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SubjectRe: [PATCH V11 1/5] mm/hotplug: Introduce arch callback validating the hot remove range
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On 01/14/2020 07:43 AM, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>
>
> On 01/13/2020 04:07 PM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> On 13.01.20 10:50, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 01/13/2020 02:44 PM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>> Am 13.01.2020 um 10:10 schrieb Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>:
>>>>>
>>>>> 
>>>>>
>>>>>> On 01/10/2020 02:12 PM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>>>>>>> On 10.01.20 04:09, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>>>>>>> Currently there are two interfaces to initiate memory range hot removal i.e
>>>>>>> remove_memory() and __remove_memory() which then calls try_remove_memory().
>>>>>>> Platform gets called with arch_remove_memory() to tear down required kernel
>>>>>>> page tables and other arch specific procedures. But there are platforms
>>>>>>> like arm64 which might want to prevent removal of certain specific memory
>>>>>>> ranges irrespective of their present usage or movability properties.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Why? Is this only relevant for boot memory? I hope so, otherwise the
>>>>>> arch code needs fixing IMHO.
>>>>>
>>>>> Right, it is relevant only for the boot memory on arm64 platform. But this
>>>>> new arch callback makes it flexible to reject any given memory range.
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> If it's only boot memory, we should disallow offlining instead via a
>>>>>> memory notifier - much cleaner.
>>>>>
>>>>> Dont have much detail understanding of MMU notifier mechanism but from some
>>>>> initial reading, it seems like we need to have a mm_struct for a notifier
>>>>> to monitor various events on the page table. Just wondering how a physical
>>>>> memory range like boot memory can be monitored because it can be used both
>>>>> for for kernel (init_mm) or user space process at same time. Is there some
>>>>> mechanism we could do this ?
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Current arch call back arch_remove_memory() is too late in the process to
>>>>>>> abort memory hot removal as memory block devices and firmware memory map
>>>>>>> entries would have already been removed. Platforms should be able to abort
>>>>>>> the process before taking the mem_hotplug_lock with mem_hotplug_begin().
>>>>>>> This essentially requires a new arch callback for memory range validation.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I somewhat dislike this very much. Memory removal should never fail if
>>>>>> used sanely. See e.g., __remove_memory(), it will BUG() whenever
>>>>>> something like that would strike.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> This differentiates memory range validation between memory hot add and hot
>>>>>>> remove paths before carving out a new helper check_hotremove_memory_range()
>>>>>>> which incorporates a new arch callback. This call back provides platforms
>>>>>>> an opportunity to refuse memory removal at the very onset. In future the
>>>>>>> same principle can be extended for memory hot add path if required.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Platforms can choose to override this callback in order to reject specific
>>>>>>> memory ranges from removal or can just fallback to a default implementation
>>>>>>> which allows removal of all memory ranges.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I suspect we want really want to disallow offlining instead. E.g., I
>>>>>
>>>>> If boot memory pages can be prevented from being offlined for sure, then it
>>>>> would indirectly definitely prevent hot remove process as well.
>>>>>
>>>>>> remember s390x does that with certain areas needed for dumping/kexec.
>>>>>
>>>>> Could not find any references to mmu_notifier in arch/s390 or any other arch
>>>>> for that matter apart from KVM (which has an user space component), could you
>>>>> please give some pointers ?
>>>>
>>>> Memory (hotplug) notifier, not MMU notifier :)
>>>
>>> They are so similarly named :)
>>>
>>>>
>>>> Not on my notebook right now, grep for MEM_GOING_OFFLINE, that should be it.
>>>>
>>>
>>> Got it, thanks ! But we will still need boot memory enumeration via MEMBLOCK_BOOT
>>> to reject affected offline requests in the callback.
>>
>> Do you really need that?
>>
>> We have SECTION_IS_EARLY. You could iterate all involved sections (for
>> which you are getting notified) and check if any one of these is marked
>> SECTION_IS_EARLY. then, it was added during boot and not via add_memory().
>
> Seems to be a better approach than adding a new memblock flag.

These additional changes do the trick and prevent boot memory removal.
Hope this is in line with your earlier suggestion.

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index 00f3e1836558..3b59e6a29dea 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
@@ -1365,4 +1366,37 @@ void arch_remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size,
__remove_pages(start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
__remove_pgd_mapping(swapper_pg_dir, __phys_to_virt(start), size);
}
+
+static int boot_mem_remove_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+ unsigned long start_pfn, end_pfn, pfn, section_nr;
+ struct mem_section *ms;
+ struct memory_notify *arg = data;
+
+ start_pfn = arg->start_pfn;
+ end_pfn = start_pfn + arg->nr_pages;
+
+ if (action != MEM_GOING_OFFLINE)
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+
+ for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
+ section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+ ms = __nr_to_section(section_nr);
+
+ if (early_section(ms))
+ return NOTIFY_BAD;
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block boot_mem_remove_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = boot_mem_remove_notifier,
+};
+
+static int __init boot_mem_remove_init(void)
+{
+ return register_memory_notifier(&boot_mem_remove_nb);
+}
+device_initcall(boot_mem_remove_init);
#endif
>
>>
>>
>
>

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