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SubjectRE: [PATCH v4 07/12] vfio_pci: shrink vfio_pci.c
Date
> From: Alex Williamson [mailto:alex.williamson@redhat.com]
> Sent: Friday, January 10, 2020 6:48 AM
> To: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 07/12] vfio_pci: shrink vfio_pci.c
>
> On Tue, 7 Jan 2020 20:01:44 +0800
> Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > This patch removes the common codes in vfio_pci.c, leave the module
> > specific codes, new vfio_pci.c will leverage the common functions
> > implemented in vfio_pci_common.c.
> >
> > Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> > Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile | 3 +-
> > drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 1442 -----------------------------------
> > drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_common.c | 2 +-
> > drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h | 2 +
> > 4 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 1444 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
> > index f027f8a..d94317a 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
> > @@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
> > # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> >
> > -vfio-pci-y := vfio_pci.o vfio_pci_intrs.o vfio_pci_rdwr.o vfio_pci_config.o
> > +vfio-pci-y := vfio_pci.o vfio_pci_common.o vfio_pci_intrs.o \
> > + vfio_pci_rdwr.o vfio_pci_config.o
> > vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_IGD) += vfio_pci_igd.o
> > vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2) += vfio_pci_nvlink2.o
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> > index 103e493..7e24da2 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
>
> I think there are a bunch of headers that are no longer needed here
> too. It at least compiles without these:
>
> -#include <linux/eventfd.h>
> -#include <linux/file.h>
> -#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> -#include <linux/notifier.h>
> -#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> -#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> -#include <linux/nospec.h>

Got it, let me remove them.

