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SubjectRe: SCHED_DEADLINE with CPU affinity
On 14/01/20 10:44, stanner@posteo.de wrote:
>
>
> Am 13.01.2020 10:22 schrieb Juri Lelli:
> > Hi,
> >
> > Sorry for the delay in repling (Xmas + catching-up w/ emails).
>
> No worries
>
> > > I fear I have not understood quite well yet why this
> > > "workaround" leads to (presumably) the same results as set_affinity
> > > would. From what I have read, I understand it as follows: For
> > > sched_dead, admission control tries to guarantee that the requested
> > > policy can be executed. To do so, it analyzes the current workload
> > > situation, taking especially the number of cores into account.
> > >
> > > Now, with a pre-configured set, the kernel knows which tasks will run
> > > on which core, therefore it's able to judge wether a process can be
> > > deadline scheduled or not. But when using the default way, you could
> > > start your processes as SCHED_OTHER, set SCHED_DEADLINE as policy and
> > > later many of them could suddenly call set_affinity, desiring to run
> > > on
> > > the same core, therefore provoking collisions.
> >
> > But setting affinity would still have to pass admission control, and
> > should fail in the case you are describing (IIUC).
> >
> > https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/kernel/sched/core.c#L5433
>
> Well, no, that's not what I meant.
> I understand that the kernel currently rejects the combination of
> set_affinity and
> sched_setattr.
> My question, basically is: Why does it work with exclusive cpu-sets?
>
> As I wrote above, I assume that the difference is that the kernel knows
> which
> programs will run on which core beforehand and therefore can check the
> rules of admission control, whereas without exclusive cpu_sets it could
> happen
> any time that certain (other) deadline applications decide to switch cores
> manually,
> causing collisions with a deadline task already running on this core.
>
> You originally wrote that this solution is "currently" required; that's why
> assume that
> in theory the admission control check could also be done dynamically when
> sched_setattr or set_affinity are called (after each other, without
> exclusive cpu sets).
>
> Have I been clear enough now? Basically I want to know why
> cpusets+sched_deadline
> works whereas set_affinity+sched_deadline is rejected, although both seem to
> lead
> to the same result.

Oh, OK, I think I now got the question (sorry :-).

So, (exclusive) cpusets define "isolated" domains of CPUs among which
DEADLINE tasks can freely migrate following the global EDF rule:

https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.rst#L413

Relaxing this constraint and allowing users to define per-task
affinities (via setaffinity) can lead to situations where affinity masks
of different tasks overlap, and this creates problem for the admission
control checks that are currently implemented.

Theory has been developed already that tackles the problem of
overlapping affinities, but that is not yet implemented (it adds
complexity that would have to be supported by strong usecases).

Best,

Juri

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