+
+ New exit qualification for SPPT-induced vmexits.
+
+ | Bit | Contents |
+ | :---- | :---------------------------------------------------------------- |
+ | 10:0 | Reserved (0). |
+ | 11 | SPPT VM exit type. Set for SPPT Miss, cleared for SPPT Misconfig. |
+ | 12 | NMI unblocking due to IRET |
+ | 63:13 | Reserved (0) |
+
+ * SPPT miss induced VM exit
+ Set up SPPT entries correctly.
+
+ * SPPT misconfiguration induced VM exit
+ This is left to user-space application to handle.
+
+ * SPP permission induced VM exit
+ This is left to user-space application to handle, e.g.,
+ retry the fault instruction or skip it.
--
2.17.2
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