>
>
> > @@ -54,411 +54,6 @@ module_param(disable_idle_d3, bool, S_IRUGO |
> S_IWUSR);
> > MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_idle_d3,
> > "Disable using the PCI D3 low power state for idle, unused devices");
> >
> > -/*
> > - * Our VGA arbiter participation is limited since we don't know anything
> > - * about the device itself. However, if the device is the only VGA device
> > - * downstream of a bridge and VFIO VGA support is disabled, then we can
> > - * safely return legacy VGA IO and memory as not decoded since the user
> > - * has no way to get to it and routing can be disabled externally at the
> > - * bridge.
> > - */
> > -unsigned int vfio_pci_set_vga_decode(void *opaque, bool single_vga)
> > -{
> > - struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = opaque;
> > - struct pci_dev *tmp = NULL, *pdev = vdev->pdev;
> > - unsigned char max_busnr;
> > - unsigned int decodes;
> > -
> > - if (single_vga || !vfio_vga_disabled(vdev) ||
> > - pci_is_root_bus(pdev->bus))
> > - return VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO | VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM |
> > - VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
> > -
> > - max_busnr = pci_bus_max_busnr(pdev->bus);
> > - decodes = VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO | VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM;
> > -
> > - while ((tmp = pci_get_class(PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA << 8, tmp)) != NULL) {
> > - if (tmp == pdev ||
> > - pci_domain_nr(tmp->bus) != pci_domain_nr(pdev->bus) ||
> > - pci_is_root_bus(tmp->bus))
> > - continue;
> > -
> > - if (tmp->bus->number >= pdev->bus->number &&
> > - tmp->bus->number <= max_busnr) {
> > - pci_dev_put(tmp);
> > - decodes |= VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO |
> VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM;
> > - break;
> > - }
> > - }
> > -
> > - return decodes;
> > -}
> > -
> > -static void vfio_pci_probe_mmaps(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
> > -{
> > - struct resource *res;
> > - int i;
> > - struct vfio_pci_dummy_resource *dummy_res;
> > -
> > - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vdev->dummy_resources_list);
> > -
> > - for (i = 0; i < PCI_STD_NUM_BARS; i++) {
> > - int bar = i + PCI_STD_RESOURCES;
> > -
> > - res = &vdev->pdev->resource[bar];
> > -
> > - if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_MMAP))
> > - goto no_mmap;
> > -
> > - if (!(res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM))
> > - goto no_mmap;
> > -
> > - /*
> > - * The PCI core shouldn't set up a resource with a
> > - * type but zero size. But there may be bugs that
> > - * cause us to do that.
> > - */
> > - if (!resource_size(res))
> > - goto no_mmap;
> > -
> > - if (resource_size(res) >= PAGE_SIZE) {
> > - vdev->bar_mmap_supported[bar] = true;
> > - continue;
> > - }
> > -
> > - if (!(res->start & ~PAGE_MASK)) {
> > - /*
> > - * Add a dummy resource to reserve the remainder
> > - * of the exclusive page in case that hot-add
> > - * device's bar is assigned into it.
> > - */
> > - dummy_res = kzalloc(sizeof(*dummy_res), GFP_KERNEL);
> > - if (dummy_res == NULL)
> > - goto no_mmap;
> > -
> > - dummy_res->resource.name = "vfio sub-page reserved";
> > - dummy_res->resource.start = res->end + 1;
> > - dummy_res->resource.end = res->start + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
> > - dummy_res->resource.flags = res->flags;
> > - if (request_resource(res->parent,
> > - &dummy_res->resource)) {
> > - kfree(dummy_res);
> > - goto no_mmap;
> > - }
> > - dummy_res->index = bar;
> > - list_add(&dummy_res->res_next,
> > - &vdev->dummy_resources_list);
> > - vdev->bar_mmap_supported[bar] = true;
> > - continue;
> > - }
> > - /*
> > - * Here we don't handle the case when the BAR is not page
> > - * aligned because we can't expect the BAR will be
> > - * assigned into the same location in a page in guest
> > - * when we passthrough the BAR. And it's hard to access
> > - * this BAR in userspace because we have no way to get
> > - * the BAR's location in a page.
> > - */
> > -no_mmap:
> > - vdev->bar_mmap_supported[bar] = false;
> > - }
> > -}
> > -
> > -static void vfio_pci_try_bus_reset(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev);
> > -
> > -/*
> > - * INTx masking requires the ability to disable INTx signaling via PCI_COMMAND
> > - * _and_ the ability detect when the device is asserting INTx via PCI_STATUS.
> > - * If a device implements the former but not the latter we would typically
> > - * expect broken_intx_masking be set and require an exclusive interrupt.
> > - * However since we do have control of the device's ability to assert INTx,
> > - * we can instead pretend that the device does not implement INTx, virtualizing
> > - * the pin register to report zero and maintaining DisINTx set on the host.
> > - */
> > -static bool vfio_pci_nointx(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> > -{
> > - switch (pdev->vendor) {
> > - case PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL:
> > - switch (pdev->device) {
> > - /* All i40e (XL710/X710/XXV710) 10/20/25/40GbE NICs */
> > - case 0x1572:
> > - case 0x1574:
> > - case 0x1580 ... 0x1581:
> > - case 0x1583 ... 0x158b:
> > - case 0x37d0 ... 0x37d2:
> > - return true;
> > - default:
> > - return false;
> > - }
> > - }
> > -
> > - return false;
> > -}
> > -
> > -void vfio_pci_probe_power_state(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
> > -{
> > - struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
> > - u16 pmcsr;
> > -
> > - if (!pdev->pm_cap)
> > - return;
> > -
> > - pci_read_config_word(pdev, pdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, &pmcsr);
> > -
> > - vdev->needs_pm_restore = !(pmcsr & PCI_PM_CTRL_NO_SOFT_RESET);
> > -}
> > -
> > -/*
> > - * pci_set_power_state() wrapper handling devices which perform a soft reset on
> > - * D3->D0 transition. Save state prior to D0/1/2->D3, stash it on the vdev,
> > - * restore when returned to D0. Saved separately from pci_saved_state for use
> > - * by PM capability emulation and separately from pci_dev internal saved state
> > - * to avoid it being overwritten and consumed around other resets.
> > - */
> > -int vfio_pci_set_power_state(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev, pci_power_t state)
> > -{
> > - struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
> > - bool needs_restore = false, needs_save = false;
> > - int ret;
> > -
> > - if (vdev->needs_pm_restore) {
> > - if (pdev->current_state < PCI_D3hot && state >= PCI_D3hot) {
> > - pci_save_state(pdev);
> > - needs_save = true;
> > - }
> > -
> > - if (pdev->current_state >= PCI_D3hot && state <= PCI_D0)
> > - needs_restore = true;
> > - }
> > -
> > - ret = pci_set_power_state(pdev, state);
> > -
> > - if (!ret) {
> > - /* D3 might be unsupported via quirk, skip unless in D3 */
> > - if (needs_save && pdev->current_state >= PCI_D3hot) {
> > - vdev->pm_save = pci_store_saved_state(pdev);
> > - } else if (needs_restore) {
> > - pci_load_and_free_saved_state(pdev, &vdev->pm_save);
> > - pci_restore_state(pdev);
> > - }
> > - }
>
>
> This gets a bit ugly, vfio_pci_remove() retains:
>
> kfree(vdev->pm_save)
>
> But vfio_pci.c otherwise has no use of this field on the
> vfio_pci_device. I'm afraid we're really just doing a pretty rough
> splitting of the code rather than massaging the callbacks between the
> modules into an actual API, for example maybe there should be init and
> exit callbacks into the common code to handle such things.
> ioeventfds_{list,lock} are similar, vfio_pci.c inits and destroys them,
> but otherwise doesn't know what they're for. I wonder how many more
> such things exist. Thanks,

yeah, I tried to keep the code as what it looks like today. So it is
now much more like a code splitting). But I agree we need to make it
more thorough. I had been considering how to make the code work as
what you described here since I saw your comment last week. I may
need a more detailed investigation on it per your direction, and answer
your question better.

Thanks very much for your guidelines.

Regards,
Yi Liu

>
> Alex

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