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SubjectRe: [PATCH bpf-next v1 00/13] MAC and Audit policy using eBPF (KRSI)
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On 1/14/20 11:54 AM, Stephen Smalley wrote:
> On 1/10/20 12:53 PM, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
>> On Fri, Jan 10, 2020 at 04:27:58PM +0100, KP Singh wrote:
>>> On 09-Jan 14:47, Stephen Smalley wrote:
>>>> On 1/9/20 2:43 PM, KP Singh wrote:
>>>>> On 10-Jan 06:07, James Morris wrote:
>>>>>> On Thu, 9 Jan 2020, Stephen Smalley wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On 1/9/20 1:11 PM, James Morris wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Wed, 8 Jan 2020, Stephen Smalley wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> The cover letter subject line and the Kconfig help text refer
>>>>>>>>> to it as a
>>>>>>>>> BPF-based "MAC and Audit policy".  It has an enforce config
>>>>>>>>> option that
>>>>>>>>> enables the bpf programs to deny access, providing access
>>>>>>>>> control. IIRC,
>>>>>>>>> in
>>>>>>>>> the earlier discussion threads, the BPF maintainers suggested
>>>>>>>>> that Smack
>>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>>> other LSMs could be entirely re-implemented via it in the
>>>>>>>>> future, and that
>>>>>>>>> such an implementation would be more optimal.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> In this case, the eBPF code is similar to a kernel module,
>>>>>>>> rather than a
>>>>>>>> loadable policy file.  It's a loadable mechanism, rather than a
>>>>>>>> policy, in
>>>>>>>> my view.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> I thought you frowned on dynamically loadable LSMs for both
>>>>>>> security and
>>>>>>> correctness reasons?
>>>>>
>>>>> Based on the feedback from the lists we've updated the design for v2.
>>>>>
>>>>> In v2, LSM hook callbacks are allocated dynamically using BPF
>>>>> trampolines, appended to a separate security_hook_heads and run
>>>>> only after the statically allocated hooks.
>>>>>
>>>>> The security_hook_heads for all the other LSMs (SELinux, AppArmor etc)
>>>>> still remains __lsm_ro_after_init and cannot be modified. We are still
>>>>> working on v2 (not ready for review yet) but the general idea can be
>>>>> seen here:
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> https://github.com/sinkap/linux-krsi/blob/patch/v1/trampoline_prototype/security/bpf/lsm.c
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Evaluating the security impact of this is the next step. My
>>>>>> understanding
>>>>>> is that eBPF via BTF is constrained to read only access to hook
>>>>>> parameters, and that its behavior would be entirely restrictive.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I'd like to understand the security impact more fully, though.
>>>>>> Can the
>>>>>> eBPF code make arbitrary writes to the kernel, or read anything
>>>>>> other than
>>>>>> the correctly bounded LSM hook parameters?
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> As mentioned, the BPF verifier does not allow writes to BTF types.
>>>>>
>>>>>>> And a traditional security module would necessarily fall
>>>>>>> under GPL; is the eBPF code required to be likewise?  If not,
>>>>>>> KRSI is a
>>>>>>> gateway for proprietary LSMs...
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Right, we do not want this to be a GPL bypass.
>>>>>
>>>>> This is not intended to be a GPL bypass and the BPF verifier checks
>>>>> for license compatibility of the loaded program with GPL.
>>>>
>>>> IIUC, it checks that the program is GPL compatible if it uses a
>>>> function
>>>> marked GPL-only.  But what specifically is marked GPL-only that is
>>>> required
>>>> for eBPF programs using KRSI?
>>>
>>> Good point! If no-one objects, I can add it to the BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM
>>> specific verification for the v2 of the patch-set which would require
>>> all BPF-LSM programs to be GPL.
>>
>> I don't think it's a good idea to enforce license on the program.
>> The kernel doesn't do it for modules.
>> For years all of BPF tracing progs were GPL because they have to use
>> GPL-ed helpers to do anything meaningful.
>> So for KRSI just make sure that all helpers are GPL-ed as well.
>
> IIUC, the example eBPF code included in this patch series showed a
> program that used a GPL-only helper for the purpose of reporting event
> output to userspace. But it could have just as easily omitted the use of
> that helper and still implemented its own arbitrary access control model
> on the LSM hooks to which it attached.  It seems like the question is
> whether the kernel developers are ok with exposing the entire LSM hook
> interface and all the associated data structures to non-GPLd code,
> irrespective of what helpers it may or may not use.

Also, to be clear, while kernel modules aren't necessarily GPL, prior to
this patch series, all Linux security modules were necessarily GPLd in
order to use the LSM interface. So allowing non-GPL eBPF-based LSMs
would be a change.

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