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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] drivers: char: ipmi: ipmi_msghandler: Pass lockdep expression to RCU lists
On Wed, Jan 15, 2020 at 11:32:59AM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 15, 2020 at 06:06:53PM +0530, Amol Grover wrote:
> > On Tue, Jan 14, 2020 at 09:58:28AM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jan 14, 2020 at 08:30:30AM +0530, Amol Grover wrote:
> > > > On Sun, Jan 12, 2020 at 01:25:58PM +0800, kbuild test robot wrote:
> > > > > Hi Amol,
> > > > >
> > > > > Thank you for the patch! Perhaps something to improve:
> > > > >
> > > > > [auto build test WARNING on char-misc/char-misc-testing]
> > > > > [also build test WARNING on ipmi/for-next arm-soc/for-next v5.5-rc5]
> > > > > [if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
> > > > > improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
> > > > > base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]
> > > > >
> > > > > url: https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Amol-Grover/drivers-char-ipmi-ipmi_msghandler-Pass-lockdep-expression-to-RCU-lists/20200111-081002
> > > > > base: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc.git 16bb7abc4a6b9defffa294e4dc28383e62a1dbcf
> > > > > config: x86_64-randconfig-a003-20200109 (attached as .config)
> > > > > compiler: gcc-5 (Ubuntu 5.5.0-12ubuntu1) 5.5.0 20171010
> > > > > reproduce:
> > > > > # save the attached .config to linux build tree
> > > > > make ARCH=x86_64
> > > > >
> > > > > If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
> > > > > Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
> > > > >
> > > > > All warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):
> > > > >
> > > > > In file included from include/linux/export.h:43:0,
> > > > > from include/linux/linkage.h:7,
> > > > > from include/linux/kernel.h:8,
> > > > > from include/linux/list.h:9,
> > > > > from include/linux/module.h:12,
> > > > > from drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_msghandler.c:17:
> > > > > drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_msghandler.c: In function 'find_cmd_rcvr':
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:53:25: warning: suggest parentheses around '&&' within '||' [-Wparentheses]
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > >
> > > > As mentioned above, RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN macro is called from
> > > > __list_check_rcu with 2 parameters
> > > >
> > > > 1. !cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held()
> > > > 2. The message to display incase there is a lockdep warning.
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > However, if I pass the lockdep checking condition as:
> > > >
> > > > list_for_each_entry_rcu(ptr, list, head, lockdep_is_held(&some_lock) || rcu_read_lock_held())
> > >
> > > Right, given the _rcu() suffix on the command, the rcu_read_lock_held()
> > > is implied.
> > >
> > > > this trickles down to __list_check_rcu and then finally to
> > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN as (here cond is `lockdep_is_held(&some_lock) || rcu_read_lock_held()`):
> > > >
> > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!lockdep_is_held(&some_lock) || rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_any_held())
> > > >
> > > > which according to operator precedence (I hopefully got them right)
> > > > would always evaluate to true if we are in an RCU read-side critical
> > > > section (without a lock), and hence, result in a false-positive lockdep
> > > > warning.
> > >
> > > It looks that way to me. But why not actually try it out? After all,
> > > only the running system knows for sure. And there might be some trick
> > > that we are both missing.
> > >
> >
> > I just tested this, here are the results:
> >
> > Case 1: Using`lockdep_is_held() || rcu_read_lock_held()`
> >
> > lock RCU RSCS Splat? Actual
> > Y Y N N
> > Y N N N
> > N Y Y N <=
> > N N Y Y
> >
> > Similar for
> > Case 2: Using `rcu_read_lock_held() || lockdep_is_held()`
> >
> > Case 3: Consider 2 locks (outside rcu_read_lock())
> > `lockdep_is_held(lock1) || lockdep_is_held(lock2)`
> >
> > lock1 lock2 Splat? Actual
> > Y Y N* N
> > Y N N N
> > N Y Y N <=
> > N N Y Y
> >
> > This too proves the hypothesis (I'd like to call that).
>
> Very good!
>
> > *However, this shows an interesting result. When both lock1 and lock2
> > are held, according to the hypothesis, a splat should've occured, since
> > the check condition (albeit faulty atm) would be:
> >
> > `!lockdep_is_held(lock1) || lockdep_is_held(lock2) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held()`
> > => `!T || T && !F`
> > => `F || T && T`
> > => `F || T`
> > => `T`
> > However, there was no splat. Which led me to investigate further and I
> > found out:
> > 1. `rcu_read_lock_any_held()` always returns 1 even if it is outside RCU
> > read-side CS.
> > 2. `rcu_read_lock_held()` seems OK, returns 1 when inside and 0 when
> > outside
> >
> > The kernel is compiled with
> > PROVE_RCU=y
> > PROVE_RCU_LIST=y
>
> Were you within a preempt-disable region, for example, was some other
> spinlock held? (A lockdep splat should give you a list of locks held.)
> Both of these act as generalized RCU read-side critical sections in
> recent kernels.
>

I'm not sure if I was inside a preempt-disable region. I just created a
thread via kthread_run and ran rcu_read_lock_any_held() inside the
thread, I'll investigate further and get back to you. And no-other locks
were held. Here is the splat:

[ 2724.551419] =============================
[ 2724.551420] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
[ 2724.551421] 5.5.0-rc5-next #15 Tainted: G OE
[ 2724.551422] -----------------------------
[ 2724.551423] /home/amolg/git/lockdep_check/main.c:28 RCU-list
traversed in non-reader section!!
[ 2724.551424]
other info that might help us debug this:

[ 2724.551425]
rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
[ 2724.551426] no locks held by my_thread/4275.
[ 2724.551426]
stack backtrace:
[ 2724.551428] CPU: 2 PID: 4275 Comm: my_thread Tainted: G OE
5.5.0-rc5-next #15
[ 2724.551429] Hardware name: Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd.
Z170-D3H/Z170-D3H-CF, BIOS F21 03/06/2017
[ 2724.551430] Call Trace:
[ 2724.551437] dump_stack+0x8f/0xd0
[ 2724.551440] threadfn+0x100/0x105 [main]
[ 2724.551443] ? __kthread_parkme+0x48/0x60
[ 2724.551445] kthread+0xf9/0x130
[ 2724.551447] ? 0xffffffffc00d7000
[ 2724.551448] ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
[ 2724.551451] ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50


> > Any thoughts on this? Is this intended? And should I send-in the patch
> > for the first problem?
>
> Separate patches for the initial problem and fixing the macro argument,
> please, if that is what you are asking.
>

Sorry if I didn't make myself clear earlier. By `first problem` I was
referring to the macro argument problem itself.

I think by `initial problem` you mean this patch (drivers/char/ipmi),
right? I'll make sure to send in a separate patch for the macro argument
problem.

Thanks
Amol

> Thanx, Paul
>
> > Thanks
> > Amol
> >
> > > > This could be easily solved by putting `cond` inside brackets as it is
> > > > correctly done in RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN macro but not in __list_check_rcu
> > > > macro. Is that so, or did I miss something?
> > >
> > > Again, that looks correct to me, but please check.
> > >
> > > > Secondly, since there is already a condition that checks for RCU
> > > > read-side critical section, the extra `rcu_read_lock_held()` we supply
> > > > is sort of redundant and can be skipped right?
> > >
> > > Yes, the general rule is that if the primitives ends with _rcu(), any
> > > lockdep condition will be in addition to rcu_read_lock_any_held().
> > > So you should not need to pass RCU read-side lockdep expressions to
> > > primitives whose names end in _rcu..
> > >
> > > Thanx, Paul
> > >
> > > > Thanks
> > > > Amol
> > > >
> > > > > include/linux/compiler.h:58:52: note: in definition of macro '__trace_if_var'
> > > > > #define __trace_if_var(cond) (__builtin_constant_p(cond) ? (cond) : __trace_if_value(cond))
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rcupdate.h:263:3: note: in expansion of macro 'if'
> > > > > if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && (c)) { \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rculist.h:53:2: note: in expansion of macro 'RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN'
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:371:7: note: in expansion of macro '__list_check_rcu'
> > > > > for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_msghandler.c:1607:2: note: in expansion of macro 'list_for_each_entry_rcu'
> > > > > list_for_each_entry_rcu(rcvr, &intf->cmd_rcvrs, link,
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:53:25: warning: suggest parentheses around '&&' within '||' [-Wparentheses]
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/compiler.h:58:61: note: in definition of macro '__trace_if_var'
> > > > > #define __trace_if_var(cond) (__builtin_constant_p(cond) ? (cond) : __trace_if_value(cond))
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rcupdate.h:263:3: note: in expansion of macro 'if'
> > > > > if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && (c)) { \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rculist.h:53:2: note: in expansion of macro 'RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN'
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:371:7: note: in expansion of macro '__list_check_rcu'
> > > > > for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_msghandler.c:1607:2: note: in expansion of macro 'list_for_each_entry_rcu'
> > > > > list_for_each_entry_rcu(rcvr, &intf->cmd_rcvrs, link,
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:53:25: warning: suggest parentheses around '&&' within '||' [-Wparentheses]
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/compiler.h:69:3: note: in definition of macro '__trace_if_value'
> > > > > (cond) ? \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/compiler.h:56:28: note: in expansion of macro '__trace_if_var'
> > > > > #define if(cond, ...) if ( __trace_if_var( !!(cond , ## __VA_ARGS__) ) )
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rcupdate.h:263:3: note: in expansion of macro 'if'
> > > > > if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && (c)) { \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > >> include/linux/rculist.h:53:2: note: in expansion of macro 'RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN'
> > > > > RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!cond && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > include/linux/rculist.h:371:7: note: in expansion of macro '__list_check_rcu'
> > > > > for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \
> > > > > ^
> > > > > drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_msghandler.c:1607:2: note: in expansion of macro 'list_for_each_entry_rcu'
> > > > > list_for_each_entry_rcu(rcvr, &intf->cmd_rcvrs, link,
> > > > > ^
> > > > >
> > > > > vim +/if +263 include/linux/rcupdate.h
> > > > >
> > > > > 632ee200130899 Paul E. McKenney 2010-02-22 254
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 255 /**
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 256 * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 257 * @c: condition to check
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 258 * @s: informative message
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 259 */
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 260 #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 261 do { \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 262 static bool __section(.data.unlikely) __warned; \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 @263 if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && (c)) { \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 264 __warned = true; \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 265 lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 266 } \
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 267 } while (0)
> > > > > f78f5b90c4ffa5 Paul E. McKenney 2015-06-18 268
> > > > >
> > > > > :::::: The code at line 263 was first introduced by commit
> > > > > :::::: f78f5b90c4ffa559e400c3919a02236101f29f3f rcu: Rename rcu_lockdep_assert() to RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN()
> > > > >
> > > > > :::::: TO: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > > > > :::::: CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > > > >
> > > > > ---
> > > > > 0-DAY kernel test infrastructure Open Source Technology Center
> > > > > https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org Intel Corporation
> > > >
> > > >

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